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Topic: Hunting with Dogs Running for your life, but yet knowing deep inside you that you're going to be ripped limb from limb. The last thing you hear is your screams for help and the sound of cheering by a group of humans. The last thing you see is your killer's face covered in your blood. Some people call this morally wrong act of cruelty a 'sport'. It is turning into a more common 'sport' around the country and it needs to stop"¦not for the distant future, but NOW! Reports and tests show that 96.9% of animals hunted and then killed by dogs die a slow painful death due to their atrocious injuries. The other 3.1% of animals killed by dogs die from exhaustion and die more quickly from its injuries. Either way the hunted animal dies from the effects of being hunted. Surely this has to stop? "Why" do you say? Well 'why' do hunting packs only hunt foxes, deer's, hares and minks? I'll tell you why, its because these animals don't defend themselves against the hounds. They aren't strong enough to attack back. They just run, run as far as they can go, until the hounds catch up and kill them. Easy targets. More animals hunted in one go. Quick and 'effective' games. If this isn't cruelty to animals, then I don't know and can't see, what is! RSPCA, CPHA and LACS are the most highly praised organisations that try to prevent these hunting games from carrying on. They try to their highest ability to try and ban hunting with dogs, but sadly the government and the House of Lords are too strong and believe this morally wrong blood sport is perfectly 'normal'. They say the sport can go ahead because it keeps control over the numbers of Foxes, Deer's, Hares and Minks. However, studies show that the number of those animals doesn't need controlling and could decrease at alarming rates in the near future. If they thought this sport helps keep control and that it's the only way, well they're wrong! Scientists show that the only rightful way to keep control over the numbers of animals is not to hunt them with dogs but to shoot them with a type of tranquilliser which would cause the animal to die a quiet, non painful death. This is kind to the animal without the outrage of a bloodthirsty dog ripping them limb from limb. Are the government and the House of Lords being stubborn? Scared to face up to the situation and the blood sports team members? Among the supporters of hunting there is a fear that if it is banned there will be a severe shortage of jobs in rural areas. However I feel that this argument does not stand up in today's modern world with its very low overall unemployment rates. In addition to this the rapid increase in opportunities for working at home coupled with the advances in computer technology and the associated training courses available make it easier to replace any lost jobs. "Hunting is natural. Humans have been hunting since the moment we were created, so why stop now?" says Mr Robert Burns, a farmer from Somerset. Everybody aggress initially we were barbaric in nature but surely we're suppose to have progressively become more civilised. Or have we? Picture the scene: You're looking for food for your loved one and your 4 children. You hear a noise, which you've heard before, but you carry on hunting for food for your family. Then suddenly out of the bushes jump 15 hounds, thirsty for blood, your blood. You run until you can run no more; you collapse. Fighting for your breath, you try to get up but before you know it you're being ripped apart. You're dead. Your body is covered in blood and taken away by a human on a horse. Your skin to make clothes. Your flesh to be eaten by your killers. Your bones crushed to mark various items. Your family is left to starve. Your family is dead. But worse the, perpetrators revel in it. The question we need to ask is, who are the real animals, the Foxes, Deer's, Hares and Minks, or US? Let us make positive steps to change this situation by getting the law changed to ban hunting with dogs.
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Topic: Hunting with Dogs Running for your life, but yet knowing deep inside you that you're going to be ripped limb from limb. The last thing you hear is your screams for help and the sound of cheering by a group of humans. The last thing you see is your killer's face covered in your blood. Some people call this morally wrong act of cruelty a 'sport'. It is turning into a more common 'sport' around the country and it needs to stop…not for the distant future, but NOW! Reports and tests show that 96.9% of animals hunted...
know it you're being ripped apart. You're dead. Your body is covered in blood and taken away by a human on a horse. Your skin to make clothes. Your flesh to be eaten by your killers. Your bones crushed to mark various items. Your family is left to starve. Your family is dead. But worse the, perpetrators revel in it.

The question we need to ask is, who are the real animals, the Foxes, Deer's, Hares and Minks, or US? Let us make positive steps to change this situation by getting the law changed to ban hunting with dogs.

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Oscar Wilde's comedy 'The... Oscar Wilde's comedy 'The Importance of being Ernest' is entwined around the concept of mistaken identity. It shows the irony of a group of friends, within a Victorian society, meddling with the truth to make themselves more appealing to each other. Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff are good friends of an upper class society. Jack is known in the town as Ernest and in the country by his real name Jack. He is in love with Gwendolen Fairfax, who only knows him by 'Ernest'. In the country he is known as Jack and said to his ward Cecily Cardew there that Ernest is his mischievous brother in the town. Algernon too is in the game of deception. He brought to life a character called Bunbury that no one has met, whose health seems to be declining, to excuse him from engagements he has made. He also disguises himself as Jack's brother Ernest when he goes down to the country, where he falls in love with Cecily, who also only knows him as 'Ernest' and not by his true identity. Both men pretend to be called Ernest and both women want to be in love with a man called Ernest. The concept of identity is important in this satire as it brings humour to the play by mocking the intelligence of these upper class characters, but on the serious side exploits the irony and narrow mindedness of society. Both women in the play admire the name 'Ernest' as it brings to mind someone whose is 'earnest' and honest, yet both men are far from it. Jack and Algernon's preoccupation with the name Ernest is driven by their love for Gwendolen and Cecily who also are preoccupied with the name 'Ernest' believing that it prescribes the men earnest nature, 'my ideal has always been to love someone of the name of Ernest. There is something in the name that inspires confidence. The moment Algernon first mentioned to me he had a friend called Ernest, I knew I was destined to love you'. Wilde mocks them by showing how deep their love really is. The too women are only in love with the name, a superficial detail, before they have even met the men, and the men are willing to change theirs to impress! Algernon fabricated his 'invaluable permanent invalid' friend Bunbury to escape engagements in the town to visit him in the country. Lady Bracknell, his aunt, invites him to dine with her but he tells her he can't as Bunbury's condition is getting worse and needs to visit him in the country. However, adding to the humour, Lady Bracknell answers with the ironic 'I think that its high time that Mr Bunbury made up his mind whether he going to live or die"¦I should be obliged if you would ask Mr Bunbury"¦ to be kind enough not to have a relapse on Saturday, for I rely on you to arrange my music.' As if his illness is far less important than her reception. In Act I Jack proposes to Gwendolen. Jack is truly in love with her and she accepts his proposal but to his dismay exclaims 'My own Ernest' as if she is only accepting him on the basis that he is called Ernest. She knew she was destined to marry a man called Ernest before she had even met him. Jack is alarmed by this and uncertainty runs through his mind, 'you mean to day that you couldn't love me if my name wasn't Ernest"¦I think Jack, for instance, a charming name', the fact that he does not find insulating her un-satisfaction with the name Jack and preoccupation with the name Ernest adds to the humour ad further mocks the ignorance of the characters. Gwendolen assures that names actually bear some weight with regard to the determination of character forcing the audience to reassess whether she really loves Jack. Once Jack and Gwendolen's engagement was announced to her mother Lady Bracknell she found it to interrogate Jack to check his suitability for her daughter. In this scene Wilde explore the absurdity of the institution of marriage. It gives the impression that society only marries for status rather than love. Lady Bracknell is a good example of Oscar Wilde's cutting satire at work. She is arrogant, snobbish, conservative and obsessed with high culture and excellent behaviour. She is the perfect caricature of the stereotypical Victorian aristocrat woman. She investigates his wealth and social occupations. He fulfilled all her requirements regarding wealth and social activities yet the fact that he suffered a misfortune of losing both his parents was considered 'carelessness'. Mistaken identity plays its part in this scene where Jack does not know who his real parents are. His parents abandoned him as a baby at a train station. He was named after a seaside resort 'Worthing'. The way she vehemently disapproves of this is ironic as it was in fact her brother that lost the handbag. The fact the Jack and Gwendolen love each other seems to have no significance when his background and status do not approve. Act II is set in Jack's home in the countryside. Algernon comes down to the countryside pretending to be Jack's brother Ernest where he falls in love with Cecily. Cecily had fallen in love before she had even met him merely for the fact that she was in love with the name and with his 'wicked' behaviour. They engage in a flirtatious conversation before jack arrives at the house. When he arrives he is wearing mourning clothes for the death of his brother Ernest only to realise that Algernon had arrived before him pretending to be Ernest. However he still plays along in the identity game adding to the humour of the story. The audience by this point know all real identities of the characters and their mistaken identities so watching the characters meddle between themselves in confusion makes this humorous. Gwendolen and Lady Bracknell also arrive at the country house to add to the confusion. Her and Cecily reside in the garden to get to know each other. Gwendolen remarks that she likes Cecily and that her 'first impressions of people are rarely wrong' which is ironic when indeed she has got Jack completely wrong. Throughout the play Wilde has portrayed the upper class as ignorant and preoccupied with trivial and beautiful things. The dialogue between Cecily and Gwendolen is no exception. Merriman brings them their tea where they strongly disagree about preferences. Cecily offers her sugar but Gwendolen replies that 'sugar is not fashionable anymore' and when offered cake or bread and butter she replies 'cake is rarely seen at the best houses nowadays'. There could be nothing more trivial than having fashion in food. Cecily is irritated by Gwendolen's snobbish behaviour. Amidst this fatuous conversation they stumble upon the fact that they both engaged to Ernest Worthing. Although they don't yet realise they are engaged to different men they begin to argue. Before long they realise that they had been mistaken as Jack and Algernon both enter. At this point in the scene the two girls unite and mutiny against the two men who they supposedly love after they realise a 'gross deception' had been played on them. This is ironic and humorous in both cases. Cecily fell in love with 'Ernest' before she had met him for his wicked character yet when he was 'wicked' she did not love him anymore. Gwendolen believed she was a good judge of character and loved her 'Ernest' for his honest nature yet it was revealed to her that not is he not called Ernest and he was far from earnest in his character. However they all forgive each other as the two girly see that the two men were willing to christen themselves again for the one they loved, 'where questions of self-sacrifice are concerned, men are infinitely beyond us' Gwendolen states as the two men beg for their forgiveness. Finally in Act III Lady Bracknell arrives. Once again her interrogation of suitability continues as the conflicts that arose before are recalled regarding the issue of consent to marry and the importance of the name Earnest. She disapproves of Jack and Gwendolen's engagement yet approves of Cecily and Algernon's after she hears of Cecily's small fortune in funds as 'very few girls of the present day have any really solid qualities, any of the qualities that last, and improve with time'. This once again mocks the concept of marriage as it seems to absurdly be based on status and wealth rather than love. Wilde deliberately satirizes the entire institution. And when Algernon dismisses this idea as 'Cecily is the sweetest, dearest, prettiest girl in the whole world"¦and doesn't care twopence about social possibilities' Lady Bracknell warns him not to disrespect society as only 'people who can't get into it do that'. In this epigram Wilde portrays stereotype of the aristocracy of the Victorian society and their snobbish behaviour. However, Jack refuses to give consent for Cecily to marry Algernon if Lady Bracknell does not consent for Gwendolen to marry him. In the squabble it is found that it was Miss Prism that lost the bag in which Jack was found as a baby. In fact it is revealed that he is he Lady Bracknell's sisters' son. This is very ironic as at the beginning Lady Bracknell was disgraced at the fact that Jack was lost as a baby when in fact it was her own sister that had lost him! Jack finally finds out who he is and from whom he has come from. It is exposed that his Christian name really is by chance Ernest so the truth is he was earnest throughout after all. Throughout this play Wilde has used numerous devices to add to the humour of the play. Wilde's humour is fundamentally based on a particular dramatic irony, one in which the audience knows that the characters are ridiculously absurd, but the characters themselves are not aware of the fact at all. He mocks the principles of upper class Victorian society and their fashions. Especially on the tone of marriage by indicating that marriage is capriciously subject to all sorts of social factors rather than love. Wilde also uses epigrams as a means of humour. Sarcastic and witty lines, delivered mostly by Algernon and lady Bracknell, mocking the world around them. 'If I ever get married, I'll certainly try to forget the fact'; 'divorces are made in heaven'; 'you don't seem to realize that in marriage, three is company and two is none' are example of some the manipulated clichés. Most of the epigrams abound in the dialogue are reversed conventional phrases, such as 'Marriage is made in heaven' and 'two is company three is a crowd'. They are manipulated traditional clichés that provide intellectual entertainment by showing how empty those clichés are. Wilde uses them to satirize the excess of the elite, but at the same time the ideas Algernon comes up with are not always far off reality. Jack presents us with a pun on the word earnest in the last line of the play as he says, 'I've now realized for the first time in my life, the Importance of Being Earnest.' The simple pun on being earnest and the name Ernest has been used throughout the play. It is important for Jack obviously to be 'Ernest' as Gwendolen otherwise will not want to marry him. However, at the same time that it is important to be earnest in nature. Ernest and Algernon were rewarded with marriage in the end. And although the play unwinds with neither meaning to act earnestly, they were in fact being completely honest the whole time. Ernest was Ernest and Algernon was Ernest's dashing brother. The final line of the play suggests to the audience that there is a different kind of earnestness, different from the stuffy arrogance of Lady Bracknell, an earnestness that allows for the inconsistencies and whims that inhibit mankind.   

Oscar Wilde's comedy 'The Importance of being Ernest' is entwined around the concept of mistaken identity. It shows the irony of a group of friends, within a Victorian society, meddling with the truth to make themselves more appealing to each other. Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff are...

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'The Landlady' is a short story...'The Landlady' is a short story by Roald Dahl. It is about a naive young businessman who goes to stay in a bed and breakfast. The man knows little about the landlady's desire to poison and stuff him. 'The Red Room' is also a short story about an ordinary man who goes to a spooky castle to resolve his curiosity and find out about a ghost. He later discovers that there is no ghost within the Red Room, but only fear, which turns out to be much worse than he ever expected. 'The Red Room' is written in a typically Gothic style, due to it being written in 1896. H.G. Wells typifies the story with a setting of an old, isolated castle with very Gothic-like features, "along the passage"¦come to a door and through that is a spiral staircase". Within the castle there are numerous old mysterious characters that appear to quite senile and odd. The story ends with a situation of terror and violence, which is also a typical Gothic tradition in stories from this period, "a heavy blow at last upon my forehead, a horrible sensation of falling that lasted an age". 'The Landlady' in contrast, was written in 1960.One suggestion of this date, is Billy Weaver's train journey in the first paragraph. Another is the clothes that Billy wears, typical for that period of time, "He was wearing a new navy-blue overcoat, a new brown trilby hat, and a new brown suit". In 'The Red Room', the narrative viewpoint is from the first person in this case, the man who goes to visit the castle is telling the story. This has a great effect on the reader, as it makes him/her feel much closer to the action and gives a feeling of loneliness, which is crucial to the story. 'The Landlady' has an omniscient narrator. This makes the reader feel much more as though they are having a story told to them and not actually there at the scene. This also has advantages, in the way that it allows the narrator to pick out Billy's naive actions and comment on them. However, if it were a first person narrative this would not be possible. The bed and breakfast in 'The Landlady' is a very cosy little house, with nice furniture and a warm atmosphere, "On the carpet in front of the fire, a pretty little dachshund was curled up asleep"¦the room was filled with pleasant furniture"¦a big sofa and several plump armchairs". The author uses a small dog in this particular "curled up asleep" state, to show the cosiness and peacefulness of the bed and breakfast. 'The Red Room is set in Lorraine Castle, a very old, spooky and mysterious castle. The castle is full of cold, dark, candle-lit passageways, "the candle was well alight, and then I shut them in and walked down the chilly, echoing passage". The fact that it is an "echoing passage", adds suspense to the story, as fear is often associated with hearing voices and echoes pick up small sounds and amplify them greatly. The castle is candle-lit; this is another typical Gothic feature of the castle. Candles are often an unreliable source of light, therefore representing potential darkness. The red room itself also has a dark feel, "large shadowy room, with its shadowy window bays". Shadows are also typically Gothic. This quote adds suspense to the story, because it makes the reader wonder what is inside the room as the darkness gives a sense of mystery. The landlady's first appearance gives the reader an impression of a very nice, but slightly odd person, "It's all ready for you, my dear". The landlady answers this to Billy's inquiry about a room to stay in. The landlady's politeness is effective in putting her across as a very nice person, but in contrary, the fact that she is expecting him makes her seem very odd and unusual. Billy's naivety causes him to mistake the landlady's oddness for kindness, it is easy to see how she could be perceived as a nice normal lady, but some things that she says are very out of the ordinary, "I stuff all my little pets myself when they pass away". Billy's failure to realise the landlady's oddness creates suspense, as the reader can see clearly that something is not right, but Billy just sees the landlady as a very nice person. The writer has maintained the three old people's anonymity throughout the story, in order to create a sense of mystery about the characters, "the man with the withered arm" and "the old lady". The old people's actions are very slow and deliberate, "she swayed her head slowly from side to side". This makes the old people seem wise and knowledgeable about the situation, as they never have a second opinion and seem sure about what they are saying; the "man with the withered arm" repeats, "It's your own choosing four times on the opening page. "The Red Room" was written in 1896. An example of its old fashioned language is the use of word inversions, "Eight-and-twenty". "The Landlady" was written in 1960, and when the same number is used in this story it is said "twenty-eight", which is evidence of its much more modern style. Another example is the long Latinate sentences used in the story, "He supported himself by a single crutch, his eyes were covered by a shade, and his lower lip, half averted, hung pale and pink from his decaying yellow teeth". A lot of commas are used to break the sentence up. The long sentences allow the writer to add a lot of detail and description to the point he is putting across. The story's old-fashioned style is obviously due to the date when it was written. I think the writer expanded on the long Latinate sentences and some of the old-fashioned words to add Gothic effect to the story. In contrast, "The Landlady" is written in a much more modern style, again due to its date; the sentences are generally a lot shorter, "He had never been to Bath before". Although the story is fairly modern, it is not completely up to date. Evidence of it being written in the 1960s is Billy's clothes, "a new brown trilby hat". Trilby hats were typical for that period. Roald Dahl uses the "trilby hat" near the beginning of the story to give the reader an idea of the period the story is set in. Similes are used in "The Landlady" to create a slightly edgy and wary atmosphere, "His skin was just like a baby's". When the landlady compares one of her previous visitor's skin to this, it causes the reader to wonder why she would have been touching her visitor's skin. The writer also used similes to illustrate the landlady's actions and personality, "this dame was like a jack-in-the-box". Dahl compares the landlady to a "jack-in-the-box", as jack-in-the-boxes are sometimes scarily instantaneous, as was the landlady when she answered the door, "It made him jump". Roald Dahl uses metaphors in the story, "it isn't very often I have the pleasure of taking a visitor into my little nest". He builds up apprehension and suspense in the reader's mind by using this metaphor. For example, when the landlady describes her house as a "little nest" it makes the reader wonder what part Billy is going to play in the landlady's "nest"; will he be the prey or the Landlady's cared for baby? In "The Red Room", H.G Wells personifies the shadows to emphasise the feeling that the man is not alone in the Red Room, "my candle flared and made the shadows cower and quiver". The fact that the shadows "cower" and "quiver" shows just how strongly the feeling of fear surrounds the room, as even inanimate things are scared and trembling to the narrator. The writer also uses metaphors to put a feeling of life in objects, "My candle was a little tongue of flame". This helps to create an ethereal atmosphere. He goes on to say, "it left an ocean of mystery and suggestion beyond its island of light". This suggests that the candle is the only thing that can be seen in the room and the surrounding darkness is left unfamiliar and deep like an "ocean". The strange characters in both stories cause the reader to ask questions in their mind about what influence they will have on the outcome of the story. The description of the characters builds up nervousness and suspense in the reader's mind. Throughout "The Red Room", the atmosphere of the castle gradually builds up suspense. The author uses a combination of shadows, candles and spooky corridors in the castle to create a suspenseful atmosphere. In the Bed and Breakfast in "The Landlady", there are numerous clues that build up suspense. The stuffed animals, the fantastically cheap Bed and Breakfast and the guest-book which had mysteriously only been signed by Mr Mulholland and Mr Temple. The structures of the stories are obviously main suspense factors. In the "The Landlady" the author brings the story to a climax by using Billy's inability to recall where he heard the names Mulholland and Temple before. The reader knows that these two men have been murdered, kidnapped or something similar, as the landlady is trying to disrupt Billy's thoughts by asking him questions, "Milk?" and "sugar?". The reader is urging Billy to remember so he doesn't drink the poisoned tea and realises the landlady is trying to murder him. The structure of "The Red Room" is similar, in the way that it is brought to a climax when the man is in the Red Room. The candles start to go out one by one, which gradually builds up suspense, and then suddenly the climax is reached when the man screams. In my opinion, "The Landlady" is the most suspenseful out of the two stories. "The Red Room" is quite predictable in its outcome, because at the beginning of the story there are so many clues that it is going to be a supernatural story, "It will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me" and "spiritual terrors". Also, the myths surrounding the Red Room at the beginning of the story are a sign of the slightly paranormal ending. On the other hand, "The Landlady" does not give many clues as to the outcome of the story and all is kept undisclosed until very late on. This has a very suspenseful effect, as the reader is left guessing upon the conclusion.  

'The Landlady' is a short story by Roald Dahl. It is about a naive young businessman who goes to stay in a bed and breakfast. The man knows little about the landlady's desire to poison and stuff him. 'The Red Room' is also a short story about an ordinary man...

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