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War poem comparison
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Instructions: Analyse the poems "France" and "dulce et decorum est" Compare the meanings, themes, attitudes, format and language of the two poems bringing out the similarities and differences between the two poems. Use quotations to support your answers. These two poems were both written in the First World War but at very different times as the mood of the poems change dramatically. E.g. "France" was written in the very early stages of the war where the mood was very optimistic and victorious. "Dulce" was written by a poet that experienced what actually happened in the later stages of...
the war and therefore have different attitudes towards it. Also the last line of each poem has an effect on the whole poem, in "France", "Voices of victory and delight" meaning that it is a privilege to fight, die, and win the war for your country, whereas in "Dulce", "The old lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori", meaning, it is sweet and fitting to for ones country. To me, they both end with almost the same line, with the same approach, very ironic and deep, from the heart.

"Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori"

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Oscar Wilde's comedy 'The... Oscar Wilde's comedy 'The Importance of being Ernest' is entwined around the concept of mistaken identity. It shows the irony of a group of friends, within a Victorian society, meddling with the truth to make themselves more appealing to each other. Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff are good friends of an upper class society. Jack is known in the town as Ernest and in the country by his real name Jack. He is in love with Gwendolen Fairfax, who only knows him by 'Ernest'. In the country he is known as Jack and said to his ward Cecily Cardew there that Ernest is his mischievous brother in the town. Algernon too is in the game of deception. He brought to life a character called Bunbury that no one has met, whose health seems to be declining, to excuse him from engagements he has made. He also disguises himself as Jack's brother Ernest when he goes down to the country, where he falls in love with Cecily, who also only knows him as 'Ernest' and not by his true identity. Both men pretend to be called Ernest and both women want to be in love with a man called Ernest. The concept of identity is important in this satire as it brings humour to the play by mocking the intelligence of these upper class characters, but on the serious side exploits the irony and narrow mindedness of society. Both women in the play admire the name 'Ernest' as it brings to mind someone whose is 'earnest' and honest, yet both men are far from it. Jack and Algernon's preoccupation with the name Ernest is driven by their love for Gwendolen and Cecily who also are preoccupied with the name 'Ernest' believing that it prescribes the men earnest nature, 'my ideal has always been to love someone of the name of Ernest. There is something in the name that inspires confidence. The moment Algernon first mentioned to me he had a friend called Ernest, I knew I was destined to love you'. Wilde mocks them by showing how deep their love really is. The too women are only in love with the name, a superficial detail, before they have even met the men, and the men are willing to change theirs to impress! Algernon fabricated his 'invaluable permanent invalid' friend Bunbury to escape engagements in the town to visit him in the country. Lady Bracknell, his aunt, invites him to dine with her but he tells her he can't as Bunbury's condition is getting worse and needs to visit him in the country. However, adding to the humour, Lady Bracknell answers with the ironic 'I think that its high time that Mr Bunbury made up his mind whether he going to live or die"¦I should be obliged if you would ask Mr Bunbury"¦ to be kind enough not to have a relapse on Saturday, for I rely on you to arrange my music.' As if his illness is far less important than her reception. In Act I Jack proposes to Gwendolen. Jack is truly in love with her and she accepts his proposal but to his dismay exclaims 'My own Ernest' as if she is only accepting him on the basis that he is called Ernest. She knew she was destined to marry a man called Ernest before she had even met him. Jack is alarmed by this and uncertainty runs through his mind, 'you mean to day that you couldn't love me if my name wasn't Ernest"¦I think Jack, for instance, a charming name', the fact that he does not find insulating her un-satisfaction with the name Jack and preoccupation with the name Ernest adds to the humour ad further mocks the ignorance of the characters. Gwendolen assures that names actually bear some weight with regard to the determination of character forcing the audience to reassess whether she really loves Jack. Once Jack and Gwendolen's engagement was announced to her mother Lady Bracknell she found it to interrogate Jack to check his suitability for her daughter. In this scene Wilde explore the absurdity of the institution of marriage. It gives the impression that society only marries for status rather than love. Lady Bracknell is a good example of Oscar Wilde's cutting satire at work. She is arrogant, snobbish, conservative and obsessed with high culture and excellent behaviour. She is the perfect caricature of the stereotypical Victorian aristocrat woman. She investigates his wealth and social occupations. He fulfilled all her requirements regarding wealth and social activities yet the fact that he suffered a misfortune of losing both his parents was considered 'carelessness'. Mistaken identity plays its part in this scene where Jack does not know who his real parents are. His parents abandoned him as a baby at a train station. He was named after a seaside resort 'Worthing'. The way she vehemently disapproves of this is ironic as it was in fact her brother that lost the handbag. The fact the Jack and Gwendolen love each other seems to have no significance when his background and status do not approve. Act II is set in Jack's home in the countryside. Algernon comes down to the countryside pretending to be Jack's brother Ernest where he falls in love with Cecily. Cecily had fallen in love before she had even met him merely for the fact that she was in love with the name and with his 'wicked' behaviour. They engage in a flirtatious conversation before jack arrives at the house. When he arrives he is wearing mourning clothes for the death of his brother Ernest only to realise that Algernon had arrived before him pretending to be Ernest. However he still plays along in the identity game adding to the humour of the story. The audience by this point know all real identities of the characters and their mistaken identities so watching the characters meddle between themselves in confusion makes this humorous. Gwendolen and Lady Bracknell also arrive at the country house to add to the confusion. Her and Cecily reside in the garden to get to know each other. Gwendolen remarks that she likes Cecily and that her 'first impressions of people are rarely wrong' which is ironic when indeed she has got Jack completely wrong. Throughout the play Wilde has portrayed the upper class as ignorant and preoccupied with trivial and beautiful things. The dialogue between Cecily and Gwendolen is no exception. Merriman brings them their tea where they strongly disagree about preferences. Cecily offers her sugar but Gwendolen replies that 'sugar is not fashionable anymore' and when offered cake or bread and butter she replies 'cake is rarely seen at the best houses nowadays'. There could be nothing more trivial than having fashion in food. Cecily is irritated by Gwendolen's snobbish behaviour. Amidst this fatuous conversation they stumble upon the fact that they both engaged to Ernest Worthing. Although they don't yet realise they are engaged to different men they begin to argue. Before long they realise that they had been mistaken as Jack and Algernon both enter. At this point in the scene the two girls unite and mutiny against the two men who they supposedly love after they realise a 'gross deception' had been played on them. This is ironic and humorous in both cases. Cecily fell in love with 'Ernest' before she had met him for his wicked character yet when he was 'wicked' she did not love him anymore. Gwendolen believed she was a good judge of character and loved her 'Ernest' for his honest nature yet it was revealed to her that not is he not called Ernest and he was far from earnest in his character. However they all forgive each other as the two girly see that the two men were willing to christen themselves again for the one they loved, 'where questions of self-sacrifice are concerned, men are infinitely beyond us' Gwendolen states as the two men beg for their forgiveness. Finally in Act III Lady Bracknell arrives. Once again her interrogation of suitability continues as the conflicts that arose before are recalled regarding the issue of consent to marry and the importance of the name Earnest. She disapproves of Jack and Gwendolen's engagement yet approves of Cecily and Algernon's after she hears of Cecily's small fortune in funds as 'very few girls of the present day have any really solid qualities, any of the qualities that last, and improve with time'. This once again mocks the concept of marriage as it seems to absurdly be based on status and wealth rather than love. Wilde deliberately satirizes the entire institution. And when Algernon dismisses this idea as 'Cecily is the sweetest, dearest, prettiest girl in the whole world"¦and doesn't care twopence about social possibilities' Lady Bracknell warns him not to disrespect society as only 'people who can't get into it do that'. In this epigram Wilde portrays stereotype of the aristocracy of the Victorian society and their snobbish behaviour. However, Jack refuses to give consent for Cecily to marry Algernon if Lady Bracknell does not consent for Gwendolen to marry him. In the squabble it is found that it was Miss Prism that lost the bag in which Jack was found as a baby. In fact it is revealed that he is he Lady Bracknell's sisters' son. This is very ironic as at the beginning Lady Bracknell was disgraced at the fact that Jack was lost as a baby when in fact it was her own sister that had lost him! Jack finally finds out who he is and from whom he has come from. It is exposed that his Christian name really is by chance Ernest so the truth is he was earnest throughout after all. Throughout this play Wilde has used numerous devices to add to the humour of the play. Wilde's humour is fundamentally based on a particular dramatic irony, one in which the audience knows that the characters are ridiculously absurd, but the characters themselves are not aware of the fact at all. He mocks the principles of upper class Victorian society and their fashions. Especially on the tone of marriage by indicating that marriage is capriciously subject to all sorts of social factors rather than love. Wilde also uses epigrams as a means of humour. Sarcastic and witty lines, delivered mostly by Algernon and lady Bracknell, mocking the world around them. 'If I ever get married, I'll certainly try to forget the fact'; 'divorces are made in heaven'; 'you don't seem to realize that in marriage, three is company and two is none' are example of some the manipulated clichés. Most of the epigrams abound in the dialogue are reversed conventional phrases, such as 'Marriage is made in heaven' and 'two is company three is a crowd'. They are manipulated traditional clichés that provide intellectual entertainment by showing how empty those clichés are. Wilde uses them to satirize the excess of the elite, but at the same time the ideas Algernon comes up with are not always far off reality. Jack presents us with a pun on the word earnest in the last line of the play as he says, 'I've now realized for the first time in my life, the Importance of Being Earnest.' The simple pun on being earnest and the name Ernest has been used throughout the play. It is important for Jack obviously to be 'Ernest' as Gwendolen otherwise will not want to marry him. However, at the same time that it is important to be earnest in nature. Ernest and Algernon were rewarded with marriage in the end. And although the play unwinds with neither meaning to act earnestly, they were in fact being completely honest the whole time. Ernest was Ernest and Algernon was Ernest's dashing brother. The final line of the play suggests to the audience that there is a different kind of earnestness, different from the stuffy arrogance of Lady Bracknell, an earnestness that allows for the inconsistencies and whims that inhibit mankind.   

Oscar Wilde's comedy 'The Importance of being Ernest' is entwined around the concept of mistaken identity. It shows the irony of a group of friends, within a Victorian society, meddling with the truth to make themselves more appealing to each other. Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff are...

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My work experience Through looking...My work experience Through looking at the choices for taking part in work experience, that was when I saw the future before my eyes, I have always wanted to be a fitness instructor, a physical education teacher o take up the career of being a coach. The choices list stated "Football in the community, Glanford Park Scunthorpe" the thought of being trained by professionals excited me; I knew this would be for me. I decided to write this down as my first choice of work placement. Week later the whole class was given placement details about their choice of work experience, at the top of the letter the sheet was given the title "Recreational Training Assistant" to me this sounded very professional. My working hours were to be 9:00am to 5:00pm. In the past I have already trained with the scheme and I found it very enjoyable and improved my football incredibly, a friend of mine, Paul, is part of the team, through contact with him I was confident that this experience would be to a certain extent successful. Paul informed me that the working hours may differ from what was stated on the letter I received, I was comfortable with that as I knew I would be making a difference within the community and I was happy to use my own time to participate in something I found interesting and enjoyable. I was informed that I had to contact Lee Turnbull four weeks prior to the placement commencing for an interview and a health and safety information review. I rang and spoke to Lee Turnbull, he said that an interview wouldn't be necessary as on the first day I would use the morning by getting to know staff, the environment, and the rules of safety within the workplace. Two weeks prior to the start of work experience all the students taking part were given a work experience diary and log book, this was to sign the work experience agreement and fill in personal details. Health and safety awareness had to be stated as well as placement details. Throughout the week we were asked to make a diary of each day. Monday morning I woke up at seven o'clock, I prepared my clothes the previous evening, they were an adidas tracksuit and trainers, I got ready for the first day at work. I was aware of the physical participation within my work experience so I prepared bottles of water as the weather was hot. My parents drove me to Barton where I was to meet up with another employee and catch the bus to Scunthorpe Bus Station. The journey to Scunthorpe was an hour and a half, on the way I felt apprehensive but in a way excited. This next week was to be a whole new experience for me and I was looking forward to working with children within the community and helping them develop new sporting skills and to teach them how I feel comfortable. I arrived at Scunthorpe Bus Station with Paul where we was to meet Max, another employee for the football in the community staff, Max drove Paul and I to Glanford Park, this is where the office was, a kind of office where everybody would meet to find out the tasks for the day. Lee Turnbull was waiting in the office, he was the kind of person who spoke his thoughts he was self-assured, confident, sociable and fun person to be around. He made me feel very welcome, he introduced me to other staff such as grounds-men of the football stadium and the football teams mascots. I was given a ground tour and shown all fire exits and toilets. Lee asked me to read the rules and regulations within the work place and the health and safety laws. I was then tested of my knowledge and according to all the staff I "Passed with flying colors". By the time I had read all the rules and health and safety l laws it was lunch time. I was given an hour for a lunch break, I walked over to Tesco with Paul were I had a pasta salad. Returning back to the working world I was told to collect football equipment from the store and put it in the truck, this is what the workers referred to as a people carrier. On the work day plan it was set to go to Winteringham Primary School to teach some basic skills and understanding of football and to finish off with a penalty shootout competition for the whole school. I was given a task sheet to complete with the children along with partner Max. The students were learnt that football is a game that has offensive and defensive responsibilities. We had to Recall and demonstrate the essential elements of passing and receiving, demonstrate how to run offensive patterns, Demonstrate defensive capabilities, and help understand and implicate the legalities of defensive play. This brought the days work to an end. Not only had I taught the children new aspects of football I also learnt a number of things for being a coach or trainer. Tuesday's agenda was to visit schools in South Yorkshire and teach the basic principle of football to children of seven years and under. Unfortunately I had been selected to represent the school for a number of events in an athletics competition and I had arranged with Lee Turnbull to have this day off if it wasn't to cause any inconvenience with plans made beforehand which would involve me. The athletics competition involved me participating in four events, Javelin which this year I had come 2nd in a county competition and on this day I came 1st, Triple Jump which over all on this day I finished 3rd, Long jump which this year I had came 3rd in a county competition and on this day I came 2nd. Relay was my final event with our team loosing due to two competitors being injured and filled in by reserves. Wednesday had come around quickly, I felt bad for having my second day of work off but the workers didn't seem to mind. On arrival Jerry, the bus driver had brought two bus loads of students from North Lindsey College to Glanford Park for a ground tour and a few lessons on football skills. I felt very uncomfortable as in the office in had been told by Lee not to get too involved as all of the students present today had criminal records and wouldn't be afraid to use their temper to the best of its ability. I was assisting Bamber, another employee, through the ground tour and assisted with a group of ten students, I was taught that a coach shouldn't take on t group which consisted of more than fifteen people as it would become more difficult to cope with. The students were all very loud and impolite, I stood back to watch as Lee had told me to. Basketball games were played as no interest to football was made at all by any students. The teacher who came to supervise the students said that the students were sent here to basically get out of the way for a little while; this all soon became clear, sixty percent of the students were smoking and refused to take part in any activity at all. Dinner time came and past, the next lessons scheduled were a girl's football training on Winterton Playing Fields. This group were aged seven to twelve, and were all very well behaved. I took the warm-up, stretches and relay games took place and then eventually a game of football was played to use the new skills and techniques that had just occurred in the relay games. The employees whom I had assisted were Paul and Max. Max took me home and dropped me off to save me time and money by catching the bus. So far I had got on with the workers really well they treated me like a friend as well as an employee, which made me feel very welcome. Today Lee told me not to come into work on Thursday until eleven o'clock as there was nothing planned in the diaries and I would be sat around bored. Thursday morning was a lie in bed for me and I was at Glanford Park all set and ready for work just before eleven o'clock, I made sure that every day I was on time o that I didn't disrespect my work experience opportunity and let down my employer. Today a ground tour was the only thing on the agenda until six o'clock, I volunteered to work out of my set hours as I would be doing something to help me and others and it was something I enjoy doing. After the ground tour had taken place Paul and I went into town for something to eat and to do a bit of shopping. The activities scheduled for six o'clock were cancelled because of bad weather. Thursday evening I took part in a fashion show held at school called "Fashion Passion" I was to be there for seven o'clock and wouldn't be able to leave until eleven o'clock. Friday Morning as anybody could imagine I was really tired, everybody at work asked me how it went and told me today I was in charge of the other two people who were o work experience and our jobs today were advertisement, I had to go around shops putting out information leaflets about football in the community and speaking to members of the public about the scheme. I must admit handing out leaflets wasn't as enjoyable as been out with the rest of the team having the hands on experience, but further still I coped with it and was another job well done. By the end of the week I felt very comfortable working with the football in the community staff and they made me feel very welcome, so much so that I was offered a part time summer job. I took up this opportunity and I am now looking forward to a career in sports and education. During my work experience week I learnt a number of things about coaching. The students were taught that football is a game that has offensive and defensive responsibilities. I showed this through demonstration instructions. Recall and demonstrate the essential elements of passing and receiving Demonstrate how to run offensive patterns Demonstrate defensive capabilities Understand and implicate the legalities of defensive play. I learnt that all sessions should be well prepared beforehand, and that all equipment is in place before the players arrive. Coaches should insist on good timekeeping from the players. There is nothing worse than everyone waiting for one latecomer. Whenever possible practice on good surfaces, whether it is grass, all weather or even hard core. Expect and demand the highest possible standards when the coaching sessions begin. To get this ensure that everyone involved has the right attitude towards the practice. Give good demonstrations, this will save a long preamble of words, remember the players learn much quicker through their visual sense. Practice is vital to success. Players need to prove they can re-produce technical skills, learned in practices, into match situations. Furthermore players need to accept that they need to work at their game if they hope to improve. Every session should have at least 15 minutes of technical practice. Young players need to work with the ball all the time, so that control of it becomes second nature. The more touches the better for the players to retain their interest Coaches should try and assess the players both in practice and in their teams; especially the young, who should all have a development programme. Parents can help by assisting the discipline, attendance and punctuality of their offspring. Group sizes are important for training exercises. Ideally it should be no more than 15 players per coach. All techniques should be worked on "“ not only those with which players are comfortable. Coaches will appreciate that players of the same age group generally follow a pattern, and so particular weaknesses can be worked on within the squad. For example under 7"s will have a tendency to chase around in a pack following the ball, and so teaching positional sense will be an item in itself with this young group. Finally remember nothing comes easy, success has to be worked for no matter how much natural talent is available. I would highly recommend this place of work for anybody who has a great interest in sports and physical education.   

My work experience Through looking at the choices for taking part in work experience, that was when I saw the future before my eyes, I have always wanted to be a fitness instructor, a physical education teacher o take up the career of being a coach. The choices list...

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