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War poem comparison
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Instructions: Analyse the poems "France" and "dulce et decorum est" Compare the meanings, themes, attitudes, format and language of the two poems bringing out the similarities and differences between the two poems. Use quotations to support your answers. These two poems were both written in the First World War but at very different times as the mood of the poems change dramatically. E.g. "France" was written in the very early stages of the war where the mood was very optimistic and victorious. "Dulce" was written by a poet that experienced what actually happened in the later stages of...
the war and therefore have different attitudes towards it. Also the last line of each poem has an effect on the whole poem, in "France", "Voices of victory and delight" meaning that it is a privilege to fight, die, and win the war for your country, whereas in "Dulce", "The old lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori", meaning, it is sweet and fitting to for ones country. To me, they both end with almost the same line, with the same approach, very ironic and deep, from the heart.

"Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori"

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In the novel heroes, we get...In the novel heroes, we get a different view of heroes than we do in films. In films we think of a set of features which characterize the hero. Things like special outfits like Superman or Spiderman for example. In 'Heroes', characters that are presented as heroes don't have special costumes that label them as a hero. In films there is usually a 'goody' and a 'baddy'. In the end more often than not, the good defeats the bad. In 'Heroes' it isn't like this, the book doesn't show one winner. Films often show the hero as good looking, in a costume with skills that make them appear invincible. In 'Heroes they have skills which make people idolize them. They aren't invincible and supernatural, they have skills which can be improved. In the book it's more patriotic than in films. In films the hero is often a fighter who fights for what they believe in, to protect others. In the book Francis receives a Silver Star for his bravery, he jumped on the grenade and he saved lives but his face was blown off in the process. He believes he didn't deserve it, as he did it to kill himself. Unlike in films, Francis doesn't like to show his medal off, he prefers to remain anonymous and hides his face, as he isn't physically attractive. Larry shows his medals off and joined the army to be patriotic and to be seen as more of a hero. In films heroes are shown to have no fear, they make jokes when they have a gun pointing to their head, and always have hope. The heroes in the novel are frightened, as the book explains, one solider was so frightened, he soiled himself. Larry and Francis are both war heroes and heroes at home. Before the war Francis never felt he meant anything "I'm rotten a everything" but thanks to Larry who always believed in Francis, he became a table tennis champion. Everyone at the Wreck center looked up to Larry as a hero, even before the war. Francis also gained a Silver Star and people looked up to him, they saw his scars as signs of bravery. Francis however saw these scars as signs of cowardice as he got them trying to kill himself, not to save others. In this section, I am going to look at how the writer introduces Francis, his relationship with Larry and how he develops throughout the story. In the beginning the writer introduces Francis as "I have no face". It immediately shocks the reader and makes you think why? It doesn't tell you about his personality just physical appearance, which he builds up gradually " if anything bothers me, its my nose. Or rather the absence of my nose" This build up of physical features make you picture an image of Francis which horrifies you. Francis comes across as a very self-conscious person who is trying to hide something. He hides his face " I wear a scarf that covers the lower part of my face" We don't find out why he looks like this until later in the book. Francis' relationship with Larry is a positive relationship because of their bonding over the table tennis competition. Francis idolizes Larry, as everyone else does at the Wreck center including Nicole " you and Nicole are special to me" Larry always believes in Francis. This positive relationship quickly turns to hatred as Francis witnesses Larry raping Nicole but doesn't stop it. Everything changes but only for Francis and Nicole, as they are the only ones who know. Francis no longer worships him and becomes stronger. He wants to kill him. Francis loves Nicole and because Francis did nothing to stop Larry, Nicole hates Francis. " More than anger"¦ my betrayal of her in her eyes" When Francis gets the chance to kill Larry he shows no mercy on him. He made him understand how he ruined Nicole's life. He then walks away to leave Larry to deal with himself. We hear a gunshot but are left wondering whether he actually did commit suicide or shot the gun in the air and fled from Frenchtown. We never find out. Throughout the story Francis' confidence builds. After the rape his heart is broken and the relationship between Nicole and Francis changes, there is no longer any trust. " You didn't do anything. The accusation in her voice was worse than the harshness". His self-hatred almost drives him to suicide. Instead he joins the army so he can die and this was the only way to free his mind of the guilt. Afterwards he received a Silver Star, for what he believes represents his cowardice, which is why he prefers to remain anonymous. When he leaves, Larry, he looks to the future, he knows he has to move on and leave Nicole. It's all in the past. By the end of the story, Francis has learned that anyone can be a hero if you're in the right place at the right time or the wrong place at the wrong time whichever way you look at it. He also learned that no one is a hero " We were only there" just ordinary people who were there. In this section I am going to look at war and how it is portrayed in the book. Everything in the book is linked back to war. Even though only a small section is about the events on the battlefield, all of the consequences from it are seen through Larry and Francis' lives in the book. The author doesn't show war as heroic that's the image we get of a stereotypical hero, which we think of, from stories and films. It tells us about the war in the flashbacks about fearful men who have done nothing heroic, not heroes' just normal people " we were only there" and how they were frightened and scared. Is that really one of the qualities of a hero? No. Not a stereotypical hero. Heroes in films are afraid of nothing. In the book it explains how one solider even soiled himself he was so scared. Stereotypical heroes stay cool in all situations. 'Heroes' gives a completely opposite portrayal of war heroes than in films. War isn't heroic in the book. In this section I am going to look at the language Cormier uses when talking about Francis. Francis first appearance is shocking to the he reader, the writer makes the reader feel sorry Francis. Everyone seems to like him, as he talks friendly to the reader, like a conversation. This style is also used later in the book when Francs discovers he is different and explains how people were scared of him because of his face. " I saw him peeking at me again with one big eye, before bursting into tears". He tries to explain why the reader shouldn't be frightened. The first paragraph is setting the scene. Francis talks casually to the reader but then adds " I have no face" This has a dramatic effect on the reader. Francis is very self-conscious he tries hard to hide his face " head down, avoiding eye contact, wishing to be invisible" Invisible is a very powerful word that Cormier uses. That's not like a stereotypical hero. Stereotypical heroes are labeled. Everyone recognizes them they are high profile. He doesn't want anyone to see him; he is ashamed of his looks, where as a stereotypical hero would show off their scars as a sign of bravery and strength, his are a sign of cowardice. He talks about getting plastic surgery to the nun, when we know he is lying " I wonder if it's a special sin to lie to a nun". The reader feels sympathetic towards Francis even though the image that is built up by the writer is a monster. Francis describes himself as "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" Cormier also uses similes to describe the features of Francis' face " the nostrils like the snout of an animal" Near to the end of the book Francis and Nicole decide never to see each other again. This is not like a stereotypical hero because the stereotypical hero e.g. James Bond always gets the girl. I think that it is quite a heroic thing that Francis does because as long as he is around, Nicole can't move on with her life, she can't move on from the rape. He leaves and they both look to the future " I've got to go I say. My gift to her" The book is written in both past and present. The reason the writer does this is because, at he start of the book he introduces Francis as "I have no face". A later chapter explains why Francis has no face and the situation he is in at the present time with Nicole. We find out that Francis tried to kill himself by jumping off the church but decides he can't do it to himself which is why he enlists in the army and forges his birth certificate as he is so desperate to die. He joins so he can die a patriotic death, he couldn't commit suicide, it wouldn't be fair on his family. We don't know why he wanted to kill himself so desperately until the writer reveals that Francis witnessed Larry rape Nicole, and he didn't do anything, by dying he would clear his mind of the guilt. Without this information we wouldn't know why Francis wanted to kill Larry, everything leads back to the rape. The ending is very important in telling us about the nature of a hero. Francis leaves Nicole to get on with her life and his own. He also didn't kill Larry when he had the chance. These are heroic qualities. Although we are left to decide whether the ending is positive or not, he leaves carrying the gun, maybe it's just in case his new life doesn't work. He still has the easy way out. In this piece of writing I have shown the difference between heroes in films and heroes in the book. I have also explained how the writer presented heroes in the novel. The message about heroism in the book is two wrongs don't make a right. Francis learns that by not shooting Larry. It can't change the past even if it might make him feel better. We also learn that Francis has to move on and deal with the past. Cormier leaves us to decide what a hero is, maybe there are no heroes, just people that happen to be in a certain place at a certain time. Cormier may be exploring himself, he may no know, but I think he is trying to explain that there are no heroes just normal people who happen to be there. " We were only there"   

In the novel heroes, we get a different view of heroes than we do in films. In films we think of a set of features which characterize the hero. Things like special outfits like Superman or Spiderman for example. In 'Heroes', characters that are presented as heroes don't have special...

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In this essay I will attempt...In this essay I will attempt to compare and contrast the poem "Meeting at Night" by Robert Browning with "Resolution and Independence" by William Wordsworth. I shall begin by analysing the poems and looking for three similarities and differences, which will make me decide my final conclusion. The simplest similarity that links these two poems is that they are both about nature. Meeting at Night gives the impression of secrecy and darkness that goes together with the night and the morning suggests the revelation which light brings that prevents them getting together. In Resolution and Independence Wordsworth describes the nature more briefly and accurately. The language Wordsworth has used has a great effect on our senses. For example, in the first line 'There was a roaring in the wind all night' Here the use of metaphor 'roaring in the wind' used by Wordsworth relies on our sense of hearing to enable us to experience this image fully. An image however is not necessarily only a visual image; the image can be created by the poet"s use of different senses and qualities. Both of the poems also change from negative to positive. In the first verse of Meeting at Night, Browning emphasizes a man's desperate and brave quest for romantic pleasure, which is prevented with obstacles and doubt. Also in the poem "Meeting At Night," a powerfully romantic mood is built almost entirely by the use of images, which practically involve all of our senses. Only in the language of the third and fourth lines there is a hint of a metaphor used, which describes similarities between waves and living creatures: 'And startled little waves that leap In fiery ringlets from their sleep,' The use of personification that gives personal qualities to the waves builds on the emotional description of nature and makes us more involved in the poem. It also helps us to relate to the description very easily. In Resolution and Independence, we are given a scene of the countryside that was stormy the previous night, but has cleared up through the morning and now proves to be a cheerful day. Both poems use traditional poetic techniques well. In Meeting at Night, Browning uses alliteration in the line, 'Then a mile of warm, sea "“ scented beach;' The use of alliteration is used to create specific sound effects. For example, the repetition of the 's' sound echoes as being read which will improve the emotional effect the poet is trying to achieve. By describing it to us using alliteration, the poet helps us hear as well as picture the scene he wishes to create. Personally this technique made me draw more attention to particular words. In Resolution and Independence in the language of the fifth line there is a hint of assonance used, 'Over his own sweet voice the Stock "“ dove broods;' The assonance is in the repetition of the "o" sound it is long and lasting and it also creates a brilliant effect by occurring in the slow and deliberate part of the poem. Resolution and Independence also uses iambic pentameter which is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one more thoughtfully than Meeting at Night e.g. 'There was a roaring in the wind all night' The underlined words are all stressed syllables, which make the poem easy to understand and it also results in a clear structure. On the other hand these two poems have variety of differences. Meeting at Night has detailed narrative structure with a beginning, middle and end, but Resolution and Independence has little narrative structure but is more descriptive and accurate. The structure of Meeting at Night is clear and an important contributor to the overall effect it has on us. The way Browning slowly builds up the tension throughout the poem helps us create a feeling of real excitement and mystery. In the poem the narrative structure is revealed through a series of images and ideas, which gradually develop the feeling and the meaning. Personally Meeting at Night has engaged me to read on to find out what happens next. It also creates suspense and tension by moving from negative to positive. The metre gives us meaning far more clearly and thoughtfully in Resolution and Independence. For example, in line 1, 'There was a roaring in the wind all night' The image is wild, rough and casual. But as the story gradually develops the image starts to appear normal. Usually syllables that rhyme are stressed e.g. night"“bright, floods"“ woods. Boring or common syllables are rarely stressed e.g. was, a, in etc. The thoughtful use of Iambic pentameter in Resolution and Independence makes the poem for us as readers far easier and straightforward. Wordsworth's use of imagery makes us relate this poem to the environment we are living in, which makes this poem more realistic and true. Resolution and Independence also involves animals, unlike Meeting at Night, which is more about human beings and their struggles. Personally, I believe Wordsworth highlights the needs and struggles of animals and not just humans. Also there is the use of onomatopoeia in Resolution and Independence; 'roaring' a word that imitates natural sound, so that sound reflects sense making the poem more exciting. In Meeting at Night Browning takes advantage of poetic techniques such as onomatopoeia and repeats this technique repeatedly throughout the poem which creates a desired effect. I personally believe the two poets are using different approaches to express the same emotion, which are the passion, feeling and love of nature. They also use similar ideas and images but far more differently. Both of these poets have chosen their words carefully, each word is there for a purpose. Both of these poems contain words that have their own special pleasant sounds for example 'slushy' and 'roaring'. I think the easiest way a poet can create a brilliant image is through the use of metaphor, simile and personification. Effective imagery almost etches itself on our mind as readers and can be a very persuasive, acting to engage us strongly in the writing.   

In this essay I will attempt to compare and contrast the poem "Meeting at Night" by Robert Browning with "Resolution and Independence" by William Wordsworth. I shall begin by analysing the poems and looking for three similarities and differences, which will make me decide my final conclusion. The simplest...

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