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War poem comparison
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Instructions: Analyse the poems "France" and "dulce et decorum est" Compare the meanings, themes, attitudes, format and language of the two poems bringing out the similarities and differences between the two poems. Use quotations to support your answers. These two poems were both written in the First World War but at very different times as the mood of the poems change dramatically. E.g. "France" was written in the very early stages of the war where the mood was very optimistic and victorious. "Dulce" was written by a poet that experienced what actually happened in the later stages of...
the war and therefore have different attitudes towards it. Also the last line of each poem has an effect on the whole poem, in "France", "Voices of victory and delight" meaning that it is a privilege to fight, die, and win the war for your country, whereas in "Dulce", "The old lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori", meaning, it is sweet and fitting to for ones country. To me, they both end with almost the same line, with the same approach, very ironic and deep, from the heart.

"Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori"

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Romeo and Juliet is a romantic...Romeo and Juliet is a romantic tragedy first performed on the Elizabethan stage in around 1595. It was first performed by the Lord Chamberlain's company whilst they were the occupants of the Shoreditch Theatre. As this play is a romantic tragedy there are many different ways which the themes of love and death are portrayed. My essay is going to deal and discuss in greater detail these themes and try to discover who is responsible for the deaths. In the play many different types of love are revealed. One type is Romantic love, this form of love is shown throughout the play. Romeo and Juliet fall in love at first sight and he starts to refer to himself as a 'pilgrim' and to Juliet as "Dear-Saint". This shows that the feelings he has for Juliet are true and not just sexual. You can see more examples of this in Act 2 Scene 2 where Romeo says "Juliet is the sun, and the brightness of her cheek would shame those stars". Juliet too expresses love in a heart-felt romantic way, poetic lines crammed with romantic imagery. The fact that Romeo and Juliet's is a secret forbidden love makes their relationship all the more romantic Juliet "“ "This bud of love by summer's ripening breath, my prove a beauteous flower when next we meet." Act 2 Scene 2 There are many examples throughout the play which shows how pure and innocent their love is. Towards the end of the play Romeo is told that Juliet is dead and he almost instantly decides that he can no longer live without her. This shows how strong their love really was as no one would kill themselves over the death of someone that they have not got the strongest possible feelings for. The play has many allusions to sexual and more uncouth references to lustfulness. This brings me on to another form of love, Sexual love. Right from the very beginning of the play sex is referred to in crude and aggressive terms by the Capulet servants Sampson and Gregory. They are the first characters the audience see and they refer to love as just a physical thing. Their language is earthy and vulgar treating women as 'weaker vessels' and speaking of how the maids of the Montague household will be raped. Sampson "“ "Tis true, and therefore women being the weaker vessels are ever thrust to the wall: therefore I will push Montague's men from the wall and thrust his maids to the wall." Act 1 Scene 1 From the outset we see a superficial view of love and sex where women are mere objects of sexual gratification. This is always in stark contrast to the innocent and true love of the 'star crossed lovers'. Another type of love central to the play is the special love between friends of the same sex. Benvolio, Romeo's god friend is someone he can confide in. They share deep inner secrets of their emotions. In Act 1 Scene 1 Romeo talks openly about his desires where love is concerned, speaking of Rosaline and the unrequited idealized love. Instead of mocking him Benvolio is supportive and empathises Romeo "“ "This love feel I, that feel no love in this Dost thou laugh?" Benvolio "“ "No coz, I rather weep." Romeo "“ "Good heart at what?" Benvolio "“ "At thy good heart's oppression." Act 1 Scene 1 If this was not such a close friendship Romeo would never be so revealing about his feelings and what is more, less intimate friends would laugh at the confession. Benvolio's suggestion that Romeo attends the Capulet ball shows how he wants to cheer Romeo up and prove to himself that Rosaline isn't right Romeo. Benvolio "“ "With all the admired beauties of Verona, Go thither, and with unattainted eye, Compare her face with some that I shall show, And I shall make thee think thy swan a crow. Act 1 Scene 2 Some of the dialogue between Mercutio and Romeo captures this strong sense of friendship. They talk of love in an open candid way. Romeo "“ "Is love a tender thing? It is too rough, Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like a thorn, Mercutio "“ "If love be rough with you, be rough with love. Prick love for pricking, and you beat love down." Act 1 Scene 4 Another kind of love the play deals with is Parental love, which is shown most forcefully in the case of Capulet, father of Juliet. His attitude to his daughter's well being is that 'father knows best'. Whatever father says must be right and good for his children, whether they like it or not. Whenever he is questioned he flies into a rage because as far as he is concerned, as the head of the household, Juliet and her cousin Tybalt must abide by his every rule without question. Juliet is to marry Paris. Full stop. No arguments! In Act 3 Scene 5 he makes his wishes clear Capulet father "“ "Bet fettle your fine joints gainst Thursday next, To go with Paris to Saint Peter's Church: Or I will drag thee on a hurdle thither. Out you green-sickness carrion,out you baggage, You tallow-face." Act 3 Scene 5 And just before he exits his closing words to his daughter are: Capulet father "“ "I'll give you to my friend, And you be not, hang, beg, starve, die, in the streets, For my soul I'll ne'er acknowledge thee, Nor what is mine shall never do thee good: Trust to 't, bethink you, I'll not be forsworn. Exit Act 3 Scene 5 She has no option whether she likes it or not, Father rules all! His insistence might seem strange to us because all his other children have died. Juliet is his only child left: Capulet father "“ "Earth has swallowed up all my hopes but, She's the hopeful lady of my earth" Act 1 Scene 2 You would have thought that he would want her to be happy. In fact, he does think he is doing what is best for her, despite her misery. One aspect of the tragedy is the fact that he puts such unbearable pressure on Juliet to marry Paris, to the extent of casting her out of his house. Even Lady Capulet seems to back her husband's narrow mindedness. We are confused by her motives. Does she love her husband? Does she love her daughter? All we know for sure is the fact that she simply wants to keep the peace. This too has tragic consequences. As we can see Shakespeare the dramatist is exploring love in all its forms. Another type of love that hangs over the entire story is the love/hate that exists between families. It is like tribal warfare. It takes this awful event to make the Montague's and Capulet's realise the fatal cost of their hatred. Capulet "“ "O brother Montague, give me thy hand, This is my daughter's jointure, fir no more Can I demand. Montague "“ "But I can give thee more, For I will raise her statue in pure gold, That whiles Verona by that name is known, There shall no figure at such rate be set, As that of true and faithful Juliet. Capulet "“ "As rich shall Romeo's by his Lady's life, Poor sacrifices of our enmity. Act 5 Scene 3 The writer here is challenging the stupidity of family warfare which is apparent from the very beginning of the play. Why do the Capulet's hate the Montague's? Why do the Montague's hate the Capulet's? Even today in different parts of the world there are unexplained conflicts between tribal groups. Factions fighting factions. Religious groups at war with other religious groups. The Mafia is another example where families are feuding with families for no apparent reason. One of the most touching aspects of the play are the affections shown by the guardian of Juliet her nurse. She shows a care and understanding much deeper than Juliet's own parents. Their bond is special and it is heart-rending when the nurse realises Juliet's death. Earlier on in the play she arranges for their secret meeting after the death of Tybalt: Nurse "“ "Hie to your chamber, I'll find Romeo To comfort you, I wot well where he is: Hark ye, your Romeo will be there at night I'll to him, he is hid at Laurence' cell. Juliet "“ "O find him, give this ring to my true knight, And bid him come, to take his last farewell." Act 3 Scene 2 When she hears of Juliet's death she is absolutely distressed and her words tumble out as she blurts out that it is 'a most lamentable day' Nurse "“ "O woe, O woeful, woeful, woeful day, Most lamentable day, most woeful day That ever, ever, I did yet behold. O day, O day, O day, O hateful day, Never was seen so black a day as this, O woeful day, O woeful day. Act 4 Scene 5 You can see how she loses all her self-control and reason. Once she was full of humour and bawdy comments: she is now reduced to a blubbering wreck unable to control her emotions. Another theme that the play covers is death. It contrasts sharply with issues of love and friendship. However Shakespeare links them together because in most instances death comes as a result of some form of love. There are five deaths in Romeo and Juliet of varying tragic causes. If we look at each of them in turn, we can make up our minds whether they are a direct result of love or whether something else provokes them. Of course at the centre of the play are the deaths of the two lovers, Romeo and Juliet despite the fact that they were not involved in the squabbling and fighting of the families. The first death of Mercutio, who was killed by Tybalt, sets off a chain reaction of untimely deaths. Tybalt is the aggressive violent trouble maker who is always taunting Romeo, he speaks of hate Tybalt "“ "What drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word, As I hate hell, All Montague's and thee" There were so many characters in the play that have a tragic end through fate or misfortune but some characters were as you might say 'cruising for a bruising'. Tybalt doesn't miss an opportunity to insult and mock Romeo and his family. Tybalt "“ "Romeo the love I bear thee, can afford No better term than this thou art a villain" Act 3 Scene 1 Tybalt's belligerence results in him challenging Romeo to a duel and even though Mercutio intervenes, Tybalt doesn't care. He has no fear of either of them and will take them both on. Ultimately Mercutio is fatally wounded by Tybalt. Amongst his dying words he says: Mercutio "“ "I am hurt. A plague o' both houses, I am sped" Act 3 Scene 1 These words blame both Romeo and Tybalt for his death. This makes Romeo very angry and gives him the rage to take vengeance on Tybalt. In Romeo's eyes, Mercutio had no reason to die and now Tybalt must pay for his actions. This results in a fight between the two in which Romeo is triumphant and kills Tybalt. I think that Romeo was not to blame for the death of Mercutio, he was not encouraging the fight between himself and Tybalt, in fact he was trying to prevent it. It was Mercutio's decision to intervene, not Romeo's. I think Tybalt was the one to blame, as by first killing Mercutio, he could then proceed to kill Romeo. Committing murder so readily is never justifiable. As for Tybalt's death you could say Romeo is responsible but you would be forgetting his reason for killing him. Unlike Mercutio's death this one has a motive. Tybalt had just killed his best friend right in front of his eyes without reason and Romeo is now so angry with Tybalt he is prepared to do the ultimate and kill him with his own hands. So, I think Tybalt was responsible for his own death. After all he was asking for it, and as the saying goes 'an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'. Paris's death is more straight forward than the other two we've talked about. There is one reason and one reason only and that is he wouldn't let Romeo see into the tomb of Juliet. This makes the distressed Romeo even more frustrated and causes him to lash out at Paris resulting in Paris's death. This can only be blamed on Romeo but I don't think he was worried about the consequences of committing murder as he intends to commit suicide anyway. Romeo's death is perhaps the most famous death in the play. Romeo kills himself as he thinks Juliet is dead and to him he cannot live without Juliet as she is the love of his life. Earlier in the play Romeo had bought some poison after hearing of Juliet's alleged death. After killing Paris he lays down beside Juliet and consumes the entire contents of the poison. Just then Juliet awakes from her deep-sleep just in time to see Romeo die. She tries to take some of the poison but there is none left so instead she kills herself using Romeo's knife. I can't really put all the blame on the characters for their own deaths. In fact most of the blame could be put on the two families. If it weren't for their feud, Romeo and Juliet would not have had to conceal their relationship and therefore they would not have needed to take any risks which was eventually the cause of their deaths. Conclusion It takes the death of the two lovers to unite these two feuding families. When they finally make up, it's over the bodies of their beloved children. It's a tragedy of obstinacy, short-sightedness and sheer petty mindedness. Love and friendship is thrown aside as a consequence of less noble motives. This though is only acknowledged right at the end of the play. It could be argued that the nurse's love is the most enduring love of the play because whatever happened, the nurse constantly supported Juliet. Of all Shakespeare"s tragedies, Romeo and Juliet is the most romantic. However this does not mean it is any less powerful than Macbeth or Othello. In some ways it could be seen as doubly tragic as there are two terrible unnecessary deaths. The story would have been well known to Elizabethan audiences but how he adapted it would have stirred the audiences greatly. We do know that suicide was a sin to the Elizabethan's, so the shock factor of Romeo's death would wet their appetite for the outcome.   

Romeo and Juliet is a romantic tragedy first performed on the Elizabethan stage in around 1595. It was first performed by the Lord Chamberlain's company whilst they were the occupants of the Shoreditch Theatre. As this play is a romantic tragedy there are many different ways which the themes of...

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In this essay I will attempt...In this essay I will attempt to compare and contrast the poem "Meeting at Night" by Robert Browning with "Resolution and Independence" by William Wordsworth. I shall begin by analysing the poems and looking for three similarities and differences, which will make me decide my final conclusion. The simplest similarity that links these two poems is that they are both about nature. Meeting at Night gives the impression of secrecy and darkness that goes together with the night and the morning suggests the revelation which light brings that prevents them getting together. In Resolution and Independence Wordsworth describes the nature more briefly and accurately. The language Wordsworth has used has a great effect on our senses. For example, in the first line 'There was a roaring in the wind all night' Here the use of metaphor 'roaring in the wind' used by Wordsworth relies on our sense of hearing to enable us to experience this image fully. An image however is not necessarily only a visual image; the image can be created by the poet"s use of different senses and qualities. Both of the poems also change from negative to positive. In the first verse of Meeting at Night, Browning emphasizes a man's desperate and brave quest for romantic pleasure, which is prevented with obstacles and doubt. Also in the poem "Meeting At Night," a powerfully romantic mood is built almost entirely by the use of images, which practically involve all of our senses. Only in the language of the third and fourth lines there is a hint of a metaphor used, which describes similarities between waves and living creatures: 'And startled little waves that leap In fiery ringlets from their sleep,' The use of personification that gives personal qualities to the waves builds on the emotional description of nature and makes us more involved in the poem. It also helps us to relate to the description very easily. In Resolution and Independence, we are given a scene of the countryside that was stormy the previous night, but has cleared up through the morning and now proves to be a cheerful day. Both poems use traditional poetic techniques well. In Meeting at Night, Browning uses alliteration in the line, 'Then a mile of warm, sea "“ scented beach;' The use of alliteration is used to create specific sound effects. For example, the repetition of the 's' sound echoes as being read which will improve the emotional effect the poet is trying to achieve. By describing it to us using alliteration, the poet helps us hear as well as picture the scene he wishes to create. Personally this technique made me draw more attention to particular words. In Resolution and Independence in the language of the fifth line there is a hint of assonance used, 'Over his own sweet voice the Stock "“ dove broods;' The assonance is in the repetition of the "o" sound it is long and lasting and it also creates a brilliant effect by occurring in the slow and deliberate part of the poem. Resolution and Independence also uses iambic pentameter which is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one more thoughtfully than Meeting at Night e.g. 'There was a roaring in the wind all night' The underlined words are all stressed syllables, which make the poem easy to understand and it also results in a clear structure. On the other hand these two poems have variety of differences. Meeting at Night has detailed narrative structure with a beginning, middle and end, but Resolution and Independence has little narrative structure but is more descriptive and accurate. The structure of Meeting at Night is clear and an important contributor to the overall effect it has on us. The way Browning slowly builds up the tension throughout the poem helps us create a feeling of real excitement and mystery. In the poem the narrative structure is revealed through a series of images and ideas, which gradually develop the feeling and the meaning. Personally Meeting at Night has engaged me to read on to find out what happens next. It also creates suspense and tension by moving from negative to positive. The metre gives us meaning far more clearly and thoughtfully in Resolution and Independence. For example, in line 1, 'There was a roaring in the wind all night' The image is wild, rough and casual. But as the story gradually develops the image starts to appear normal. Usually syllables that rhyme are stressed e.g. night"“bright, floods"“ woods. Boring or common syllables are rarely stressed e.g. was, a, in etc. The thoughtful use of Iambic pentameter in Resolution and Independence makes the poem for us as readers far easier and straightforward. Wordsworth's use of imagery makes us relate this poem to the environment we are living in, which makes this poem more realistic and true. Resolution and Independence also involves animals, unlike Meeting at Night, which is more about human beings and their struggles. Personally, I believe Wordsworth highlights the needs and struggles of animals and not just humans. Also there is the use of onomatopoeia in Resolution and Independence; 'roaring' a word that imitates natural sound, so that sound reflects sense making the poem more exciting. In Meeting at Night Browning takes advantage of poetic techniques such as onomatopoeia and repeats this technique repeatedly throughout the poem which creates a desired effect. I personally believe the two poets are using different approaches to express the same emotion, which are the passion, feeling and love of nature. They also use similar ideas and images but far more differently. Both of these poets have chosen their words carefully, each word is there for a purpose. Both of these poems contain words that have their own special pleasant sounds for example 'slushy' and 'roaring'. I think the easiest way a poet can create a brilliant image is through the use of metaphor, simile and personification. Effective imagery almost etches itself on our mind as readers and can be a very persuasive, acting to engage us strongly in the writing.   

In this essay I will attempt to compare and contrast the poem "Meeting at Night" by Robert Browning with "Resolution and Independence" by William Wordsworth. I shall begin by analysing the poems and looking for three similarities and differences, which will make me decide my final conclusion. The simplest...

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The audience first encounters the... The audience first encounters the character of Lady Macbeth in act1, scene 5, while she is reading the letter sent to her by her husband, in the letter Macbeth describes the meeting with of the three witches, and them predicting the fact that he is going to be 'Thane of Cawdor', we can tell from the letter the closeness of relationship, Lady Macbeth and her husband have as he addresses Lady Macbeth as; "my dearest partner of greatness", that thou mightest not lose the dues of rejoicing". From then on in the play, she shows herself to be ambitious, and mentally strong. As soon as she reads the letter, she seems to decide that Macbeth will be the next Scottish King, and fulfil the witches' prophecy, no matter the method. This proves that Lady Macbeth is the driving force behind Duncan's murder. She realises that she must influence Macbeth against his better nature. It seems as though Lady Macbeth, can see her husband's weak points, and can change him, to be whatever she wants him to be. Lady Macbeth makes an impression on Macbeth that is not all good, because even though Macbeth can be ambitious, he is not ruthless enough. We can tell how determined Lady Macbeth is, by the way in which she says; "And chastise with the valour of my tongue All that impedes thee from the golden round" It is as though she is going to persuade Macbeth with her words, and uses her words as a charm. She is startled by this news, and so calls on the evil spirits to change her and lose her femininity. "Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here," She is calling on the spirits, to give her murderous thoughts, and make herself have no sympathy for humanity at all, and make her have no human feelings, and wants to lose her femininity. Lady Macbeth is trying to rid her conscience, and empty her mind of remorse and pleads to be filled with 'direst cruelty'. She needs to have power to help her through this time, it seems as though she probably would not be able to cope with the fact that she is trying to get her husband to commit a murder. When calling on the spirits she speaks her thoughts aloud, to the audience, this is known as a soliloquy, an example of this is at the start of her speech, beckoning the evil spirits to come forth she says; "That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan Under my battlements" Macbeth, then arrives home, when he does so, we find out how close Lady Macbeth and Macbeth actually are, she seems to be able to read him like an open book. She is already starting to try and change Macbeth by the way that she says; "To beguile the time, Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent Flower, but be the serpent under't" Lady Macbeth, is trying to make her husband hide her feelings, she thinks that people can read him like a book, if they can do that, then it is likely that they will find out if Macbeth has killed Duncan, and she does not want that to happen. This also shows how in control Lady Macbeth "You shall put this nights great business into my dispatch", Macbeth seems to have absolute confidence in her ability to plan the murder. Her awareness of his character is shown, in this paragraph. It also shows how deceiving and devious she can be. She is going to take control of the whole situation, and make sure that Macbeth carries out his deeds, but Macbeth seems undecided, he seems to hesitate, at the thought of killing the king he sharply explains "We will speak further". But Lady Macbeth does not hesitated at all, she seem to be anxious to be the Queen, and states how "To alter favour ever is to fear, Leave the rest to me", Even though the male usually takes the stronger approach to everything, in this relationship we can tell that Lady Macbeth is definitely the dominating person, and tells Macbeth exactly what to do, when he hesitates she tells him that he is weaker if he doesn't proceed with her plans. When King Duncan arrives at Macbeth's home, Lady Macbeth has already thought up a plan, to get rid of him. Duncan seems to feel very at home in the Macbeth household at says "This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself Unto our gentle senses". Which is quite ironic, because he is just about to get killed in a home, in which he feels so comfortable in. Another ironic part to this play, is when Banquo implies how "The temple-haunting martlet, does approve, By his lov'd mansionary, that the heaven's breath Smells wooingly here". Shakespeare shows us here how ironic this play actually is, and also brings imagery into play. Lady Macbeth treats Duncan as if she is the perfect hostess, and hides all of her feelings, much better than Macbeth; King Duncan brings into play the dramatic irony, throughout the play, when he calls Lady Macbeth "Our honour'd hostess". Which shows how good, an actress Lady Macbeth can be, if she can cover up the fact that she is going to kill King Duncan, then she is surely able to cover up the fact that she has killed him, later on in the play. It is also quite ironic because she could be doing exactly as she had said in this scene; "Look like th' innocent flower, but be the sepent under't". Soon Macbeth starts to feel the guilt that Lady Macbeth has rid of, from herself. We know this, because Macbeth feels that he cannot go through with the murder and says: "We will proceed no further in this business", he seems to be overwhelmed with the fact that he was going to kill the king, and afraid of the consequences. Lady Macbeth who is very sly urges him to continue with the murder. The words that Lady Macbeth gives him are very persuasive. She accuses him of being a coward and makes him think he does not love her; "Wouldst thou have that which thou esteem'st the ornament of life, And live like a coward in thine own esteem" Lady Macbeth knew her husband very well. She understood his strengths and weaknesses, better than her did, and this is why she realises she will need to persuade him to kill Duncan. You can see how Lady Macbeth exploits his weaknesses, with phrases such as; "Art thou a feared To be the same in thine own act and valour As thou art in desire?" Her verbal attack, seems to disturb Macbeth, who then defends himself "I dare do all that may become a man", he is afraid that she is doubting his manhood, and tries to explain to Lady Macbeth, that he is still a man whether he kills king Duncan or not, she then uses this to her advantage, launching a second attack stating that nothing would make her break a pledge to him, she tries to appeal to his sensitive and sympathetic side, even the performance of a repulsive deed-killing of killing her infant. We know this because in Act 1 "“scene 7, line 54 Lady Macbeth explains how: "I have given suck, and know How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me" Lady Macbeth soon gets the reply, which she had been waiting for, which was "If we should fail"-, this gives us the impression, that Lady Macbeth has one her title, she has won her persuasive battle, and replies to Macbeth "We fail", which shows us the confidence in this scheme, she is portraying the fact that it is going to be inevitable that they are to succeed. Again we find out how much of an actress Lady Macbeth is, by the way that she says that she is going to cover up the fact that they have murdered Duncan, by acting broken hearted, she states how: "Who dares receive it other, As we shall make our griefs and clamour roar Upon his death" As Macbeth wavers, she quickly reveals her plan. Filled with admiration for her spirit he replies "Bring forth men children only". Her only sign of pity is her confession that she would have killed Duncan had he not, as he slept, resembled her father. This is the first sign of weakness that we see when she suggests how "Had he not resembled my father as he slept, I had done't" In act2, scene 2-Lady Macbeth has prepared for the murder and waits for Macbeth. In the beginning of Scene2, she has different moods. "That which hath made them drunk hath made me bold" She sounds bold and courageous when she says that. The next line she says is "What hath quench them hath given me fire, Hark! Peace", a noise form outside startles her. She realises it is a bird shrieking. We then see Lady Macbeth's first sign of nerves, as she realises what her consequences could lead to, when Macbeth hears noises, everything seems to be exaggerated, the sound of owls, and crickets seems to distract them, as they feel paranoid that they are being watched and are going to be found out. "It was the owl that shrieked, the fatal bellman, which gives the stern'st good night" she says as she is relieved. Immediately after the murder, Lady Macbeth seems to feel no immediate guilt after the death, no remorse, just satisfaction that her husband is going to become king-that is, if she can keep him from making everyone suspect them. Whilst Macbeth is filled with guilt and horror at his actions, she shows her fortitude and her reason in calming him down, she utters these ironic words: "These deeds must not be thought of' After these ways, so it will make us mad" Even after the horror of the deed, which shakes Macbeth's soul, it is her strength, which brings him to his senses. There is then, a second reference to madness coming from Lady Macbeth saying "You do unbend your noble strength to think so brainsickly of things" This is quite an ironic situation. Later she sees that Macbeth has brought back the daggers. Lady Macbeth takes the daggers and puts them back in Duncan's room. She says "Infirm of purpose, give me the daggers". She seems to have no fear of the situation but there seems to be some sort of nervousness in her. Macbeth's wife returns with blood stains all over hands. She points out that they both have bloodstained hands by saying, "My hands are of your colour, but I shame, to wear a heart so white". She makes Macbeth feel that they are both equally to blame for the murder of Duncan. Lady Macbeth is trying to straighten out Macbeth, although he is still quite fearful. She tries to make Macbeth feel reassured and that Macbeth can justify to what he has just done. Lady Macbeth, once again brings irony into play, when she says; "A little water, clears us of this deed", its as though she is saying that she believes that if she washes the blood away, then the guilt will wash away along with the memories, and she thinks that she can wash away all of her problems. This is the last that we see of Lady Macbeth until act2-scene3. In this scene Macduff is appalled by Duncan's death, Lady Macbeth is told of Duncan's death, but says "What, in our house?" She seems puzzled but not at all shocked. After a while, Macbeth has killed the guards assumed of killing the king. Macbeth, then starts to tell of his feelings for what has happened, to the others. Macbeth seems to be over compensating for the fact that he has nothing to do with this, so he acts as though he feels sympathetic towards King Duncan. He says "who could refrain, That had a heart to love, and in that heart Courage to make's love known" Lady Macbeth has now fainted, and is taken for treatment. She fainted to distract the attention away from Macbeth, so that people are more likely to notice her, rather than Macbeth, and also this shows how much of a good actress she is. Then in Act 3, scene 2- Lady Macbeth deals with Macbeth's mood of depression. Macbeth believes that they have only "Scorched the snake, Not killed it ". He cannot stop thinking about the murder, but Lady Macbeth urges him, to put his past behind him, she does not know that Macbeth has a plot to kill banquo.This shows us how their relationship is deteriorating, they started off in the beginning where, they would tell each other everything and the relationship was loving and caring. But now Macbeth is keeping secrets from Lady Macbeth, it is as though they no longer have trust in one another. This is where we first start to see their relationship start to crumble. Banquo has now been murdered, because Macbeth suspects him of foul play, and they are having a formal banquet, Lady Macbeth and her husband are both concerned about making this banquet as impressive as possible. During the banquet, Macbeth is told of the death of Banquo. This banquet is plays an important part in the novel, it shows us that it is important for people to know their place, so that disorder can be avoided, but the chaos that follows is symbolic of the disorder of Macbeth's rein. Macbeth is now fearing what is going to happen if anyone finds out about the death of Banquo, he seems to be in shock, and without Lady Macbeth he cannot seem to think straight, or stop himself from worrying about matters, which shows how much of an impact Lady Macbeth had on him, and how she supported him so much. Macbeth also hears of Fleance's escape, and is more paranoid, Macbeth turns his attention to the banquet. Lady Macbeth tells her husband "My royal lord, you do not give the cheer". She is telling Macbeth to please his people as a good host should. While Macbeth is talking, he sees Banquo's ghost in his seat. His reaction startles his guests so; Lady Macbeth once again makes excuses for her husband. "Sit, worthy friends, my lord is often thus, and hath been from his youth" are words that Lady Macbeth explains Macbeth's actions. The ghost reappears again and Macbeth's outburst causes his guests to wonder. Lady Macbeth then urges the guests to leave. She fears Macbeth will say too much. Lady Macbeth then tells everyone " A kind good night to all". After the banquet, Lady Macbeth is very quiet, she seems tired, and drained, Macbeth says to his wife "I am in blood Stepp'd in so far, that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o'er". Macbeth is admitting that he has had Banquo killed, and he has killed Duncan, and he is saying that there is no turning back. This is the last time that we see Lady Macbeth in control of herself or of events, she seems worn out, and instead of chastising Macbeth, she only comments that he lacks sleep, she says "You lack the season of all natures, sleep". This scene is like a turning point in the play, it is the last time we also see that Macbeth's conscience is troubling him. We haven't seen Lady Macbeth since Act3 and it is now act5, and her mask is revealed, when she sleep walks, she reveals her anxiety and guilt. She reveals her hidden secrets to the gentlewoman, and she then called a doctor to find out why she was having these extraordinary sleep walking dreams. Lady Macbeth speaks, of references concerning Duncan. Lady Macbeth re-inacts the murder scene, she's still loyal to Macbeth, and only in the banquet did she tell him off. She refers to her hand and says "Out damned spot, out I say!". She seems haunted by the guilt. The doctor tells the gentlewoman that she needs divine help, rather than a doctor, and to keep a close eye, on Lady Macbeth. Her madness increases, her guilt becoming overpowering. The words, "what, will these hands ne'er be clean?" expresses this dreadful guilt. Her ramblings makes the doctor aware of what has happened she says "I tell you again, Banquo's buried, he cannot come out on's grave" When she commits suicide Macbeth hears her cry and states "I have almost forgot the taste of fear the time has been, my senses would have cool'd To hear a night-shriek!" This shows us how the roles of Lady Macbeth and her husband have reversed, Macbeth is no longer guilty, where as he was in the first place and Lady Macbeth was the strong one, that supported the relationship, and told Macbeth what to do, but the guilt soon caught up with her and drove her to insanity. Where as it had been Macbeth that had nearly been driven to insanity earlier on in the play, during the time when the death of Banquo occurred. Macbeth, fought through the hard parts of the guilt that were over powering. Throughout the play Lady Macbeth shows a front to all people, she is acting it is all just to cover up the fact of how decieveing and insecure she is. For example when she was playing the "Honour'd hostess", she was deceiving the public, in order to be deceiving, and also when they had the banquet, Lady Macbeth made a cover for Macbeth, just so that nothing would happen to her lifestyle as being Queen. In the end we are shown that Macbeth is really the stronger person, mentally and physically.  

The audience first encounters the character of Lady Macbeth in act1, scene 5, while she is reading the letter sent to her by her husband, in the letter Macbeth describes the meeting with of the three witches, and them predicting the fact that he is going to be 'Thane...

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