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Carol Ann Duffy coursework
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Carol Ann Duffy writes poetry, which reveal disturbing aspects of human behaviour and the human nature. I will be writing about these three poems, 'Salome', 'Before you were mine', and 'Stealing'. I will be going into deeper meanings with these poems showing what is revealed and how it is revealed. Te three poems all have more than one theme. In Salome, the theme is revenge, and it also has a strong sexual element. The main idea in the text of before you were mine is a sexual element, but one between the mother and daughter which is very disturbing....

In my opinion the speaker speaks quite estuary language, for example, "flogged it", "bust of Shakespeare", "booze and fags", "beater or blighter", and "ma". These are all slang terms from the three poems, and show the speaker is speaking of quite a low-average register of language. By the speaker's socialect, we can tell that she could be from a working class or middle class background.

To conclude, I think the poems are well structured, have much deeper meanings than most people realise, and that they do go into the morally wrong aspects of human nature.

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The crucible was set in... The crucible was set in the 1500`s in a town called Salem where all the towns people go to church and live by the 10 commandments, also they are not aloud too have much fun. An audience today would probably be shocked by some of the dramatic moments that happened in the Salem witch trials. There are many dramatic moments in the crucible, such as when Elizabeth Proctor is called a witch by Abigail because she had an affair with her and breaks one of the 10 commandments. The opening moment is dramatic because the audience don't know what is going on or if Betty is alive or dead. Also I think that the audience Thinks that Abigail is sweet and is sorry for what she has done and now understands what she has done and is really worried about Betty. For example: "I would never hurt betty I love her dearly." Parris also makes this moment dramatic because he dos not want too lose his job as vicar in Salem. Proof of this is when he says too Abigail: "surely my enemies "¦ will ruin me with it." Parris is feeling angry because he might lose his job so he shouts at Tituba. At this stage in the play the audience might think that he is really worried about Betty. He says: "dear child. Will you wake, will you open up your eyes." The second dramatic moment is where Abigail and proctor met up. Proctor and Abigail had an affair and Abi wants him to tell her that he loves her: "give me your word john." But proctor says no he dose not want to play around with her any more. He says: "I'll cut off my hand before I'll ever reach for you again." This shows that Proctor seriously wants to stop their relationship because he wants to be loyal to his wife Elizabeth. However, Abi is desperate for John to come back to her and leave his wife: "she is a cold snivelling woman, and you bend to her!" this means that john will do anything for his wife. The audience don't know who to be most sorry for "“ they might feel sorry for Proctor because Abi is insulting his wife. On the other hand the audience might sympathise with Abi because she is crying when she is begging proctor to love her, and also as proctor is shaking her violently. The result of Proctors decision is that Abi accuses him and his wife of being witches. The third dramatic moment is where Proctor accuses Abi of being a whore. He does this to make the judges doubt Abi's word: "how do u call heaven! Whore! Whore!" this shows that proctor is really angry with Abi, and he also grabs her by the hair. The audience feels most sympathetic to Proctor here because he is losing his reputation by admitting to adultery: "A man will not cast away his good name." He would not throw away his name for no reason. If Abi is found guilty then they will all go free, because Abi was the one making the claims that they are witches. Danforth tries to test Elizabeth by asking her in private if she knew that her husband was sleeping with Abi. When Elizabeth questioned says: "in agony my husband is a goodly man sir." She doesn't really know what to say, but she wants to defend her husband. She tries to avoid the question by saying that he is a good man. The audience might realise that whatever she says it will end up dreadfully, if she says yes then proctor might go to prison and the family will get a bad name and get bullied. If she says no then Proctors' friends will be hung for being witches. Proctor is put under a lot of pressure in the crucible when he is called up to court and accuses Abi of being a whore, he does this to try to stop the judge from taking her word about Proctor's friends from being hung. Also Elizabeth is put under pressure when the judge asks her privately if her husband Proctor has had an affair, and she does not know what proctor wants her to say. I think this is related to the title of the play "the crucible". I think this because the word crucible has two main meanings the first is "a vessel for melting a substance at very high temperatures". I think the story relates to this because Proctor is put under extreme pressure. The second meaning for the word is "a severe test"; I think it is a test for Proctor and Elizabeth's relationship because of all the trials but they seem to come out of it better than they started. It is tragic that Proctor gets hung at the end of the play; this happens because he refuses to give up his name by signing a document which will be hung on the church and everyone will know that he confessed that he is a witch. Proctor says: "because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life!" In conclusion proctor is a good man and he regretted having an affair with Abi.   

The crucible was set in the 1500`s in a town called Salem where all the towns people go to church and live by the 10 commandments, also they are not aloud too have much fun. An audience today would probably be shocked by some of the dramatic moments that...

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The exposition and complications are... The exposition and complications are introduced right from the start when the theme of the play, marriage, becomes apparent. Theseus and Hippolyta are anxious to wed and are in a Dionysian mood and full of love and bliss. We see the complication shortly after this when Egeus enters the room, greets Theseus and suddenly launches into a twenty line rant due to his vexation right after Theseus states that he does not want anybody making him potentially upset i.e. he does not want to be in the midst of any "pale companions". We are led to believe that the play will end in tragedy when Theseus attempts to rectify the difficulty between Hermia and her father Egeus. Egeus wants Hermia to marry a man who she doesn't want to and she wants to marry a man, which Egeus doesn't want. Theseus tells Hermia, "Either to die the death or to abjure forever the society of men". This means that Hermia has three options: Listen to her father and marry the man he chooses for her Continue to object and be put to death Be sent to a nunnery for the rest of her life This complication is developed when we find that Hermia and Lysander the man Hermia is in love with leave the apollonian realm of Athens and flee into the Dionysian realm of the woods whereby no rules are bound to anybody. Dramatic tension is created in the play as we see it once when Theseus gives Hermia her options i.e. a question of how this problem will develop. The repetition of the statement "four days" in the opening paragraph gives the play a structure and a time span that they will become newlyweds in four days. This also indicated the exposition as well and we also see that the play is a comedy because all comedies end in marriage. We see that love is presented as a main them in the play because it is clear that through Act One Scene One, everybody who is a genuine character has somebody to love. There are many different types of relationships; firstly the father daughter relationship between Egeus and Hermia and then the rivals Lysander and Demetrius who are etching for the right to Hermia. True love is shown from Hermia and Lysander and we also see Helena's unrequited love from Demetrius. We see that love is bound up with economics in the sense that Theseus "won" Hippolyta in battle. This re-enforces the medieval chain of being and shows that women in that time were shown to be objects; in this case Hippolyta is seen as a "prize" to Theseus. In this play we see that men and women are treated differently. We see that they are both good and bad in different lights but in general we see men are "unfaithful" but also far more powerful than women. Women are seen to be loyal and true but are seen to be potential prizes and general property. Shakespeare uses figurative language throughout the play. He uses metaphors, similes and semantic fields associated with economics and pastoral imagery to create strong impacts on his play. The metaphor of the moon, a symbol of chastisy, "this old moon wanes!" shows affection during the night. The constant use of this metaphor and the quote "four days" serve a constant reminder of the play being a comedy. A simile is used "line to a step-dame or a dowager". This associates love and money and bounds them together "“ the stepson is waiting for the stepmother to die so that he can get all the money. Shakespeare uses stichomythia in two different ways. Once it is used between Hermia and Lysander. They used balanced phrases and agree with each other which show they think alike and that they're in love. Stichomythia is used again between Helena and Hermia however on this occasion they have contrasting and somewhat opposite views which mean that they finish of each others sentences in disagreement. Although in both cases it is indicated that they both show that love is complicated, "The course of love never did run smooth". From a Nietzchean perspective, characters and locations within the play can be stereotyped as either Apollonian or Dionysian. Athens is viewed as Apollonian and is strict and strongly bound by laws. However, the woods are viewed as Dionysian which means that no rules are applied to anybody and people are happy and do as they wish. The complications of the play are really rectified here as we see that as people have no rules bound to them they can live their lives freely. In terms of people, we can say that the younger generation of characters in the play are far more Dionysian i.e. Hermia than the older generation who are more Apollonian i.e. Egeus. There are some moments when the duke Theseus is both Apollonian and Dionysian and in general he ends up in a Dionysian mood e.g. he is very Apollonian when he is giving Hermia her options and then speaks to her in a very friendly manner. It is said that the perfect society would be when Apollo and Dionysius "dance together" in which they do at the end of the play. In Athens when the law is too strict for Hermia to marry Lysander, the laws are suddenly bent and the permission is granted. From here we can see that the different societies merge together into wholesome agreement and there are no longer any conflicts regarding Apollo or Dionysius perspectives.   

The exposition and complications are introduced right from the start when the theme of the play, marriage, becomes apparent. Theseus and Hippolyta are anxious to wed and are in a Dionysian mood and full of love and bliss. We see the complication shortly after this when Egeus enters the...

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In the play of "Macbeth" the...In the play of "Macbeth" the protagonist is a complex character of noble deeds and great evil. In Act 1 Scene 1 the witches say "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" It is true that Macbeth can be a hero and a villain. The play is set in Scotland. At the beginning we see Macbeth coming home after winning a battle against Norway. Macbeth is a heroic character at the start of the play, he is courageous and noble. "O valiant cousin worthy gentleman." Macbeth and his best friend Banquo meet the three witches. The witches hail Macbeth. "All hail Macbeth, hail to thee Thane of Glamis All hail Macbeth, hail to thee Thane of cawdor All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter" The witches tell Banquo that his son Fleance will come a king but Banquo doesn't take much notice, and he warns Macbeth to be careful. "The instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with honest trifles, to betray's In deepest consequence"¦ A messenger comes and tells Macbeth that the king made Macbeth "Thane of Cawdor" which means that the first prophecy has come true. Duncan thinks Macbeth is a honourable man and Duncan trusts him to do anything. "He's here in double trust; First, as I'm kingsman, and his subject, strong both against the deed." Macbeth trusts Duncan as well. Macbeth sends this message immediately to lady Macbeth. She started to thinking of killing Duncan because she wants to be queen so she started thinking how to kill Duncan but Macbeth didn't want to kill him. Lady Macbeth convince Macbeth to kill Duncan by saying he's not a man and she will dash her baby on the floor rather than give up the plan to kill Duncan. What lady Macbeth said it makes him angry so he agrees to kill Duncan. From this passage above we can see that Macbeth can easily be influence by anyone and he doesn't take his own decision. Lady Macbeth is stronger than Macbeth. Lady Macbeth tells him that she will make the guards drink and she will make Duncan drink as well and make them sleep, afterwards you can go and kill Duncan and blame the two guards. Before Macbeth kills Duncan he sees a dagger floating around and he was a bit afraid after he killed Duncan he freak out and feels he will never sleep again because he killed Duncan when he was asleep. From this passage above we can see that he change to a villain. Let see what does he do next? Before we see about, he is going to be the king. Banquo suspects Macbethof killing the king. Macbeth plots his murder Macbeth is now king and he is paranoid of Banquo son Fleance becoming king but Fleance escapes. We can see that he's killing more and more and he is getting evil. There is a sentence saying that 'who ever took knife they will die with on the knife' Macbeth sees Banquo's ghost because of his guilt and freaks out and saying things and lady Macbeth tells him off. We can see that she is still strong. Macbeth is paranoid, as Macduff has gone missing. He feels alone, lady Macbeth is not around so he goes to see the witches. He is becoming evil and the witches call him 'wicked' and they gave him a prediction. · Macbeth has to beware of Macduff · No man born of woman shall harm him · He cannot be harmed as long the forest does not move to dunsanie castle Macduff is in England with Malcolm plotting to kill Macbeth-who is destined as evil. Lady Macbeth sleepwalks caring a light and she washes her hands of the blood/guilt/evil. This ironic as before she called on evil and darkness she later kills herself. Macbeth doesn't have anyone around him now but he is not afraid because of the witches' prediction. Malcolm, Macduff and their armies cut down birnam wood and march Macbeth one of the witches prediction. Before Macbeth gets killed by Macdoff, he says to Macbeth 'I have no words; my voice is in my sword. Macduff was not born of a natural childbirth; it was a ceaserean birth so the witches tricked him. I think Macbeth is part evil and part hero and the only heroic point about him is his courage and the evil point on him is after a kill Duncan becomes king. He is obviously changed into an evil guy.   

In the play of "Macbeth" the protagonist is a complex character of noble deeds and great evil. In Act 1 Scene 1 the witches say "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" It is true that Macbeth can be a hero and a villain. The play...

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