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War poem comparison
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Instructions: Analyse the poems "France" and "dulce et decorum est" Compare the meanings, themes, attitudes, format and language of the two poems bringing out the similarities and differences between the two poems. Use quotations to support your answers. These two poems were both written in the First World War but at very different times as the mood of the poems change dramatically. E.g. "France" was written in the very early stages of the war where the mood was very optimistic and victorious. "Dulce" was written by a poet that experienced what actually happened in the later stages of...
the war and therefore have different attitudes towards it. Also the last line of each poem has an effect on the whole poem, in "France", "Voices of victory and delight" meaning that it is a privilege to fight, die, and win the war for your country, whereas in "Dulce", "The old lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori", meaning, it is sweet and fitting to for ones country. To me, they both end with almost the same line, with the same approach, very ironic and deep, from the heart.

"Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori"

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Bliss magazine"¦ Doesn't the name say...Bliss magazine"¦ Doesn't the name say it all? Ecstasy, heaven, paradise, enjoyment, rapture, happiness, delight, harmony and glee, is this what Bliss magazine really is or is there something deeper to it? The baby gloss magazine sells at least 400 000 magazines a month and goes up by 21% period on period, it has 523 000 readers, so what makes it attract such a huge audience? What is so special about this magazine? Bliss magazine is read by juvenile, vulnerable girls as young as eleven or twelve years old. The magazine, however says its `typical reader` is seventeen years old. This shows that the magazine is not aware that what they are publishing is attracting the younger girls rather than the targeted readers. The magazine is bursting with advertisements, the adverts are all about beauty, make up and boys. The magazine is quite costly for what is it, there are so many adverts and most of the other articles are also very closely linked with selling beauty products. A third of the pages are devoted solely to advertisements. It costs £1.75 each month, which is quite a fee for a young girl to be paying each month, not everyone will be able to afford it. The magazine is jam-packed with explicit type articles which are bound to corrupt the young, vulnerable minds of the readers. Bliss has 194 pages, this seems a large amount, but once the adverts have been removed, there isn't much left to the magazine. Rachel Stevens is shown on the front cover of the magazine, she is a popular celebrity in the media spotlight and most girls have her as their icon. Just by having a famous face on the cover of a magazine attracts readers to come and buy the magazine, this gives the magazine authority. On the cover it reads ` How to be beautiful like Rachel Stevens. Puurrrr!` This is in now way subtle, it says in a very clear cut way that if you read this magazine, you can be just like Rachel Stevens, this will create a centre of attention for those with inferiority complex which is common in young girls, as they are growing up. The magazine cover is predominantly fluorescent pink and yellow, these are very `girly` colours and would surely catch the eyes of thirteen to fourteen year olds. The colour pink has always been quite sexy and this will make young girls who are discovering new things want to buy it, they will find it appealing. `354 ways to look like a sex kitten` - The words SEX KITTEN are in big bold pink letters, the word sex catches the eye of everyone, more so of the infantile girls who are not very knowledgeable about sex. The number `354` strikes out at you, it is a large number and seems to be quite random, not having any significance, it also implies that you can spend a lot of money on this, it is worth it as there are so many ways to look good. Although it says `354` ways to look good, it is not entirely true, there are 354 adverts. `20 things that turn boys on` this will beyond doubt grasp the minds of youthful girls who seek ways to feel older. At the age of twelve or thirteen girls are beginning to find out more about boys. The name of the magazine itself `bliss` is just asking to be read. Bliss - the best feeling in the world, this is also what people say drugs do to you. The price is written on the top corner of the page, the word `only` make you think that it is worth more than £1.75. The headline `my mums a porn star! ` Is meant to be serious, but it is written in a very childish form and could be seen as offensive. `The girl who grew a willy at 17`, the word `willy` is not very appropriate, but again this is the sort of thing that will catch the eyes of an immature thirteen year old who will find this incredibly funny, or something to talk about, she will feel naughty. The caption `fancy girls? Don't worry! ` Is written quite negatively, as anyone reading the magazine who does fancy girls may feel uncomfortable after reading this. When is says `don't worry`, the girls who may not be worrying may think that they should be worrying. The magazine is glossy meaning that it wants to appear controversial and provokes puerile girls to read it because is makes them think it something bad and your mum wouldn't approve of it so thy feel daring, hyperbole. After looking at the cover closely, I find that is it a successful cover for the targeted readers "“ 12-14 year olds, but not very successful for girls older than this because the nature of most of the captions on the cover are to do with sex in an immature way which would drive the older girls away. There is an entire section devoted to Rachel Stevens and how to be just like her, it is a full guide to being her. I think that this is stripping young girls of their individuality and style, if everyone who read this magazine and followed it, then we would be left with no eccentricity, or uniqueness. The truth is that young girls of today will believe and follow everything they read. The article has a very informal tone, so that the girls reading it can relate to the article which will make them relate to it more. `The one who maybe looks a bit minging without make up`. The informal tone seeks to create a lively and vibrant relationship between the reader and the writer. The writers at Bliss want to get rid of any distances between the readers. The writers wish to appear friendly and want to be like friends of the readers. Colloquial language is used throughout the magazine, but especially in this article. `Gutted. ` And `somewhere dead glam I hope` There is also a lot of use of direct address to the reader, this creates a sense of intimacy with the reader. `You can too if you pick up these stylish essentials from the high street. ` There is also use of hyperbole and exaggeration, `the gorgeous Rachel Stevens always looks super-sexy` this is so over the top that it is unbelievable, but the readers do not notice this, as they have already been brainwashed from reading the rest of the magazine beforehand, and they are now obviously used to this type of writing. There is also humour which may wander to the edge of good taste. `life's not black and white, but Rachel' gorge top sure is!` this seems to me, as a stupid way of describing a top, but this again will not be noticed by the readers, who will find it cool, and will go and buy the top, just because Rachel Stevens is wearing it. There is also a use of abbreviations, such as `gorge` instead of gorgeous, this gives the writing a `cooler` or `more cut-edge` feel, which makes the readers even more so want to buy the top. The use of ungrammatical sentences is great in this article `we grill the S club sex kitten on her romance with fiancé Jeremy Edwards"¦` this makes the writing chattier which gives a greater sense of intimacy between the reader and writer. `geez` is also used a lot in this article, firstly, it is a very common American term used by teenagers in America, so it shows how hard the writers are trying to be friends with the readers, the writers probably use this word because they are aware that American influence is enormous amongst the teenagers of today. The overall tone of this article is that if you read this and follow what the writers say, you will be beautiful and will have boys running after you and you will be perfect, it is not written in a straightforward manner, there is a deep subtext that you can only be beautiful if you do as they say. The Maybelline advert on page 13 "“ this advert immediately catches the readers' eye as they flick the page. The advert is selling a lip gloss and it is conveniently situated at the start of the magazine. Like in most cases, a model is used to sell this product; her face is placed in the primary optical area. She is wearing quite simple make up on the face that does not strike out at you much. The only thing that is obvious and striking is the lip-gloss, the model isn't even wearing any jewellery, and this is done so that the reader can solely concentrate on the lip-gloss. The name of the lip-gloss `water shine liquid diamonds, ` in itself sounds very precious and glamorous. The word diamond, a precious stone, this makes the reader feel important, and diamonds are girls best friends! So this word is very cleverly chosen. There are some diamonds placed next to the lip-gloss, which emphasises the diamond idea, and also makes the product more desirable, although the reader knows that when she buys the lip-gloss she will obviously not receive diamonds, but just the fact that the diamonds are there next to the lip-gloss fools the mind. The diamonds are very effective. There is also a full body picture of the model, she appears to be very stunning, wearing a diamond like shining dress which stands out, again emphasising the diamond idea. The advert is very detailed, as even her shoes are like diamonds! The advert implies that if you wear this lip-gloss you will look like this model, this will attract any people especially those with inferiority complex. The model used, in each advert is also very important, it is always a familiar face, and they are all similar "“ beautiful. The models are associated with success, so again the advert implies that you can achieve all this, just by wearing the lip-gloss. Although this is obviously not true, the advert is so powerful and decisive, that the reader is easily fooled into buying the lip-gloss. The model looks great for a night out and it implies that if you wear the lip-gloss so will you. The advert as a whole has a `slick` feel to it, the models hair is slicked, there is a slick in the background. The models face is shiny, just like diamonds. The colour of the advert is very girly and feminine, baby blue, and purple, this makes it attractive to girls. The colours are light-hearted. The Maybelline slogan at the bottom rhymes and has a repeated rhythm which makes is memorable and so you are more likely to remember the product and buy it. Very powerful and prevailing words are used, such as `fuse` and `molten` which do not sound as if they are linked at all with lip-gloss. The word `new` makes it more desirable and wanted as everyone likes new things. The `blemish pen` advert on page 9 is also an effective advert. It features a model also, but this time wearing more makeup and the more prominent characteristics of her face is her skin, which is what the product is all about. This advert uses facts to reinforce the idea that this product will leave your skin spotless and pure. The advert says new, which is attractive it most people, as most people like new things, as the newer is it, the better it will be. There is also the hand print which is by the British skin foundation, this makes supports the ideas in the advert and makes it more believable, and `O.K. ` because it has been approved. The background is simple and pure, just like the product itself; it is white, which reinforces the idea of cleanliness and purity. The `Rimmel, hard and fast colour nail polish` advert is also very effective. There is a girls hand either opening or fastening a belt, this has many sexual connotations, and will attract young readers because it will make them think that by wearing this nail polish they can do the same. The colours are vibrant and attractive and they would catch the eye of the majority of people. The models hands do look nice, and so obviously it implies that your hands can look this nice if you wear this nail polish. The words `NO COMPROMISE. NO CONTEST` are very harsh and to the point, they have a `cool` feel, and so the younger girls will be fascinated by this and will buy the nail polish. Overall, Bliss magazine is written in the style which would attract the younger girls, but has the contents which are suitable for the older girls. The adverts imply that beauty is everything; most articles are evolved around boys and sex. These are issues that the younger girls of 11 or 12 should not be faced with. The adverts all use clever spacing and catchy, good use of words to make the products so much more desirable than they really are. The bliss writers have said in their media pack that their typical reader is 17 years old, when it clearly isn't, they are aware of this because on all the problem pages, and all the letters, the ages are from as low as 10 years of age. In my opinion, 17 year olds do not read Bliss magazine at all, and very strong issues are discussed in detail in this magazine which are likely to corrupt the girl's vulnerable minds. The media pack has a lot of assertion in the language that they use. `Young women are ambitious` `she's loyal`. The media pack is written in a completely different tone to the magazine, it is more formal and serious, and it is targeted at middle aged people, not young girls. The media pack makes a commodity of it. The media pack has many silly comments, `The Bliss reader is finding out about herself and will experiment until she finds a brand that she will remain loyal to for life` this magazine just tells girls what looks good, there is no room for experimentation, the magazine TELLS the girls what to wear, and so this is a silly statement. The Bliss media pack states that 71% of Bliss readers are single, this shows that the more upset girls who need guidance, the ones that suffer from inferiority complex read this magazine, they are more likely to believe anything they read, as they are more vulnerable. So overall, these magazines use many devices to get deep into the minds of the readers to make them buy the products, they aim at young girls who are more likely to listen.   

Bliss magazine… Doesn't the name say it all? Ecstasy, heaven, paradise, enjoyment, rapture, happiness, delight, harmony and glee, is this what Bliss magazine really is or is there something deeper to it? The baby gloss magazine sells at least 400 000 magazines a month and goes up by 21% period...

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Arthur Miller was born on... Arthur Miller was born on October 17th, 1915, in New York City. His parents were both immigrants into the United States. The family lived in prosperity due to the success of his father"s clothing manufacturing business, but this soon collapsed along with the American economy as a whole. Miller worked as a warehouse man in order to save up fees so that he was able to attend Michigan University in 1934 to study Economics and History alongside a course of play writing. Miller wrote in the style of Greek tragedy. Miller chose to follow the Greek myths as in his play he had two acts. In the first act the finding of the problem is viewed and in the second act the possible outcomes are predicted. In Greek tragedy there is always a "chorus", a voice which fills in what does not happen on stage; Alfieri was the chorus as he narrated the play. Miller chose Eddie to die as all along in the play Alfieri gave speeches about tragic events about to happen. Alfieri had predicted eddies destiny to be hurtful and eddies ending was death. In Greek tragedy the hero is usually responsible for their own downfall. Eddie chose to ignore Alfieri"s advice and Eddie chose to fight with Marco. Eddie causes his own downfall by preventing Rodolfo and Catherine"s marriage. The play is set in the shadow of Brooklyn Bridge and is about a whole community not only the Carbone family. Miller"s personal and political views are revealed with great clarity and considering the background to "A View from the Bridge" all his thoughts unravel into sharp focus. In this play tragedy is conveyed in several different forms. Many of them disrupting and deceiving. The sense of tragedy conveyed in this play:- envy, love, death, tension, frustration, folk lore, guilt, law,guilt, trust, tradition, culture, betrayal, denial, jealousy, hatred and protectiveness. A view, two links, Alfieri the lawyer has an overview of the whole play. He is aware of the wrongs and rights involved. As he narrates and takes us through the play, he reveals the life of illegal immigrants as they take a new step of life into America. Coming from a Sicilian background they have crossed many bridges i.e. culture, tradition, relationships, folk lore and love. Already Miller has showed us that his parents have crossed these bridges. The question is where to? Reading the play I felt that the main character on the bridge and not knowing which way to turn was Beatrice. She knew that her husband Eddie was in love with her niece Catherine, and Catherine was in love with Rodolpho one of the illegal immigrants. She is on this bridge as there are two endings possible in this huge cliché. Rodolpho a young attractive man with light blond hair or Catherine has a choice of Eddie an old overweight weak man. All along Catherine is has dealt with Edie being overprotective naïve and unfair. The bridge also represents old life and new life. Eddie"s life ends in death as he chose the wrong path. All along he feels that he has the right over Catherine where according to her and the law he does not. His wise and fair lawyer and friend advices him on adapting to the American law and Italian culture; that Catherine has the choice who she will marry and as a husband already even thinking like this was going towards the opposite side of the bridge. Catherine has the choice and chooses to cross the bridge to a brighter future with someone she loves trusts and with whom she can have a wider variety of opportunities and chances. When Alfieri has a personalized conversation with Eddie, he is not only advising him as a friend but through the legal system as well. Eddie was very angry and devastated when he realized that Catherine loved Rodolpho and not him. The hidden love he had for Catherine soon turned into obsessivenes and anger over her freedom. Alfieri states that Eddie "was a good man". It shows that Alfieri understood how Eddie was feeling; his emotions and that Eddie"s thoughts were not functioning in a responsible way. Alfieri introduces himself by saying "to meet a lawyer or a priest on the street is unlucky". This comment came across as negative to me because the use of the word "unlucky". Usually a priest or lawyers are looked up at as means of purity and help. In this case it is bad and negative because the society prefers to run their lives in the way they were brought up, not changing to the American and modern way of life. "¢ "This ones name was Eddie Carbone, a long shore man working at the dock from Brooklyn bridge"¦"¦"¦" "¢ "he was a good man as he had to be in a life that was hard and even" These two comments both have the word "was" in them. They caught my attention as it presumed that the man Alfieri is talking about was alive and is no more in the present or about the past. He knows that Eddie has very little time until a big and major tragedy occurs. He knows that Eddie"s struggles and hard working will end in tragedy. From the beginning Alfieri has a situation and an ending in his head, almost as if he knew all along. Intelligently he tries to warn Eddie through his job and as a close friend. He is aware of the trouble Eddie has and is willing to help him but Eddie"s emotions are uncontrollable," This is my last word, take it or not, that's your business. Morally and legally you have no rights, you cannot stop it; she is a free agent". As Alfieri makes his speeches through the play he gives the reader a deeper insight of what is going on. He explores by going deeper into the story and looks from above on the whole community like his 'view is from a bridge'. Living in Brooklyn and being from a different cultural background and trying to carry on traditions were normal for illegal and legal migrants. In America they could find jobs and homes that would allow them to lead a successful life. The Carbone family was focused on and one thing that was highly present was the concept of respect. In the play Catherine a young girl is provoked by her uncle Eddie who has constantly overlooked her. "you ain"t goin" nowheres" "Eddie, I"m not gonna be a baby any more! You-" Eddie as usual feels that he has the right to stop Catherine from leaving the house. For the first time she stands up to him and he feels a big shock and he is astonished. As it around Christmas time he has had a few drinks and feels tipsy. Miller uses the Christmas theme as it fits in well with the situation. Eddie as the head of the house and family is highly respected. When him and his wife agree to bring in two men from their homeland, a new beginning and end are foreseen here. Catherine"s relationship develops with Rodolfo one of the immigrants, and leads to them wanting to marry. Eddie is distraught and completely disagrees with it. Tunnels are dark and gloomy. When Eddie went to Alfieri, Alfieri sensed his pain and anger, "But I will never forget how dark the room became when he looked at me; his eyes were like tunnels". Being in a tunnel is dark , cold , wet and not sure what you will find , it also leaves you with a sense of not knowing were the tunnel will end. Alfieri was aware of Eddie"s love for Catherine. Alfieri compares Eddie"s eyes with a tunnel as he saw a certain dull and gloomy ending. When Eddie is in trouble he visits Alfieri. Here the conversation proceeds to Alfieri furiously advising Eddie "You have no recourse in the law, Eddie", "There is nothing you can do Eddie, believe me" .Alfieri wants to assist Eddie but as far as the law goes there"s nothing he can do. He can tries to make Eddie believe him. Eddie feels that Catherine is being stolen away from him; he has not realized that Catherine is now a woman. Alfieri sums up his advice by simply telling Eddie "let her go". He complies this in such a way that Eddie knows Alfieri is right but his emotions once again overcome his thinking. "His eyes were like tunnels, my first thought was that he had committed a crime ", stating his thoughts carefully Alfieri shows us the readers that eddies image was pain full. Alfieri felt that he could help, he could see through him, he knew Eddie was going to do wrong he just wanted to help. Further on in the play Alfieri speaks of a mans routine, "a man works, raises his family, goes bowling, eats, gets old and then dies". This sounds tragic, but reading the play I realized that Miller"s use of language is toning and descriptive. Eddie Carbone spent his days, in this manor. Through out the play Alfieri conveys his thoughts which lead to predictions which are precisely accurate. Destiny plays a huge part in this play. At the beginning and end Alfieri makes powerful speeches. He focus"s on the Carbone Family, and through his speeches predicts what will happen in the future. He predicts that Eddies destiny is death an unhappy, dangerous and cruel death. Marco the brother of Rodolpho feels that Eddie has stole from his family and mocked his world. Miller chooses to make Marco angry as Marco was usually the quite one and never complained even when he saw the way Rodolpho was being treated. "He degraded my brother. My blood. He robbed my children, he mocks my work. I work to come here mister!" The tragedy in this is that Marco is heart broken over the disappointment brought to his blood and family. At the opening of the play Alfieri talks about the odds of being a lawyer in America, in a community of Sicilians "behind that suspicious little nod of theirs lie three thousand years of distrust .A lawyer means law, and in Sicily, from where their fathers came, the law has not been a friendly idea"¦." This point of his speech suggested that Sicilian culture and tradition plays a major part in the community. Its shows that what the parents did not and said had an effect on the upbringing of the child, it stays with the person as an honor and discipline. The last t paragraph hit my thoughts with a huge impact. "Now we settle for half". Half is the midpoint of a whole. Eddie could not gain what he wanted to happen fully but he thought by doing what he did he would have achieved something. Alfieri knew that Eddie"s feelings were immense and had warned Eddie to keep them in control. "His death useless" His death had no moral meaning behind it. It was an accident waiting to happen. "He allowed himself to be wholly known and for that I will love him" Alfieri living and working in the community new that Eddie was an open man with everyone. The only thing he hid was his feelings. Miller chooses to let Alfieri give this speech as he as a narrator and lawyer knew both his problems lawfully and morally.   

Arthur Miller was born on October 17th, 1915, in New York City. His parents were both immigrants into the United States. The family lived in prosperity due to the success of his father"s clothing manufacturing business, but this soon collapsed along with the American economy as a whole. Miller...

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Topic: Hunting with Dogs Running...Topic: Hunting with Dogs Running for your life, but yet knowing deep inside you that you're going to be ripped limb from limb. The last thing you hear is your screams for help and the sound of cheering by a group of humans. The last thing you see is your killer's face covered in your blood. Some people call this morally wrong act of cruelty a 'sport'. It is turning into a more common 'sport' around the country and it needs to stop"¦not for the distant future, but NOW! Reports and tests show that 96.9% of animals hunted and then killed by dogs die a slow painful death due to their atrocious injuries. The other 3.1% of animals killed by dogs die from exhaustion and die more quickly from its injuries. Either way the hunted animal dies from the effects of being hunted. Surely this has to stop? "Why" do you say? Well 'why' do hunting packs only hunt foxes, deer's, hares and minks? I'll tell you why, its because these animals don't defend themselves against the hounds. They aren't strong enough to attack back. They just run, run as far as they can go, until the hounds catch up and kill them. Easy targets. More animals hunted in one go. Quick and 'effective' games. If this isn't cruelty to animals, then I don't know and can't see, what is! RSPCA, CPHA and LACS are the most highly praised organisations that try to prevent these hunting games from carrying on. They try to their highest ability to try and ban hunting with dogs, but sadly the government and the House of Lords are too strong and believe this morally wrong blood sport is perfectly 'normal'. They say the sport can go ahead because it keeps control over the numbers of Foxes, Deer's, Hares and Minks. However, studies show that the number of those animals doesn't need controlling and could decrease at alarming rates in the near future. If they thought this sport helps keep control and that it's the only way, well they're wrong! Scientists show that the only rightful way to keep control over the numbers of animals is not to hunt them with dogs but to shoot them with a type of tranquilliser which would cause the animal to die a quiet, non painful death. This is kind to the animal without the outrage of a bloodthirsty dog ripping them limb from limb. Are the government and the House of Lords being stubborn? Scared to face up to the situation and the blood sports team members? Among the supporters of hunting there is a fear that if it is banned there will be a severe shortage of jobs in rural areas. However I feel that this argument does not stand up in today's modern world with its very low overall unemployment rates. In addition to this the rapid increase in opportunities for working at home coupled with the advances in computer technology and the associated training courses available make it easier to replace any lost jobs. "Hunting is natural. Humans have been hunting since the moment we were created, so why stop now?" says Mr Robert Burns, a farmer from Somerset. Everybody aggress initially we were barbaric in nature but surely we're suppose to have progressively become more civilised. Or have we? Picture the scene: You're looking for food for your loved one and your 4 children. You hear a noise, which you've heard before, but you carry on hunting for food for your family. Then suddenly out of the bushes jump 15 hounds, thirsty for blood, your blood. You run until you can run no more; you collapse. Fighting for your breath, you try to get up but before you know it you're being ripped apart. You're dead. Your body is covered in blood and taken away by a human on a horse. Your skin to make clothes. Your flesh to be eaten by your killers. Your bones crushed to mark various items. Your family is left to starve. Your family is dead. But worse the, perpetrators revel in it. The question we need to ask is, who are the real animals, the Foxes, Deer's, Hares and Minks, or US? Let us make positive steps to change this situation by getting the law changed to ban hunting with dogs.  

Topic: Hunting with Dogs Running for your life, but yet knowing deep inside you that you're going to be ripped limb from limb. The last thing you hear is your screams for help and the sound of cheering by a group of humans. The last thing you see is...

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