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There are three poems I have chosen to help me discuss and write about my thesis 'Life , its problems, the good and the bad of human experience, are major concerns of Simon Armitage's poetry'. They are the Untitled poem "I am very bothered", "Poem" and "It Ain't What You Do, It's What It Does To You". "Poem" is one of Armitage's life problem poems When You don't remember the good things a person has done but the bad things a person has done you remember. This poem has many lines which start with 'and' which is a sort of list of things this person has done. Also he starts off the poem with "And if it snowed and snow covered the drive" which is like the poem is the second part of another poem or he has left out the beginning and got to the important part. There are three verses describing things he did. Mostly everything is good things about him for example "And for his mum he hired a private nurse" apart from the last sentence which describes him doing bad things for example "And twice he lifted 10 quid from her purse" Mother. This made the reader only remember the bad things because it was the last thing the reader remembers about him from the whole paragraph. The last verse is about how people rated him as a bad person who he was only occasionally like everyone else in the world. There was one sarcastic part of the poem when he said "every week he tipped his wage" and soon after said "what he didn't spend he saved" because he would not have nothing to save if he spent half on alcohol. I think Armitage's poems puts in these sarcastic bits and bad or wrong doings spread over the poem so you are al ways reminded he is a bad person but he is clearly an average person but people judge you on all the things you do so you should be careful on what you do. "I am very bothered" is a poem of the bad of human experiences. It's about what you do to try to attract attention which has good and bad consequences. Simon Armitage shows how he feels about his experiences when he looks back on them. He feels very troubled when he remembers a time when he was in school as a child in a science lab. He put a pair of plastic handled scissors over a hot Bunsen burner until it was soft and melting slowly and gave it to a female pupil. When she held it around her fingers he described the scene as "O the unrivalled stench of branded skin as you "¦" meaning it was so bad no other bad smell could compete with it and that it left a mark of dull, dark, black, burnt skin. There was a burnt ring around one of her fingers and one of her thumbs that were marked for life. He described his feelings of this horrific atrocity by saying "Don't believe me if I say that was just my butterfingered way at thirteen, of asking you if you would marry me" butterfingered way meaning not really meaning it, not seriously so he means don't believe be if I said I was only joking when I said will you marry me. Finally, the poem "It Ain't What You Do It's What It does To You" is about human experiences which are mainly good. It starts off with him not have gone to America with hardly anything but then say he has lived with thieves in Manchester which are both bas experiences in the first verse. In the second verse he talks about only one thing he hasn't done which is gone to the quiet, peaceful Taj Mahal "padded through Tag Mahal, barefoot". In the third verse he talks about only one thing he has done. Which is skimmed a flat stones across Black moss on a day so still he could hear every sound which is normally unheard of "hear each set of ripples". In the fourth verse he starts off with him not have sky dived from an aircraft but he says "I held the wobbly head of a boy at a day centre, and stroked his fat hands" which has a really big effect on your life to see someone in a bad state. All these examples shown of things done or things he hasn't done means he is saying our experiences effect our behaviour and ways of thinking and makes us more wiser on the things we do. Like In the final verse he describes the feelings of doing all those things inside of us as a "sense of something else" which I believe it's a feeling so out of this world that you have to do it to find out. All these poems we have studied show that Simon Armitage thinks deeply about humans and how they react to life experiences. Whether life experiences bring problems or happiness we all have to deal with them in the right way. For example from the poem 'Poem' the problem of the man only remembered by the bad points and that man has to deal with that in the right way by defending himself and the people who rate him also have to be careful on what they say about people. We have to try and live through it all without it bringing us down and making us feel miserable. For example 'The untitled poem about him very bothered about the girls burnt fingers we have to deal with the fact that it happened and to let it go and get on with our lives. We also have to make sure we don't make wrong decisions just to make ourselves feel happy and don't care about the others. For example again to the untitled poem Simon should of thought of the consequences and the pain of others but he didn't he was only seeking attention for himself. Now I hope you now know Simon Armitage poems are based on life's good and bad experiences.
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There are three poems I have chosen to help me discuss and write about my thesis 'Life , its problems, the good and the bad of human experience, are major concerns of Simon Armitage's poetry'. They are the Untitled poem "I am very bothered", "Poem" and "It Ain't What You Do, It's What It Does To You". "Poem" is one of Armitage's life problem poems When You don't remember the good things a person has done but the bad things a person has done you remember. This poem has many lines which start with 'and' which is a...
him very bothered about the girls burnt fingers we have to deal with the fact that it happened and to let it go and get on with our lives. We also have to make sure we don't make wrong decisions just to make ourselves feel happy and don't care about the others. For example again to the untitled poem Simon should of thought of the consequences and the pain of others but he didn't he was only seeking attention for himself. Now I hope you now know Simon Armitage poems are based on life's good and bad experiences.

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In this Play the inspector plays...In this Play the inspector plays various roles. He plays a socialist as he is against capitalist views and because he is not just looking out for himself but others as well. Also he is known to be a catalyst as he brings a split in the Birling family. He plays a ghost as we find out he is not real. Additionally he plays a fraud because he is not a real inspector, but he does act as an Inspector. The inspector adds a great deal of tension and drama to the play. Priestley does this because he brings tension between the younger generation consisting of Sheila and Eric and the older generation consisting of Gerald, Mrs. Birling and Birling because of the inspector. Priestley uses the inspector as a substitute of him self to put his socialist points across this adds drama because we have to think about what he is trying to do. The four Birlings and Gerald are happily seated around the dinner table having an enjoyable night celebrating Sheila and Gerald"s engagement. All of them are feeling happy and are comfortable and relaxed and do not seem to have a care in the world but all of that is about to change. The scene is set in 1912, which is a pre war time. Also this is the time when the suffragettes were fighting for women"s rights. Additionally this was the time that the Titanic was built. The unsinkable ship, which ironically sank, would set sail in a week"s time. The life that the Birlings live is very nice and easy but Priestley is showing how great things always end in disaster like the evening they are having. This is also ironic as he starts by telling us how the Titanic was unsinkable and it ended and just like he will go on to tell us how the Birling"s lives are good at the moment but this will soon come to an end. The story does have some relevance to the early nineties even if the novel it was written in 1945. All these points are there to remind us of how not all good things last and how we should all look out for each other and not just for ourselves. An example is "We are members of one body," said the inspector. This shows us that the inspector is enforcing the point of being part of one community and that we should look out for one and other. This also shows the link of how the inspector could just be Priestley in another form such as a ghost. I believe that Priestley is reminding us to look out for each other just in case any major wars happen and we have to rely on each other so that"s maybe why he is enforcing this. When the inspector first enters the stage the atmosphere changes but not a great deal on first sight of the inspector. The inspector does not appear to be a big man but he does make him self appear strong and confident. He gives an impression that he will destroy them if they toy with him. Sheila changes the way she thinks and decides from now on she is going to be good. She has come to this decision as a result of the influence the inspector has had on her. His socialist views have been understood by Sheila and have changed her because she is going to start to care for other people. For example "whoever that inspector was it was anything but a joke. You knew it then. You began to learn something. And now you"ve stopped," said Sheila. This shows us that the Inspector really has influenced Sheila and she has learnt something from what he is trying to say. Also she is showing the divide between the Birlings when they find out the inspector was not real as they now will not take responsibility for the death of Eva Smith but the youngsters will. The Inspector creates a split between the family by dividing the younger and older generations. He is a catalyst because he divides the family and makes them angry at each other. Gerald and Sheila will not get married because of the inspector"s visit. Birling may not get his knighthood because of the visit from the inspector may cause a scandal. All these things are the effects of the Inspector"s visit. All Priestley is trying to do is make everyone take responsibility for their actions, for example what he is doing to the Birlings. By doing this it makes the audience feel like they need to do the same thing but not act like the older generation of the Birlings but act like the younger generation. Near the end of the play the inspector is thought to be a fraud. The Birlings have various reasons to believe this. There was no information about him and he did not tell us anything about himself when he introduces him self. He is unknown in the force as the policeman Gerald asked said there was no such inspector. Also Birling is very familiar with the county police force and he said he had never seen or heard of an Inspector under the name Goole. The way he was working through the Birlings made them think he was a fraud as no inspector has ever done this to the Birling"s before. Near the end of the play it is discovered that there is no inspector named Goole and he has never been seen on the police force. For example ""¦I met a sergeant I know"¦ He swore there wasn"t any inspector Goole or anybody like him on the force here," said Gerald. This is proof there is no Inspector Goole and he really is a fraud. Also There"s is more proof because no other inspector works like him but it definitely is very effective as he left the Birling family in shambles. The Inspector is considered a fraud. Gerald is the first to question if the inspector really is an Inspector. He goes on to say that the inspector did not show all of us the same picture as he showed everyone a picture one by one so there is no evidence that he could have showed each of them all different pictures let alone the real Eva Smith. They all may have seen different photos. He then goes on to say that there was no evidence to prove that there really was a young girl called Eva Smith that had died. This is Gerald"s view of how the inspector works and how it makes him a fraud. The inspector also tells us how and why he works. "It"s the way I like to work. One person and one line of inquiry at a time. Otherwise, there"s a muddle." This shows us how the Inspector explains how he works and why. This sounds like the real way an inspector should work which misleads us at the beginning of the play and makes us think he really is an inspector. This makes the story effective and dramatic because it all leads to a huge twist at the end when we find out the inspector does not really exist and there is no dead girl called Eva Smith however there is another twist at the end when they really do find out an Eva Smith had really died and an inspector is on his way over. This makes the story more interesting and more dramatic like a soap opera and it adds more suspense to the play. The inspector is used in the story as someone who is supposed to be like J.B Priestley. He is like a substitute for J.B Priestly and they are linked as the inspector is being used to put across his messages. The inspector is in the story to make the Birling"s have responsibility for their actions. He is trying to make people think about what they do before they do it. "Look before you leap" as the saying goes. The inspector is trying to say that people should all be treated equally. All these messages are aimed at the audience as well as the Birlings. This is how Priestley gets his points out to us, through the link between him and the inspector. I think his main messages are that we are all part of one community, not individual people but we are connected one way or another so we have to care for each other and look after each other. For example ""¦.We are responsible for each other," said the inspector. This shows us the inspector has socialist views and does care about others apart from himself. Priestley puts across message of capitalism verses socialism as he shows the Inspector, the socialist saying how we should not be like a capitalist but more like a socialist and care for one another. The inspector is a socialist as is Priestley and have socialist views. They are against capitalism, as they do not feel you should just earn a living for money and for yourself but you should help other people. The inspector"s name is a pun for ghoul. This then leads us to believe that the inspector does not exist. He is some sort of ghost or phantom who is a nightmare to the Birlings. The Birlings have other beliefs that prove the inspector does not exist like Gerald. He finds out from another police sergeant from the county force that there is no one like or called the inspector they had met. In addition, the older generation seem to think it is all a hoax. For example "It"s a hoax of some kind," said Gerald. This shows that the older generation thinks it is some old fool playing a trick on them causing a scandal. There is nothing wrong with them believing this as they now have evidence that the inspector really is not an inspector but a fraud but that is only if he really does exist which is unknown to everyone. It could also show that the inspector is a bad ghoul playing tricks on family to have fun. He seems to know about he future because he knows what will happen to Eva Smith that no one else knows about, which may give the audience an idea that he is not a human being. He is another type of life such as a spirit that does not exist in our world, as it is virtually impossible to predict the future. He does make the Birlings scared of him as he breaks them down one by one leading them to confess. This may also show why he is a ghoul because he is scary. The inspector being a ghoul makes the audience more interested in the story because there is no obvious thing at the beginning of the story that gives him away but we all have our suspicions and this leads to tension as we want to continue to view the play to find out whether our suspicions were correct or not. This is another aspect that makes the play so good and again it involves the truth hidden behind the inspector. The inspector had an enormous affect on the Birlings. He caused them to fall out with each other and go against each other. From all what he told them the only people that actually learnt their lesson was the younger generation. The elders did not as when they found out the inspector was a fraud they were celebrating so what the inspector said went through one ear out the other. I think the family could get back to how they were before but it would be on Sheila and Eric"s conscience that they once helped lead a girl to suicide. Priestleys over all message in this story was we are all part of one community and we have to look after each other rather than just looking out for ourselves. If one person is affected in the community than all of us are. That is what Priestleys over all message is. I believe the over all role of the inspector was to play a substitute of Priestley to get Priestleys messages across to the audience and the Birlings. The Inspector has many hidden messages in him. He plays so many different roles and the he himself makes the whole story. He makes you think and puts across the messages, which to me is the point of the book. He is very effective and adds a great deal of drama.   

In this Play the inspector plays various roles. He plays a socialist as he is against capitalist views and because he is not just looking out for himself but others as well. Also he is known to be a catalyst as he brings a split in the Birling family. He...

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Evil has always been in... Evil has always been in everyone's lives. Some people have it more than others. There are places in the world where evil almost takes over. It crops up in all kinds of places, all over the world. In these texts, "Macbeth", "Frankenstein" and "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" there is a definite theme of evil throughout. In this essay I will write about what evil there is specifically in each of these texts. I will start with "Macbeth" because it has the most overriding evil out of the three. In the play Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, the leading character is Macbeth. He is a good, loyal nobleman in Scotland. At the beginning he has the title of "Thane of Glamis". He has just fought a battle and is on his way back to the king. The first time we come across evil in this film is while he is walking across a heath. Three witches appear to Macbeth and his friend Banquo. Witches have always been considered as evil beings; later in the play we find this to be true. The first witch says, "All hail Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of Glamis", the second witch continues "All hail Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor" and the third witch then says "All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter." Basically the witches are telling Macbeth that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and then king. Telling the future has been considered as an evil thing to do, by some. They then go on to tell Banquo that his descendants will be kings. A messenger then comes to the heath and tells Macbeth he has been appointed Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth then goes off to see the king where he promptly announces that the successor to him will be his son, Malcolm. This troubles Macbeth as the witches just told him that he would become king. Macbeth's evil thoughts now begin, he says "in my way it lies". This is referring to Malcolm; he lies in Macbeth's way to becoming king of Scotland. The king says that he will be going to Macbeth's castle to celebrate the victory in the recent battle. Macbeth had written a letter to his wife, Lady Macbeth, about what had happened with the witches. She is also an evil person in the play. Some say just as much as Macbeth. She has planned a way to kill off King Duncan by the time the kings party arrive at their castle. She does this because she knows that Macbeth is "too full o' the milk of human kindness" to do it himself. When Macbeth arrives home, his wife informs him of her plan to kill the king. He grudgingly agrees. Lady Macbeth tells him he must "look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it." This means he must act like everything is okay, but know underneath that he is going to kill the king. This of course in an evil thing to do, murder is one of the most evil things a person can commit. When the play was written people considered royalty to be God's representative on earth, so killing the king was like killing God, unforgivable. The killing of Duncan went as follows: The chamberlains were drugged through their wine, and Lady Macbeth rung the bell twice as a sign to Macbeth that all was ready. While this was happening Macbeth saw, or thought he saw, a dagger in front of him, pointing toward Duncan's room. This is thought to be a sign from the witches who are evil to make him go towards, and kill, Duncan. As Lady Macbeth rings the bell twice, Macbeth says that the bell is one that "summons thee to heaven or to hell," referring to Duncan either going to hell or heaven. The plan was for him to use the chamberlain's daggers to kill the guards, and then plant them back on them. In the mad rush to escape after he murders Duncan he forgets to plant the daggers. When Lady Macbeth sees this she immediately takes the daggers from him and does it herself. This act shows that Lady Macbeth is doing evil, or at least being an apprentice to murder. She goes and puts them back and also smothers the grooms' faces with blood. At this point Macbeth is regretting the fact that he has committed regicide, killing a monarch. The next day, after Duncan's sons, Malcolm and Donaldbain, find out about their father being killed, they decide to run away. They said, "there's daggers in men's smiles." This basically means people could be pretending to be good, but underneath they aren't. Because Malcolm and Donaldbain ran away, Macbeth was declared the new king of Scotland the third of the witches' prophecies comes true. Macduff is very suspicious of Macbeth and chooses not attend Macbeth's coronation at scone. After the coronation Macbeth is very insecure about his position. This is because the witches' prophecies came true about him, and his is worried the same will happen with Banquo. He says "to be thus is nothing, but to be safely thus" he is basically saying that being king is nothing, if his descendants wont be. At this point he starts to think about killing Banquo and his son, Fleance. Macbeth says, "full of scorpions is my mind". Even thinking of killing not one, but two people, is definitely a wrong thing to do. Macbeth then goes on to hire three assassins to do the deed for him. Banquo gets brutally murdered with, "with twenty trenchered gashes in his head." That night Macbeth had a banquet celebrating his coronation. At the beginning of it, one of the murderers shows up with blood on his face. Macbeth goes to see him, but the killer tells him that, "Fleance is 'scaped". This distresses Macbeth and he comes out with, "here comes my fit again." Later in that scene, Macbeth is invited to sit at a table with some noblemen; he does not see an empty chair. He does, however, see the ghost of Banquo in the seat that is being pointed out to be empty. Macbeth is obviously scared by this phantom, he shouts to the ghost, "never shake thy gory locks at me". At seeing this, Lady Macbeth instantly makes an excuse for this bizarre behaviour, she tells the party that he sometimes has fits, and anyone who knew him would think nothing of them. Macbeth then stops seeing the ghost, and raises a toast to Banquo. As soon as he does this the spirit returns. "Avaunt and quit my sight!" shouts the king, "hence horrible shadow!" Lady Macbeth instantly tells the crowd to leave "at once", to stop the embarrassing display from her husband. This scene shows that there is definitely evil, coming from Macbeth. He is either hallucinating this or the witches are putting Banquo there, either way, there is underlying evil in both of these things. At the end of the banquet, Macbeth reveals that he will go and see the Weird Sisters once again. When he does this the witches show him four apparitions: the first is of a helmet, it tells him, "Beware Macduff". The second is a bloody child; this says to him, "Be bloody, bold and resolute. None of woman born shall harm Macbeth." The third is of a child with a crown on his head, holding a branch it tells him no one will harm him "until Birnam Wood, to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him". The forth, and last apparition is one of the "blood bolter'd Banquo" alone with 8 kings. Macbeth's thugs are ordered to go to Macduff's castle and murder all that are within. When Macduff who is in England with Malcolm building an army to take Macbeth hears of the news he is furious, and calls Macbeth a "hell-kite" and a "fiend", he says that he wants to get Macbeth "within [his] swords length." After Macduff and Malcolm have assembled and army, they all march up to Scotland. At this moment Macbeth has extremely strong belief that he is invincible. Even when a messenger reports that Malcolm has an army of ten thousand strong he says "I'll fight till my bone from my flesh is hacked". Macbeth's wife is reported as dead and Macbeth is still determined to keep going even though he has just had a long soliloquy about how pointless life actually is. He still seems confident when one of his servants informs him that Birnam wood appears to be moving towards him at Dunsinane Castle. When Macduff eventually meets Macbeth, Macbeth reassures himself by saying that no one born of woman shall harm him. Macduff shatters this theory by telling Macbeth that he was from his mother's womb "untimely ripp'd". Macbeth becomes furious with the witches and identifies them as "juggling fiends". Although the witches' prophecies have gone against him, he "will not yield", but Macduff kills the tyrant. Mary Shelly's Frankenstein is a traditional story with evil as an underlying theme. This evil is shown throughout this novel. The story begins with Victor Frankenstein. He is a very ambitious man, who main aim in life is to""¦ unfold to the world the deepest mysteries of creation." Some might consider doing this an evil thing to do, as he is trying to take the place of God, or whomever you consider to be the creator of life. Another of his aims is to "banish disease from the human frame and render man invulnerable to any but a violent death." This is also an extremely wrong thing to do for the same reason that he would be taking the power away from God, to give and take life. The final product of his ambition is the Monster; it does not have a name but is just called the Monster. This is a physically disgusting creature to all who observe it. In creating this body he needed to get parts for the body. To get these parts he went into graveyards at night and dug up dead bodies and cut off limbs organs. This is one more example of wrongdoing in this book. It disrespects the dead immensely. When the monster is brought to life, Frankenstein neglects his duty as a parent and runs away from the Monster. Because of Victor running away the Monster it does not learn anything, and when it goes out in public it is shunned, and gets stones thrown at it and is generally treated very badly. The Monster goes into a forest and finds a house with an blind man and his family living in it. The Monster decides to live in a hidden part of the house, and while he is there, he picks up how to communicate. The Monster plucks up the courage to go and see the blind man, when he does; the man is not bothered by him as he cannot see how disfigured the Monster is. But when his family comes back they see the Monster and the family beat it off and send it away. The Monster is very angry with this and goes back to the forest later in the book to try and get revenge; the family are not there. The Monster then goes in search of Victor Frankenstein, his creator. While he is looking for Frankenstein, the Monster comes across Frankenstein's younger brother, William, and kills him. This is, of course a very evil thing to do, perhaps more than any other thing someone can do. The Monster takes William's locket and puts it in his mum's pocket to frame her. She is hung for murder. When has a mental breakdown, one of his friends, Cleval helps him through this rough time. He is almost completely recovered when he finds out about William being killed. Frankenstein knows that it was the Monster that did it. The Monster is still seeking revenge; he goes off and kills Cleval. Victor sees the Monster, later in the book, on top of a mountain, but he does not mention it because he feels guilty because he knows that what he has done is evil and wrong. When Frankenstein goes on a walk he crosses paths with the Monster. The monster tells Victor his story, that all he wants is to be loved, and that if Frankenstein makes him a mate, he will go away to the north pole and never come back. Frankenstein moves to Scotland to create this second creature. This is more evil than it was the first time, because he knows the consequences of making another monster. He has the second monster all ready to be brought to life, but he decides to destroy it instead. The Monster sees this happen and is extremely angry about it. The Monster says to Victor, "I can make you so wretched that the light of day will be hateful to you. You are my creator, but I am your master "“obey!" The Monster kills Elizabeth Frankenstein's friend fiancé on their wedding night. He then goes to the North Pole to commit suicide. Frankenstein then dies on a boat. In "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" there is many examples of evil and wrongdoing. The story is basically about a man who creates a potion to separate the evil and good into separate people. This is a wrong thing to do, as it is taking the place of God, and creating a being by himself. When Dr. Jekyll takes this potion he made, he splits into himself, and Mr. Hyde Mr. Hyde is the evil in Dr. Jekyll. Mr Hyde is pure evil, all he does is evil actions, he pushes over a small girl in the street, kills a man for no reason and kills himself killing yourself is evil as it is taking the responsibility away from God to kill you off when he sees fit. By using his potion that he created, he has created a character of complete evil, this is, of course a wrong thing to do. In conclusion I would like to say that in most stories, not all, but most, the good comes off as the winner. In real life this is not always the case. Readers like to read about evil, and what it would be like if all the novels, and plays containing evil were real. Evil is a very overriding theme in some people's lives. It is the same in these three texts, although, in all of them the evil is eradicated in the end, not always the case in everyday life.   

Evil has always been in everyone's lives. Some people have it more than others. There are places in the world where evil almost takes over. It crops up in all kinds of places, all over the world. In these texts, "Macbeth", "Frankenstein" and "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll...

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'The Landlady' is a short story...'The Landlady' is a short story by Roald Dahl. It is about a naive young businessman who goes to stay in a bed and breakfast. The man knows little about the landlady's desire to poison and stuff him. 'The Red Room' is also a short story about an ordinary man who goes to a spooky castle to resolve his curiosity and find out about a ghost. He later discovers that there is no ghost within the Red Room, but only fear, which turns out to be much worse than he ever expected. 'The Red Room' is written in a typically Gothic style, due to it being written in 1896. H.G. Wells typifies the story with a setting of an old, isolated castle with very Gothic-like features, "along the passage"¦come to a door and through that is a spiral staircase". Within the castle there are numerous old mysterious characters that appear to quite senile and odd. The story ends with a situation of terror and violence, which is also a typical Gothic tradition in stories from this period, "a heavy blow at last upon my forehead, a horrible sensation of falling that lasted an age". 'The Landlady' in contrast, was written in 1960.One suggestion of this date, is Billy Weaver's train journey in the first paragraph. Another is the clothes that Billy wears, typical for that period of time, "He was wearing a new navy-blue overcoat, a new brown trilby hat, and a new brown suit". In 'The Red Room', the narrative viewpoint is from the first person in this case, the man who goes to visit the castle is telling the story. This has a great effect on the reader, as it makes him/her feel much closer to the action and gives a feeling of loneliness, which is crucial to the story. 'The Landlady' has an omniscient narrator. This makes the reader feel much more as though they are having a story told to them and not actually there at the scene. This also has advantages, in the way that it allows the narrator to pick out Billy's naive actions and comment on them. However, if it were a first person narrative this would not be possible. The bed and breakfast in 'The Landlady' is a very cosy little house, with nice furniture and a warm atmosphere, "On the carpet in front of the fire, a pretty little dachshund was curled up asleep"¦the room was filled with pleasant furniture"¦a big sofa and several plump armchairs". The author uses a small dog in this particular "curled up asleep" state, to show the cosiness and peacefulness of the bed and breakfast. 'The Red Room is set in Lorraine Castle, a very old, spooky and mysterious castle. The castle is full of cold, dark, candle-lit passageways, "the candle was well alight, and then I shut them in and walked down the chilly, echoing passage". The fact that it is an "echoing passage", adds suspense to the story, as fear is often associated with hearing voices and echoes pick up small sounds and amplify them greatly. The castle is candle-lit; this is another typical Gothic feature of the castle. Candles are often an unreliable source of light, therefore representing potential darkness. The red room itself also has a dark feel, "large shadowy room, with its shadowy window bays". Shadows are also typically Gothic. This quote adds suspense to the story, because it makes the reader wonder what is inside the room as the darkness gives a sense of mystery. The landlady's first appearance gives the reader an impression of a very nice, but slightly odd person, "It's all ready for you, my dear". The landlady answers this to Billy's inquiry about a room to stay in. The landlady's politeness is effective in putting her across as a very nice person, but in contrary, the fact that she is expecting him makes her seem very odd and unusual. Billy's naivety causes him to mistake the landlady's oddness for kindness, it is easy to see how she could be perceived as a nice normal lady, but some things that she says are very out of the ordinary, "I stuff all my little pets myself when they pass away". Billy's failure to realise the landlady's oddness creates suspense, as the reader can see clearly that something is not right, but Billy just sees the landlady as a very nice person. The writer has maintained the three old people's anonymity throughout the story, in order to create a sense of mystery about the characters, "the man with the withered arm" and "the old lady". The old people's actions are very slow and deliberate, "she swayed her head slowly from side to side". This makes the old people seem wise and knowledgeable about the situation, as they never have a second opinion and seem sure about what they are saying; the "man with the withered arm" repeats, "It's your own choosing four times on the opening page. "The Red Room" was written in 1896. An example of its old fashioned language is the use of word inversions, "Eight-and-twenty". "The Landlady" was written in 1960, and when the same number is used in this story it is said "twenty-eight", which is evidence of its much more modern style. Another example is the long Latinate sentences used in the story, "He supported himself by a single crutch, his eyes were covered by a shade, and his lower lip, half averted, hung pale and pink from his decaying yellow teeth". A lot of commas are used to break the sentence up. The long sentences allow the writer to add a lot of detail and description to the point he is putting across. The story's old-fashioned style is obviously due to the date when it was written. I think the writer expanded on the long Latinate sentences and some of the old-fashioned words to add Gothic effect to the story. In contrast, "The Landlady" is written in a much more modern style, again due to its date; the sentences are generally a lot shorter, "He had never been to Bath before". Although the story is fairly modern, it is not completely up to date. Evidence of it being written in the 1960s is Billy's clothes, "a new brown trilby hat". Trilby hats were typical for that period. Roald Dahl uses the "trilby hat" near the beginning of the story to give the reader an idea of the period the story is set in. Similes are used in "The Landlady" to create a slightly edgy and wary atmosphere, "His skin was just like a baby's". When the landlady compares one of her previous visitor's skin to this, it causes the reader to wonder why she would have been touching her visitor's skin. The writer also used similes to illustrate the landlady's actions and personality, "this dame was like a jack-in-the-box". Dahl compares the landlady to a "jack-in-the-box", as jack-in-the-boxes are sometimes scarily instantaneous, as was the landlady when she answered the door, "It made him jump". Roald Dahl uses metaphors in the story, "it isn't very often I have the pleasure of taking a visitor into my little nest". He builds up apprehension and suspense in the reader's mind by using this metaphor. For example, when the landlady describes her house as a "little nest" it makes the reader wonder what part Billy is going to play in the landlady's "nest"; will he be the prey or the Landlady's cared for baby? In "The Red Room", H.G Wells personifies the shadows to emphasise the feeling that the man is not alone in the Red Room, "my candle flared and made the shadows cower and quiver". The fact that the shadows "cower" and "quiver" shows just how strongly the feeling of fear surrounds the room, as even inanimate things are scared and trembling to the narrator. The writer also uses metaphors to put a feeling of life in objects, "My candle was a little tongue of flame". This helps to create an ethereal atmosphere. He goes on to say, "it left an ocean of mystery and suggestion beyond its island of light". This suggests that the candle is the only thing that can be seen in the room and the surrounding darkness is left unfamiliar and deep like an "ocean". The strange characters in both stories cause the reader to ask questions in their mind about what influence they will have on the outcome of the story. The description of the characters builds up nervousness and suspense in the reader's mind. Throughout "The Red Room", the atmosphere of the castle gradually builds up suspense. The author uses a combination of shadows, candles and spooky corridors in the castle to create a suspenseful atmosphere. In the Bed and Breakfast in "The Landlady", there are numerous clues that build up suspense. The stuffed animals, the fantastically cheap Bed and Breakfast and the guest-book which had mysteriously only been signed by Mr Mulholland and Mr Temple. The structures of the stories are obviously main suspense factors. In the "The Landlady" the author brings the story to a climax by using Billy's inability to recall where he heard the names Mulholland and Temple before. The reader knows that these two men have been murdered, kidnapped or something similar, as the landlady is trying to disrupt Billy's thoughts by asking him questions, "Milk?" and "sugar?". The reader is urging Billy to remember so he doesn't drink the poisoned tea and realises the landlady is trying to murder him. The structure of "The Red Room" is similar, in the way that it is brought to a climax when the man is in the Red Room. The candles start to go out one by one, which gradually builds up suspense, and then suddenly the climax is reached when the man screams. In my opinion, "The Landlady" is the most suspenseful out of the two stories. "The Red Room" is quite predictable in its outcome, because at the beginning of the story there are so many clues that it is going to be a supernatural story, "It will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me" and "spiritual terrors". Also, the myths surrounding the Red Room at the beginning of the story are a sign of the slightly paranormal ending. On the other hand, "The Landlady" does not give many clues as to the outcome of the story and all is kept undisclosed until very late on. This has a very suspenseful effect, as the reader is left guessing upon the conclusion.  

'The Landlady' is a short story by Roald Dahl. It is about a naive young businessman who goes to stay in a bed and breakfast. The man knows little about the landlady's desire to poison and stuff him. 'The Red Room' is also a short story about an ordinary man...

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