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The play 'Macbeth' is a very tragic one. It is about the downfall of a hero who is led by temptation to mass murder and cruelty. Shakespeare uses various styles and techniques to display very evidently how Macbeth's character develops as the story progresses, and thus we see how Macbeth turns from good to evil, from a "valiant cousin" and "worthy gentleman" to a "bloody butcher." The first we hear of Macbeth is with praises to his name. He is called 'brave Macbeth', 'valiant cousin' and 'worthy gentleman,' fighting a war for God, king and county. We hear of further acts of bravery in the same episode as Macbeth and Banquo repelled another assault 'as sparrows eagles' and 'the hare the lion.' These two phrases are significant because they represent bravery and to remind us of the patterned order of the universe, nature and society in which every creature has it's appointed place. For all his gallantry, Macbeth is rewarded with the title 'thane of Cawdor' and well he deserves this decoration. The scene is very important as we get to see opinions of Macbeth from the other characters, and all the good words leave a deep impression of respect and admiration from the reader. It can be noted that already Shakespeare has an effect on the reader, and this is an important aspect in the tragedy. In the next scene we see the three witches upon a heath. They speak of their experiences, in particular how one wreaked havoc and devastation upon a boat in vengeance. This leaves the audience feeling quite horrified and gives one a sense of wariness as doom seems imminent. Now Macbeth and Banquo enter, and quite appropriately the former quotes 'so foul and fair a day I have not seen', although he has just won the battle he can sense a surrounding evil. They see the witches and are greeted by them: 'All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor!' 'All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!' Naturally Macbeth is startled by these prophecies, as he has no knowledge that he is going to be made Thane of Cawdor, much less that he will be king. Banquo sees this and questions it ' why do you start and seem to fear things that do sound so fair' he gets no answer but perhaps the prophecy scares Macbeth because deep down he does desire to become king. The next prediction is for Banquo: 'lesser than Macbeth, and greater' 'Not so happy, yet much happier.' 'Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.' At this the witches disappear, and Macbeth is greeted by Angus and Ross who bestow him with his title. So one prophecy has come true, and Banquo tells Macbeth about the dangers of 'this supernatural soliciting' 'often to win us to our harm the instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with honest trifles, to betray's in deepest consequence.' Some say that this is the beginning of Macbeth's downfall, as in his first soliloquy he has already thought of the idea of murdering his king. This small seed planted in his mind will soon sprout and he will indeed commit treason. Already the audience are losing their adoration for Macbeth as we see his mental frailty and evil intention. In the next scene we learn of the execution of the former Thane of Cawdor, who from being a person devoured by greed and corruption has died a true gentleman. Perhaps this is a parallel to Macbeth. We also learn of Malcolm being named Prince of Cumberland, heir to the throne. Here one can see an obvious conflict between Macbeth's ambitions and Malcolm. 'The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step which I must fall down, or else o'erleap, For my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires, Let not light see my deep and dark desires; The wink at the hand; yet let that be which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. The question at hand is what Macbeth should do, is he determined on evil intent or is divine intervention the answer? He contemplates this, and decides that it is not worthwhile to throw everything away for one guilty conscience, instead the solution is murder. The next paragraph is a direct contrast of Banquo and Macbeth; Shakespeare now reinforces the difference in character. Duncan says:' True, worthy Banquo; he is full so valiant, and in his commendations I am fed: It is a banquet to me. Let's after him, Whose care is gone to bid us welcome. It is a peerless kinsman. To Lady Macbeth, her husband is brave, loving, ambitious yet weak. After reading the letter, she already has a plan brewing. However, she fears Macbeth's nature. 'yet I do fear thy nature, it is too full o'th'milk of human kindness', 'Thou wouldst be great, Art not without ambition, but without the illness should attend it', 'What thou wouldst highly, that wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false, And yet wouldst wrongly win.' Macbeth enters the scene tells her that Duncan is coming. She then tells him that his face 'is a book where men may read strange matters', and advises him to 'look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under't.' The planning of the murder of Duncan is one of the most important sections of this tragedy. Here we see a conflict in Macbeth's character, one side wants him to commit the murder, while the other wants to let fate take its course. In a way it is due to his wife that Macbeth is finally persuaded into committing treason. This shows one of the flaws in his character, which Shakespeare exposes. Although the reader is now at the point of hating Macbeth, one feels a certain sympathy for him. A while after Macbeth has certain misgivings about the affair. In his mind he argues out the advantages and disadvantages. The good side of him says that 'he's here in double trust' 'I am his kinsman and subject', 'as his host who should against his murderers shut the door, not bear the knife myself.' The more cunning party says that ' his virtues will plead like angels trumpet-tongued against the deep-damnation of his taking off', 'but only vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself and falls on the other','twere well it were done quickly', could trammel up the consequence and catch', 'but this blow might be and the end all here', 'bloody instructions, which being taught, return to plague th' inventor.' All these things are very typical of his character, not very sure of himself, and cowardly. However, we see at least some rationality in him as he tells his wife 'we will proceed no further in this business, he hath honoured me of late, and I have bought golden opinions from all sorts of people, which would be worn now in their newest gloss, not cast aside so soon.' Yet he cannot maintain this spark of morality as, under the influence of his wife he commits treachery. After the murder Macbeth experienced remorse, guilt and regret", I am afraid to think what I have done.". He is troubled by his conscience, he realizes that he is cut off from heaven. He is in fact so hampered in his actions by the conflict between his knowledge that he has committed the crime and his abhorrence of it, that he becomes immobile. After the murder, when the two realize that Macbeth has brought the daggers from the murder chamber, Macbeth cannot return, even though returning means the difference between discovery and success. When Lady Macbeth has returned from placing the daggers near Duncan"s attendants and hears the knocking at the gate, she almost has to push Macbeth into their bedroom so that they will look as though they have just been awakened. He also hears voices telling him that he has murdered sleep 'Glamis has murdered sleep, and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no more." This is ironic because it may mean that he has killed his own ability to be in peace. Macbeth's evil is so great that he cannot even say amen to his prayer ",I could not say amen." By now he realizes he is too deep into his acts of violence to turn back. Although the efforts of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth to attain the crown are successful Macbeth"s awareness that he has given up his eternal soul makes his especially sensitive to his desire to make his kingship secure. Also contributing to his sensitivity is the fear that his crime may be discovered. Nothing must stop him from living securely: "But let the frame of things disjoint,both the worlds suffer, / Ere we will eat our meal in fear, and sleep / In the affliction of these terrible dreams, / That shake us nightly." The two motives make him first turn on Banquo and Fleance, Banquo"s son, as the cause of his anxiety. Another important factor was the witches prophecies at which Banquo was present. That fact may make him especially able to discover Macbeth"s crime. Also the Witches had predicted that Banquo"s children rather than Macbeth"s children would be kings. Perhaps Macbeth projects onto Banquo his own turn of thought and presumes that Banquo will attempt to attain the crown just as Macbeth himself had done so. Macbeth says, " . . . to that dauntless temper of his mind, / He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valor / To act in safety." At any rate, even if Banquo himself does not make an attempt, Macbeth"s children will not succeed Macbeth and Banquo"s will. In that case Macbeth will have lost not only his soul but the fruit of his labor in this world as well. For a man does not work only for his immediate profit in this world but also for the benefit of his children, who will make his name live on in honor. Macbeth therefore decides to have Banquo and Fleance killed. The scene before we see the murder of Banquo, there is an important part where one sees both Lady Macbeth and Macbeth feeling depressed and insecure. Macbeth is tormented, he cannot sleep and in a way wants to be like Duncan, dead and in peace. "Better be dead"¦to gain out peace." Surprisingly even Lady Macbeth is repentant "nought's had, all's spent" Here she is reflecting to herself that they have gained nothing and lost everything. At the end of that scene we see a reversal of roles. Macbeth now is the malicious and cunning planner, while Lady Macbeth is a mere onlooker. Indeed she asks '" what's to be done?" It even reaches to the extent where Macbeth doesn't even tell his wife of his planned murder of Banquo, he has now taken charge and will have complete control from now on. Ironically Macbeth makes a statement similar to that of his wife a few scenes earlier "Make our faces vizards to our hearts," and also calls upon the spirits of evil "come seeling night"¦tear to pieces that great bond." finally completing the reversal of roles. By this time one see a clear, acute contrast between Banquo and Macbeth. Skillfully Shakespeare uses them carefully as a contrast against each other. In general terms Banquo represents the good while Macbeth the evil. Banquo is shown to be honorable, loyal, honest and true, whereas Macbeth is treacherous, ruthless, scheming and cruel. One can also see a deterioration in the relationship of Macbeth and his wife. For a start he does not have enough confidence to tell her his planned murder of Banquo. We see that they start playing different roles from that of the beginning as they slowly drift apart. The banquet scene is possibly one of the most important scene in the entire play.. It is here that Macbeth meets Banquo's ghost. Although the host makes repeated attempts to be a cheerful host, he fails as each time he sees the ghost. There is a lot of irony present here, for example in the beginning he says "were the graced person of our Banquo present" knowing full well that Banquo is dead, the irony in this is that Banquo does indeed attend the banquet but in the form of a ghost. The banquet is a state occasion, and it should have been a triumph for Macbeth- a display of his power and position as king. It should also have been a sign of order, unfortunately this was not to be. When confronted by Banquo he replies "I am in blood / Stepped so far," he says, "that, should I wade no more, / Returning were as tedious as go o"er." Macbeth says that he finds it too tiresome to repent. But to someone who understands the worth of repentance, the process of repentance, hard as it may be, is hardly too tiresome. What has happened is that in making his first decision for evil instead of good and in accustoming himself to the thoughts necessary to maintain the results of that decision, Macbeth has confused the values of good and evil. That is, he has confused fair and foul, which confusion has all along been the devil"s aim. Lady Macbeth once again tries her tactics of shame to intimidate her husband to remain calm ",are u a man?" But the ghost is a far more important element to Macbeth, and he ignores his wife. Seeing that she has had no effect she asks all the guests to leave at once to forestall questioning. When they leave the ghost seems to leave with them and Macbeth returns to his normal self. With it returns his cunning and he immediately remarks why Macduff didn't attend the banquet ",Macduff denies his person at our great bidding?" One also sees another of his ruthless characteristics. He has a spy in each house "in each house"¦I keep a servant fee'd" He will now return to "the weird sisters," the Witches, whom he now recognizes as evil, so that he may "know / By the worst means, the worst," He repeats his determination that nothing shall stop him in his quest for security. "For mine own good / All causes shall give way . . . ." And all "Strange things" that he thinks of will immediately be acted out. Macbeth has completely committed himself to evil. At the beginning of the play Macbeth had a good deal of stature. But his attempts at self-aggrandizement have reduced Macbeth to the size of a small man ineffectively flailing at a large world completely beyond his control. Really knowing this, Macbeth finds it "tedious" not only to repent but also to "go o"er," that is, to go on in his life. However, he is not yet ready to admit the implication of this remark, which tells us that Macbeth despairs of this life as well as of the next. And in fact he never does completely despair. No matter how much he comes to hate himself and life, his egotism also prevents him from ever simply surrendering his life. He therefore works harder and harder to maintain his security. Banquo, his first object of fear, is now dead. But Macbeth is now frightened of Macduff and attempts to kill him. When Macduff escapes, Macbeth capriciously murders Macduff"s family. Soon we hear that all of Scotland is frightened of Macbeth. The only way in which Macbeth can cause people to obey him is through fear, for that is the only motive for obedience that Macbeth can understand. Macbeth has therefore turned Scotland into a reflection of his own mind; he has turned Scotland into hell. By this point, Macbeth is hated by all his subjects. Indeed he is called a "tyrant," in addition people only follow him because they have to ",those he command move only in command"¦nothing in love." However he has some sympathizers who call him a "valiant fury," they know that he is feeling guilty and say so "his secret murders sticking on his hands." Macbeth is also isolated from the one person outside himself whom he has loved and for whom he has acted, his wife. She, too, had begun suffering the torments of a guilty conscience. Mainly because he loved her, he stopped telling her about his dire deeds so that she would not have them on her conscience. But she has felt responsibility for them as well as for those she actively helped to commit, and her conscience has increasingly paralyzed her mind. Macbeth, partially because he loved his wife and acting therefore more and more on his own, partially because her own conscience caused a mental breakdown, and finally because his wife dies, finds himself toward the end of the play in total isolation. Thus isolated at the end of the play, Macbeth"s final hope is the second set of prophecies of the Witches. They had told him that he would be harmed by no man born of woman and that he would not be defeated until Birnam Wood came to Dunsinane. Macbeth, thoroughly committed to evil and careless in his desperate search for assurance, believed them, although he should have realized from past experience that their promises of hope look good only on the surface. Now that he is isolated, the impossibility of his defeat, which the Witches" prophecies seemed to indicate, seems incredible. Yet Macbeth hopes on. But he only hopes; he barely believes. He is in a fever of anxious activity. He commands his servant to dress him in his armor; then he commands his servant to take it off. But one decision seems firm. He will stay in the castle of Dunsinane, which is easily defended against a siege, and starve his enemies into defeat. But this resolution holds only until he sees Birnam Wood. It seems, he says, as though the Witches were only fooling with him. His desperation grows, and feeling the imminence of defeat, he orders what remains of his army out into the field, for he wishes to die at least actively fighting. But he also says that he is beginning to wish himself dead. Such a wish is not surprising. For when Macbeth wished earlier to see the destruction of the world if he should not be secure, when he found life too tedious to continue, when he felt anxious with guilt and fear, implied always was a hatred for himself and for life. And now in his final, desperate straits he expresses the hatred overtly. And so Macbeth goes out into the field. Like a bear tied to a stake, he "must fight the course." He has one last hope, that his life "must not yield / To one of woman born." But finally he meets Macduff, who was "from his mother"s womb / Untimely ripped." On hearing this bit of information Macbeth does not wish to fight with Macduff. But when Macduff threatens to make him a public show, Macbeth fights. He would rather die than bend to Malcolm or "be baited with the rabble"s curse." Macbeth dies, then, not wholly to be scorned. His terrific egotism prevents him from bowing, as he should bow, before the rightful king, Malcolm. But it also prevents him from submitting to the indignity of being "baited with the rabble"s curse." Although that indignity would present him as the monster he has become, Macbeth still thinks of himself as a man, and as such would rather die than suffer the indignity. This feeling in him reminds us of the worthy Macbeth at the beginning of the play. We also see that he still has the courage to act on his convictions, desperate though that courage may be. And it is not merely an animal courage. For he knows now that he must die. He fights as a man. In conclusion, from the very start we have progressively come to abhor Macbeth, however, we cannot help but feel a certain admiration for him. But much more we have a sense of irony and waste: irony because some sterling qualities have been put to such evil use, waste because Macbeth was a potentially great man who was lost.
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The play 'Macbeth' is a very tragic one. It is about the downfall of a hero who is led by temptation to mass murder and cruelty. Shakespeare uses various styles and techniques to display very evidently how Macbeth's character develops as the story progresses, and thus we see how Macbeth turns from good to evil, from a "valiant cousin" and "worthy gentleman" to a "bloody butcher." The first we hear of Macbeth is with praises to his name. He is called 'brave Macbeth', 'valiant cousin' and 'worthy gentleman,' fighting a war for God, king and county. We hear of further...
We also see that he still has the courage to act on his convictions, desperate though that courage may be. And it is not merely an animal courage. For he knows now that he must die. He fights as a man.

In conclusion, from the very start we have progressively come to abhor Macbeth, however, we cannot help but feel a certain admiration for him. But much more we have a sense of irony and waste: irony because some sterling qualities have been put to such evil use, waste because Macbeth was a potentially great man who was lost.

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The Shakespearian tragedy, Macbeth has been...The Shakespearian tragedy, Macbeth has been said to be one of Shakespeare's most profound and mature visions of evil. In Macbeth we find not gloom but blackness, a man who finds himself encased in evil. Macbeth believes that his predicaments and the evils that he commits are worth everything he will have to endure. In spite of this towards the end of the play he realizes that everything he went through, was not worth the crown, or the high price he had to pay of losing his wife, and finding himself alone. Macbeth is shown as a kind and righteous man in the beginning of the play. He is the Thane of Glamis, and a brave warrior among men and is highly regarded by the king of Scotland. All these traits make Macbeth great. Conversely, several factors transform this one great man into a great tyrant and a malevolent murderer. Macbeth grows great throughout the play yet in reality becomes less and less as a man. Macbeth proves that wearing a crown and having the power does not fulfill all of one's dreams and fantasies. Being the king does not necessarily make the man. In the first act we meet the witches and the mood of Macbeth is set-dark, gloomy, evil, supernatural- a perfect atmosphere to accompany the tragic hero. When Macbeth first meets the witches he is at the height of his moral ascendancy. He is Thane of Glamis and he just slaughtered a traitor from the Netherlands in the name of Scotland. However, Macbeth's curiosity begins to stir when these three witches tell him of his fate. "All hail Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Glamis! All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor! All hail, Macbeth! That shalt be king hereafter!" Act 1, Sc.3 48-50 Macbeth is already the Thane of Glamis and the audience knows that King Duncan named him Thane of Cawdor. However, the last two prophecies could not make sense to Macbeth, and what they reveal to Banquo is even more puzzling. "Thou shall get kings, though thou, be none." Act 1, Sc.3 67 A curious Macbeth yearns to know more when the witches suddenly vanish. A moment later, the prophecies prove to be true. "And, for earnest of a greater honour, He bade me, From him, call thee Thane of Cawdor: In which addition, Hail! Most worthy Thane, for it is thine!" Act 1, Sc.3 104-107 Macbeth wants to test the truth by asking Banquo if he also believes that the rest of the prophecies could be true. Banquo is suspicious of the witches' motivation to deliver the news, and therefore he dismisses it. "But, 't is strange: And oftentimes, to win us our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths, Win us with honest trifles, to betray's In deepest consequence." Act 1, Sc. 3 120-125 Banquo's warning is lost on Macbeth and Macbeth becomes so caught up in the contemplation of his own future, he loses consciousness of what is right and what his wrong. His beliefs, and his morals seem to be in all the wrong places. Macbeth's thoughts turn to how the witches' prophecies can be made good; he wants to give fate a little push. Only murder, he realizes will help him gain the crown and sit on the throne. To kill Duncan would have to be the only way and at first this thought seems horrible to him. "Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair, And make my seated heart knock at my ribs Against the use of nature? Present fears are less Than horrible imaginings. My thought, whose murder is yet but fantastical, Shakes so my single state of man." Act 1, Sc.3 135-142 However, after this contemplation about murdering Duncan, Macbeth decides that maybe fate itself will bring the crown to him. "If chance will have me king, why Chance may crown me without my stir." Act 1, Sc. 3 144-146 Just as Shakespeare would have it, to make for a good play, Macbeth's hopes are dashed when Duncan names his son, Malcolm, Prince of Cumberland "“ a title, which carries with it the succession. At this point Macbeth is infuriated. Duncan's only intension of repaying Macbeth was by going to stay at his castle overnight. "From hence to Inverness, And bind us further to you." Act 1, Sc. 4 42-43 At this stage in the play, Macbeth seems to have a pretty decent life ahead of him; Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glamis and the king is coming over to his castle to eat, drink, be merry and spend the night. Which would be a great honor to any man. Nevertheless, Macbeth craves more. This is a turning point in the play where Macbeth begins to grow great but becomes less as a man. "The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap, For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires; The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be, Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see." Act 1, Sc. 5 48-53 Here, Macbeth finally decides that murder is the only way to attain his goal and satisfy his ambition. Lady Macbeth has already received the news concerning the prophecies of the witches in a letter from her husband. Lady Macbeth doubts that her husband will be able to follow through with any sort of evil crime to gain his crown. However, she knows he would accept the crown if it was given to him unfairly. In this scene this soliloquy reveals a lot about Macbeth's character we never really knew before. "Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be what thou are promised. Yet I do fear thy nature: It is too full o' the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way. Thou wouldst be great; Art not without ambition, but without the illness that should Attend it; what thou wouldst highly, that wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play False, and yet wouldst wrongly win"¦" Act 1 Sc.5 15-22 Here we see that Macbeth is not the trust worthy and noble man we are lead to believe in the beginning of the play. In this soliloquy, we see that Macbeth can be devious and thinks defiantly but he is too emotionally weak to actually play foully for his own purposes. When Macbeth returns to his wife he tells her that Duncan will arrive later that day and will spend the night. The both know what must happen to Duncan in order for Macbeth to be crowned. The union between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is set and they both devise a plan to make it seem like Duncan's guards killed him. As it will go, Macbeth will henceforth be crowned King, and all will work out to their advantage and no one will be the wiser. "When Duncan is asleep whereto the rather shall his day's hard journey soundly invite him, his two chamberlains will I with wine and wassail so convince, that memory the warder of the brain, shall be a fume, and the receipt of Limbeck only:" Act 1 Sc.7 60-65 In the beginning of act 2 Macbeth takes his first fall towards degradation of himself and his morals. He succumbs to his evil thoughts and kills Duncan. "I go, and it is done: the bell invites me. Hear it not Duncan; for it is a knell Which summons thee to Heaven or to Hell." Act. 2, Sc. 2 62-64 Here the climax of Macbeth's good fortune is reached. The witches' prophecies concerning him have been fulfilled and chance has diverted the attention from the true murderer. Macbeth has been thus far fortunate and has gone from Thane to king overnight. This raises him in status and prosperity. On the other hand, his morals and human compassion decline. Now that Macbeth is crowned king he has gone as far in material magnitude as he can go but morally he can go lower, and he will. The idea that Banquo's children will become future kings enrages him. "For Banquo's issue have I filled my mind; For them gracious Duncan have I murdered; Put rancours in the vessel of my peace Only for them; and mine eternal jewel Given to the common enemy of man, To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings! Rather than so, come, fate, into the list, And champion me to the utterance!" Act 3, Sc.1 64-71 In this soliloquy we can see that the cause of Macbeth's hostility towards his friend is fear for the present, Banquo could ruin him by revealing that he believes Macbeth killed the king, and envy for the future- Banquo's sons will be kings. If Macbeth had been a man of cool and logical temperament, he would have accepted what he could not change. However, Macbeth's mind is full of remorse, he is still dissatisfied, and the fact that he killed the king still haunts him. Macbeth is not in the right state of mind at this point in the play to make decisions. He has not slept due to having nightmares and he is over whelmed with all these evil wrong doings and thoughts in his head. He cannot put things in order, and killing people who do not fit into his plans, have to be exterminated for Macbeth's own good and peace of mind. In conclusion he decides that having Banquo and Fleance murdered is the only way out. "It is concluded: Banquo, thy soul's flight, If it find heaven, must find it out tonight." Act 3, Sc. 1 140-141 Macbeth's scheme backfires when Fleance manages to escape from the murderers. When Macbeth learns of this he realizes the witches' prophecies could still hold true. This ignites Macbeth's fire to kill more. He cannot afford to have his plans backfire on him and he will have to kill more people who get into his way. He is confused and Macbeth honestly believes the only way to clear his mind is to get rid of the people who cause him worry. "Strange things I have in head, that will to hand, Which must be acted, ere they maybe scanned." Act 3, Sc. 5 139-140 "My strange and self abuse is the initiate fear, that wants hard use: we are yet but young in deed." Act 3, Sc. 5 142-145 In Macbeth's second meeting with the witches they reveal to him three conflicting truths yet again: "Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff! Beware the Thane of Fife. Be bloody, bold and resolute: laugh to scorn The power of a man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth. Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are: Macbeth shall never vanquished be, until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against thee." Act 4, Sc. 1 71-94 After this Macbeth believes he is immortal since "none of woman born" shall bring harm to him. His next move is to kill Macduff, and Macbeth orders the murders of every man, woman and child in the Fife castle. Right now, Macbeth appears to have no feeling of remorse, all that matters is himself and his own world. Meanwhile in England, Macduff, Malcolm and other Lords are planning a revolt against the evil tyrant Macbeth. They believe he is not fit to have the kingship and they know he is putting Scotland in a terrible state. "Alas poor country! Almost afraid to know itself. It cannot Be called our mother, but our grave; where nothing But who knows nothing, is once seen to smile; Where sighs, and groans, and shrieks that rend the air are made, Not marked; where violent sorrow seems a modern ecstasy: the dead Man's knell"¦" Act 4, Sc. 3, 164-170 Also when Macduff learns that Macbeth slaughtered everyone he loves, Macduff develops more hate against the king, and has more passion to kill him. "Bring thou this fiend of Scotland and myself; Within my sword's length set him; If he 'scape, heaven forgive him too!" Act 4, Sc. 3 231-234 Macbeth's rule will soon come to an end. England's army along with Scotland's army will not stand for this tyranny another day. "This time goes manly, Come, we go to the King: our power is ready; Our lack is nothing but our leave. Macbeth is ripe for shaking, and the powers above put on Their instruments." Act 4 Sc. 3 234-237 Macbeth is left alone in his castle; his army deserted him, Lady Macbeth fell guilt stricken then insane and killed her self. Macbeth has not one person by his side, and he knows the war against him is coming. He is but a man wearing a crown, a man who committed savage crimes for the sake of his own being. Macbeth knows this; it is at this point he sinks his lowest. Macbeth still believes growing great is about being loved and having friends, growing old and being respected, and of that he has none. He realizes that the price he paid for the kingship was much to high and there was far too much to loose but now it's too late to turn back. He will not die lonely and a coward. "This push will cheer me ever, or disseat me now. I have lived long enough: my way of life Is fall'n into the sere, the yellow leaf; And that which should accompany old age, As honor, love, obedience, troops of friends, I must not look to have; but, in their stead, Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honor, breath, Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not!" Act 5, Sc. 3 20-28 "I'll fight, till from my bones my flesh be hacked! Give me my armour." Act 5 Sc. 3 32-33 When the invaders come to his castle Macbeth fights the battle alone. To his own dismay he also finds out that Macduff was born of a C-section. "Despair thy charm; And let the angel whom thou still Hast served tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb Untimely ripped." Act 5 Sc. 8 13-16 Alone, confused, frustrated and shamed Macbeth dies a warrior by the sword of the worthy Macduff. In the fatal end Macbeth was called upon to pay the price for all his wrong doings. Macbeth could have been a great man. Macbeth was Thane of Cawdor and Glamis and most importantly respected by the King. Macbeth had a loving wife and a dear friend in Banquo and all this he yearned for, when he realized little to late he had it already. Had it not been for his belief in his own charmed existence and his belief in supernatural prophecies, if he had listened to Banquo's warning, he would have never risked everything he loved, everything he had, and his own life for that crown. If Macbeth did not have so much pride in his own ambition he would have been a happy and respected man. "I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself and falls on the other." Act 1 Sc. 7 25-30 Macbeth spoke these words in the beginning of the play and it was still to early in time, for him to realize how true that really was.   

The Shakespearian tragedy, Macbeth has been said to be one of Shakespeare's most profound and mature visions of evil. In Macbeth we find not gloom but blackness, a man who finds himself encased in evil. Macbeth believes that his predicaments and the evils that he commits are worth everything he...

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The autobiography Angela's Ashes by Frank...The autobiography Angela's Ashes by Frank McCourt tells the life of the McCourt family while living in poverty in Limmerick, Ireland during the 30's and 40's. Frank McCourt relates his difficult childhood to the reader up to the time he leaves for America at age nineteen. The book has many prevailing themes, but one of the most notable is the settings relationship to the family. The setting of the book ultimately influences the choices and lifestyle of the McCourt family in many ways. Living in poverty and not being able to meet basic needs leads the characters to result to desperate measures such as stopping Frank McCourt's education and taking a job to support the family. Frank is forced to take the job mostly because his father is an alcoholic and uses all the dole money and his wages to buy beer instead of feeding his family. Frank describes this pattern of drinking away the money by saying " When Dad comes home with the drink smell there is no money and Mam screams at him till the Twins cry."42 This situation lasts until Mr.McCourt leaves to work in England and is never heard from again which forces Frank to take a job at fourteen years old. Frank takes on the role of the head of the family proudly and comments " Its hard to sleep when you know you know the next day you're fourteen and starting your first job as a man." p.309 Frank's ability to provide financial stability leads to greater comfort and living conditions for the family. The members of the McCourt family are also forced to beg and steal in order to help the family's well being. Mrs.McCourt begs charities especially the St. Vincent de Paul Society for help with basic necessities for the family such as food, clothing, and furniture. Mrs.McCourt is even forced to beg for the family's Christmas dinner. The butcher who she begs to tells her " What you can have now missus, Is black pudding and tripe or a sheep's head or a pig's head."97 Mrs.McCourt reluctantly accept the pig's head and is ridiculed walking home it. Also, the children are forced to pick up scraps of coal for the fire from a road on Christmas Day. Frank describes the children's humiliation by saying, " Even the poorest of the poor don't go out Christmas Day picking coal off the road." 99 Unlike their mother the McCourt children would rather steal than beg for what they need. The children are subjected to constant humiliation for begging and receiving goods from charity. Frank and his brothers steal food and money when situations become desperate and their parents provide no support. Frank steals bananas from a store for his hungry baby brothers and describes the situation by saying " I make sure no one is looking, grab a bunch of bananas "¦and we feast on them in a dark corner" p.32. Also, Frank and his brothers steal lemonade for their sick mother who begs them for lemonade after a miscarriage. Frank is motivated by his mother's desperation for the lemonade, " I try to find the music in my own head but all I hear is my mother moaning for lemonade."236 Stealing for Frank and his brothers was not their first choice of providing necessities but a last resort. Living in poor housing also influences the thoughts and actions of the McCourt family in various ways. Most of the houses the family lives in throughout the book are shabby and unsanitary and promote the family's unhealthiness. One of the houses the McCourt family lives in is characterized by the comment " dad tells them the lavatory could kill us with every class of disease, that the kitchen floods in the winter and we have to stay upstairs to keep dry" p.104 . Because the lavatory smells so bad and the first floor floods in the winter, the McCourt family moves up to the second floor which they refer to as Italy because it is warm and clean. The charity societies visit the Mc.Courts and realize how desperate the situation is for the family. One charity worker exclaims, " That's not Italy upstairs, that's Calcutta." This realization allows for more charity and personal humiliation to be received by the McCourts. Houses the McCourts live in are also cold, damp and lice infected which leads to sickness and discomfort for the family. Lice bothers the children as described by Frank McCourt telling about his brother's reaction when he first was bitten. " Eugene went on crying and when Dad leaped from the bed we saw the fleas, leaping, jumping, fastened to our flesh."59 The children are constantly cold and uncomfortable because of drafty houses and using coats to keep warm because they had no real blankets. At one point in the story, the McCourts are forced to take wood from the wall to keep a fire going. Mrs.McCourt tells the children " One more board from that wall, one more and not another one. She says that for two weeks till there's nothing left but the beam frame."276 Eventually the landlord discovers the damage to the house and the McCourts are forced to move in with Mrs.McCourt's cousin. The McCourts find little hospitality in their extended family or the people of Limmerick, Ireland during the depression. Mrs.McCourt's cousin resentfully allows the children and mother to live with him after being kicked out of their home, but insists that Angela do all his chores and wait on him at any time. The only time Mrs.McCourt's family extends help is during times of great desperation and the assistance given is meager. An example of this is the children's Aunt Aggie, who takes care of them for a short period of time when Mrs.McCourt develops pneumonia. She tells the children that she " can't stand the sight of them anymore"242 and allows them to briefly stay with her until the mother gets better. Aunt Aggie allows them a little food and is constantly degrading the children by saying thing such as "Jesus above, can't you do anything right?"245when the children ask questions. Although Aunt Aggie's assistance is given grudgingly, it is more than help given by Mr.McCourt's side of the family. When the McCourt family arrives in Ireland and needs a place to get settled and live Grandpa McCourt tells the family " God knows, we don't have room for six more people"50 and that they should move to Dublin. The Grandparents offer to " loan the family the bus fare to Dublin" 50 but, never communicates with the McCourt family after they leave the house. The People of Limmerick, Ireland, where the family mainly resides, have many strong prejudices against the poor. The family is constantly tormented because of shabby clothes or poor housing and having to ask charities for help. The store managers try to cheat the poor out of the full amount of food they are to be given. A friend tells Mrs.McCourt "When you go to McGrath's, keep an eye on her for she'll cheat you on the weight. She'll put stuff on a paper on the scale with the paper hanging down on her side behind the counter where she thinks you can't see it." 66 Also, the religious of Limmerick discriminate against poor children as in the case when Frank McCourt tries to become an alter boy but is denied. Mrs.McCourt explains why he is denied by saying " They don't want boys from lanes on the alter. Oh, no they want the nice boys with hair oil and new shoes that have fathers with suits and ties and steady jobs"149. The Mc.Court family is constantly aware of the discrimination it faces because of the poverty they live in. The various settings of " Angela's Ashes" effect the characters' actions and lifestyle in various ways. Living in poverty challenges the family to meet basic needs through begging and stealing as well as children getting jobs to help the situation. Also, the poor housing causes the family to be subjected to disease and coldness. The society the McCourts were part of causes the family to be aware of social prejudice and learn actions to take in order to protect their rights. The setting of the book influences the McCourt family's actions and style of living.   

The autobiography Angela's Ashes by Frank McCourt tells the life of the McCourt family while living in poverty in Limmerick, Ireland during the 30's and 40's. Frank McCourt relates his difficult childhood to the reader up to the time he leaves for America at age nineteen. The book has many...

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