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Faust and Gorboduc
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The English drama of the 16th century showed from the beginning that it would not be bound by classical rules. However, we could say that it borrows features from the early dramatic forms adding others, fitting more with the Renaissance way of thinking. These early dramatic forms could be the mystery, miracle, and morality plays and they focused on the religious and moral themes that dominated the Christian imagination during the Middle Ages. The morality play, usually, called a "morality", presented religious and ethical concerns from the point of view of the individual Christian, whose main concern was the salvation...
Gorboduc and Dr Faustus the heritage of the medieval dramatic form of the morality plays is obvious. Indeed, the fight between good and evil and the Christian didactic and moralizing messages are omnipresent and would remain in the whole Renaissance literature. But, Christopher Marlowe as well as Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville, pioneered the use of blank verse which many of his contemporaries, including William Shakespeare, later would adopt. Besides, each play added its originality: Gorboduc in the revival and modernization of the Senecan tragedy and Dr Faustus by tackling very contemporary issues as well as usual moral questions.

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A poem which I have recently...A poem which I have recently read is: "Dulce Et Decorum Est" by Wilfred Owen. The main point Wilfred Owen tries to convey in this poem is the sheer horror of war. Owen uses many techniques to show his feelings, some of which I'll be exploring. Wilfred Owen is a tired soldier on the front line during World War I. In the first stanza of Dulce Et Decorum Est he describes the men and the condition they are in and through his language shows that the soldiers deplore the conditions. Owen then moves on to tell us how even in their weak human state the soldiers march on, until the enemy fire gas shells at them. This sudden situation causes the soldiers to hurriedly put their gas masks on, but one soldier did not put it on in time. Owen tells us the condition the soldier is in, and how, even in the time to come he could not forget the images that it left him with. In the last stanza he tells the readers that if we had seen what he had seen then we would never encourage the next generation to fight in a war. Owen uses imagery constantly to convey the conditions and feelings experienced during this war. Firstly I will be exploring Metaphor as it is used so much in this poem. The first metaphor which I will examine is: "Haunting Flares" on line 3 of the first stanza. This quote has so many connotations, my first opinion on this was that the flares which the enemy are firing to light up the battle field are said to be representing the souls of the soldiers fallen comrades. This could also be said to represent the power the enemy has on their own mortality as the bright flares would light up the battle-field exposing everything to their view, this indicates that the enemy always seem to have power upon the soldiers, almost godly. The second metaphor which I will explore is: "An ecstasy of fumbling" on line one of the second stanza. This metaphor is significant as it describes the quick manner in which the soldiers will have been trying to put their masks on. The soldiers would have been trying to put their masks on in a hurry but due to their physical condition their minds would have been wanting them to go faster than their body would have been allowing them, this is why there is said to be a: "Fumbling". The term: "Ecstasy" would normally suggest a time of extreme emotion, normally joy, however in this situation it is used as a term of irony as this is a completely bewildering time for the men another extreme emotion. Owen uses simile to explain better the situation faced by the men. Simile is often used by poets and is used mainly for description in Dulce Et Decorum Est. The poet provides us with these similes as he has simplified them to a state in which we would understand them. An example of this would be: "flound'ring like a man in fire or lime"¦" this example makes us aware of the movement which this soldier would use during the gas attack "flound'ring". Another implication this simile has is that the soldier would not be in control of the situation as if a man was on fire he would not be able to put it out simply and this would be similar with the soldier used in the example as this would be an unusually helpless situation for him to be in. Owen does not use simile as much as the previous kinds of imagery. There are several image groups used in this poem, two of which I will be reviewing. The first image group is "Sleep or Dreams". Owen often refers to many subconscious states like the afore mentioned one, the reason why he uses these references so frequently is that war is made apparent to the reader as being a subconscious state as the realities often seem to be too hard to except, an example which backs up my opinion is: "Men marched asleep". The poet often refers to dreams. I believe part of the reason for this is that by dreaming you are escaping from the physical reality and surroundings and due to the horror and constant threat of death the soldiers would constantly be dreaming of home and their loved ones. However, Wilfred Owen could be looking at dreams being constant reminders of some past atrocity, similar to a recurring dream: " In all my dreams, before my helpless sight he plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning". The second and final image group I will be studying is: "Sea or Drowning". Owen uses this image group usually to describe the situation of a soldier or soldiers during the poem. An example of when Owen uses this method: "As under a green sea I saw him drowning" this sentence is used when Owen views a soldier suffering the consequences of a Gas attack. The gas attack seems to be one of the main topics in the poem and as a result this particular piece of imagery is based around it as every word or sentence to do with sea or drowning is based around this significant event: "Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light" In Dulce Et Decorum Est there are many different sound types used, alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme etc. One of the sound types I will be looking at is Full or perfect rhyme. This sound type is significant as in Dulce Et Decorum Est at the end of each sentence rhymes with the one before the last. This is significant as when reading this poem you notice this rhyming scheme and take more time to stop and ponder over the significance of the language it is based around and what connotations that word has: "Bent double, like old beggars under sacks" and "Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs". This is one of the most effective rhyming schemes in the poem. Due to every second line rhyming this makes your remember what the poet was trying to put across in the previous lines as all the different lines have a way of tying in with one another. Through reading this poem several times I decided that the message from the poem is that war is full of horror and there is little or no glory. Methods which I found most effective were Full rhyme and metaphor. Overall Wilfred Owen shows that there is no triumph in war, he does this by using the dying soldier as an example. His main point is that the old saying: "Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori" is a lie.   

A poem which I have recently read is: "Dulce Et Decorum Est" by Wilfred Owen. The main point Wilfred Owen tries to convey in this poem is the sheer horror of war. Owen uses many techniques to show his feelings, some of which I'll be exploring. Wilfred Owen is a...

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The author of "Carnal Knowledge"; T.C....The author of "Carnal Knowledge"; T.C. Boyle, uses first person narrator to depict the life of the main character Jim, and his use of tone and irony make Jim a round character, he comes alive and seems like a real person with the occurring events. In this story tone and irony really depict Jim's character three main times in the story; when he first describes meat, when he first meets Alf and Alena, and when he is left on the turkey farm. In the very beginning of the story the author's tone towards meat describes the characters true feelings towards vegetarianism. Jim didn't see meat as being anything but the "body's fuel" 267, and he was totally "unconscious of the deeper implications" 267 that are brought upon him in the story. Jim like most people, don't think about the chicken or cow that was killed while it is slowly pleasing ones appetite next to a side of vegetables. But the author felt in order to connect the reader with the main character he had to have a similarity between them, and meat was the best connection because it is something that people can relate to; even if someone is a vegetarian they know that meat is a staple food in today's society. The authors tone un-appetizingly describes meat through Jim's character to really put it into the audience's head that he is not a vegetarian and does not intend to change. For instance, the author describes the way Jim eats chicken; "I hacked away at the stippled yellow skin and pink flesh of the sanitized bird I'd wonder at the darkish bits of organ clinging to the ribs- what was that, liver? kidney? "“ but in the end it didn't make me any less fond of Kentucky Fried or Chicken McNuggets."268 The authors description of veal makes Jim seem even less a vegetarian by stating that even though he saw the ads in magazines that show veal calves penned up living a life not meant to be lived by any animal, Jim still could not resist the veal scaloppini at Anna Maria's. By using first person narration the author is able to describe Jim through what he is thinking, and by doing this Jim is easy to understand even though his views change drastically in minutes. The author uses situational irony when Jim first meets Alf, Alena's dog by creating a contradiction between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen. It is Jim's birthday and he is lying on the beach trying to relax and catch a nap when Alf comes across Jim lying in the sand. The author describes Alf as being "big, wild haired, with one blue eye" 268, he then went on to state that there looked to be something wrong with it because it "staggered back and froze". The audience gets the impression that Alf is a mean dog with intentions of attacking Jim because of the way he was described. When Jim realizes Alf used him as a fire hydrant, the image of a mean attack dog disappears and the stupidity of the animal is understood. When Jim first saw Alf he stated that he was "startled" 268 and felt some sort of "pity" 268 when he saw that he was hurt. But the moment he realized he was pissed on a "sudden rage seized him" 268 and even though the dog was gimping along the beach the fact that he was hurt didn't matter because "it would simplify the task of running it down and beating it to death." 268 I feel the author had Alf pee on Jim because of his feelings towards animals, it makes the audience feel like Jim deserved it for being so uncaring toward animals and the way he felt about meat and the way it is obtained. Yet these feelings of animosity were short lived as soon as he saw that Alena was Alf's owner. The author depicts Jim as being a classic male though tone. Alena is a beautiful woman described by Jim as Aphrodite; when she realizes what Alf ahs done she apologizes and before Jim could "protest, she was rubbing at the stain"¦with the wadded-up hem of her sweatshirt." 268 The fact that he was peed on and the hostility he had toward Alf disappeared when the author introduces a beautiful woman into the picture because all that Jim was thinking about is the way she smelt. The author carries the same tone of Jim's character when Alena invites Jim back to the bungalow she was house sitting to wash his clothes. As they conversed Alena began to open up and tell Jim what Alf has been through and why she is part of the Animal Liberation Fund and all that Jim can think about is the sight of her bending over in her bikini and if she would go to dinner with him. For instance, when Alena said "it is rare to find someone on your own wavelength" 271; Jim stated that the words "sent a tremor"¦ all the way down in the deepest nodes of my reproductive tract." 271 The author also used irony when Jim invites Alena to dinner and she says "nowhere with meat of course" 271 and Jim said "I don't eat meat myself" 272; the audience knows that Jim is not a vegan but he lies to Alena in order for her to be interested in him and want to spend more time with him. T.C. Boyle uses tone to describe Jim's feelings after he is left on the turkey farm by Alena and Rolfe; this is when his views about vegetarianism begin to change. Jim goes through great lengths to liberate the turkey's to become a hero in Alena's eyes, but he was doing it for the wrong reasons. He didn't really care about the turkeys he just wanted Alena's attention; in fact when Alena mentioned turkeys Jim "realized he was hungry." 276 It was interesting that Alena and Rolfe decided to make Jim do all of the liberating when they got to the farm. Jim had to do all of the work while Alena and Rolfe were lookouts and getaway drivers. The intentions of leaving Jim were present from the beginning; if anything were to go wrong Alena and Rolfe were closest to the car. Rolfe even made sure that Jim left the keys in the ignition. Yet the author still wanted to make Jim fell like a hero in Alena's eyes, so Jims initial feelings of hatred toward Alena changed when she "jumped out of the car before it stopped" 279; Jim wanted to feel like he was loved and looked up to by Alena. So when Alena told Jim that she and Rolfe were going to Wyoming to save grizzly bears; but not only that Alena stated that "there's nothing between us, if that's what you are thinking. This has to do with animals and that's all." 279 The authors tone about animals and vegetarianism began to unfold through Jim as he went back home; the author used the irony of the dead turkeys to describe the dead relationship of Alena and Jim. As Jim was driving along the highway the "road was coated in feathers, turkey feathers." 280 This is symbolic of there relationship because all there was between them had come to this "expectations gone sour, a smear in the road." 280 The author added this in because Jim was basing their relationship on lies and in the end it didn't matter what he did to impress her because it was a waste of time; all she cared about were animals and she didn't look at the deeper implications of other peoples feeling that it was "only meat" 281. T.C. Boyle created Jim's character by making him seem realistic and relating his feelings to the readers by using first person narration. The tone and irony of the author were present throughout the story and depicted the character that he set out to portray.   

The author of "Carnal Knowledge"; T.C. Boyle, uses first person narrator to depict the life of the main character Jim, and his use of tone and irony make Jim a round character, he comes alive and seems like a real person with the occurring events. In this story tone and...

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