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The "Land Between the Rivers" has been a source of both savage barbarism and great civilizations. Mesopotamian culture reached its peak between ca 3000-550 BCE. Yet, much of Mesopotamian culture goes unnoticed, despite its rich heritage. A vast bulk of the great early civilizations developed in the land known as Mesopotamia. It can, in fact, be proven, without question, that because of Mesopotamia's extensive trade routes, its excellent leaders, and the astronomical growth in technology that occurred, that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed. For its time, Mesopotamian culture had the greatest trade routes. Its trade network reached from the sands of Egypt to the deserts in India. Most certainly no civilization in the western world at that time had not heard of the great cultures that existed between the Tigris and the Euphrates. Egypt, in itself, had an excellent trade route with its access to the Mediterranean sea. Mesopotamia, however, had trade routes not only in Egypt, but in many other locations to the east as well. All previous trade routes had been confined from village to village. Through its extensive trade route, it can be seen that Mesopotamia was a great civilization. Mesopotamia did not only have trade routes as a testament to its greatness, but a flourishing government as well. As Mesopotamia was racked with barbarian invasions, the rise of some of History's most fearsome and great leaders can be seen. Sargon I, for example, managed to unify one of the largest areas of civilization at that time. Sargon I is also noted having never lost a single war in his entire life. As well, with Mesopotamia, the first system"”and indeed the most extensive in that point in time"”of codified law. King Hammurabi's aptly titled system of codified law, the Code of Hammurabi, while seemingly harsh in today's view, was heralded as a just and fair law back in its day. History also shows that one of the greatest Ziggurats of all time was created in the land of Mesopotamia.. Nebuchadrezzar II's Hanging Gardens of Bablyon is noted as being one of the greatest marvels of the ancient world. With such a glorious string of leaders, it is obvious to conclude that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations ever to have existed. Aside from its string of incredible leaders, History shows that Mesopotamian culture gave birth to some of the greatest technology man has ever developed. In Mesopotamia, a scientific revolution took place. It was so incredible that the sheer amount of advances would not be seen for another 4000 years. Mesopotamian culture is noted as having the first mathematical breakthrough with the invention of exponents and their sister, roots. This new system of mathematics allowed for the creation of basic architectual designs such as the arch, the dome, and vaulted ceilings. Concepts so simple that man cannot, to this day, improve upon them. This advancement in architecture allowed for more people to fit in less space. This allowed for a population growth as less people had to leave cities. Because of this, there is a need for communication other than speech. Through this need comes the first system of writing, Cuneiform. All these advancements would be enough to prove that Mesopotamia was a great civilization, however, those alone do not give Mesopotamian culture the full recognition it deserves. It also gave rise to practical medicine. No longer would a headache be cured with a ceremonial dance. Detailed pharmaceutical tablets have been found with cures ranging from battle wounds to venereal disease. Mesopotamia also gave birth to Astronomy, making such leaps which would not be matched until Galileo invented the telescope. All these developments in science and technology make it clear that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed. It is obvious to conclude that because of Mesopotamia's flourishing trade routes, its rich history of leaders, and its advancements in science and technology that Mesopotamia should be regarded as an extraordinary civilization. Modern man owes a great deal, indeed, to Mesopotamian culture. Everywhere there is evidence of ancient Mesopotamian influence. From the wheel to the sails on ships, Mesopotamia has truly left its mark on society as any great civilization would.
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The "Land Between the Rivers" has been a source of both savage barbarism and great civilizations. Mesopotamian culture reached its peak between ca 3000-550 BCE. Yet, much of Mesopotamian culture goes unnoticed, despite its rich heritage. A vast bulk of the great early civilizations developed in the land known as Mesopotamia. It can, in fact, be proven, without question, that because of Mesopotamia's extensive trade routes, its excellent leaders, and the astronomical growth in technology that occurred, that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed. For its time, Mesopotamian culture had the greatest trade routes. Its...
until Galileo invented the telescope. All these developments in science and technology make it clear that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed.

It is obvious to conclude that because of Mesopotamia's flourishing trade routes, its rich history of leaders, and its advancements in science and technology that Mesopotamia should be regarded as an extraordinary civilization. Modern man owes a great deal, indeed, to Mesopotamian culture. Everywhere there is evidence of ancient Mesopotamian influence. From the wheel to the sails on ships, Mesopotamia has truly left its mark on society as any great civilization would.

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"A well regulated militia, being... "A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." These are the words of the second amendment as written by our forefathers. The question weather it is constitutionally legal or not has been debated for many years. In order to understand the true meaning of the above statement one must look back at the history surrounding it. The Bill of Rights was written over two hundred years ago, and much has changed over that period of time. Therefore, one must examine the language of the text again keeping in mind when it was written. I believe that it is constitutionally legal for individual citizens who are cable of bearing arms have the right to do so. To support my claim lets look back to our history books and we can see that after the Revolutionary War the Framers of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights were very leery of a strong government. One of the Public Affairs Director for the Second Amendment Foundations, states, "The Framers of the Constitution disturbed the national government enough to create the Bill of Rights. Why would they turn around and put so much faith in the stat governments? The Framers more likely distrusted all levels of government. This would be more consistent than trusting some level and not others" LaCourse At the time when the constitution was written Founding fathers just came out from the Revolutionary War and wanted to protect their fellow Americans by allowing them to bear arms. Now the culture has changed so does the meaning of the term 'militia' in the eyes of American citizens. Today, according to American Heritage dictionary the meaning of militia is, "A military force that is not part of a regular army and is subject to call for service in an emergency." Though this is true, George Mason, a Virginia delegate to the Constitutionally Convention who pushed for the Bill of Rights, stated, "I ask. Who are the militia? "¦ They consist now of the whole people, except for a few public officers" Glaberson. We know that all the people at the Founding Fathers times were part of the 'militia' because they were fighting for their freedom. The way they have lived life and they way we are living our lives is totally different but the purpose behind the Second Amendment should not be forgotten. There have been many cases where the meaning of the Second Amendment illustration took place. For example in the 1886 the Supreme Court heard Presser vs. Illinois. Mr. Justice Woods declared that, "It is undoubtedly true that all citizens' capable of bearing arums constitute the reserved military force or reserve militia of the United States, as well as that of the states"¦" LaCourse. And in the case of United States vs. Miller, the controversial subject of the 'militia' was, yet again, brought up. The Supreme court stated, "These [documents] show plainly enough that the Militia comprised all males physically capable of acting in concert of the common sense" LaCourse. The next item we can talk about in the Second Amendment is the expression 'the people'. When the Founding Fathers did mention the rights of the state they made sure clear to separate those rights from the individual rights. Dave LaCourse says that, "By listing these phrases separately, the Framers must have believed that these terms were different and separate identities. Otherwise, one of the phrases would have been removed from this Amendment." The main point we are all talking about here is the freedom. In order to ensure that we have the freedom our Founding Fathers laid Bill of Rights. They taught American Citizens that in case the government is corrupt a 'well regulated militia' should be able to bear arms and that militia should organize itself against those who infringe the Constitutional rights of the American citizens. Throughout the history of the world we have seen that all the major dictators first disarmed its citizens and then controlled them as well as their rights. The way things are happening in United Stats. I will not be surprised if years from now the most democratic government country in the world become a dictatorship, and still be called "Democratic".   

"A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." These are the words of the second amendment as written by our forefathers. The question weather it is constitutionally legal or not...

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