Related Keywords

No Related Keywords

Register NowHow It Works Need Essay Need Essay
The Phoenician Empire
0 User(s) Rated!
Words: 754 Views: 188 Comments: 0
The Mediterranean Sea has spawned many civilizations through history. The Phoenicians, which originated around 1200 BCE, is one example. Despite the rather small size of this civilization, its impact on our world has been considerable. Being a seafaring nation, the Phoenicians established colonies all over the Mediterranean area, including the present-day cities of Carthage and Tripoli. As notable traders, they shared cultures with many nations, which allowed their invention of the alphabet to spread throughout Eurasia. The Phoenician Empire continued to evolve until its eventual incorporation into the Persian and Macedonian Empires, around 400 BCE. Phoenicia is an ancient region...
alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet also closely compares to the Early Aramaic, Nabatian, and Arabic alphabets.

Although the Phoenician Empire did not leave a very conspicuous trail in its path, its contributions to human civilization are of great importance. Being the most noteworthy seafaring and trading nations of its time, the Phoenicians connected Mediterranean cultures by establishing trade routes throughout Eurasia. Specialized crafts of the society included glass production, metallurgy, and textiles. The biggest contribution of the society was the phonetic the word usage is not a coincidence alphabet, which later evolved into the Modern Roman alphabet we use today.

Become A Member Become a member to continue reading this essay orLoginLogin
View Comments Add Comment

By 1871 both the kingdom... By 1871 both the kingdom of Italy and the empire of Germany were united. Even though both countries used popular trends to that time, both liberalism and nationalism, the process unifying these two countries was very different. The end result was Germany emerging as a strong nation and Italy appropriately, the weaker. Italy's problems started with the fact that it didn't have one main ruler, but two people and a concept, resulting in a different approach to the unification. Gulseppe Mazzini had a radical program focusing on a centralized democratic republic based on universal suffrage and the will of the people. Vincenzo Gioberti, who was a catholic priest called for a federation of existing states under the presidency of the pope. Then there were the people who favored leadership toward the autocratic kingdom of Sardenia. Sardenia's rule was much more popular to the middle class than the other two because Sardenia appeared to be a liberal, progressive state displaying national unification. That is what the people were striving for. They thought Mazzini's ideas too radical- and they were trying to get away from religion running the nation as it had done in the past. They wanted a distinct separation between church and state. Cavour was the man who made the change, but he sought unity only for northern Italy to become a greatly expanded kingdom of Sardenia. "In the 1850's Cavour worked to consolidate Sardenia as a liberal state capable of leading northern Italy." McKay, 836 Cavour saw Austria as a threat in unifying Italy and this is one point where both Cavour and Bismarck were on common ground. Therefore, they strategically persuaded European powers to fight against Austria"¦Italy provoked Austria into war Cavour then used Garibaldi's popular appeal to his benefit. "When Garibaldi and Emmanuel rode through Naples to cheering crowds, they symbolically sealed the union of north and south, of monarch and people." McKay, 837 Italy was now unified. Despite the fact that Italy was unified, it wasn't as nearly as strong as Germany was becoming. Bismarck joined both authoritarianism and nationalism to increase Prussia's power. He was a very clever diplomat and used whatever means possible to work towards his goal. Bismarck's Realpolitiks, the pursuing of realistic goals by any available method instead of the pursuit of an ideology. Bismarck never wanted to have enemies for long and hoped to pacify the Liberals with foreign policy achievement, notably the unification of Germany. He wanted to exclude Austria from the unification process. This led to the Austria-Prussian and Franco-Prussian wars. His plan was successful. Even with the fact south German states were reluctant to join in his unification because of strong religious and political traditions. After the overpowering of France in 1871 the southern states finally joined. This was the defeat the brought them together. Prussia had become the most powerful state in Europe. "Most German's were enormously proud, enormously relieved. And they were somewhat drunk with success, blissfully imagining themselves the fittest and best of the European species." McKay, 842 Bismarck had succeeded where Cavour had failed. In Italy the propertied classes and the common people were divided. A great social and cultural gap still divided the north and south. "Italy was unified politically, but other divisions remained."McKay, 837 Germany, on the other hand was completely unified. It had become stronger than Italy.   

By 1871 both the kingdom of Italy and the empire of Germany were united. Even though both countries used popular trends to that time, both liberalism and nationalism, the process unifying these two countries was very different. The end result was Germany emerging as a strong nation and Italy...

Words: 571 View(s): 185 Comment(s): 0