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Faust and Gorboduc
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The English drama of the 16th century showed from the beginning that it would not be bound by classical rules. However, we could say that it borrows features from the early dramatic forms adding others, fitting more with the Renaissance way of thinking. These early dramatic forms could be the mystery, miracle, and morality plays and they focused on the religious and moral themes that dominated the Christian imagination during the Middle Ages. The morality play, usually, called a "morality", presented religious and ethical concerns from the point of view of the individual Christian, whose main concern was the salvation...
Gorboduc and Dr Faustus the heritage of the medieval dramatic form of the morality plays is obvious. Indeed, the fight between good and evil and the Christian didactic and moralizing messages are omnipresent and would remain in the whole Renaissance literature. But, Christopher Marlowe as well as Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville, pioneered the use of blank verse which many of his contemporaries, including William Shakespeare, later would adopt. Besides, each play added its originality: Gorboduc in the revival and modernization of the Senecan tragedy and Dr Faustus by tackling very contemporary issues as well as usual moral questions.

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To Kill a Mockingbird was... To Kill a Mockingbird was written by Harper Lee and was published in 1960. To Kill a Mockingbird won many awards, they are; Pulitzer Prize, 1961, Alabama Library Association award, 1961, Brotherhood Award of National Conference of Christians and Jews, 1961, Bestsellers' paperback of the year award, 1962. Harper Lee was born on the 28th day of April in 1926 in southwest, in a small town called Monroeville. Harper Lee went to Huntingdon College from 1944-45, from 1945-49 she studied law at the University of Alabama, and attended one year at Oxford University. In the 1950's she worked as a reservation clerk with BOAC in New York City and with Eastern Air Lines. In June 1966, President Johnson named Harper Lee to the National Council of Arts. To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in Maycomb Alabama, in the late 1930's early 1940's, because Jean Louise Scout and Atticus were reading in the newspaper how Hitler was killing the Jews Hitler was in power between the early 1930's to the mid 1940's. "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop, grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square. Somehow it was hotter than: a black dog suffered on a summers day. . ." p5. In this story a lot of characters were introduced to the reader. Jem Finch played a big role in this book. "When he was nearly thirteen, my brother Jem got his arm broken at the elbow. . . His left arm was slightly shorter than his right; when he stood or walked, the back of his hand was at right angles to his body, his thumb parallel to his thigh." p3. "His hair stuck up behind and down in the front, and I wondered if it would ever look like a man's. . . His eyebrows were becoming heavier and I noticed a new slimness about his body. He was growing taller." p225. Both of these quotes say that he is a growing teenager and his arm was a little strange. "He raced across the street, disappeared into Miss Maudie's backyard and returned triumphant. He stuck her sunhat on the snowman's head and jammed her hedge clippers into the crook of his arm." p67-68. "Jem ran into the backyard, produced the garden hoe and began digging quickly behind the woodpile, placing any worms he found to one side. He went into the house, returned with the laundry hamper, filled it with earth and carried it to the front yard." p66. These two quotes show that Jem was creative and full of energy. Jem always tried to amuse Atticus. "Run Scout! Run! Run!" p261. "Let's go home, Cal, they don't want us here." p119. Jem usually knows when he is or isn't wanted. "Jem was becoming almost as good as Atticus at making you feel right when things went wrong." p259. "Son, I can't tell what your going to be "“ an engineer, a lawyer or a portrait painter. You've perpetrated a near libel here in the front yard." p67. ". . . but from now on I'll never worry about what will become of you, son, you'll always have an idea." p67. These quotes show that a lot of people have faith in Jem and he is expected to do very good in the future. Another important character in the book is Scout. Scout is a girl that is four years younger than Jem. She learned to read before she started school. "But I still looked for him every time I went by. Maybe someday we would see him." p242. "I took one giant step and found myself reeling: my arms useless, in the dark, I could not keep my balance." p261. ". . . I fell to the ground and rolled as far as I could, floundering to escape my wire prison." p262. These quotes show that Scout was a very energetic and nosey girl. "I imagined how it would be: when it happened he would just be sitting there in the swing when I came along. 'Hidy do, Mr. Arthur,' I would say, as if I had said it every afternoon of my life." p242. This quote demonstrates just how much Scout wants to meet Arthur Radley. ". . . she caught me backstage and told me that I ruined her pageant." p258. This tells that Scout can some times screw up and it ends up affecting someone else. Atticus played a very significant role in this book. "Atticus was feeble: he was nearly fifty. . . He was much older than the parents of our school contemparies." p89. ". . . he wore glasses." p89. Atticus got started late in life but he still managed to comprehend with his kids. "Atticus was making his slow pilgrimage to the windows as he had been doing." p184. Atticus always took everything slow, he never wanted to rush anything. "Do you remember him beating you about the face?" p185. Atticus always wanted to make things clear, he never wanted anything misunderstood. ". . .Atticus is a nigger lover, but I'm here to tell you it certainly does mortify the rest of the family." p83. Many people thought that Atticus was going against his own people when he decided to be a lawyer for a Negro. There were many other vital characters in this book, they were; Calpurnia was the Finch's maid, she was a great help raising Jem and Scout. Aunt Alexandra was Atticus' sister, she came to help raise Jem and Scout, but the Jem and Scout didn't really like her because she was very strict. Miss Maudie was Scout's favourite person to talk to, she always made cakes for Jem and Scout. Arthur Boo Radley was a man who lived in a big old house down the street from the Finch's, Jem, Scout and Dill always wondered who Boo Radley was because he never came out of his house. Dill was a close friend of Jem's and Scout's, he always spent the summer with his Aunt across the street. Tom Robinson was a black man convicted of raping Mayella Ewell. Mayella Ewell lived out in the country, didn't go to school, and just worked for her family. Miss Stephanie Crawford lived across the street and always gave advice to Jem and Scout. Reverend Sykes was the priest at the black church outside of town. Judge Taylor was the judge during the trial of Tom Robinson. Bob Ewell was Mayella's father, he was an enemy of the Finch's. Mrs. Dubose was a mean old lady who always put down Jem, Scout, and Atticus. Miss Rachel lived across the street and always told Jem and Scout anything they needed to know. Mr. Heck Tate was the sheriff in town. In the story To Kill a Mockingbird there was lots of struggles and hardships that the Finch's and the town of Maycomb had to go through. Atticus was a lawyer and he was defending Tom Robinson, who was convicted of raping Mayella Ewell. There was a big court battle after many witnesses and questions Tom Robinson was found guilty on very little evidence. Tom Robinson was then shot later trying to escape from jail. Jem, Scout and Dill always wanted to know what Boo Radley looks like. They always tried to lure him out of his own house. They tried to send messages to him by a fishing pole, but they could never figure out why he doesn't come out. Mrs. Dubose lived down the street from the Finch's and when ever Jem and Scout used to walk by she would tell them that there dad was a "nigger lover." One day Jem got really mad at this pestering, so he took some hedge clippers and cut up all her hedges. For punishment Jem had to read to her after school for a month. Soon after Mrs. Dubose died. Miss Maudie lived across the street from Jem and Scout and she always use to bake cakes for them. But early one morning her house caught on fire and she lost everything. One night after Jem and Scout got in a fight, they were both sent to there rooms. When Scout reached her room and had shut the door behind her she had found Dill hiding under her bed. Dill had ran away from home and stayed with his Aunt for the rest of the summer. One night walking home from Scout's pageant Jem and Scout were attacked by Bob Ewell. They were chased through the woods and down the streets of Maycomb. Scout was pushed and she hit the ground hard, but since she had her wire costume on she wasn't hurt. Jem had gone into a fight with Bob Ewell, they wrestled on the ground until Boo Radley came to his rescue. Jem was knocked out from this incident and ended up with a broken arm. When Boo Radley went out side to see if Bob Ewell was still there he found him with a kitchen knife stuck into his ribs. The theme of this story is that if people didn't focus in on what they see hear and remember from the past the world would be a better place. In this story many people stereotype each other. For example the inner city white people would not associate themselves with the farmers or hicks that live out in the country. But the black's had the hardest time, if they were charged with a crime it didn't matter if they were guilty or innocent they would be convicted. The blacks would not be able to get a job because the white people would be afraid that they would lose customers. You might not think that we live in the same way that these people did, but we still do, maybe not to the same degree, but we still do and we always will.   

To Kill a Mockingbird was written by Harper Lee and was published in 1960. To Kill a Mockingbird won many awards, they are; Pulitzer Prize, 1961, Alabama Library Association award, 1961, Brotherhood Award of National Conference of Christians and Jews, 1961, Bestsellers' paperback of the year award, 1962. Harper...

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Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry...Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel about a young boys coming of age in Missouri of the mid-1800s. The main character, Huckleberry Finn, spends much time in the novel floating down the Mississippi River on a raft with a runaway slave named Jim. Before he does so, however, Huck spends some time in the fictional town of St. Petersburg where a number of people attempt to influence him. Before the novel begins, Huck Finn has led a life of absolute freedom. His drunken and often missing father has never paid much attention to him; his mother is dead and so, when the novel begins, Huck is not used to following any rules. The book's opening finds Huck living with the Widow Douglas and her sister, Miss Watson. Both women are fairly old and are really somewhat incapable of raising a rebellious boy like Huck Finn. Nevertheless, they attempt to make Huck into what they believe will be a better boy. Specifically, they attempt, as Huck says, to "civilize" him. This process includes making Huck go to school, teaching him various religious facts, and making him act in a way that the women find socially acceptable. Huck, who has never had to follow many rules in his life, finds the demands the women place upon him constraining and the life with them lonely. As a result, soon after he first moves in with them, he runs away. He soon comes back, but, even though he becomes somewhat comfortable with his new life as the months go by, Huck never really enjoys the life of manners, religion, and education that the Widow and her sister impose upon him. Huck believes he will find some freedom with Tom Sawyer. Tom is a boy of Huck's age who promises Huck and other boys of the town a life of adventure. Huck is eager to join Tom Sawyers Gang because he feels that doing so will allow him to escape the somewhat boring life he leads with the Widow Douglas. Unfortunately, such an escape does not occur. Tom Sawyer promises much but none of his promises comes to pass. Huck finds out too late that Toms adventures are imaginary, that raiding a caravan of "A-rabs" really means terrorizing young children on a Sunday school picnic, that stolen "joolry" is nothing more than turnips or rocks. Huck is disappointed that the adventures Tom promises are not real and so, along with the other members, he resigns from the gang. Another person who tries to get Huckleberry Finn to change is Pap, Huck's father. Pap is one of the most astonishing figures in all of American literature. He is completely antisocial and wishes to undo all of the civilizing effects that the Widow and Miss Watson have attempted to instill in Huck. Pap is a mess: he is unshaven; his hair is uncut and hangs like vines in front of his face; his skin, Huck says, "Is white like a fish's belly or like a tree toads." Pap's savage appearance reflects his feelings as he demands that Huck quit school, stop reading, and avoid church. Huck is able to stay away from Pap for a while, but Pap kidnaps Huck three or four months after Huck starts to live with the Widow and takes him to a lonely cabin deep in the Missouri woods. Here, Huck enjoys, once again, the freedom that he had prior to the beginning of the book. He can smoke, "laze around," swear, and, in general, do what he wants to do. However, as he did with the Widow and with Tom, Huck begins to become dissatisfied with this life. Pap is "too handy with the hickory" and Huck soon realizes that he will have to escape from the cabin if he wishes to remain alive. As a result of his concern, Huck makes it appear as if he is killed in the cabin while Pap is away, and leaves to go to Jackson Island a remote island in the Mississippi River. It is after he leaves his father's cabin that Huck joins yet another important influence in his life: Miss Watson's slave, Jim. Prior to Huck's leaving, Jim has been a minor character in the novel he has been shown being fooled by Tom Sawyer and telling Huck's fortune. Huck finds Jim on Jackson's Island because the slave has run away. He has overheard a conversation that he will soon be sold to a slave owner New Orleans. Soon, after joining Jim on Jackson's Island, Huck begins to realize that Jim has more talents and intelligence than Huck has been aware of. Jim knows "all kinds of signs" about the future, people's personalities, and weather forecasting. Huck finds this kind of information necessary as he and Jim drift down the Mississippi on a raft. Huck feels a comfort with Jim that he has not felt with the other major characters in the novel. With Jim, Huck can enjoy the best aspects of his earlier influences. As does the Widow, Jim allows Huck security, but Jim is not as confining as the Widow. Like Tom Sawyer, Jim is intelligent but his intelligence is not as intimidating or as imaginary as is Toms. Similar to Pap, Jim allows Huck freedom, but he does it in a loving, rather than an uncaring, fashion. Thus, early, in their relationship on Jackson's Island, Huck says to Jim, "This is nice. I wouldn't want to be nowhere else but here." This feeling is in marked contrast with Huck's feelings concerning other people in the early part of the novel where he always is uncomfortable and wishes to leave them. At the conclusion of chapter 11 in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck and Jim are forced to leave Jackson's Island because Huck discovers that people are looking for the runaway slave. Prior to leaving, Huck tells Jim, "They're after us." Clearly, the people are after Jim, but Huck has already identified with Jim and has begun to care for him. This stated empathy shows that the two outcasts will have a successful and rewarding friendship as they drift down the river as the novel continues. Twain, Mark Mark Twain and racism almost always appear together in critics articles yet is racism really the problem? There is a major argument among literary critics whether Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, is or is not a racist novel. The question boils down to the depiction of Jim, the black slave, and the way Huck and other characters treat him. The use of the word "nigger" is also a point raised by some critics, who feel that Twain uses the word too much and too loosely. Mark Twain never presents Jim in a negative light. He does not show Jim as a drunkard, as a mean person, or as a cheat. This is in contrast to the way Huck's white father is depicted, whom Twain describes using all of the above characterizations and more. We see Jim as a good friend, a man devoted to his family and loyal to his companions. He is, however, very naive and superstitious. Some critics say that Twain is implying that all blacks have these qualities. When Jim turns to his magic hairball for answers about the future, we see that he does believe in some foolish things. But all the same, both blacks and whites visit Jim to use the hairballs powers. This type of naiveté was abundant at the time and found among all races as the result of a lack of proper education. So the depiction of Jim is not negative in the sense that Jim uneducated and in this aspect of the story clearly there is no racism intended. It is next necessary to analyze the way white characters treat Jim throughout the book. Note that what the author felt is not the way most characters act around Jim, and his feelings are probably only shown through Huck. Concord Library In the South during that period, black people were treated as less than humans, and Twain needed to portray this. The examples of the way Jim is denigrated: by being locked up, having to hide his face in the daytime and how he is generally derided are necessary for historical accuracy. Therefore, Mark Twain had to display Jim's treatment in this manner, even if it is not the way he felt. Huck, however, does not treat Jim as most whites do. Huck looks at Jim as a friend, and by the end of their journey, disagrees with society's notion that blacks are inferior. There are two main examples of this in the story. The first one is where Huck is disgusted by Jims plans to steal his own children, who are "someone else's property." While Huck is still racist here, Twain has written the scene in a way that ridicules the notion that someone's children can actually be the property of a stranger because the father is black. The second example is where Huck doesn't tell Jims whereabouts, which would return Jim to slavery, and instead chooses to "go to Hell" for his decision. This is again Twain making a mockery of Southern values, that it is a sin to be kind to black people. Another reason that is given to say this novel is racist is the use of the word "nigger." This is not a good reason because this is how blacks were referred to then. To use the word Negro or African-American would have taken away from the story's impact. If Twain wanted to write a historically accurate book, as he did, then the inclusion of this word is necessary. Salwen, Peter These claims that Huckleberry Finn is racist are not simply attempts to damage the image of a great novel. They come from people who are hurt by racism and don't like seeing it in any context. However, they must realize that this novel and its author are not racist, and the purpose of the story is to prove black equality. Concord Library In recent years, there has been increasing discussion of the seemingly racist ideas expressed by Mark Twain in Huckleberry Finn. In some extreme cases the novel has even been banned by public school systems and censored by public libraries. The basis for these censorship campaigns has been the depiction of one of the main characters in Huckleberry Finn, Jim, a black slave. Jim, is a "typical" black slave who runs away from his "owner" Miss Watson. At several points in the novel, Jim"s character is described to the reader, and some people have looked upon the characterization as racist. However, before one begins to censor a novel, it is important to separate the ideas of the author from the ideas" of his characters. It is also important not to take a novel at face value and to "read between the lines" in order to capture the underlying themes of a novel. If one were to do this in relation to Huckleberry Finn, one would, without a doubt, realize that it is not racist and is even anti-slavery. Ed. Scott, Arthur Lincoln On a superficial level Huckleberry Finn might appear to be racist. The first time the reader meets Jim he is given a very negative description of him. The reader is told that Jim is illiterate, childlike, not very bright and extremely superstitious. However, it is important not to lose sight of who is giving this description and of whom it is being given. Although Huck is not a racist child, he has been raised by extremely racist individuals who have, even if only subconsciously, ingrained some feelings of bigotry into his mind. It is also important to remember that this description, although it is quite saddening, was probably accurate. Jim and the millions of other slaves in the South were not permitted any formal education, were never allowed any independent thought and were constantly maltreated and abused. Twain is merely portraying by way of Jim, a very realistic slave raised in the South during that time period. To say that Twain is racist because of his desire for historical accuracy is absurd. Despite the few incidences in which Jim"s description might be misconstrued as racist, there are many points in the novel where Twain through Huck, voices his extreme opposition to the slave trade and racism. Ed. Scott, Arthur Lincoln In chapter six, Huck"s father fervently objects to the governments granting of suffrage to an educated black professor. Twain wants the reader to see the absurdity in this statement. Huck"s father believes that he is superior to this black professor simply because of the color of his skin. In Chapter 15the reader is told of an incident, which contradicts the original "childlike" description of Jim. In chapter 15 the reader is presented with a very caring and father-like Jim who becomes very worried when he loses his best friend Huck in a deep fog. Twain is pointing out the connection, which has been made between Huck and Jim. A connection, which does not exist between a man and his property. When Huck first meets Jim on the Island he makes a monumental decision, not to turn Jim in. He is confronted by two opposing forces, the force of society and the force of friendship. Ed. Kesterson, David B Many times throughout the novel Huck comes very close to rationalizing Jim's slavery. However, he is never able to see a reason why this man who has become one of his only friends, should be a slave. Through this internal struggle, Twain expresses his opinions of the absurdity of slavery and the importance of following one"s personal conscience before the laws of society. Kaplan, Justin By the end of the novel, Huck and the reader have come to understand that Jim is not someone"s property and an inferior man, but an equal. Throughout the novel society"s voice is heard through Huck. The racist and hateful contempt, which existed at the time, is at many times present. But, it is vital for the reader to recognize these ideas as society"s and to recognize that Twain throughout the novel disputes these ideas. Twain brings out into the open the ugliness of society and causes the reader to challenge the original description of Jim. In his subtle manner, he creates not an apology for slavery but a challenge to it. Salwen, Peter The entire plot of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is rooted on intolerance between different social groups. Without prejudice and intolerance The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn would not have any of the antagonism or intercourse that makes the recital interesting. The prejudice and intolerance found in the book are the characteristics that make The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn great. Wagennacht, Edward C. The author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is Samuel Langhorne Clemens, who is more commonly known by his pen name, Mark Twain. He was born in 1835 with the passing of Haley's comet, and died in1910 with the passing of Haley's comet. Clemens often used prejudice as a building block for the plots of his stories. Clemens even said, "The very ink in which history is written is merely fluid prejudice." There are many other instances in which Clemens uses prejudice as a foundation for the entertainment of his writings such as this quote he said about foreigners in The Innocents Abroad, "They spell it Vinci and pronounce it Vinchy; foreigners always spell better than they pronounce." Even in the opening paragraph of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Clemens states, "Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find a moral in it will be banished; persons attempting to find a plot in it will be shot." Twain, MarkKaplan, Justin The World Book There were many groups that Clemens contrasted in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The interaction of these different social groups is what makes up the main plot of the novel. For the objective of discussion they have been broken down into five main sets of antithetic parties: people with high levels of society and people with low levels of society, rednecks and scholarly, children and adults, men and women, and finally, the Sheperdson's and the Grangerford's. Whites and African Americans are the main two groups contrasted in the novel. Throughout the novel Clemens portrays Caucasians as a more educated group that is higher in society compared to the African Americans portrayed in the novel. The cardinal way that Clemens portrays African Americans as obsequious is through the colloquy that he assigns them. Their dialogue is composed of nothing but broken English. One example in the novel is this excerpt from the conversation between Jim the fugitive slave, and Huckleberry about why Jim ran away, where Jim declares, "Well you see, it uz dis way. Ole missus-dats Miss Watson-she pecks on me all de time, en treats me pooty rough, but she awluz said she woudn sell me down to Orleans." Although this is the phonetic spelling of how some African Americans from the boondocks used to talk, Clemens only applied the argot to Blacks and not to Whites throughout the novel. There is not one sentence in the treatise spoken by an African American that is not comprised of broken English. But in spite of that, the broken English does add an entraining piece of culture to the milieu. Blair, Walter The second way Clemens differentiates people in the novel of different skin color. Blacks in the book are portrayed as stupid and uneducated. The most blatant example is where the African American character Jim is kept prisoner for weeks while he is a dupe in a childish game that Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn play with him. Clemens spends the last three chapters in the novel to tell the tale of how Tom Sawyer maliciously lets Jim, who known only unto Tom is really a free man, be kept prisoner in a shack while Tom torments Jim with musings about freedom and infests his living space with rats, snakes, and spiders. At the end of this chapter Tom even admits, "Why, I wanted the adventure of it"¦" The next two groups Clemens contrasts are the rednecks and the scholarly. In the novel Clemens uses interaction between backwoods and more highly educated people as a vital part of the plot. The main usage of this mixing of two social groups is seen in the development of the two very entertaining characters simply called the duke and the king. These two characters are rednecks that pretend to be of a more scholarly background in order to cheat people along the banks of the Mississippi. In one instance the king and the duke fail miserably in trying to act more studiously when they perform a "Shakespearean Revival." The duke totally slaughters the lines of Hamlet saying, "To be, or not to be; that is the bare bodkin. That it makes calamity of so long life. For who farfel bear, till Birnam Wood do come to Dunshire, but that fear of something after death." Blair, Walter Thirdly Clemens contrasts adults and children. Clemens portrays adults as the conventional group in society, and children as the unconventional. In the story adults are not portrayed with much bias, but children are portrayed as more imaginative. The two main examples of this are when Huckleberry fakes his death, and when Tom and Huck "help" Jim escape from captivity. This extra imaginative aspect Clemens gives to the children of the story adds a lot of humor to the plot. Fourthly in the novel Clemens contrasts women and men. Women in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are portrayed as frail, while men are portrayed as more outgoing. The foremost example of a frail woman character in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is Tom Sawyer's Aunt Sally. One example was when Tom and Huck were collecting wildlife to live in the shack that Jim is being held prisoner in they accidentally let loose some snakes in Aunt Sally's house and Aunt Sally, ""¦would just lay that work down, and light out." The main reason that Clemens portrays women as less outgoing is because there are really only four minor women characters in the novel, while all major characters are men. Lastly Clemens contrasts two families engaged in a feud. The names of the two families are the Sheperdson's and the Grangerford's. The ironic thing is that, other than their names, the two factions are totally similar and even attend the same church. Blair, Walter This intolerance augments a major part to the plot because it serves as the basis for one of the escapades Huck and Jim get involved in on their trip down the Mississippi. In conclusion the entire plot of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is rooted on intolerance between different social groups. Without prejudice and intolerance The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn would not have any of the antagonism and intercourse that makes the novel interesting. Therefore making it not a racist novel, but historically accurate tail of life at that time. Mark Twain is innocent of all wrongdoing.   

Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel about a young boys coming of age in Missouri of the mid-1800s. The main character, Huckleberry Finn, spends much time in the novel floating down the Mississippi River on a raft with a runaway slave named Jim. Before he does...

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If a picture tells a thousand...If a picture tells a thousand words, than imagine the importance of an image upon a play as short as Macbeth. In any literary work, it is extremely important that the author can effectively manipulate a reader's feelings towards a character. In Macbeth, that feat is accomplished magnificently by Shakespeare. Through his skillful use of imagery, Shakespeare shows us a deeper look into the true character of Macbeth. Though imagery is widespread throughout Macbeth, it is most dominant in clothing imagery, light and darkness imagery, and blood imagery. Through these images, Shakespeare shows the development of Macbeth's character. Using clothing imagery, Shakespeare develops Macbeth's character. This is evident, as, imagery of clothing shows us Macbeth's ambition, and the consequences thereof. We see this ambition, through Banquo, when he says, "New honors come upon him, / Like our strange garments, cleave not to the / mould" Shakespeare, Macbeth I, III, 144-146 , meaning that new clothes do not fit our bodies, until we are accustomed to them. Throughout the entire play, Macbeth is constantly wearing new clothes titles, that are not his, and that do not fit. Hence, his ambition. This ambition, as we see, is what leads to his demise. When Macbeth first hears the prophecy that he will be King, he does not see how it can be so, "to be king / Stands not within the prospect of belief" I, III, 73-74. However, Macbeth's ambitious nature becomes visible when he considers murdering King Duncan to claim the throne, "If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twere well / It were done quickly" I, VII, 1-2. His ambition is encouraged by Lady Macbeth, of whom attempts to convince him to commit this crime, and lay claim to the throne. He is reluctant however, as Macbeth states, "I have bought / Golden opinions from all sorts of people, / Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, / Not cast aside so soon" I, VII, 32-35. Macbeth compares being recently named the Thane of Cawdor to a new set of clothes. He believes that he his not ready to be king, and thus not ready for a new set of clothes. He states that the clothes that they have, should be worn for a little while longer. However, Lady Macbeth convinces Macbeth otherwise, and he proceeds, and murders King Duncan. This is due to his ambitious nature. As Macbeth first believed, he is not ready to be king at this time. This is evident when Angus states, "his title / Hang loose about him, like a giant's robe / Upon a dwarfish thief." V, II . We see here how the Macbeth that has become King greatly differs from the Macbeth that defeated the invading armies in the beginning of the play. This shows us that Macbeth has changed drastically, due to his ambition, as is seen through imagery of clothing. With Shakespeare's use of light and darkness imagery, we see development in Macbeth's character. This is apparent as, darkness, which symbolizes evil, provides us with a deeper look into Macbeth. We see this in Act II Scene I, which is opened by the immediate announcement that it is past midnight, "I take't, 'tis later [than midnight], sir" II, I, 3 . During this dark night, we see how Macbeth is a moral coward. This is evident as, he is undecided as to whether or not to kill King Duncan, and he needs to hallucinate that a dagger is leading him towards Duncan in order to commit the crime. Through this hallucination, we see that Macbeth's ambition gets the better of him, and appears to have control over him. He gives in against his moral conscience, and commits the horrible crime. During this same night, after Duncan's murder, we also see how Macbeth changes into a cold-blooded killer. While the cruel murder of King Duncan took much convincing, by both Lady Macbeth, and Macbeth himself, he proceeds to murder both of Duncan's guards without hesitation. This shows us how during this night, Macbeth changes greatly. Using the image of light, we also see Macbeth's character develop. Although the sun only appears to be present on two occasions, the literary significance of these occurrences is great. Ironically, both examples of the sun, as light imagery, occur when the 'good' king approaches Macbeth's castle. When Duncan approaches Inverness, Macbeth is still held in high esteem by Scotland, "for we love him[Macbeth] highly" I, VII, 29. Nevertheless, when Malcolm, son of Duncan, approaches Dunsinane, Macbeth is not loved in Scotland, "those he commands move only in command, / nothing in love" V, II, 19-20 . We see here how ambition ruins Macbeth, and changes him from a hero to a villain. Through the three witches, of whom symbolize evil and darkness, we also see Macbeth's character develop. This is evident as the witches are a representation of Macbeth's very own thoughts and desires. The witches prophecies are Macbeth's very thoughts, which is the reason that they inspire him so much. The first prophecies show Macbeth to be young and ambitious, and reinforce his previous thoughts of becoming king. The second prophecies, however, expose Macbeth's deterioration, as we see that he is now in danger, as all three prophecies warn him of impending doom. We see that Macbeth has gone too far, "Vaulting ambition, which o'er-leaps itself / And falls on the other" I, VII, 27-28, and there is no turning back now. Through the images of light and darkness, we see Macbeth's character develop. Through Shakespeare's abundant use of blood imagery, Macbeth's character is developed. This is apparent as, using blood imagery, we see how Macbeth changes from a noble person at the beginning of the play, to a sinister, dishonorable man at the end. Despite the fact that he has gone from a thane, to a king, the opposite has occurred in terms of his character. Macbeth, as a thane was honorable, "O valiant cousin! Worthy gentleman!" I, II, 24 , yet as king, we see how he has changed, "Devilish Macbeth / By many of these trains hath sought to win me / Into his power" IV, III, 117-119 . We see this through blood. First, how Macbeth shed blood honorably, in war, defending Scotland: For brave Macbeth with his brandish'd steel like a valour's minioin carv'd out his passage / till he faced the slave"¦unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, / and fix'd his head upon our battlements. I, II, 16-23 When Macbeth next sees blood, however, it is upon the dagger that he hallucinates of, while he is considering killing King Duncan. Through the blood, Macbeth convinces himself to commit the crime, and proceeds to murder the King. However, immediately after he has commits this heinous crime, we see, through blood, that a great change has occurred in him, when he commits his next murders, "O yet I do repent me of my fury, / That I did kill them." II, III, 107-108 . Macbeth slays the guards, whom he framed for Duncan's murder, and he has does it without hesitation. This shows us that Macbeth has now lost control over himself, and that Lady Macbeth has lost control over him as well. Macbeth next draws blood, when he murders Banquo. Whether or not Macbeth was present at the murder is debatable, however, Banquo does return to haunt Macbeth as a ghost. Banquo's ghost is described as having "gory locks" III, IV, 51, and "twenty mortal murders" III, IV, 81 on his face. The return of Banquo as a ghost, represents Macbeth's downfall. He is now convinced that he has no choice but to continue his career of murder and deceit "I am in blood / Stepp'd in so far, that, should I wade no more, / Returning were as tedious as go o'er" III, IV, 136-138 . We see that he is now becoming desperate, as he returns to the witches for further advice. Macbeth decides to kill Macduff, and his family, which again, shows his desperate nature "give to the edge of the sword / His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls / That trace him in his line" IV, I, 151-153. Macbeth's kingship is now in jeopardy, as, he has lost the support of most of his country "Now, minutely revolts upbraid his faith breach" V, II, 18 . He is trying to comfort himself by recalling the witches' prophecies as he is told of the approaching armies, "Let them fly all : / Till Birnam Wood remove to Dunsinane / I cannot taint with fear. What's that boy Malcolm? / Was he not born of woman?" V, III, 1-4. As the prophecies come to deceive Macbeth, he accepts his defeat, and decides to die fighting "At least we'll die with harness on our back" V, VI, 52. During the battle, he again, reminds himself of the prophecies, "What's he / That was not born of woman? Such a one / Am I to fear, or none" V, VII, 2-4. The constant mood changes in Macbeth show us of his fragile state, and how he has lost control over himself. Macbeth's character development is completed only with his own death, at the hands of Macduff, of whom Macbeth has shed the most blood around. By using blood imagery, Shakespeare develops Macbeth's character. In Macbeth, imagery plays a crucial role in developing the character of Macbeth. We see this through the images of clothing, light and darkness, and blood. Clothing in Macbeth is often compared to Scottish titles, or ranks. Macbeth's ambition caused him to continually strive to improve his current position, most often by means of murder and deceit. This over ambition caused Macbeth's downfall, as we see that he was not quite fit to be a king. Darkness is used to represent evil, and through different types of evil we see Macbeth's true nature. The murders that Macbeth commits are at night, due to their evil nature. The witches that Macbeth encounters, are the ones who expose to us Macbeth's innermost fears and desires. Light, on the contrary, represents good, and sows us the truly brutal nature of Macbeth's crimes. Blood, the most dominant symbol in the play, shows us the changes in Macbeth's character, from the start of the play to the end. We see how the blood drawn by Macbeth changed from nobel blood, to corrupt blood. This ultimately, lead to his own blood being drawn. Shakespeare makes obvious his marvelous use of imagery, and gives way to feelings that could not have been felt otherwise. Without imagery, this masterpiece may not have been considered so, for we have seen, what a momentous effect it has on the play, as a whole. Remember, a picture tells a thousand words, however, an image might just tell more.   

If a picture tells a thousand words, than imagine the importance of an image upon a play as short as Macbeth. In any literary work, it is extremely important that the author can effectively manipulate a reader's feelings towards a character. In Macbeth, that feat is accomplished magnificently by Shakespeare....

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