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Faust and Gorboduc
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The English drama of the 16th century showed from the beginning that it would not be bound by classical rules. However, we could say that it borrows features from the early dramatic forms adding others, fitting more with the Renaissance way of thinking. These early dramatic forms could be the mystery, miracle, and morality plays and they focused on the religious and moral themes that dominated the Christian imagination during the Middle Ages. The morality play, usually, called a "morality", presented religious and ethical concerns from the point of view of the individual Christian, whose main concern was the salvation...
Gorboduc and Dr Faustus the heritage of the medieval dramatic form of the morality plays is obvious. Indeed, the fight between good and evil and the Christian didactic and moralizing messages are omnipresent and would remain in the whole Renaissance literature. But, Christopher Marlowe as well as Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville, pioneered the use of blank verse which many of his contemporaries, including William Shakespeare, later would adopt. Besides, each play added its originality: Gorboduc in the revival and modernization of the Senecan tragedy and Dr Faustus by tackling very contemporary issues as well as usual moral questions.

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Upon finishing my copy of the...Upon finishing my copy of the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, I have come to realize many new ideas and topics. I have discovered details about the evils of slavery that I never knew existed. There are things that I should have realized many years ago, but never did due to ignorance. Now I understand and feel consumed by the undying question of whether or not if it is moral to own a human being. My opinion after reading this is it is absolutely wrong to own a man and take his freedom. I have discovered many things from this narrative. I now know what it is like to be in the shoes of a slave. To hear of the horrible ties that comes with slavery. The most important issue, I feel, is not knowing details about ones own life. Douglass explained in his narrative that he was withheld many details of his life. Throughout his entire write up, he could never tell exactly how old he was, due to the fact of never knowing the date of his birthday. He also barely knew his own family. He had only seen his mother maybe four or five times in his life, and every time that he had was only for a short period of time. He didn't even know who his father was. The most he ever knew about his dad was that he was a white man. Who was this man? He had no idea, though he heard many rumors that it was his mother's master. He had other family, who he hardly ever got to see. His knowledge was always trying to be limited, whether it was about family, or about grammar. Because he was a slave, he was never allowed to read. This was because owners feared that if slaves learned to read and write, they would develop a unique sense of self and start to revolt. Slave holders felt that the less their property knew, the less trouble. It's bad enough to have certain personal privelages taken away, but to also treat a human being like an animal is barbaric. Douglass wrote of certain details about this. First of all, most of the time he was hungry. The slaves barely had anything to eat. Starvation started to set in. But what hurt him most when he was a child was the cols. The only clothing he had was a white shirt that came down to his knees. That was all. Most of the time he suffered from cold, having to sleep with no blankets, or a bed for that matter. He sometimes took a field sack to sleep in at night, but he was still cold. When he moved to Baltimore, it was the first time he owned a pair of trousers. Often times he had to eat mush with the other children. A trough would be placed on the ground when it was time to eat, and the children would have to eat with either their broken oyster shells, or their hands. The biggest kid got to eat the most. It was a fight to survive. Douglass also spoke of beatings, whether it was first hand, or whether he witnessed them. Sometimes he saw his masters taking great pleasure in whipping a slave, or beating a slave with a hickory stick. He saw people beat so bad, the blood ran for a half hour at a time, leaving large welts and scars. He also talked about the blood curdling screams he heard when people were beaten. He watched his poor aunt get a horrible beating. One of his masters, Master Andrew stomped on Fredericks little brother until blood came from his eyes and ears. Hell"¦ other times slaves were killed. After all, killing a slave isn't a crime, for being accused is being convicted. One time a friend of Douglass was getting whipped and then decided to jump into a creek so he wouldn't get hit anymore. Mr. Gore gave him the count of three to get out. He didn't, so Mr. Gore raised his gun and shot the poor man in the head. The slave who was shot didn't even belong to Mr. Gore. He was just watching him. The situation is still that severe. Other than the beatings, and the lack of rights, slaves still had to put up with "mind games" that "proved to slaves that they could never really make it if they ran away to freedom." One thing is that slaves couldn't trust anyone. Some masters hired spies to see what slaves thought of them, or to hear about any plans to run away. Other times slaves would just do it to get rewarded by their master. No matter how much you behaved, or how close to freedom you think you were, you were always reminded that you were a slave. Douglass' mistress started to teach him how to read and spell. After his master discovered this, he was no longer allowed this. Just as soon as he started making progress, he was forced to be stopped, even though he secretly continued to teach himself. Other times, he would think he'd be doing well, and move up in the world, soon to find out he would be divided up as property with farm animal and possessions. Sometimes is a slave did well enough, he would get paid for his work, but he was still a slave, paid or not. Even when a slave became free, he or she would still be jailed, like Fredericks grandmother. She served he whole life. She was one day moved into a small hut into the woods by herself. Where she could support herself. Support herself all alone, in the cold. No one to help her. She was just waiting to die. Even if a slave was completely free, he or she had to be careful of the Fugitive Slave Law. Once again because being accused was the same as being convicted. It is quite obvious to see that the treatment of slaves is very horrible. Just about anyone in their right mind wouldn't want to cause trouble with their master or even think about running away. Some people wouldn't be broken by this. One of Douglass' masters was named Mr. Auld. Mr. Auld wanted to be called master by the slaves, but they refused and called him "Captain Auld" instead. They would not be broken. Many other masters wouldn't take this, but Mr. Auld lacked the firmness to do so. Some other slaves would never dare trying such things. Slaves tried to escape sometimes too. It is said that when a slave escapes, he better make it because the punishment is far worse than most people can imagine. One time Douglass' plan was foiled because a fellow slave ratted him out. Most people after escaping would name the slave who caused his punishment for planning to escape. Frederick did not do that. Other times slaves would try to fight off the beating, or refuse to have it done anymore. One time an aquaintance of Douglass was getting whipped by Mr. Gore. The man getting whipped refused to get hit anymore and jumped into a river. Mr. Gore said he'd give him the count of three to get out. When the three count was up and the slave didn't get out, Mr. Gore raised his musket, and shot the slave in the head. The slave knew that if he didn't come out, he would die. He wouldn't submit. He stayed in there and faced the consequences. His death didn't really mean anything to anyone because once again, killing a slave isn't a crime. This is not right. Douglass was always a strong man who would not be broken by anyone. He was once sent to a man named Mr. Covey. Mr. Covey was a slave breaker and he was going to try to break Frederick. After Douglass lasted there for about nine months, he started to get very tired and also sick. He collapsed a few times and all Covey would do was kick him to get up. Then Covey hit him hard on the head with a hickory stick. When Covey turned his back, Douglass worked up the strength to seek his master, seven miles away at St. Michaels. Upon the journey, Douglass fell many times. He would lie on the ground so he could work up more strength. Covey found him and screamed at him to come back, or he would be severly punished. Frederick headed for the woods and continued his journey. He arrived at his Master's place and let Douglass spend the night, but he must go back in the morning. When Douglass got back, Covey ran at him with a cow skin, so Douglass decided to run to his friend, Sandy Jenkins. Jenkins told him that he knew of a root in the woods, and if Frederick carried it with him, he wouldn't get a beating anymore. So he went with Sandy and got the root even though he was sure it wouldn't work. When Douglass returned, he wasn't beaten. The next day, Covey commanded him to go and do some chores at the barn. So he did so. Meanwhile, Covey came in the barn with a rope to tie up Douglass and give him a beating. Douglass fought him, kicking and choking him with all his might. Covey called for Hughes to come and help him out. Douglass kicked him in the ribs and continued to fight until Covey gave up and let him go. Covey didn't whip him anymore after that. This fueled Fredericks mind to free himself. This was the biggest turning point in his life.   

Upon finishing my copy of the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, I have come to realize many new ideas and topics. I have discovered details about the evils of slavery that I never knew existed. There are things that I should have realized many years ago, but never...

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Dostoevsky used confession as a path...Dostoevsky used confession as a path to forgiveness throughout the novel. From his first thought after the murders to the time that he actually confessed to the crimes. Whether it be from Raskolnikov to Nikolay, the act of confession made then feel better about themselves removing the weight that they had placed upon their shoulders. Confession is to the ordinary man the first step to forgiveness. Through confession, the ordinary man can share his burdens with others. Moreover, let known the dark secrets what he has been harboring, trying desperately to keep away from everyone else. In contrast, the extraordinary man would never have the need to confess his sins. Because he would not have, thought twice about what it was that he did, and therefore would have no need to tell others of his sins. Or even to then that what it was he did were even sins, after all the extraordinary man would have looked at it in the fact that he saved many people from the old "louse" and that he had, because he was extraordinary, the right to kill any one who he though deserved it. In the moments after the crime itself, Raskolnikov considers confessing everything. Only to have the pressure and sickness build up until the need to confess to someone is so great that he cannot contain it anymore. Confession is the one thing that Raskolnikov needs to do through out the novel but cannot. Instead of confessing to the crimes that he committed and suffer punishment from authority, he chooses to try to keep his secret and ended up punishing himself. The first thought of confession first appeared in part one chapter seven when his first thought was to give "up everything, and would have gone to give himself up, and not from fear, but from simple horror and loathing of what he had done. The feeling of loathing especially surged up within him and grew stronger every minute." Dostoyevsky 77 This scene starts how to show that Raskolnikov realized that his theory was flawed and that he was in fact not the extraordinary man that he thought that he was. The second thought of confession is when the porter hands him the summons to report to the police station. He completely forgot about how Nastasya had told him about how the landlady was suing for back rent. On his way to the police station, he thought, "I'll go in, fall on my knees and confess everything"¦" Dostoyevsky 91 He then again in the police station thinks of confessing to the crime in the police station. To avoid this he tells them the most personal thing in his life. How he was engaged to the landladies daughter, and how she was not even that attractive. After signing the IOU, he had the urge to confess again. "A strange Idea suddenly occurred to him, to get up at once, to go up to Nikodim Fomitch, and tell him everything that had happened yesterday, and then to go with him to his lodgings and to show him the things in the hole in the corner." Dostoyevsky 100 At the end of part two chapter one when Raskolnikov faints from the tension of being summons and the smell of the paint reminding him of the crime scene. The reader is shown how the horror of what he has done is growing "stronger every minute." Dostoyevsky 77 The act of murder, if he can ignore it, would therefore make him a superior extraordinary man. However, he cannot ignore it and is in need of human contact. Both of these things, the extraordinary man has no use for but the ordinary man requires. Then in part two, chapter six Raskolnikov confesses in a way to Zametov by saying that "it was I who murdered the old woman and Lizaveta." Dostoyevsky 155 Then gave a detailed explanation of what he 'would' do with the jewel and money if he did in fact kill the old 'louse' and her sister. All of which he did, but then passed it of as a joke, that he was just messing with Zametov. Zametov however does not as readily dismiss the confession, as Raskolnikov believes, and later it is used as part of Zametov's suspicion against Raskolnikov. The next thought of confession comes when he is walking home from the café and sees a woman attempt to drown herself, motivated by the nearness of the suicide. "Anyway, I will make an end, for I want to"¦ But does it matter? There will be the square yard of space"”ha! But what an end! Is it really the end? Shall I tell them or not? Ah "¦ damn! How tired I am!"Dostoyevsky 160 After seeing the woman try to commit suicide, he realized that spending time in a "square yard of space" Dostoyevsky 160 in jail would be better than the suffering that he is imposing upon himself, or the realization that he had been considering the same thing, suicide. On his way to the police station to confess to the crime, his intellectual desire to confess to the crime and ease his suffering was overruled by his emotion desire to help the injured man, who turned out to be Marmeladov. This shows the dual nature of Raskolnikov. How his intellectual side is always deliberate while his emotional responses are spontaneous. Then is reinforced when he gives away his last 20 rubles to Katerina, Marmeladov's wife. It is at this point in the novel that Raskolnikov meets the much talked about Sonya and that he realizes that she is also a person of great suffering and shame. That she is a person that he can confide in because she also has suffered. In part three chapter three in the mist of a discussion with his mother Raskolnikov realizes that the crime rather than making him above the ordinary man imprisons him and isolates him from others, even his mother: "It became suddenly plain and perceptible that he would never again be able to speak freely of anything to anyone." Dostoyevsky 214 Moving him farther and farther away from the extraordinary man that he though he was and closer to the ordinary man he is. Raskolnikov again considers confessing in Porfiry's office, with the stress of having a surprise hidden in the closet. When all of a sudden Nikolay comes in and confesses to the crime of killing the old louse and her sister. Nikolay confessed so that he could begin the path to forgiveness even though he did not commit the murders confessing to them make him feel better about himself and relieve the stress that had been placed upon him. Later in the novel, the painter that was the surprise hidden away in the closet comes up to Raskolnikov and apologizes for accusing Raskolnikov of the murders. This further pushed Raskolnikov to the point of confessing by knowing that an innocent man will pay for his crime if he does not come forward and confess to the crime that he committed. Raskolnikov's thoughts of confession, finally occur in part five, chapter four when Raskolnikov confesses to Sonya. Where she answers "What have you done, what have you done to yourself? ... There is no one, no one unhappier than you in the whole world." Dostoevsky 380-381 Sonya instructs him to go to the hay market and confess to his fellow ordinary people. His pride on the other hand this time kept him from doing this. It wasn't until latter with Luzhin gone and Svidrigailov dead that he was able to "take up his cross" and begin his re-entry into humanity. He has taken the cypress-wood cross, and makes the sign of the cross for Sonya's sake, which is a step towards redemption. Then he goes to the Hay Market to confess to the people, when he attempts this people think that he is a drunk and will not even listen to what he has to say. He then proceeds to the police station with the cross around his neck, being both a symbol of his crime and a symbol of redemption, to confess everything. Releasing himself from the punishment that he had inflicted upon himself and to accept the punishment of the law.   

Dostoevsky used confession as a path to forgiveness throughout the novel. From his first thought after the murders to the time that he actually confessed to the crimes. Whether it be from Raskolnikov to Nikolay, the act of confession made then feel better about themselves removing the weight that they...

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