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      "Newspaper is a piece of paper..."Newspaper is a piece of paper that informs certain individuals with the information that matters", This is how Charles .A Dana, editor from 1867 to 1897 of the legendary newspaper "The new York sun "defines newspaper. Leiter, Harriss & Johnson, 2000 . In reality two types of newspaper exist, namely tabloid and broadsheet, so the following essay will discuss the characteristics of both tabloid and broadsheet based on three South African newspaper known as "The daily sun ", "The star " the mail and guardian and the Sowetan Sunday Sun ". It will in brief include the process involved in the production of newspaper based on a visit to Beel'd newsroom in Auckland park , Johannesburg. The word tabloid itself has several definition .In 1884 it was trademarked as a name for compressed drugs. Beginning in 1901 tabloid was used to identify a certain type of newspaper Kamp, 1999. One that was condensed, usually half the size of a broadsheet. The reason being, for the convince of reading in public transport, such as trains , taxis , buses etc. This emphasis that it is targeting lower class readers , mostly from the townships who have low level of literacy . These newspaper are commonly identified with boisterous , brief news content and abundance pictures, some fiction and often they appear to the human interest in crime, sex and disaster. One of the characteristics of tabloids is that most of their news are treated in a sensational manner. Another characteristics of tabloid newspaper is peculiarit " The unusual or unexpected often capture the imagination and provides moments of diversion " Nel, 1992 ,p.39 . This often leads to sensationalism , where the journalist will turn an average story into a sensationalist news report to attract readers . This is often done by using sensationalist language. Eg most of the stories published by daily sun man bite donkey to death , cats give birth to rats .Daily sun headlines contain a clear succinct and intriguing message to kindle a spark of interest in the potential readers . Since daily sun headlines are limited in term of space than the main body of a story , certain words tend to be used that are normally prohibited from the main text e.g bid for attempt , shock for surprise , what is interesting is that daily sun use those words because they are probably more easily understood by readers , as they are typically short , familiar ,frequently use if sensational word . Because of the fact that daily sun is for people with low education they don't use long sentence comparing to broadsheet such as the Star or This daybecause they know that their readers will have difficulties in reading those long sentences. Daily sun most of the times focus mainly on events such as murder , sex , scandal and sin . A good example can be a story published by Sowetan Sunday sun on 22 February 2004 about presenter of jam alley doing his things on a front seat . Conflicts is always good news for Daily sun and sowetan and attracted a large readership . From the front page with reports of war seen last year in the tabloids newspapers , to extents that daily newspapers such as daily sun included special section in their paper to cover the war in Iraq politicians taking each other on the death of Dula omar and differences in ideology to the back page with tales from the Bafana-Bafana camp , the rugby field and the disappearance of Jabu Pule . Conflict and gossip are Tabloids regular and dominant features Nel ,1992 What makes people to buy tabloids newspapers daily sun and Sunday sun is because of their package . The daily sun and Sunday sun looks appealing to the audiences . Most of their cover stories are appealing to the readers imagine driving to work and you see board written sex with snake page 7 I think you will buy that newspaper in order to read the full review of that story . I also think for Daily sun to publish those kinds of stories is because most of their readers are in rural areas . They know that those kind of gossip will be entertaining to peoples living in rural areas , bearing in mind that Daily sun and Sunday sun target readers with low levels of literacy , and because of this they can't publish stories such as foreign or international news what's the use of people living in rural areas knowing about Bush . Also because of the fact that daily sun is targeting people with low income they won't include any review of arts literature , books , art , painting , music and theater because they know that their readers are from working class .Nel,f 1992 Since their readers are from working class and are not highly interested in economic news , market shares etc. Tabloids newspapers such as daily sun instead of inquiring of the state of affairs of the country , they will probably ask the president Thabo mbeki what he does in his free times , or what are his hobbies . For daily sun and Sunday sun the audience or readers plays big part in deciding what is consider "front page news " by journalist . The headline stories should be relevant to majority of the readers as possible . For example Sunday sun may run a story on the latest scandals concerning presenter of jam alley having sex on a front seat or daily sun running a story of "sex with snake " and be very successful as front page news , but if the same story was to be run by broadsheet newspaper such as "the Star and this day "the paper wouldn't sell as the story does not hold much relevance to the majority of the readership ."When the readers will be affected and how the reader will be affected and to what degree the reader will be affected determine the way tabloids newspapers such as daily sun and Sunday sun are constructed Bovee,1999.. For tabloids more events become more newsworthy the closer the action occurs to the audience .Daily sun deal with local events rather than something that happened far from the audience e.g Allegations of apartheid spy , it is more likely to affects audience and make impact on their lives which is the characteristics of a good newspaper to affect the audience Greer, 1999 . Tabloids newspapers such as the daily sun don't balance their stories , most of the time they interview the subject after the publication of the story , and this means that it can be easier for journalist to include fake stories . Other features of tabloids newspaper is that their focus is mainly on celebrities and personality . This can be found in a Sunday sun up and personal sections , where they will ask celebrities some questions . Daily sun and Sunday sun does not provide more space for the opinions from readers and also the analysis of articles .Tabloids news papers such as daily sun and the Sunday sun don't separate facts from opinion . As I have mentioned in my introduction that tabloids newspaper contain more visual articles than written words and this take more space , thus make it impossible for newspapers to provide more spaces for opinions and analysis of article . Lastly Daily sun and Sunday sun provide more space for personal advices and letter , this can be found on page14 of the daily sun or page 7 of Sunday sun , every day they invite social workers or doctors to advise the readers or reply to letters send by readers . According to Kamp1999 tabloid newspaper clearly offers their readers something they can not find in other media .Imagine if newspapers such as sunday sun where not in existence ,how will we ever figure out that Siphiwe presenter of jam alley was having sex on a front seat . or others stories concerning celebrities such as kabzela jabu pule etc In the daily sun the banner reads "Black may day "a bit more sensational than the star .The layout for this paper is structed in a way that the pictures fill two "“thirds of the page and the rest of the page is filled with advertisement . The picture shows the police wheeling a dead body wrapped in a plastic away from the dam . the picture was so emotional , it shows police in action at the scene of the event . The daily sun decided to approach this story from the human interest angle . It focus on the trauma experienced by families of those involved in the tragic accident . referring to the Daily sun published on the 12th May 2003 Broadsheet refers to size as well as the contents , which is typical of quality newspaper such as "the Star and this day " . There are three basic elements to be considered when defining a newspaper as a broadsheet and deciding if broadsheet is infact broadsheet . Broadsheet must be big in size comparing to the tabloids newspaper , its content must be of a quality value and it must have commercial value . The meaning of the word broadsheet is clear from the Greek word Broo and the Latin word sheeto Bovee,1996 On the issue of size I think many people as well as journalist will disagree with me if I can say that broadsheet is determined by size , because certain newspapers such as "The citizen , the mail and guardian " their sizes is that of tabloids ,but they contain quality news. So on this issue I can say that Mail and guardian together with the Citizen deserve to be called as something between tabloids and broadsheet . Most of the stories published by mail and guardian are often attributed or has many . identical sources .Mail and guardian as a weekly newspaper for me it raise the question of what is news , because it is published on Friday and most of the stories will be familiar to the audience or readers , this will be against what was quoted by Nel 1992,p.34 "news , like milk is perishable ".according to this quote , time is an important factor to consider when reporting something as news . Once a story has been told it can no longer be told again and still be considered news by readers because they will familiar with that story . The event itself does not have to be recent but untold to the public .Mail and guardian concentrate mainly on politics and business issues , they don't include gossips columns or columns such as motoring . Another of the mail and guardian "traditional news test "is peculiarity. The unusual or unexpected often captures the imaginations and provides moments of diversion" Nel ,1992 ,p.39 This often leads to sensationalism where journalist will turn an average story into a sensational news report to attract the readers . This is often done by using sensational language Nel ,1992 Broadsheet newspapers such as "the star" and "this day "have regular opinion columns where they will invite experts from highly respect fields , for example the story of deputy president Mr Zuma , they invited certain individuals from political background , such as lectures and lawyers to have their say on that issue . Most of the news in a star newspaper is from foreign or international countries , lets again go back to the last year war in Iraq , during the war The star was covering the war , they also add ten special pages in order to cover the war in Iraq . Coming to the Star newspaper I can say is the broadsheet that include tabloids, if we can look at columns such as motoring , their size are like those of the tabloids newspaper , also the business report is of the same size as tabloids newspapers . Secondly stories contained on those sub section such as business report or motoring are similar to those stories published by papers such as daily sun because those journalist use their own views .Thirdly language used on those subsection is of the same quality with those used by the daily sun or the Sunday sun .sensational language However many people will say that those people who write those motoring or business sections are experts in that fields . Because of the fact the star targets consumers with high incomes and with high level of education they include sections such as arts , where they will inform their readers about new movie release , cd's , books , theater play etc. Since readers of the star are from high class backgrounds and are highly interested in economic , business share , the star include economic issues and share prices in their paper . Mail and guardian or the star instead of asking the president about his hobbies , they will ask him about the state of affair of the country . . The process involved in the creation of newspaper is long and complicated Debeer,1998. It begins with reporters going out to cover stories , they or the editors consider newsworthy . They obtain information by means of interviewing and fact gathering from data base or local source . Once the story is gotten down in full details , it is taken back to the office . The editor read the story and can make changes or send it back to the reporter . Once the editor is satisfied with the story , it is filled in the paper computers to be retrieved later . At the news meeting the reporters tell the rest of the editorial staff what stories they have been covering or they are told what stories they must cover. The newspaper editor will begin planning the paper by means of a page plan . It starts out as a blank page with defining where stories and adverts will be placed , as the news or adverts comes in the page plan is filled . From the editor it goes to the night editor , who read through it and send it on to the other night editors . The plan is then passed on to the page sub , then the revise sub . After that it is finalized and sent off to the printing press . At three the next day the whole process begin again . It is not only the creation of the newspaper that is difficult and also is deciding the quality of the newspaper . Ultimately "Quality of the newspaper lies in the eye of the beholder"Greer ,1999,p5 journalist ,editors or readers . The following essay has discussed the characteristics of both tabloids and broadsheet newspaper based on three south African newspaper The daily sun , the star mail and guardian and Sunday sun . It has discover that certain newspapers such as mail and guardian and the citizen are somewhere in between tabloids and broadsheet. Secondly it has discussed the issue of audience as the determiner of news in a newspaper , newspaper publish their stories in connection with the level of literacy of their readers   

      "Newspaper is a piece of paper that informs certain individuals with the information that matters", This is how Charles .A Dana, editor from 1867 to 1897 of the legendary newspaper "The new York sun "defines newspaper. Leiter, Harriss & Johnson, 2000 . In reality two types of newspaper...

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      This paper contains both a... This paper contains both a lesson plan for the writing of a movie review by students, including film analysis and other related lesson plans, and my response to the original assignment that I created for an Intermediate Writers' Workshop 11th grade English students at Hopkins High School. The original assignment, a peer review worksheet, assignment assessment, and two student reviews are attached. Purpose: To provide students with a critical context for the analysis of film. They will learn how to think about film using familiar literary concepts as well as the vocabulary of the medium. They will extend their implicit knowledge of media to make connections between images, stereotypes, and the cultural context in which it is displayed. Finally, students will demonstrate their mastery of film analysis by evaluating a film according to defined criteria, formulating an opinion of the film, and providing evidence for that opinion. I began the original assignment by asking my Intermediate Writers' Workshop students to suggest films that they would like to watch in class. I was giving them a reward for having completed the research paper assignment that had endured three weeks. Even in a gender balanced classroom, most of the students preferred action/adventure movies. The movie that they eventually chose by vote, American History X, was rated 'R' and would require parent permission to be seen by the students in the classroom. For the sake of convenience, I chose a PG-13 James Bond movie, The World is Not Enough. However, I quickly realized that this movie typified the action/adventure genre that made it easy for students to identify the conventions of the genre, find examples of those conventions and their characteristics, and develop a reasoned opinion of the movie. Another way to present a media unit is by having the students brainstorm about three things that they like to see when they go to a movie. This idea was suggested in the introductory paragraph of a student's review in which he discusses his expectations for a good movie. Most students know their own preferences and can easily name their three favorite movies. A class discussion can then ensue about the similarities between their favorite movies, including identifying common characteristics, and lead to distinguishing types of movies and creating definitions of movie genres. The discussion can be broadened to include how movies are marketed, including the appeal and power of movie personalities, and how advertising and product tie-ins affect the movie going experience. Students can bring in examples to share with the class, such as Star Wars memorabilia and clips of movie trailers. Images of movie personalities can be used to discuss media stereotypes. Having chosen the action/adventure genre, my class quickly came up with a list of the conventions that are used by these type of films, in particular those in the James Bond series. They identified: fairy tale plots, superheros, villains, beautiful women, gadgets, action sequences, rituals, theme music, and exotic locales. Using both familiar literary terminology and introducing film techniques, I determined five categories of characteristics of action films that convey these conventions to the viewer: action sequences characterization music plot setting However, I think a more effective presentation of this lesson would have included examples of how each of these conventions is realized in film. Students could be encouraged to contribute film clips from movies with which they are familiar. For instance, an action sequence, such as the car chase scene in Ronin, could be viewed and the use of camera angles, special effects, and film editing and speed could be demonstrated. Through this detailed analysis, students can be made aware of their positioning as viewers. They can discover the perspective of the camera and begin to ask questions about what is being shown, what is known, and what has been left out. They can become aware of how the camera interprets action, creates suspense, and gives us information that the characters don't know. They can recognize how their eye is attracted to what is in focus and how that distorts what they are seeing and forces them to see things from a restricted perspective. Characterization in film can be introduced by asking students to make observations of their impressions of a public figure such as Jesse Ventura. A filmed interview of Ventura could be shown to the class. Students would list what they notice about Ventura; what he is wearing, how he moves and talks, what facial expressions he makes, what language he uses, and how he reacts to others and others react to him. They can share these observations in a large class discussion about how to interpret his character. Also, the effect of the camera work on this portrayal, such as close-ups, could be discussed. Relationships are also important to the definition of character. The use of simple editing techniques to create these relationships in film can be shown, for instance, in an episode of "The Practice." Within a dialogue between two characters, the camera swivels between them to focus on a close-up of each character's reaction to the other. This technique creates dramatic tension and furthers the action. However, it limits the range of emotion expressed to a putting on of comedic masks. Actors are often identified by their charming smiles, childish pouts, and, in the case of Julia Roberts, a vixenish laugh so that viewers come to expect actors to play themselves in their roles. This is another aspect of stereotyping; how someone is expected to look and act. A class discussion could be initiated about the relative importance of verbal dialogue in film and whether it functions more to inform viewers about factual information than it does to establish the nature of the relationship between the characters. A comparison of how dialogue is used in different genres could inform the discussion, and students could be encouraged to share clips of movies. Physical movement is also used to reflect relationships in movies, and a variety of sexual encounters have become the shorthand for describing relationships in film. In one review, a student complained about the unrealistic portrayal of casual sex in James Bond movies; she felt that the disregard for unprotected sexual encounters sent an unacceptable message. However, she did not analyze how James Bond's sexuality perpetuates a cultural myth of sexuality as carefree, and the lack of consequences and Bond's immunity from them are important characteristics of the action/adventure genre. The challenge for teachers in guiding students as they explore film is to help them to see how film mirrors or, in this case, challenges societal attitudes. Self reflection as well as a connection between film and other media such as advertising can be made by having the students create collages as in the following assignment: A Crazy, Mixed-Up World How do we know who we are? Do we identify with the portrayals of people that we read about in books or see in the media? The media creates stereotypes, idealized representations of who we should be, how we should look, and what we should do. It creates categories of people such as; suburban mother, father, teenage boy, and teenage girl. In groups, you will identify a media stereotype and create a collage from media images. What do they wear? Where do they live? What do they do for work and fun? What do they eat and drink? What do they buy and where do they shop? In other words, what is their lifestyle? In a journal, write a reflection on this collage that answers two of the following questions: "¢ How do these stereotypes affect you? "¢ Does anything about these stereotypes bother you? "¢ Are these stereotypes and the expectations that they create realistic? "¢ Are there expectations of you? "¢ How do you cope with expectations? This assignment was very successful and somewhat insidious. The students didn't recognize until they completed their collages and presented them to the class what the implications were of these socially manufactured stereotypes and how large of an effect they had on their perceptions of themselves. Continuing the evaluation of film characteristics, a cartoon could provide the focus for a discussion of the role music plays in film and the way sound and images are associated. Music can provide aural cues that generate suspense and provoke emotional reactions as well as set the pace of the movie. Theme music creates expectations in viewers especially during a James Bond film when it signals climactic action. The absence of music can create tension, too. Although many of my IWW students chose to evaluate how music was used in The World is Not Enough, they could not determine whether they liked it. They recognized that they expected to hear music that correlated to what they were seeing on the screen and that it was an effective technique to create suspense and emotion; however, they criticized how blatant and "cheesy," as one student commented, the soundtrack of the movie was. They couldn't decide whether technical expertise that met their expectations was as or more important than artistry and originality. As an English teacher, the crux of the difference between the study of literature in the classroom and that of film involves the popularity of film as an art form. Ideas and technique cannot be considered to the exclusion of the commercial aspects of movie making. It is one thing to make students self aware as viewers; it is another, perhaps more challenging, task to make them aware of themselves as consumers. In my 20th Century American Literature class, I used a survey that a student had developed for a media unit in another class. The objective of the survey was to discover whether students were willing to define themselves according to the current stereotypes of teenagers. Each student could choose to identify him/ herself as a member of a group or fill in their own affiliation. Most of the students who did identify with a group were those who considered themselves as belonging to the preps. In the ensuing class discussion, the preps defined themselves as consumers; they saw themselves as having material advantages that set them apart from the other students who considered themselves 'normal,' a word written in by many students. The atmosphere in the classroom became divisive and even more segregated according to class. I now recognize how resistant students can be to exploring their own socially acceptable values. Another difficulty that confronted the Intermediate Writers' Workshop students was the writing of a summary of the film. Students are used to being passive viewers; they follow along with the action and think that these effects are what make a movie work dramatically. Having been trained to critically read literature, they are better schooled at identifying the dramatic devices that build tension within a written work; contrasting themes, rising and falling action, the climax of the plot, and its resolution. In my discussion with colleagues at Hopkins High School and from my study of their lesson plans and assignments that explore media in the English classroom, I discovered that most use a literary approach to film analysis. They have students analyze the relationships in a movie and how those relationships relate to the movie's theme in much the same way as characterization in a literary work is connected to thematic meaning. They avoid the visual aspect of how meaning is created in film, and don't explore how the experience of viewing creates a different response and different meanings than result from the experience of reading. The idea of critically reading film, in my opinion, needs to be discarded in favor of a critical approach that views film as representational and interactive, exploring the response to the images as integral to the images itself. In other words, the artistry of movie making can also be evaluated by how the film communicates with the audience through the cultural significance of imagery and conventions as well as cinematic technique. This is different than the reader response approach to literary works since a consensus of experience and meaning among viewers will be important, and the viewer's individual perspective that is brought to the interpretation of the film will be less significant than the immediate experience of the film. However, the basic principles of storytelling are still at play in movies, and students can be helped to identify them with a simple worksheet that will also encourage them to develop critical viewing habits. The worksheet should prompt students to list the protagonists and the actors who play those roles, to define the conflicts between the protagonists and what is at stake, to describe the climax, the moment of greatest tension in the film, and to elucidate the resolution by identifying the winners and what was won. How each student sums up these facts in his/her review gives insight into how he/she responds to the film and whether he/she suspends disbelief or maintains his/her skepticism. The importance of a film's believability, whether viewers have an expectation of reality or fantasy and how that applies to a particular genre of film, could be discussed. Some of my students gave their opinions about how they respond to the James Bond fantasy in their reviews; however, they felt that their responses were a matter of personal preference. The settings, however, were easy for the students to identify as well as the role they played in the action scenes and their significance for the action/adventure genre. Setting being completely visual, as opposed to how it functions in literature to create meaning as metaphor or establish mood, the students can interpret its filmic qualities. For instance, most car chases take place in urban settings to enhance the thrill of the scene. One student wrote about the use of the black and white contrast in the ski chase scene to create tension, and another wrote about the mountain scenery providing a contrasting setting, romantic but dangerous, for the same scene. The students interpreted setting as visual cues for the film's drama. If the purpose of this lesson plan was solely focused on film analysis, other activities could be included. Students could be asked to draw a new storyboard of one scene from the movie. They would incorporate new camera angles, choose music and determine when it would come in, and decide on any special effects and the timing of slow motion sequences. A more challenging project would be to have students create their own action/adventure scene based on the class discussion of the conventions and characteristics of the genre as well as a viewing of films within the genre. They would provide the scenario of who, what, and where, as well as creating a storyboard for the scene. A final independent assignment would ask the students to rent a movie in a genre that they don't usually watch. They would then write a before and after journal about their experience of this genre of movie describing their responses to the conventions of the movie and whether the movie met their expectations for that genre. Finally, for this lesson plan, the students transformed their film analysis into a review of the movie. In writing this review, they had to evaluate their expectations for the film based on three of the five characteristics of its genre and develop an opinion as to whether the film met, surpassed, or violated those expectations and what that meant for their experience of the movie. The students were given the five paragraph essay format as a template for their review. Their starting point was a strong assertion of opinion about the movie. They read examples of other movie reviews and noticed the strong, arousing language that was meant to convince and entertain the reader. They were also expected to include a summary of the film and a recommendation to the film's potential audience. For this assignment, I encouraged the students to do as many peer reviews as possible as a way for them to exchange ideas about the movie and give each other feedback. Once the students had written their reviews, it became apparent to me that the students could identify what about the movie they liked or disliked. They had expectations for their experience of this genre and could evaluate the film based on those expectations. During the film, I commented on how those expectations were manipulated by the director, but the students didn't seem able to provide a larger social context for viewing the film. Once again, the issue of the commercial appeal of a film and how that popularity reflects the values and tastes of the society at large is difficult to frame in class discussion or even encourage individually. Intermediate Writers' Workshop Movie Review Ms. Cohen Movie: The World is Not Enough Background: People often disagree about their opinions of a movie. Even best friends will argue about their experience of a movie. However, if we think about what we expect to see in a certain type of movie before we see it, we can evaluate it critically. We can communicate a reasoned opinion about the movie and provide examples of what we mean. Assignment: Write a movie review of The World is Not Enough. Evaluate the movie based on three of five characteristics of action films. Give a recommendation for or against the movie in your conclusion. Format: Introduction: Begin with an interesting, creative lead. State your opinion of the movie based on your choice of three characteristics. Body Paragraph 1: Write a brief summary of the movie. Include the title and names of the director and actors. Body Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4: Evaluate how well the movie portrays each of the three characteristics in three separate paragraphs. Provide examples from the film for each characteristic. Conclusion: Restate your thesis and give a recommendation for or against the movie. Intermediate Writers' Workshop Movie Review Notes Action films are defined by the following characteristics and techniques: Action sequences special effects, fast pacing, rapid cutting, and slow-motion violence Characterization super hero, evil villain, and other stereotypes Music theme and suspense provoking Plot realistic, unrealistic, intriguing, and predictable Setting familiar and exotic locales Choose three of the above and note examples of each as you watch the movie. 1. 2. 3. Peer Workshop: Movie Review 1. Read through the paper completely. 2. Now go back, reread and think about your response. Write directly on the draft. "¢ Does the attention getter provoke your interest? Is it catchy? Does it make you want to read more? "¢ Underline the thesis. Does it give three categories for analyzing the movie? Does it express an opinion of the movie? "¢ Does the summary give you a good picture of what this movie is about or is it confused? Are there too many plot details? "¢ As you read, put a wavy line under any words or thoughts that you don't understand or don't seem to make sense. "¢ Put a check mark next to ideas that are repeated or restated. "¢ Is each category discussed in a separate paragraph? Are specific examples from the movie given for the category? Are they introduced and explained? "¢ Are there transitions between the paragraphs that connect them? "¢ Does the conclusion offer a recommendation for or against the movie? Movie Review Essay Evaluation Name: 1 = not working 2 = adequate 3 = strong 4 =excellent 1. Introduction Attention getter 1 2 3 4 Thesis including three analytical categories Opinion of movie expressed 2. Summary Statement of what the movie is about Reader gets it 1 2 3 4 3. Category One Specific examples provided Examples introduced and explained 1 2 3 4 4. Category Two Specific examples provided Examples introduced and explained 1 2 3 4 5. Category Three Specific examples provided 1 2 3 4 Examples introduced and explained 5. Synthesizing Conclusion Restates thesis Makes recommendation 1 2 3 4 6. Mechanics Spelling Grammar 1 2 3 4 Catchy Title Points for Peer Review: _______ 15 Points for Personal Essay: _______ 60 Total Points for Assignment: _______ 75 Elliott Fifer Block 2 5/30/02 Ms. Cohen Movie Review: 007 The World is Not Enough is the title of the most recent James Bond film. With all of the features that made it exciting, the fast-paced action and modern-day technology were the most appealing. The only downside to this type of movie is that it is very predictable. Many bond movies before this one have had the same type of plot. Agent James Bond sets out to save the world from some of the most notorious of terrorists, while overcoming all of the dangerous obstacles and managing to get the attention of many beautiful women. While this is very predictable, I still enjoyed the movie. The World is Not Enough was directed by Michael Apted, and was the 19th in the running series of James Bond movies. From scenes of the Nervion river in Spain, to the boat chase on the Thames river in London, to the highlands of Scotland, this movie had many breathtaking scenes. The plot was a very twisted and intriguing one. James Bond Pierce Brosnan was assigned to protect Elektra King Sophie Marceau from Renard Robert Carlyle, the world renowned terrorist that feels no pain. However, Bond soon discovered that King and Renard were working together to take over the world's oil industry and wipe out all of Istanbul, Turkey. James then meets Christmas Jones Denise Richards, a biochemist who helps him to track down the bomb just before it detonates in a submarine as they are able to contain the explosion. There are the expected hostage situations, and many near death occurrences for Bond, but in the end he saves the day. My first criteria for this movie was the action. It was a very steady but fast-paced movie and all of the action was very suspenseful. There were scenes with snowmobiles on parachutes floating down from the sky and shooting at the unarmed Bond and King. Bond was able to find woods and defeat all of the attackers with his wit. It was a high-energy scene and was great action. Another example of a good action scene was the part when two helicopters came down from the sky and used chain saw type weapons to destroy a house in another attempt to kill Bond. This was also very exciting but was not successful. The last example of great action in this movie was the final submarine scene when Bond and Jones were trying to stop Renard from detonating his nuclear weapon. It was the type of action that makes you not want to blink. It was very suspenseful and came down to the last couple seconds until finally Bond and Jones escaped. This movie was loaded with these types of action scenes, and it made the movie fun to watch. Another highlight of the movie was all of the high-tech equipment that was used. Many of the action scenes were further enhanced by all of the special effects and technology as well. James Bond's car was a prime example of this, because it was his typical BMW car with bulletproof glass and ejectable seats. It also had rockets hidden on the sides of the wheel wells, allowing him to unexpectedly escape from a helicopter attack. Another example of the advanced technology in this movie was the boat that he used to chase the villain in the very opening scene. It was equipped with very nice features, including a submarine feature allowing him to go under a bridge that had already lowered. The last example of the technology was when Bond pulled out a little gadget that shot a hook up to the top of the tunnel. It helped Bond and Jones escape from the area just before the bomb Renard had set exploded. This was a thin string that must have been made of very strong material to hold two bodies and pull them upwards. My last criteria for the movie was it's predictability. This movie had many seemingly suspenseful scenes, but many were quite predictable. For instance, when the attackers dropped from the sky with machine guns to attempt an assassination of James Bond, it was almost obvious that he would manage to escape and kill them in the process. Another example was when Bond had captured Renard in the missile base. He was obviously not going to kill him when he had the chance, because then the movie would have ended. It really took away from the suspense factor of the movie. It also was predictable when Bond saved the day in the end by killing Renard in a very improbable way and saving all of Turkey. You could see all of this coming from a mile away, and it made the movie less exciting. With all of the features included in the movie, it was good action and had some cool technology, but lacked the spontaneousness and spur of the moment scenes that left you thinking. It was way too predictable. I liked the movie solely for it's appeal and content of effects, but the plot was weak. The predictability and weak love story took away from the action that could have made this one of the best action movies I've ever seen. I would rate this movie a 6 out of 10 because it had some of what was appealing to me, but I would have liked more action and less mushy stuff. Overall, I would recommend this movie to many action fans, but mothers and children might not enjoy this movie as much. Amanda Kuhrke IWW Hour 2 Cohen 5/30/02 The World is Not Enough James Bond is a character that most of us are familiar with. He's handsome, suave, and knows how to get what he wants. However, he's also predictable, unrealistic, and not very exciting. After watching The World Is Not Enough, you would be able to see that too. It's a poor movie that simply fits too many stereotypes to give it any depth. Every Bond movie proves to be the same as the one before it, lacking any real plot and providing a couple hours of pure action scenes. The World is Not Enough stars Pierce Brosnan as James Bond, and Denise Richards as a nuclear physicist named Christmas Jones. Directed by Michael Apted, the movie is based on the heir to an oil fortune who needs protection from her father's killer, Renard, a man left with no physical feeling from a bullet lodged in his brain. Bond swoops in as the protector and not only helps to keep her away from the bad guys, but ends up in her bed as well. When it turns out that the heiress is working for the other side, everything turns around on Mr. Bond. Deceit and murder run rampant throughout the movie, as you would expect in any 007 film. The characterization in the movie is typical; beautiful, sexy people capable of doing anything. First we have the fact that no matter what type of situation the characters get into, their makeup is never smudged, and their hair is never messy. They can go from being drowned in a submarine one minute, to drip dry the next. Second, the characters all have lots of money, which provides them with lavish clothes, and all the suits and ties you could wear in a lifetime. Bond wears a suit in almost every scene, which manages to go without ever getting a stain or tear. Furthermore, because of all their amazing fortune with money and good looks, they are able to get whatever they want. Bond gets all the women, and the seductress is able to escape death countless time thanks to her pretty smile. The setting again is like any other in a Bond movie. Everyone lives in huge houses on the countryside with beautiful, rolling hills as the landscape. No weeds, no dirt, just perfection. The houses are ornate and contain anything you could ever want. I don't think an action movie would be complete without some docks and boats as well. There are many scenes set on boats and ships, and of course, someone is always drowning. It makes you wonder why they don't wear life vests. The docks are always dimly lit and set in murky water. No matter how beautiful that countryside was, the water is always scary and dirty. We also can't forget the underground secret labs in the desert, but have no fear because they are in this movie also. Huge machines and tanks cover the desert. They are cold, and never comfortable, the only purpose they serve is to carry out secret missions without anyone discovering them. There was nothing new about the action scenes in the movie, and they were all overly predictable. Everyone carries at least one gun, and has more than enough bullets to kill an entire army, without even reloading. Guns and bombs are always plentiful for use whether by the bad guy or the good one. With all the gun toting shooters running around, all the main characters somehow manage to dodge the bullets. Nobody important to the plot is ever shot or hurt in anyway until the end of the movie. Even when someone does get hurt in one scene, they are magically healed in the next. Another thing that bothered me about the scenes, was the fact that nobody ever killed each other, even after a long discussion about it. If you were holding a gun to your enemies head, would you choose to talk about your problems, or get rid of them? There were many missed opportunities for the movie to end, which would have been a nice relief. Had Bond killed Renard when he first had the chance, the movie could have ended an hour early. This movie wasn't a complete flop, the actors did their best to make it into something good, but being a Bond movie just gives it a certain style that is unescapable. Every scene in the movie was filled with stereotypes and unrealistic events. If you could look past all that, the movie might be enjoyable. I thought if they had added some new ideas into the movie to make it exciting, it would have been a much better film. After watching countless Bond movies, it's just not fun anymore. If the writers made the people in the movie a little more real to life, and the action scenes a little less predictable, this could have been a much better movie. I do recommend it to action fans, but not anyone who wants a movie with depth.  

      This paper contains both a lesson plan for the writing of a movie review by students, including film analysis and other related lesson plans, and my response to the original assignment that I created for an Intermediate Writers' Workshop 11th grade English students at Hopkins High School. The original...

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      This essay will focus on an...This essay will focus on an examination of the differences between tabloid and broadsheet newspapers. In this essay, I shall use quotes and examples from both tabloid and broadsheet newspapers to illustrate my points. Firstly, I shall describe the physical appearances in each type of newspaper. In a typical tabloid newspaper, for example The Mirror, the banner has a plain and stenciled looking typeface, which is designed to attract the consumers attention into purchasing it, whereas in a typical broadsheet in this instant, The Times the banner has a very intricate design which gives it a distinguished look, possibly designed for the attention of the more educated and professional reader. I shall now move on to explain the use of alliteration and large and small titles to illustrate articles in tabloid and broadsheet newspapers. A typical tabloid newspaper, in this case The Mirror, uses alliteration to create dramatic and sensational titles which are again designed to persuade the reader into reading more on the article. Quote: "CRICKET: CRICKET IN CRISIS"¦" This tells us that The Mirror is attempting to attract the reader's attention by having a dramatic title to illustrate its cricket article; communicating to the reader that cricket as a whole is facing a dilemma, when in actual fact the article relates to the England Cricket Team refusing to play in Zimbabwe due to Robert Mugabe's regime. The title then reads on: "NASSER DEMANDS TO BE SAVED FROM ZIMBABWE HELL"¦" The title displays informal language, as if to communicate with the less educated reader. The Mirror also refers to Nasser Hussain the England Cricket Team captain by his first name, whereas typical broadsheet newspapers would refer to people involved in their articles by their last names in order to sound less informal and more professional; an aspect of broadsheet newspapers which appeals to the more educated reading audience. Quote: "Hussain's men plead for Zimbabwe boycott" This title, taken from The Times a broadsheet newspaper begins with a capital letter and follows with lower case letters, like a normal sentence does. It also contains more sophisticated words, like 'plead' and 'boycott'. Overall the cricket article title in The Times seems less eager to attract the reader's attention, and more keen on informing the reader of the facts behind the issue, unlike The Mirror, which seems to prefer attracting the reader's attention by using writing techniques such as whole sentences in capital letters and alliteration. I shall now compare the use of language in The Mirror and The Times. In The Mirror's cricket article, the writer of the article itself is referred to as: "Oliver Holt Chief Sports Writer", whereas the writer of The Times' cricket article is referred to more formally as: "Owen Slot, Chief Sports Reporter". The opening paragraph of The Mirror's cricket article is very informal, and it is written almost as if the writer wants to be the reader's friend. Quote: "JUST when we thought the mess couldn't get any messier, Nasser Hussain and his wandering band of white-feather wavers came along and fouled it up some more" This contrasts with the more professional and factual approach of the first paragraph in The Times' cricket article. Quote: "THE England cricket team yesterday made an urgent request for their controversial opening World Cup match on February 13 to be relocated from Zimbabwe to South Africa"¦" These paragraphs show that The Mirror is biased by taking the side of the common cricket fan, annoyed at the fact that the England Cricket Team will not go to Zimbabwe, while The Times shows no signs of being biased and continues to read in a professional manner despite whatever their personal beliefs may be. By the ninth paragraph of the cricket article, The Mirror then begins to refer to different issues that are irrelevant to the article, in an attempt to justify the situation with the England Cricket Team. Quote: "The sadness is they don't understand the precedent they have set. What happens now when British jets bomb Iraq a few weeks down the line? What happens when our military kills thousands of innocent civilians?" This suggests that The Mirror is clearly stating it's personal opinion, which some readers prefer as they can relate to them. However, this is not the case with The Times, as they keep to the subject of the article without including any other issues throughout. Quote: "It also suggests that the ECB [England and Wales Cricket Board] has failed to represent the view of the players because the players and their employers now occupy significantly differing positions." This suggests that The Times is again taking the more professional and educated approach to portraying their articles, which appeals to the more professional and educated reader. I shall now go on to explain the differences between the editorials in each of the newspapers. Editorials are the specific area in newspapers where the newspaper itself states its own views and opinions on certain news and other issues. The editorial is commonly found in the centre pages of most newspapers. In this instance I shall compare The Sun's editorial with that of The Times' editorial through their writing techniques and use of language. The Sun's editorial, which in this case is referring to the issues with the weather affecting major roads around London, starts off with an alliterated two word sentence to summarise their opinion. Quote: "White Wash". The Times however, starts off it's editorial with a less casual style of writing. Quote: "A winter's tale: Britain muddles on towards snowbound mediocrity" This shows that The Times is carrying on it's professional stance, even when giving it's own personal opinion, as The Sun being a typical tabloid newspaper carries on it's casual and friendly genre. The Sun continues this style by including puns in it's editorial to create a friendlier atmosphere for the reader. Quote: "Yes, they're up grit creek again.""¦"We are a Third World joke - run by snow good jobsworths." The Times uses different and perhaps more sophisticated writing techniques to The Sun, one such technique being the oxymoron. Quote: "British weather is predictably unpredictable". This tells us that The Times is probably using this technique to distinguish itself more from the less sophisticated tabloid newspaper. The Sun lays out it's editorial in short, summarised paragraphs, possibly to make it easier for the reader to comprehend. Quote: "The cost to the country is put at £150million" Then written underneath in a separate paragraph: "Britain is the laughing stock of the world". The Times however, keeps it's editorial's layout in neat and normal sized paragraphs, in it's continuing professional manner. Altogether, I can conclude that The Times a typical broadsheet newspaper is designed for more educated and sophisticated readers, with it's advanced writing techniques and professional layout, whereas The Sun and The Mirror typical tabloid newspapers contrast with broadsheet newspapers, and are set out for the less well educated and more casual reader, with it's friendly use of language and openly-stated opinions.   

      This essay will focus on an examination of the differences between tabloid and broadsheet newspapers. In this essay, I shall use quotes and examples from both tabloid and broadsheet newspapers to illustrate my points. Firstly, I shall describe the physical appearances in each type of newspaper. In a...

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      On the 27th of June,... On the 27th of June, we travelled down to the Phoenix Theatre in London, the play we saw is called Blood Brothers and is written by Willy Russell. The play is set in Liverpool and was written in the 1980's. The 1980's was known as Thatchers Britain. It was a time where unemployment was high and robbery, lies and deceit were all quite common. The play reflects all these things and also shows the barrier between the different "classes" of people or "ratings" as we could call them. Issues There were quite a few issues that stood out from the story line. This was something that to me made it an interesting play. It isn't like a corny program aimed at reducing crime, it is something that people can relate to, the issues are realistic. It is real people in real situations in a real place with real challenges facing them. Although the meetings between the two boys are strange, more unreal, they aren't quite coincidences. This links to fate in a big way. Fate is very important to this story line as all the meetings and the shock ending rely on fate along with superstition. The superstition is shown throughout the play as extremely important from the swearing on the bible to the new shoes on the table and with each superstition, the narrator is close behind. The narrator is a dark figure, dressed in a perfect sharp black suit, whenever there is something linked with fate, superstition or something bad happening, he is always there. Perhaps portraying the role of Lucifer? Waiting for someone to take a step out of line? Class, as I mentioned before, are shown in this play in many different ways, From money and jobs to living status and even marriage status. The fact that Mrs Lyons only had to snap her fingers and they could move to a different house in the countryside shows how hard Mrs Johnstone had it, who was struggling to keep her children and had a house renowned for only wrong doings. The issue of loyalty is more hidden in the play, although Eddy is very loyal to his supposed mother and father, he still shows a strong respect for Mickey and his natural mother who he hardly knows. His supposed mother, Mrs Lyons, reacts badly to this in an almost crazed way. Is this a start of her madness? Mickey on the other hand is very loyal to his mother and sees his brother Sammy as a role model, "our Sammy"¦" someone who he can look up to. Friendship also plays a big role. The boys are shown at three separate ages throughout the play, and at each, they manage to remain friends apart from near the end where the mood changes. Unemployment is another issue covered in the play, it links in with the robbery as it formed a source of money. This led to the jailing of Mickey, which drove him to his drug addiction, another issue. The effects of this didn't just hit Mickey but bounced off onto Linda and other friends and family in the play. Linda became the main provider along with Eddy. Linda, from the very start, is shown to be a close friend of Mickey. She sticks up for him against his brother and friends and claims to love him in the teenage years, but she ends up in the centre of all the troubles. Love is an important issue of today, but it is what I would call one of the most important in this play. Although Linda and Mickey get married, whilst he is away in jail, the friendship bond between Linda and Eddy strengthens. When she kisses him it's like a curse in its own right, taking Mickey to the edge and driving him into madness against his brother. WE must remember that the two boys are twins, could she see Mickey in Eddy? Or the other way round? In a way, Linda is fate as she brings the fate of their deaths onto them. Mood The mood in the play changed from funny to sinister, but it didn't occur over and over again, it happened all at once. It seems to arise when the characters make the leap from childhood into adulthood, then everything starts to go wrong. After the fair, when everything seemed to have been going really well, "If only these three could stay like this forever"¦" marks the point where your smile drops, your heart skips a beat and reality comes around. In the childhood years, it's all fun and games, school included with cowboys and Indians to swearing at the teacher. In the adult years everything seemed to have gone wrong, with the unemployment, jail, drug addiction and confusion over love. At the start, the lighting is warm and yellow, making the stage scene look warm and fuzzy. The Johnstone house seems really dark and mucky though, with graffiti on the walls. On the other side of the stage, the Lyons house is clean bright and sharp. As if reflecting the goings on in each house. In the second half, when the mood was a lot more serious, the lighting didn't seem as warm. It seemed more blue and clear white light with sharp and if not dark night scenery in the background. This showed the change very well without any words or actions at all, just lighting and scenery. Story line The story line works because of numerous factors. There are cliffhangers to keep the audience gripped like where they move house just before the interval leaving an open space to what might happen next. The start is a brilliant example as it tells the end at the beginning. It's a shock start, which interests the audience straight away, and because it's sad, it makes it more effective. The songs can be quite emotional, drawing the audience into the story and with all the music surrounding you, it makes you feel a part of it all. Making it so that the tune of one song and most of the words can be kept but still change other words helps the story to flow along. I think it is really effective. "Marilyn Monroe" is a really catchy tune, but the mood of the song can easily be changed by its speed. I thought this to be a very useful idea. The mixture of really funny and really silly was good in this play but it wasn't too much as the seriousness tuned it down. The horse riding was ingenious with the cross between Mickey's version of cowboys and Indians and Eddy's version of dressage. The shooting was a brilliant insight into the children's games but it also gave you a glimpse of the big kid's toys that they would be witnessing in the future. The swearing which seems to pop up isn't taken offensively by the audience, its put in so cunningly that it's funny, especially as its young children saying it. The dirty movie and so called "atomic bomb" although rude, add spark to the play and give it that feel of "just a bit of fun" all over again, but in the back of your mind, you wait for the tragedy. Characters The actors are truly skilled to be able to act three different ages of one character. The ages used are of seven, fourteen and twenty-one. At each age something has to change, the walk is different, the tone of voice, the body language as a whole and the clothes worn. With small changes, the actors age, leaving you in doubt of how old they are. It is ridiculously simple but extremely clever. Mrs Lyons madness is a slow but revealing process. Like pealing an orange. You get a peek of her true self at the start where she is plotting with Mrs Johnstone, she seems desperate but at the same time you feel sorry for her. Gradually her paranoia overcomes her leading her to be a contributor in her, or should we say Mrs Johnstones son's death. In the end I found this play to be extremely enjoyable, the story line although containing big coincidental meetings lies untarnished. From start to finish it had me gripped and although this was the second time I had seen this play, I still wanted, like with the first time, that it would not end in tragedy. Then again, sometimes the better stories are the ones which endings are sad, the ones that leave a deeper imprint on your memories.   

      On the 27th of June, we travelled down to the Phoenix Theatre in London, the play we saw is called Blood Brothers and is written by Willy Russell. The play is set in Liverpool and was written in the 1980's. The 1980's was known as Thatchers Britain. It...

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