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Carol Ann Duffy coursework
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Carol Ann Duffy writes poetry, which reveal disturbing aspects of human behaviour and the human nature. I will be writing about these three poems, 'Salome', 'Before you were mine', and 'Stealing'. I will be going into deeper meanings with these poems showing what is revealed and how it is revealed. Te three poems all have more than one theme. In Salome, the theme is revenge, and it also has a strong sexual element. The main idea in the text of before you were mine is a sexual element, but one between the mother and daughter which is very disturbing....

In my opinion the speaker speaks quite estuary language, for example, "flogged it", "bust of Shakespeare", "booze and fags", "beater or blighter", and "ma". These are all slang terms from the three poems, and show the speaker is speaking of quite a low-average register of language. By the speaker's socialect, we can tell that she could be from a working class or middle class background.

To conclude, I think the poems are well structured, have much deeper meanings than most people realise, and that they do go into the morally wrong aspects of human nature.

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In the play of "Macbeth" the...In the play of "Macbeth" the protagonist is a complex character of noble deeds and great evil. In Act 1 Scene 1 the witches say "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" It is true that Macbeth can be a hero and a villain. The play is set in Scotland. At the beginning we see Macbeth coming home after winning a battle against Norway. Macbeth is a heroic character at the start of the play, he is courageous and noble. "O valiant cousin worthy gentleman." Macbeth and his best friend Banquo meet the three witches. The witches hail Macbeth. "All hail Macbeth, hail to thee Thane of Glamis All hail Macbeth, hail to thee Thane of cawdor All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter" The witches tell Banquo that his son Fleance will come a king but Banquo doesn't take much notice, and he warns Macbeth to be careful. "The instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with honest trifles, to betray's In deepest consequence"¦ A messenger comes and tells Macbeth that the king made Macbeth "Thane of Cawdor" which means that the first prophecy has come true. Duncan thinks Macbeth is a honourable man and Duncan trusts him to do anything. "He's here in double trust; First, as I'm kingsman, and his subject, strong both against the deed." Macbeth trusts Duncan as well. Macbeth sends this message immediately to lady Macbeth. She started to thinking of killing Duncan because she wants to be queen so she started thinking how to kill Duncan but Macbeth didn't want to kill him. Lady Macbeth convince Macbeth to kill Duncan by saying he's not a man and she will dash her baby on the floor rather than give up the plan to kill Duncan. What lady Macbeth said it makes him angry so he agrees to kill Duncan. From this passage above we can see that Macbeth can easily be influence by anyone and he doesn't take his own decision. Lady Macbeth is stronger than Macbeth. Lady Macbeth tells him that she will make the guards drink and she will make Duncan drink as well and make them sleep, afterwards you can go and kill Duncan and blame the two guards. Before Macbeth kills Duncan he sees a dagger floating around and he was a bit afraid after he killed Duncan he freak out and feels he will never sleep again because he killed Duncan when he was asleep. From this passage above we can see that he change to a villain. Let see what does he do next? Before we see about, he is going to be the king. Banquo suspects Macbethof killing the king. Macbeth plots his murder Macbeth is now king and he is paranoid of Banquo son Fleance becoming king but Fleance escapes. We can see that he's killing more and more and he is getting evil. There is a sentence saying that 'who ever took knife they will die with on the knife' Macbeth sees Banquo's ghost because of his guilt and freaks out and saying things and lady Macbeth tells him off. We can see that she is still strong. Macbeth is paranoid, as Macduff has gone missing. He feels alone, lady Macbeth is not around so he goes to see the witches. He is becoming evil and the witches call him 'wicked' and they gave him a prediction. · Macbeth has to beware of Macduff · No man born of woman shall harm him · He cannot be harmed as long the forest does not move to dunsanie castle Macduff is in England with Malcolm plotting to kill Macbeth-who is destined as evil. Lady Macbeth sleepwalks caring a light and she washes her hands of the blood/guilt/evil. This ironic as before she called on evil and darkness she later kills herself. Macbeth doesn't have anyone around him now but he is not afraid because of the witches' prediction. Malcolm, Macduff and their armies cut down birnam wood and march Macbeth one of the witches prediction. Before Macbeth gets killed by Macdoff, he says to Macbeth 'I have no words; my voice is in my sword. Macduff was not born of a natural childbirth; it was a ceaserean birth so the witches tricked him. I think Macbeth is part evil and part hero and the only heroic point about him is his courage and the evil point on him is after a kill Duncan becomes king. He is obviously changed into an evil guy.   

In the play of "Macbeth" the protagonist is a complex character of noble deeds and great evil. In Act 1 Scene 1 the witches say "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" It is true that Macbeth can be a hero and a villain. The play...

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Arthur Miller was born in 1915...Arthur Miller was born in 1915 in New York. He was a playwright whose work discussed significant social issues, giving the reader a deep insight into his characters' feelings. He died on February 11th 2005. In 'A View From The Bridge', Eddie Carbone is a middle-aged Sicilian-American longshoreman who lives with his wife Beatrice and his 18 year old niece Catherine. They live in a two bedroom apartment in a slum area. They don't have very much money and Eddie speaks non-standard English. Early in the book the reader gets the impression that Eddie is a hard-working man who is trying to earn enough money to provide for his wife and niece. Although Catherine is the 18 year old niece of Eddie, at the beginning of the story the reader gets the feeling that Catherine is treated as Eddie's little girl. Catherine was born in America with a slight Sicilian-American accent. She wants to leave school having been chosen out of many girls to be a stenographer for a plumbing company. Catherine is put in a difficult situation by Eddie because some of his actions suggest he may be sexually attracted to her, but Catherine falls in love with illegal immigrant Rodolpho. There are many dramatic mini scenes in Act 1. In one of them Rodolpho sings in front of everyone. This causes tension between Eddie, Rodolpho, Catherine, Beatrice and Marco. Eddie says "“'He's like a chorus girl or sump'm'. Eddie is saying that Rodolpho isn't normal and that he might be homosexual. This is very insulting and Eddie showing his dislike for Rodolpho even though he has only just met him. Eddie's rudeness towards Rodolpho makes Catherine annoyed and Miller writes "“ Embarrassed now, angered, Catherine goes into the bedroom... she gives Eddie a cold look, restrained only by strangers. The audience can see from Catherine's face and body language that she isn't very happy with Eddie and the tension this creates. The mini-scene continues with further tension from a disagreement between Eddie and Beatrice as they argue about Catherine. Eddie also says "“ 'You mean it's all right with you? That's gonna be her husband?' He is asking Beatrice whether she would be happy if Rodolpho married Catherine because Eddie obviously doesn't like him. This argument makes Beatrice say "“'When am I gonna be a wife again'. Eddie and Beatrice are going through a hard time and Beatrice feels that Eddie isn't treating her like he is supposed to. Eddie's reaction to Beatrice's comments is "“'I can't talk about it'. Eddie is becoming tense by Beatrice pestering him and doesn't know how to respond to her questions. The row results in Eddie not bothering to look at or touch Beatrice. The reader can see this from Miller's stage directions where he puts "“she tries to turn him to her"¦he keeps his head turned away. Miller, from this stage direction, makes the reader appreciate that Eddie is annoyed. Miller also writes "“Eddie"¦ his face puffed with trouble, and the room dies. Eddie is being very negative and this is frustrating other characters. Miller creates tension from his dialogue and from his stage directions as facial expressions they describe the characters body language. In act two Eddie's presence on stage has a profound effect on the other characters. Miller has presented Eddie in this way through his choice of dialogue and specific stage directions. The tension between Eddie and the other characters grows after he sees Rodolpho emerge from Catherine's room with Catherine. Miller states "“ Eddie sees him and his arm jerks slightly in shock. He puts this to illustrate to the reader that Eddie is obviously quite surprised and angry. At the time Eddie is a bit drunk and he throws himself at Catherine and kisses her on the lips. Miller writes "“ he reaches out suddenly, draws her to him, and as she strives to free herself he kisses her on the mouth. This action could be as a result of Eddie having inappropriate feelings for her or it may be a last ditch effort to stop Catherine from leaving because he can't accept that she isn't his little girl anymore. Rodolpho shouts at him "“ 'Stop that! Have respect for her!' Rodolpho eventually manages to pull Eddie off her and Eddie turns round to face Rodolpho. Rodolpho then says "“ 'She'll be my wife. That is what I want my wife. My wife!' The use of the exclamation marks shows the passion in Rodolpho's voice and contributes to creating dramatic tension. This infuriates Eddie even more and he teases Rodolpho who tries to attack Eddie, but Eddie lunges towards Rodolpho and kisses him on the lips. Miller says "“ Rodolpho flies at him in attack. Eddie pins his arms, laughing, and suddenly kisses him. A motive for kissing Rodolpho could be an attempt to prove to Catherine that Rodolpho is homosexual. The above stage directions in this mini scene are designed to achieve visual tension among the characters describing physical contact and body language especially that of Eddie so that the audience can fully appreciate the growing nature of his relationships with Catherine and Rodolpho. Events in act two build up to the tragic climax. In this mini scene Eddie reports Rodolpho and Marco to the Immigration Bureau who take them away and it is widely believed that Eddie was the person that reported them. When Catherine tells Eddie that she and Rodolpho are getting married Eddie tries to make her rethink her decision. He pleads "“ 'Katie, wait a minute'. But Catherine responds with "“ 'No, I made up my mind.' Even now, after everything that has happened before, Eddie doesn't want Catherine to leave. Even though Eddie is against the marriage he tries to get Marco and Rodolpho out of the house before the Immigration Bureau arrive. He becomes worried and anxious. He says nervously "“ 'Catherine! What're you, got no brains? You put them up there with two other submarines?' Miller also states "“ In a driving fright and anger, to describe the way Eddie was acting. Catherine moved Marco and Rodolpho to an apartment upstairs where Eddie knew the Immigration Bureau could find them. Eddies newly found care for Rodolpho and Marco meant that when the Immigration Bureau knocked on the door they all knew it was Eddie who had reported them. Miller writes "“ 'A knock on the door. His head swerves. They all stand motionless.' Eddie does what he can to make Marco and Rodolpho avoid being caught by the Immigration Bureau but it was too little too late. Miller also puts "“'Catherine stands motionless, uncomprehending"¦she stands a moment staring at him in realized horror.' This stage direction visualises for the reader the dramatic tension, it shows that Catherine knew what Eddie had done and that she was shocked and surprised that even Eddie would report them after he had constantly told her how it was against the Sicilian Code of Honour. In this mini scene Miller skilfully via his stage directions used the lack of motion to create tension. Eddies actions in act two are against everything that he was saying in act one and his jealousy makes him commit an unforgivable crime against his family and the Sicilian community. In act one he was telling Catherine how it is against the Sicilian Code of Honour to report an illegal immigrant under any circumstances. When Beatrice was describing a boy that once reported his uncle she said "“ 'He had five brothers and the old father"¦ and they pulled him down the stairs "“ three flights his head was bouncing like a coconut.' At the time this play was set, late 1940s, it wasn't acceptable to be homosexual and in act one Eddie makes it sound like being homosexual was almost as bad as breaking the Sicilian Code of Honour. Yet in act two he kisses Rodolpho. I think 'A View From The Bridge' is a very interesting book as it raises social issues that are still relevant today and it shows the difficult decisions a Sicilian American, such as Eddie, had to make in the late 1940s.   

Arthur Miller was born in 1915 in New York. He was a playwright whose work discussed significant social issues, giving the reader a deep insight into his characters' feelings. He died on February 11th 2005. In 'A View From The Bridge', Eddie Carbone is a middle-aged Sicilian-American longshoreman who lives...

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Steinbeck exposes the racism that... Steinbeck exposes the racism that was prevalent at that time in America through the character of Crooks, a sentimental, proud and aloof black man and sadly known as the 'nigger'. He has a very realistic way at looking at the dream maybe as he sees the dream as a way of escaping but knows that there is no way and so speaks of the realization which fills him with pessimism. Yet gets caught up in optimism, and begins to link the dream with heaven in a way saying happiness is not possible on earth. He is an outcast due to his colour and therefore has to wait outside the bunkhouse and call all the other white men formal names. Therefore he is very protective of others entering his room of solitude where he has now one but himself. Furthermore Crooks is somewhat a vulnerable character and Curley's wife is vicious towards him 'strung up on a tree so easy' she too has suffered much negligence she reminisces back, ironically, to her dream of becoming a movie star 'could have been in the pictures' but was forced into marrying curly, where then she no longer could portray her dream. Crooks in a way desires company and love and affection and admits he longs for a companion 'a guy needs somebody' therefore allows lennie into his bunkhouse, also the fact that Crooks maybe feels lennie is more vulnerable than he is. Lennie is the only one who really accepts Crooks as an equal human being. Steinbeck shows how powerless and lacking in value Crooks is written in the novel, at one point Crooks provided entertainment for Christmas 'they let the nigger come in one night', they also made him fight ' the guys wouldn't let him use his legs on account of the nigger's crooked back' this is a quite sad event in the story and really exposes the way black people were treated at that time. Crooks is so often the victim that he cannot resist the opportunity to take power and inflict pain on someone else and so torments lennie by telling him George will not come back again. We are prepared for future events. Furthermore he says lennie will be treated like an animal in a cage and end up in a 'booby hatch'. There are also many more reasons Steinbeck portrays Crooks is one that many readers begin to sympathise with, which may also include the fact that he lives in stable all alone and has nobody and has many personal possessions unlike the rest which gives the idea he is a 'permanent ' character. Also the fact he is surrounded by books giving the idea he is 'educated' and 'skilled' highlighting the factor of permanency. Another factor is he has a face 'lined with pain' we know this is a character who has suffered much in his life, not only from his crooked spine but from exclusion 'pain tightened lips. Consequently, the past also plays a big part in this novel as Crooks ironically used to 'live the dream' in his past on a chicken ranch 'my old man had a chicken ranch' this is ironic because all the other workers are looking for this 'I could live so easy'. He has seen many men never reach the dream and become very depressed in doing so 'crazy with loneliness for land' 'but every time a whore- house or blackjack game comes' giving the idea that men never reach the dream due to the fact it is not the men themselves, its money. Steinbeck shows how Crooks has suffered so much in justice he protects himself by 'Pride aloofness"¦ Crooks' experiences mean that he is a private man who retains personal dignity. He is the victim of racism and is unwelcoming when lennie appears in his room. Crooks is not just pessimistic and gets caught up in optimism and says 'I'd come and lend a hand, I 'aint so crippled' and opens up to lennie and frequently laughs 'Crooks laughed again' maybe due to the fact he remembers his past were he 'used to turn the chickens out in the alfalfa' which echoes George and lennie's dream. Finally I conclude that Crooks being the only 'black man' on the ranch creates the most sympathy within the readers as the fact he is very realistic towards the idea of the dream maybe because he knows its not possible on earth, also mostly his crooked back and has to frequently throughout the book put liniment on, in a way disabled yet still viciously and racially abused. Also his past experiences in the bunkhouse and how horribly they treated him just because he had dark coloured skin. Another reason is that he yearns love and affection and so is attentive to anybody who tries to communicate with him. Also the way Steinbeck portrays the idea of permanency through the description of Crooks 'room' giving the idea that Crooks disability means he can't go anywhere else.   

Steinbeck exposes the racism that was prevalent at that time in America through the character of Crooks, a sentimental, proud and aloof black man and sadly known as the 'nigger'. He has a very realistic way at looking at the dream maybe as he sees the dream as a...

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