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Consider the events leading up to the murder of King Duncan. What elements contributed to his death?
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Regicide is the killing of a king. It is an event prevalent in Macbeth as the main focus of the story is of killing to gain power. In the play Macbeth the character Macbeth takes the easy route to power by killing the king and usurping the throne for himself. While this route to power seemed easy in plan the consequences for the country of Scotland and Macbeth are dire. The chain of being is an idea or philosophy that was prevalent during Shakespeare's time. It is an ordered hierarchical system of government. In Shakespeare's time people believed there was...
however his actions are augmented by the influence of others. Duncan provided an opportunity to assume the throne, his wife encouraged him to step forward and fulfil his destiny, and the witches make Macbeth and Lady Macbeth believe that it is possible and inevitable. With these factors all in correlation the single path in Macbeth's mind is opened. Through commitment to this task Macbeth chose the death of Duncan above his own honour. While he performed the act himself no man is an island. He relied on the influences of those around him in order to form his decision.
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Native Son Literary Analysis Richard Wright's...Native Son Literary Analysis Richard Wright's controversial Native Son was an overnight classic when released in 1940. This story of a young black man's struggle in 1930's Chicago is one that still echoes throughout the generations. Through his unique uses of symbolism and motifs, Wright reveals to a wide audience the dilemmas and hardships that African-Americans endured and still struggle with today. Through Native Son, Wright boldly addresses the issues that many others will not. Native Son focuses on the injustices and effects of racism on both the oppressed, oppressors, and the social blindness of the characters. These fundamental themes are woven masterfully throughout the novel by the development of the characters and addition of literary elements. In 1930's Chicago, we are taken into the downward spiral that consumes the life of Bigger Thomas. Twenty-year-old Bigger struggles to support his mother and siblings while also searching for his sense of identity in a world overrun by white men. However, due to the fact that Bigger's father abandoned him at a young age, it is difficult to provide for his family. Eventually, Bigger reluctantly takes a job as a chauffeur for an extremely wealthy and sympathetic Mr. Dalton, who even donates money to charities in favor of Negroes. On Bigger's first night of the job, he is instructed to drive Mr. Dalton's daughter, Mary, to the local university. Mary, on the other hand, instructs him otherwise and has him pick up her boyfriend, Jan. To much of Bigger's confusion, they friendly offer him drinks and take him out to eat. When the night is over and Jan has gone, Bigger escorts a drunk Miss. Dalton to her room where she proceeds to pass out on her bed. While Bigger lays her to sleep, the physically blind Mrs. Dalton inopportunely enters the room, and a panicked Bigger accidentally smothers Mary in attempt to silence her murmurs, which could have revealed his presence. With Bigger left with the lifeless daughter of a white millionaire, he struggles to conceal his crime and avoid the fatal consequences. And whilst on his overall journey to escape conviction, we are clued into the machinery and workings of Bigger Thomas. Bigger Thomas has lived a life of fear and rage as a direct result of his oppression and confinement. While revealing his most sincere self to his attorney, Boris A. Max, Bigger comments that, White people Well, they own everything. They choke you off the face of the earth. They like God"¦They don't even let you feel what you want to feel. They after you so hot and hard you can only feel what they doing to you. They kill you before you die. 327 With no source of steady income, Bigger takes to a life of crime and violence. Despite Bigger's role as the protagonist, Wright portrays Bigger as the archetypal "nigger". Although one may lean towards sympathy for Bigger, he nonetheless is lazy, violent, and shady. Wright makes it a deliberate point to display Bigger as problematic and truly capable of murder. For example, when Bigger is faced with the task of decapitating Mary so she would fit in the furnace, his "eyes are glazed, with nerves tingling with excitement"91. While and after disposing of Mary, Bigger feels no guilt or sorrow. In fact, he is filled with a sense of triumph and the individuality that he craves. It is only through the act of killing Mary does Bigger feel a strange sense of elation and excitement due to the fact that he has asserted the individualism onto himself that whites have aimed to destroy in the black race. Portraying Bigger as guiltless and dangerous is an attempt to show that Bigger is a product of society. It is his fear of whites that they consciously have asserted on him that enabled him to guiltlessly murder Mary Dalton. It is only when Bigger is faced with the threat of execution does he begin to see whites as individuals and not something to fear. With the help of people like his lawyer and a sympathetic Jan, Bigger is able to realize that some whites actually display human characteristics and are capable of compassion and empathy. However, it is the traditional remainder of society, like the Dalton's, that brings Bigger down. On the other end of the spectrum, yet no less important, is the role of the father of the murdered Miss Dalton. As Bigger's attorney is questioning Mr. Dalton, a realtor, as to why he refuses to rent apartments to blacks on the traditionally white side of town, Mr. Dalton replies that "It's an old custom" and that he simply "didn't make the custom"303. This demonstrates that Mr. Dalton is guilty of containing blacks and discrimination, despite claiming to be supportive of black Americans. This fact greatly conflicts with his philanthropy and efforts to improve the lives of Negroes in the city. However, despite his donations and time, Mr. Dalton in reality hasn't contributed to the improvement of black standings at all. Instead, Mr. Dalton only gives to the black community to alleviate his guilt of overcharging them rent money and renting to them only in the squalid section of Chicago. Furthermore, the charities and donations he does give out are insignificant and unhelpful. The most accommodating addition that he made for the black community was giving them ping-pong tables at the local youth center and paying for the education of a select few individuals. But even with an education, he admits to Mr. Max's questioning that he would not hire an educated black even if they were qualified to work for him. At first, Mr. Dalton may have been a charitable, decent man with a kind heart, but he only proved to be a sheep of the white race as his character developed. It is in this way that Mr. Dalton indirectly aided in his daughter's murder. As Mr. Max comments on the relationship between the Daltons and the Thomas', he encourages Mr. Dalton to say to himself, " I offered my daughter as a burnt sacrifice and it was not enough to push back into its grave this thing that haunts me"362. This realization is truthful; by never renting to blacks in the white area, he kept Bigger, the man who murdered his only daughter, a stranger to Mary and Mary and stranger to Bigger. As a result, Bigger was in no way able to see Mary as an individual and never felt guilty for her murder. But not only through the use of characters like Bigger and Mr. Dalton did Richard Wright reveal his themes; he used symbols and motifs to present his message. The use of symbolism and hidden meanings contributes even more profoundly to the theme of the novel. In a fit of panic, when Bigger jumps through the window after reporters uncover Mary Dalton's bones in the furnace, Bigger is overwhelmed by "snow in his mouth, eyes, ears; snow was seeping down his back"207. This use of snow throughout the novel translates into Bigger's sense of being overwhelmed and engulfed by the white race. Bigger looks upon white people as an ominous force that has been controlling him all his life. The snow is in fact cold, wet, fierce, and continuous. The abundance of snow even contributes to his capture by sealing off all of Bigger's courses of escape while police scour Chicago in search of him. Also adding to the theme of racism and sweeping generalizations, popular culture conveys a noteworthy motif, which adds to the theme of the novel. While Bigger and his friend Jack are at a movie theater, they see advertisement posters for two films: One, The Gay Woman, was pictured on the posters in images of white men and white women lolling on beaches, swimming, and dancing in night clubs; the other, Trader Horn, was shown on the posters in terms of black men and black women dancing against a wild background of barbaric jungle. 32 "The Gay Woman" displays white people's broad perception of themselves as superior compared to Negroes. However, not only did white people make generalizations about blacks, but blacks made overviews about whites as well. While still in the movie theater, Bigger refers to the whites in the movie and says, "I bet their mattresses is stuffed with paper dollars"34. To that, Jack replies with, "Man, them folks don't even have to turn over in their sleep. A butler stands by their beds at night and when he hears em' sigh, he gently rolls em' over"¦."34. It's evident that both Bigger and Jack perceive whites to be spoiled and flamboyant. On both parts, the act of making generalizations about either the blacks or the whites is destructive. By generalizing an entire race, it merely contributes to the separation and feeling of alienation between the two. Consequently, it isn't possible to break the barrier of "white" and "black". It is only possible to fashion more hostility and resentment towards the people that they don't even know. It is through Wright's use of these symbols and characters that we are able to see the central meaning of the novel. When reading Native Son, we gradually become aware of the themes and underlying messages of the novel. While Gus and Bigger are having a smoke outside, Bigger sees a plane and divulges to Gus his life-long dream to be an aviator. However, Gus slaps the facts of reality in perspective by saying, " If you wasn't black and if you had some money and if they'd let you go to that aviation school, you could fly a plane"20. The torment of not being able to pursue his dream disheartens Bigger, and it is unfortunate that he cannot change his skin color. But his restrictions aren't simply just an act of injustice; it's an act of oppression. There are millions of blacks struggling with the same tribulations as Bigger everyday. It's these types of restrictions and confinements that makes Bigger resentful of whites. Through his fear and hatred, Bigger is unable to see whites as individuals and instead sees them as an overpowering force, which feeds his feeling of oppression. It is only too late and with the kindness and wisdom of Bigger's lawyer is he able to distinguish whites as individuals. But also what makes Native Son so magnificent is Richard Wright's inclusion of the effects of racism on the oppressors as well. Although it is more complex, racism takes a destructive toll on the white race. By their sense of superiority over others, this leaves the white race weak and deprived. By failing to recognize blacks, whites lose the chance to realize the deep-rooted humanity of that who they oppress. Although their differences are clear and their roles are definite, both races have a blindness that, in a sense, unifies them. The characters' blindness come in many different forms, but they all accomplish the same thing; they force the character into seeing what is not real. Bigger's mother has her religion, the Courts have their racism, and even Bigger has his own prejudice. Bigger's mother is unable to see the reality of her hollow life, the Courts are unable to see blacks humanely due to their preconceived stereotypes and intolerance, and Bigger is also unable to see whites as humans instead of an all-encompassing force. Disappointingly, Bigger is found guilty of the supposed rape and murder of Mary Dalton before he has entirely discerned the truth. However, Bigger's fate is not unusual for the reason that his inequality happens regularly outside the walls of the pages. Native Son is not the traditional fairy tale. It is a story filled with distress and the hard facts of life. It is that realization that makes the novel authentic and relevant. The characters are neither traditional nor perfect; they are portrayed as human beings with immoral feelings and thoughts. In a book about racial discrimination and power, one should only expect characters with flaws and faults. Native Son encourages us not to pity or sympathize with Bigger Thomas, but to realize why he is the way he is and how he is a product of the society that created him. Richard Wright fruitfully uses his characters and symbols to acknowledge an issue that has troubled America since its creation. Richard Wright's Native Son both simply and intricately reveals the theme of the effects of racism on the oppressed as well as the oppressors, and the blindness of the characters to what is true of their surroundings. Bigger Thomas is an archetypal black man with a deep resentment and fear towards the entire white race. Mr. Dalton is a wealthy white man with an inconsolable guilt that not even his philanthropy can fix. Together, including the number of symbols and other literary elements that present themselves in the story, Native Son became one of the most thought-provoking books of its time. It's no wonder, that when released on that day in 1940, it became an overnight classic.   

Native Son Literary Analysis Richard Wright's controversial Native Son was an overnight classic when released in 1940. This story of a young black man's struggle in 1930's Chicago is one that still echoes throughout the generations. Through his unique uses of symbolism and motifs, Wright reveals to a wide audience...

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