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An inspector calls
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Is "An Inspector Calls" a well-made play? A well-made play has to feature seven qualities that were chosen by Eugene Scribe. This formula for a well-made play is nearly always a successful base for a play. I think that the play "An Inspector Calls" contains all seven factors and is a well-made play. As the play opens, we are introduced to the main characters, the Birling family and Gerald Croft. They are having a celebration dinner to mark the engagement of Mr Birling's daughter, Sheila to Gerald, a wealthy member of a titled family. They are having this...
the baby and that is the reason why Eva called herself Mrs Birling when she went to the committee for help. This example of mistaken identity shows how far society's double standards exist.

Inspector Goole posed as a Police Inspector but Gerald found out that there was no Police Inspector called Goole and no record of a girl dying in the Infirmary from swallowing disinfectant that day.

"The Inspector Calls" has one main story line, which is why Eva committed suicide. There are small story lines connected that explain how Gerald and the Birlings are connected.

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Introduction Othello is a play...Introduction Othello is a play written by William Shakespeare, in the 16th century. The play was set in Venice and Cyprus. This play includes love, hate, jealousy, death, and racism. In this play, one of the main characters is a different race from the others. Othello is a famous black soldier from the North Africa. He came to Venice to help the Venetians. Othello was chosen to be the leader of Venice. Iago was a soldier amongst the other soldiers who helped Othello beat the Turks, who wanted to rule Cyprus. Othello being black was very uncommon to all he Venetians and others who watched this play. Iago is the villain of the play. The character of Iago represents certain values and attitudes towards the world and he does not change throughout the play. He wishes for death, destruction, and anarchy. Iago feels life has wrongly denied him happiness, peace and reconciliation, order and love and so he wishes to destroy them in others. He thinks that he has been passed over for promotion and that Cassio has been given the promotion, which should have his. He suspects his own wife Emilia, of having adulterous affair with Othello. Further, more Iago feels belittled almost criticised by implication, by the good qualities of Othello; he cannot endure the 'constant noble loving nature' of Othello. Iago's malicious thoughts and actions lead to decay and destroy families. Iago had no affection or attraction for his wife. This is one of Shakespeare's tragic plays, which had great impact on black people. Iago's malignity towards the innocent people had no reasons. The opening scene in the play starts in Venice at night. Iago and Roderigo enter deep conversation. Roderigo was displeased with Iago because: he felt he was being cheated by young venation; aristocratic Desdemona had married Othello without her father's knowledge. Roderigo felt Iago did not work hard on his behalf and was angry that his money was wasted. Iago attempted to restore Roderigo's faith in him by describing how much he hated Othello. We understand that Iago was bitter about his fortunes. Iago was cynical, malcontent. He admired men who exploited their masters and lined their own pocket's by pretending to be honest and trustworthy. His energetic speeches were full of disgust and indignation. Shakespeare perhaps suggested that Iago was crude and unable to understand love or loving relationship. This idea was developed later in the play. Iago seemed to be able to choose his words, environment, and line of reasoning to suit his audience. Act 1 scene 1 established Iago as a powerful and manipulative figure who instigates and stage-manages chaos. The opening scene is laced with dramatic irony, all of which centres Iago. There is also enjoyment to be had in watching the villain of work. Iago's racism and prejudice: 'Even now, very now, an old black ram is tupping your white ewe' said Iago. The theme of racial tension, casts an enormous shadow over the action. It is introduced in this scene in the crudest possible way. The reader is presented with the bestial copulation. The way Iago described their relationship is disgusting. 'The gross claps of lascivious moor' Roderigo is at pain to convince Brabantio that his daughter is with a 'knave ' a 'lascivious moor' and is happy to upset Brabantio because: it helps his own cause. Roderigo loved Desdemona and expected Iago to help him. When he hears of the elopement of Desdemona, with Othello the moor is referred as 'lascivious moor'. Roderigo's dreams are shattered and he moans his lose and ridicules Brabantio in Iago's company. The moor is accused as lustful and no consideration is given to Desdemona's love. Only Othello is being accused. Iago's racism is obviously shown at this point in a horrible way. At this point, we observe the sexual jealousy and racist remarks. Sexual jealousy: The strong racist perceptions which others have of Othello, are introduced in the most sexually, crude inflammatory way. Iago's soliloquy is the clearest statement of his sexual jealousy of Othello. In his soliloquy he explains to the audience that although it were true "¦"¦"¦"¦"¦ 'It is thought abroad, that twixt my sheets he's done my office'; I know not it will be true "¦"¦"¦"¦ This irrational state of mind anticipate the way Othello will be made to feel later in the play and gives us an insight into the malevolence of Iago. Psychologically, Iago is a slighted man, powerfully possessed by hatred against a master who has kept him down, and by envy for a man; he despises who has promoted over him. Such a man will naturally have a fantasy life in which he can continue to despise. The fantasy that comes most easily to him is that crude copulation. 'For I fear Cassio with my night "“ cap too' He indulges these imaginings as a sadist. Even conjures up whole histories of imaginary crimes committed by the victim. He may not exactly 'believe' in the imputed guilt but he pretends to because: it gives a relish to his performance. Nevertheless, these elementary things in psychology are not the most important things in Iago's soliloquies. To Iago it does not matter very much whether an audience believes that he has really heard the rumour he speaks of or whether they have fabricated within him to sharpen his pleasure in revenge. My sport and profit Act one closes as it began, with Iago and Roderigo in conversation. Roderigo is despondent and says that he will drown himself since he can no longer hope to win Desdemona. Iago is impatient with this sort of foolish defeatist talk and tries to persuade Roderigo that Desdemona will look elsewhere for love when she is sated with Othello's body. He argues that the romance had a violent commencement and therefore cannot last. Roderigo is cheered by this idea and falls in with Iago's plan; he will gather his resources together and accompany Iago to the Cyprus wars. A lone on stage Iago reveals his true motives. He is toying with Roderigo 'for my sport and profit and suspects Othello of cuckolding him; he wants revenge. He is determined to oust Cassio and take his place and muses about the best way to achieve his aims. He decides that he can easily abuse Othello's honest and trusting nature and will try to persuade him that Cassio is too familiar with Desdemona. As the scene, closes Iago is very satisfied with him half formed plots; he looks forward to put his ideas into action. 'To get his place and to plume up my will in double knavery' This is Iago's soliloquy in scene 3 of act 1. The item of deception is continued in this scene. Brabanito's assessment of his daughter's character has proved to be false and his own affection for Othello has been revealed as superficial. Iago's soliloquy suggests that the manipulation of Roderigo and Othello in the first act is a prelude to more series deception. The web Iago is weaving will ensnare Desdemona and Cassio too. 'To get his place.' He is devilish. He has great ability to improvise swiftly. At the start of his soliloquy, he has not decided how he is going to proceed with his revenge. A few lines later, he has the outlines of a workable and subtle plan. Sexual desire for Desdemona In act 2 scenes 3, we see a sharp contrast between the perceptions of Iago and those of Cassio. To Cassio, Desdemona is a 'fresh and delicate' creature who although 'inviting' in her manner is also 'right modest' and one who has a voice of 'perfection'. Iago, on the other hand, characteristically sees her in baser terms as 'sport for Jove' and 'full of game', with a look, which is pure 'provocation' and a voice, which is ' an alarm to love'. The way Iago inflames men by his graphic and base descriptions of sex, reflects a feature of his own preoccupation. Here it echoes the way he spoke to Brabantio at the start of the play. Iago is determined to get Cassio drunk because; he is supposed to be on duty that night and Iago has arranged for Roderigo to meet Cassio "“seemingly by chance "“ and to quarrel, so that Cassio's attempts to regain favour with Othello with the help of Desdemona will later provide the opportunity for Iago to corrupt Othello's mind with suggestion of his wife's collusion and infidelity with Cassio. In a soliloquy of Iago, we see his acknowledgement of the good qualities of Othello and Cassio and his paranoid suspicion that his wife has slept with both of them. One source of lust towards Desdemona, for he assumes that other men are driven by the same base passion as he is and thinks that only fools will deny this. Secret desire for Cassio In the first scene of act, five we are in a street at night, watching Iago issuing instructions to Roderigo. Iago informs that he has reasons for Cassio to be murdered. Firstly because: he' has a daily beauty in his life, that makes me ugly' and secondly because Othello may unfold him to Cassio. Iago's feelings are driven by a passion of much intense strength that, even though we might understand his motives, it is difficult to feel that anything other than pure evil could compel him to such extremes of behaviour. Conclusion This we see Iago is a compelling and sophisticated villain. He fashions his plots out of the material he has at hand. Professional jealousy is his initial motive for disgracing Cassio. He also admits that he is personally envious of the 'daily beauty' in the lieutenant's life. In addition, he says that he believes Cassio has committed adultery with his wife, Emilia. Iago's relationship with Roderigo is driven by callow acquisitiveness and when his purse becomes dangerous inconvenience, he kills him. Iago is also eaten up with sexual jealousy. He says he hates Othello because: he suspects the general has 'twixt my sheets done my office'. Iago is successful because he can play a number of roles convincingly. He enjoys his ability to hoodwink others into believing he is honest. Although it is possible to analyse Iago's methods and motives the villain remain somewhat inscrutable. We feel as if we get close to him. Because: he draws us in through his use of asides and soliloquies, but at the end of the play, he somehow eludes us when he refuses to speak. Our final assessment of Iago must acknowledge his terrible achievements as well as his ultimate failure. He succeeds in destroying a marriage and two noble characters, as well as his wife and Roderigo. I enjoyed watching the play Othello and I think that without the character Iago this play would not be perfect. Iago gave a relish to his character in the play. Also the point I would like to make from this play would be that two people could people could fall in love with each other even if they both come from a different race/religion.   

Introduction Othello is a play written by William Shakespeare, in the 16th century. The play was set in Venice and Cyprus. This play includes love, hate, jealousy, death, and racism. In this play, one of the main characters is a different race from the others. Othello is a famous...

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American Racism Society In Nathan McCall's...American Racism Society In Nathan McCall's "Makes Me Wanna Holler," he describes the difficulties he must face as a young black boy experiencing the slow, never-ending process of the integration of blacks and whites. Through this process, his autobiography serves as an excellent example of my theory on the formation and definition of racial identity; a theory which is based upon a combination of the claims which Stuart Hall and George Lipsitz present in their essays regarding racial identity. Therefore the definition I have concocted is one in which racial identity consists of an unstable historical process through which one comes to know themselves in relation to an outside group. In this paper I will present Hall and Lipsitz's arguments, describing how they confirm and support one another, leading to my theory concerning racial identity. I will then show how this theory is clearly exemplified in the story of McCall's childhood. In Stuart Hall's "Ethnicity: Identity and Difference," he claims that identity is a volatile social process through which one comes to see the self. Hall argues that identity is not a thing rather a process ""¦that happens over time, that is never absolutely stable, that is subject to the play of history, and the play of difference." Hall 10 These factors are constantly entering the individual in a never-ending cycle, re-establishing and affirming who one is. The "play of difference" contributes to this cycle through what Hall identifies as "the Other," an outside group used for differentiation. He claims that "only when there is an Other can you know who you are." The "Other" serves to provide a comparison in order to discover that which one is not; this is differentiation. Identity does not solely rely on the social differentiation of the self "“ identity is mutually constructed. It does not exist without "the dialogic relationship to the Other."Hall, 11 That is, one's personal narrative of the self must also come into play, relating identity to difference. This personal narrative is attained only because of the important role History plays in tying these factors together. In order for one to relate identity to difference using the dialogical method, he/she must "position [themselves] somewhere in order to say anything at all."Hall, 12 This position is attained through an understanding of history; a history which is constructed not only politically, but also through narrative and memory. Hall, 13 The past is "recovered" and therefore present in our lives. Throughout his essay, Hall applies his ideas regarding identity to race and racism through the examples he presents. He describes instances that show how members of certain races come to relate themselves to their race through the identity process he presents. The discovery of race, how people interpret one's biological makeup, is also attributed to history and "the Other." The form of racism, the system of providing disadvantages and advantages due to race, that Hall talks about is a definition which shows the way all of our behavior/conduct is pervaded by certain racist elements. He argues that "racism is a structure of discourse and representation that tries to expel the Other symbolically"¦" Hall, 11 Race is attributed to the mutual construction of one's social position as seen by "the Other" and the individual's position. In this respect, racism is relational because people rely on differentiation to "know who they are." They must sustain the "Other" by recovering history to "expel the other symbolically." Hall, 11 In Lipsitz's "The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: Racialized Social Democracy and the White Problem in American Studies," he explores the political aspect of the history which is "recovered" in respect to race through a specific set of political policies. He argues that through the historical process of political institution and various explicit racist policies since World War II, whites develop an economic advantage. He discusses numerous governmental policies concerning housing, employment, and education which have led to racism today by creating a certain identity and investment in whites. This "possessive investment," which began as covert with previous racist policies and is now inscribed within the U.S. social democracy, means that being white came to mean economic advantages and these advantages became "natural." Lipsitz, 198 In accordance with Hall, this history of governmental policies created a certain identity for whites. The first category of policies that Lipsitz explores is housing. He begins by explaining how "from the start, European settlers in North America"¦encouraged the appropriation of their land."Lipsitz, 198 Then, in 1934, the Federal Housing Act "aided and abetted the growth and development of increased segregation in U.S. residential neighborhoods" by channeling loans away from older inner "“ city neighborhoods and and toward white home buyers moving into segregated suburbs." In accordance with these policies, state tax monies and urban renewal efforts were generally directed away from black neighborhoods. Lipsitz, 200 This led to a population loss in black neighborhoods which led to a decrease in political power, making minority groups more likely to be victimized. Lipsitz, 201-202 They were found less likely to receive loans from banks and therefore received less access to housing choices leading to a higher housing cost. Lipsitz, 203 Further, this victimization is only worsened when taking employment into consideration because not only did they have to pay more for housing than whites, but they earned less. Lipsitz argues that "because the 1964 Civil Rights Act came so late, minority workers who received jobs because of it found themselves more vulnerable to seniority-based layoffs when business automated or transferred operations overseas." This meant that "minority workers would suffer most from technological changes because the legacy of past discrimination by their employers left them with less seniority than white workers." Lipsitz, 203 This proves that history is reconstructed to form racial identity, oppressing minorities. Also, even with these employment policies, minorities were still found to earn less than whites with the same family structure. Lipsitz, 207 This "family structure," however, was much harder to attain due to the racism evident in education. Not only do oppressed minorities have less money to pay for school due to the previous policies but discrimination in schools is highly evident. Lipsitz provides the example of Medical Schools admissions boards which were found to protect admissions for white people, yet not for blacks. He analyzes the decision of the case against the boards by arguing that "the Supreme Court nullified affirmative action programs because they judged efforts to help blacks as harmful to whites: to white expectations of entitlement, expectations based on the possessive investment in whiteness they held as members of a group." Lipsitz, 210 The expectations are attributed to the identity which has been formed due to historical governmental policies which provided benefits for whites. Together, these authors' explanations for the formation and definition of racial identity provide an accurate representation of my theory. My ideas concerning racial identity consist of a combination of Hall and Lipsitz's theories. I consider racial identity to be reliant on an outside force; a process through which one comes to see the self as a result of differentiation from the "Other." This differentiation also depends on the self, however "“ one's personal position. Hall, 10 Yet this definition is not complete without an understanding of the historical policies that attribute to the identity of whites by making them an economically advantaged group. Therefore it is a combination of the Hall's theoretical ideas combined with Lipsitz's descriptions of the implications of social and economic investments in whites which provide the basis of my argument. Finally, my theory is proved in everyday life in the American Society with an example of a young black boy who faces the struggles of growing up in America, where integration is a difficult, never-ending battle. This example is the autobiography of Nathan McCall. Through his example, McCall shows how past political policies continue to affect the present, shaping his identity through the differentiation of the other. The three categories of past political policies that Lipsitz presents clearly effect Nathan McCall, proving that history is a crucial factor in the development of racial identity. He grows up in an all black neighborhood during the 60's and 70's. This neighborhood was so nice that McCall noted that it"wasn't the kind of neighborhood [he] associated with black people," 217 yet the residents were still simply members of "working-class." 216 There were signs of the lack of "urban renewal programs" Lipsitz, 201 such as the "big, ugly ditch." McCall, 219 The form of employment his father is able to get is so low that he is forced to hold two jobs "“ one of which is working as a gardener for a wealthy white neighborhood.McCall, 221 Moreover, McCall attends a "white school" where he is the "only African American in most of [his] classes. McCall, 224 In these classes he faces such harsh discrimination from whites due to the possessive investment in whiteness shaping their identity that he is forced to leave the school. McCall, 225 The policies affecting black status serve to shape McCall's racial identity by creating an outside group through which he learns what he is not. As McCall notes: "It seems that there was no aspect of my family's reality that wasn't affected by whites"¦" 216 McCall is "reminded of [his] shaky place in the world" 219 by the resentfulness of the poor neighboring white community. McCall, 220 He relates himself to the images he receives of blacks and whites through the television 219, his family 221-222, and the manner in which whites treat blacks. 223 McCall begins to develop a sense of resentment for the whites and by the time he is a teenager, he has been "shaped" and reconstructed. This leads to the passionate hate he possesses towards all hate whites which causes him to beat an innocent white in order to "secure revenge for all the *censored* they'd [whites] heaped on blacks all these years," McCAll, 216 proving that history is still present. In summary, I have presented a theory for the formation and definition of racial identity, providing an example which proves it true in American Society. Yet, this does not leave me with a sense of satisfaction, rather it leaves me with great disappointment. What does this say for the society we live in; a society which is supposed to be based on the American Creed? My arguments have only proved that we are not truly individuals; the American Creed is not something America lives by. Rather we are identified as groups and not seen on a personal level"¦a very disturbing realization.   

American Racism Society In Nathan McCall's "Makes Me Wanna Holler," he describes the difficulties he must face as a young black boy experiencing the slow, never-ending process of the integration of blacks and whites. Through this process, his autobiography serves as an excellent example of my theory on the formation...

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