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Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene, as we want to find out about and see Rosaline! We are expecting fun as it is a party and want to know what happens with Juliet and Paris; will she marry marry him when she is of an older and more mature age? Before this scene we found information about various main characters. The audience found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline at the very beginning and he was love sick and distraught with not seeing her. Romeo had had a dream the night before about a bad thing happening at the Capulet's party. Being Romeo he believed his own thoughts and was nervous about going. We also found out that Juliet, only 13 years of age, was the only daughter of the Capulet's. She has her own 'nurse' to look after her as she is not very mature and relies on other people. Juliet is very distant from the rest of her family and does not get on with them the most majority of the time; she is a lonely child. Capulet wanted Juliet to marry Paris, a rich older man but only when Juliet was older. Capulet is a strong character, he tries to keep the peace between his family and the Montagues, but if the Montagues start a fight first then he will want to carry it on, as he doesn't want to be seen as the loser. Finally Tybalt, he is the nephew to Lady Capulet and despises the Montague's and tries his hardest to start fights with them and will never hear a bad word spoken about him. Immediately before this scene, the atmosphere is very gloomy as Romeo had a dream about a bad thing happening at Capulet's party, this also gets us interested, as we want to find out if he is right and what will happen. At the opening of scene 5 Capulet's servants prepare for his party. The atmosphere is very busy, rushed and fast moving. All of the servants are rushing around preparing for the party. They all talk to each other in short sentences; "You are look'd for, and call'd for, ask'd for"¦" This key line shows the short, snappy words the servants used. 'For' is repeatedly used as they are rushed and just use it as a joining word to get their sentence across before rushing off to prepare more things for the party once more. The apostrophes are repeated in all three words as it shows they are rushed even in their speech; they have to shorten words to say what they wanted quicker; they can't finish sentences and even words! They do not have the time to stand and chat especially under the watchful eye of Capulet; they have too much to do for everything to be ready for when the party begins. Capulet then welcomes guests into the party and tries to get them to dance. The atmosphere is very humorous, as people are all in fancy dress; it is very vibrant, lively and very cheerful as people are having fun. "Welcome Gentlemen, Ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns"¦" Capulet repeats the word 'Welcome', this tells us that he is very pleased that everyone has come and he may have had too much to drink and forgets that he has already said it! Capulet is eager to get the party off to a flying start and he teases all the ladies by telling they are welcome to attend his party if they have nice feet! Capulet adds a jolly atmosphere to the party. Once the party had got going, Romeo arrived and glimpses Juliet for the first time; the atmosphere was very romantic and slow. "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦" Romeo compares Juliet to jewels, ""¦As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear-"¦"which shows he thinks very highly of her, he uses "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦"in describing her as special. He immediately falls in love with her and we see a different side to Romeo, his mood and feelings go from one extreme to the other, as he was totally in love with Rosaline but with one sight of Juliet he is head over heals in love with her, which is very typical of Romeo. The effect on the audience is that we are privileged to share such an intimate moment between Romeo and Juliet. After Romeo and Juliet met, Tybalt overhears Romeo talking about Juliet and was angry that a Montague had come to the Capulet's own party. An argument started between him and Capulet, Tybalt wanted to fight Romeo outside and told one of the servants to go and get his sword but Capulet stopped him and didn't want any fight at his party and told him to leave it. The atmosphere was very tense and violent; Tybalt was very aggressive towards Capulet and anyone who helped try and stop him from fighting. ""¦Fetch me my rapier, boy"¦" This suggests he has no respect for his servants and people around him; he speaks as he is higher up than everyone else and uses the word 'boy' to show his power over them. Tybalt is impulsively violent; he acts first and thinks later, as he tries his hardest to start fights between him and the Montagues. It tells us he really wanted to fight Romeo. Capulet scolds Tybalt and he leaves the party sowing revenge. Tybalt was very angry that Romeo turned up, " He shall be endured"¦" Capulet is asserting his authority, as he wouldn't let him do anything about it. Capulet is being very naïve, as he thinks he has solved the problem. The atmosphere went from being very tense and un-settled to the audience finally having a breath of relief as the tense atmosphere is over. After Tybalt had left, Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time and end up kissing. The atmosphere is very romantic, as if it is slow motion because the camera focuses and continually flicks between Romeo and Juliet. "If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine,"¦" Romeo is very eager to impress, he is pleased that he had got to be with Juliet after wanting to all night. Juliet responds in the same way, she is very flattered and equally eager to impress. Whilst Romeo and Juliet were kissing Juliet's nurse interrupted them, the atmosphere is very rushed and happens very rapidly. Unfortunately, Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet and is disappointed, as he knows he will never be able to be with her with people knowing because of their family differences, ""¦My life is my foe's debt." Romeo does not understand how Juliet could be a Capulet, he was very upset at first, and he was in the hands of his enemy. The audience get anxious because of Romeo finding out she is his foe and the atmosphere gets very apprehensive. The audience feel depressed that Romeo and Juliet cannot be together with their family despising each other even though they know there could be love between them. Finally after Romeo finds out Juliet is a Capulet; vice versa for Juliet; she finds out Romeo is a Montague. The atmosphere is very playful and menacing, as Romeo and Juliet are still hopeful for being with one another from the bad news, as they know they want to be together and do not care about the consequences of being together. They were both very shocked and heartbroken about being enemies but they are not as naïve as their family and can see through differences and see love comparisons. Juliet refers to graves, which is a sign of bad things about to happen; we could interoperate as death! "My grave is like to be my wedding bed." Juliet may be thinking ahead, if she married Romeo her family would disown her and she may as well be dead to them. She also may be thinking if she married Paris, she would be very unhappy. She doesn't want to marry him but she wants to make Capulet and her family happy. She knows she would have a bad life and would think of it as her deathbed! In Act 1 scene 5, he brings across the characteristics and their personalities and uses a lot of tension. Tybalt for example, when the atmosphere got tense because of Romeo being at the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality. Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before. He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense. He reveals different aspects of the main characters.
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Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene,...
the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality.

Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before.

He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense.

He reveals different aspects of the main characters.

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The complexity and workings of... The complexity and workings of Hamlet's mind is an issue that scholars and critics have mused over for many years. Hamlet has so many conflicting emotions and feelings, which he expresses within the soliloquies. This makes him very difficult to comprehend. In contrast to this however Hamlet can read other people very well and because of this he considers himself, who he cannot understand to be a mental outcast. As the play starts we find Hamlet brimming with mixed emotions and considering suicide because it appears to him that the world is "an un weeded garden" ruled by things "rank and gross in nature". He is frustrated that he cannot escape his miserable existence, as this would condemn him in the eyes of God. However the nature of the character of Hamlet is thus that we doubt whether or not he would go through with it even if God had not "fixed his canon 'gainst self-slaughter". It is likely that this is just another excuse, as we go through the play we see that Hamlet is a great procrastinator, always coming up with excuses for not taking action. Hamlet's gloomy perception of the world branches from the suspicious death of his father and the hasty remarriage of his mother to his uncle Claudius. Hamlet is outraged that his mother has not, in his eyes sufficiently mourned the death of his father. He sees her as weak for marrying his uncle with what he considers to be "most wicked speed". Driven by great frustration and anger he exclaims, "Frailty, thy name is woman" tarring the whole of womankind with the same brush as his mother. This is an example of Hamlet universalising his problems, similar to him referring to the whole world as an unweeded garden when in fact as far as he knows it is really just his own life that has such problems. He draws comparisons between his father and his uncle, Claudius a "satyr" compared to the mighty "Hyperion" that his beloved father was. He harbours suspicions that his uncle had feelings for his mother before his father passed away and tries to distance himself from Claudius by calling him his "father's brother" instead of his uncle. Hamlet makes lots of references to the short time span between his fathers death and his mother's remarriage "But two months dead"¦within a month"¦A little month" this suggests that it is playing upon his mind very much. Because of the inconsistent rantings of Hamlet it would appear that he is exaggerating the time passed the true amount we cannot be sure of This is an early pointer that maybe the unfortunate circumstances that have befallen Hamlet have done some deeper damage to his mental well being. Hamlet is informed that his father's ghost has been seen, all in arms stalking around the castle gates but he decides that he should see this apparition with his own two eyes before taking any further action. He needs more evidence and is confident that truth will out. After Hamlet has met the ghost he is very mixed up. He had harboured thoughts previously that some foul play was involved in his father's death and refers to his "prophetic soul". His exclamations "Oh earth!" indicate internecine conflict in his mind. It would go against his personal ideology to murder somebody, but his society firmly believes in avenging deaths. As only then can his father's soul be at peace. In his passion he rashly swears to avenge his father, that he will clear his mind of all thought but killing Claudius. This, however, is doubtful as it would be very unlike Hamlet indeed impossible for him not to ponder upon other matters and lend his mind to one sole cause. Hamlet however does not make good his rashly sworn oath and we find him again equivocating. He criticises his own indecision calling himself a "rouge" deeming himself untrustworthy as he cannot even trust himself to carry out actions he has sworn upon. He is a "peasant" the lowest of the low; good for nothing. However at the root of such self criticism is self pity. Hamlet mourns that no-one could ever understand the workings of his mind. Comparing himself to an actor in the court he finds further grounds to criticise himself. The actor who can show such passion, such anger such sorrow! All for Hecuba, who isn't even real! Hamlet considers what the manner of the player would be if he had "the motive and the cue for passion" that he has. "He would drown the stage with tears!" Hamlet imagines he would scream out to the whole world this mighty injustice and horrify all. All these passionate actions Hamlet is considering; he loves them, he loves the drama of them, the sheer tragedy of it all. He can imagine himself doing them. He can see himself screaming wild eyed thrashing the air with his arms making known to everyone his suffering. But then Hamlet is brought firmly back down to earth. The iambic pentameter is broken with his trailing comment "Yet, I" this is the transition in his mind between considering the actor and himself. He sees the romantic actions he considered in his head smashed against the rocks by the waves of his own weakness of spirit. He calls himself a "John-a-dreams" a 'wishy-washy' individual who cries to him self of injustices but never has the "gall" to act upon his own words. If he were a stronger man then the birds would be feeding off that foul "slave" Claudius' "offal". Thinking of his treacherous uncle spurns Hamlet into a fit of rage against Claudius. But he stops himself, seeing that he is just doing it again. Unpacking his heart with words "like a whore". However from this deep well of despair and criticism there forms an idea in the troubled mind of Hamlet. He will get the actors to act out a scene similar to his father's death. He will observe Claudius's reaction and from this determine whether or not he is guilty of the murder. Then he will have grounds firm enough. Still even after all this Hamlet is looking for more evidence! So much for his prophetic soul! Hamlet ends the soliloquy quite pleased with him self impressed by his own cunning. This is a shocking contrast to his mood at the beginning of the soliloquy and demonstrates Hamlet's inconclusiveness. Later Hamlet again considers suicide. He wonders why anyone would choose to reside in this cruel world we live in. He questions the whole point of existence "to be or not to be, that is the question" Should he continue this tortured existence? Or "take arms" against his troubles and "by opposing them end them". He repeats "to die, to sleep" almost wistfully but at the same time with all the cogs and gears whirring round inside his head. He worries that he as he dreams of his woes in his normal sleep he might dream of them in this eternal sleep. He reasons that the only reason that people, "bear the whips and scorns of time" is the fear of the "undiscovered country" that lies upon the other side. People would rather stay with the problems they have here then to fly to new ones. He concludes, "such conscience does make cowards of us all". His negative view of the world lends itself to his reasoning here and yet again any chance of Hamlet acting upon his thoughts are strangled by thinking too deeply into the matter. Later this disposition of thinking too deeply into matters is shown again very clearly. Hamlets spies Claudius alone kneeling praying. Immediately Hamlet is ready to take action to finally avenge his father. But then he begins to procrastinate. He considers the circumstances, what if Claudius is praying for forgiveness? He would be sending him straight to heaven. What kind of a punishment is that for a murderer? This is a plausible excuse; it is definite that Hamlet would want Claudius to suffer for what he has done. But again considering the character of Hamlet would he have the guts to do it anyway? It's ironic that no matter how much Hamlet hates his Uncle he can't bring himself to kill him. Hamlet is frustrated again at his own unwillingness to act. He is determined to suppress his thoughts and declares, "My thoughts be bloody or be nothing worth" We have heard similar oaths before though. He has finally realised that the only thing that has stopped him acting is his own self-analysis. This is the final soliloquy and it seems as if now finally there is a chance that Hamlet will act. All his complicated feelings and thought are now united under his hatred for Claudius. In conclusion we can see clearly that Hamlet is a very deep thinker and because of this very unlikely to ever take action. However, in contrast to this he can be very inconclusive during fits of passion making rash promises. Both of these factors lead to him being very self-critical. He looks back and sees the unfulfilled promises he has sworn and thinks himself pathetic. He thinks that if anyone else was in the same situation they would have killed Claudius long ago; this is not the case. Hamlet's indecision, his frustration and his pains are universal. Everyone can relate to them even if their father wasn't King and hasn't been murdered by their uncle! He compare himself to Fortinbras and how he can invade countries and fight great battles without a second thought whereas he is too weak to even avenge his own father. Hamlet's situation is very different to that of Fortenbras's though. It is personal whereas the great warrior's actions are very impersonal. Hamlet has everything bottled up inside. This leads to a subtle self-pity, which is at the root of his self-criticism. He believes No-one could ever understand him and what he's going through. This teenage like way of thinking is Hamlet's downfall.   

The complexity and workings of Hamlet's mind is an issue that scholars and critics have mused over for many years. Hamlet has so many conflicting emotions and feelings, which he expresses within the soliloquies. This makes him very difficult to comprehend. In contrast to this however Hamlet can read...

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We have looked at many... We have looked at many different types of courtship and we have seen the different parts that convention plays in each one. We started off with Trianspotting and looked at the part that convention played when the lead character, Renton is trying to charm Diane. We see that Renton goes against all conventions and complements her on something other than her looks. He says: I was very impressed by the capable and stylish manner in which you dealt with that situation. In this instance Renton is somewhat unconventional in his courtship. His first remarks to Diane are unusually wordy and they fail to mention the one thing that he is struck by, namely, her appearance. His courtship at this stage is insincere. Diane brushes him off, as she is used to men "chatting her up." Nevertheless, once Renton gets into the taxi with her, Diane takes the initiative and kisses Renton. In this courtship the messages are ambiguous. First she brushes him off, and then she kisses him. They have sex, and afterwards Renton says, 'Christ I haven't felt that good since Archie Gemmil scored against Holland in 1978.' This remark suggests that football and sex with a pretty girl are equally important in his life. I think that this is quite a convincing portrayal of courtship nowadays. The next morning Renton is shocked to see Diane wearing her school uniform. He realises that he had sex with an underage girl, and that means that he has committed a criminal act. Diane immediately takes the upper hand as Renton is so frightened off by the prospect of police action, they'd cut my balls off and flush them down the fucking toilet. Diane exploits her dominant position by blackmailing him into seeing her again. This courtship has one striking unconventional feature. Within a short space of time each person reverses his or her role: Diane wasn't keen to start the relationship but she wants to see him again; Renton tried to "chat her up" in the first place and now he is trying to escape. We also looked at a few extracts from Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice. We first looked at the scene when Mr Bingley and his good friend Mr Darcy come to look at a vacant house near the Bennet house. When the extract starts we see Mrs. Bennet rush into the room where Mr. Bennet is sitting and announces that someone has moved into the vacant house across them. She says that it is a 'fine thing for our girls!' this shows that Mrs. Bennet is not concerned much about the personality about the man but about how big his 'fortune' is. When we 'meet' Mr Bingley we can see that he is a nice man and he has a friend called Mr Darcy who has an even bigger fortune than Mr Bingley so he is now the front-runner for Mr and Mrs Bennet's daughters. In this extract the convention of courtship could not be more different to what occurs in Trainspotting. In Pride and Prejudice the young ladies rely on their parents to make all of the introductions. Furthermore, the parents consider which men are considered eligible bachelors and which are not. In those days financial security was considered to be one of the most important factors. In Trainspotting the man and woman introduce themselves and have sex without even knowing each other. In Pride and Prejudice there is no mention whatsoever of sex, which presumably can only take place after marriage. Nevertheless, some conventions never change since Mr Darcy dismisses Elizabeth the moment he sets eyes upon her. Clearly, even in Jane Austen's time women were judged in the first instance by their appearance. The relationship between Mr Darcy and Elizabeth at the first stage of their courtship is very restrained. He judges her and he is ascendant Trainspotting he judges her but then the girl quickly gains authority over Renton. Mr Collins' proposal follows a textbook convention; as if he is following a manual. First he obtains Mrs Bennet's permission to propose to Elizabeth. Then he sets out his reasons for marriage as if he were arranging a business transaction. In order to impress Elizabeth he refers to Lady Catherine de Bourgh a lot which shows his connections to the upper classes. Mr Collins' proposal is most unconventional because he never says anything about Elizabeth. Furthermore it seems most unromantic to court a woman by asking her to consider her position when her father and mother die. It is difficult to imagine anything so different to how things develop in Trainspotting. When Elizabeth rejects Mr Collins, he returns to the beginning of his textbook and tries again to propose to Elizabeth but this time with a little more feeling but still as if he were following his manual. Mr Darcy's proposal contains no talk of business and has more feeling. In a general sense Mr Darcy uses a more unconventional approach. Mr Darcy's courtship is more complex, since on one hand he expresses himself with more feeling than Mr Collins, but on the other hand he addresses Elizabeth as if she were inferior. Furthermore, his courtship is unconventional due to their different social classes Could you expect me to rejoice in the inferiority of your connections? Mr Darcy is actually hypocritical in proposing to Elizabeth, since he had tried his utmost to prevent Mr Bingley from marrying Elizabeth's sister on the grounds that Jane was socially inferior to Mr Bingley. It appears that there is one rule for Mr Bingley and another rule for Mr Darcy. I have no wish of denying, I did everything in my power to separate my friend from your sister, or that I rejoice in my success. In Pride and Prejudice it is evident from Mrs Bennet's concern over her daughters that a woman who was still unmarried at the age of twenty-four was considered in danger of becoming a spinster. However, in Trainspotting it is clear from the age and status of Renton's friends that twenty-four years of age is still considered young and young and reasonable for an unmarried woman. In this sonnet by Drayton a different type of courtship is desired. Drayton follows the convention of expressing love in the form of a sonnet his purpose is to seduce a woman. He uses language most romantically Me thinks this time becommeth lovers best; He even uses the word 'ordaind' to suggest that religion would not oppose them spending the night together. He talks about romantic subjects and how the night separates them and not about how the woman may not actually want to be with him at night. He has stuck to the convention of putting charming words and phrases in his sonnet such as 'returns unto his love' to ensure that the woman will be seduced by the end of the sonnet. Drayton addresses the lady as 'Deere' and the poem is written as if he is talking directly to his lover, this is just the kind of romantic intimacy that Shakespeare has inverted the usual sensual descriptions of a mistress so that 'her breasts are dun.' Shakespeare's rhyming scheme and use of iambic pentameter is the same as Drayton's, yet it achieves the opposite effect. The very first line of Shakespeare's sonnet is obviously a parody. My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; It would be more conventional to write that, my mistress' eyes are like the Sun. The word 'nothing' in this context is entirely unromantic and unconventional for a sonnet. We then looked at Shakespeare's sonnet that is conventional in form but quite unconventional in content, he talks about how the woman's hair is as thick as wires and her 'breath reeks'. He has written a parody of a normal sonnet and has turned the content around to demean of women. He has also stuck to the strict form for sonnets, as he wants it to be recognised as such. We also looked at Tony Kytes "“ The Arch Deceiver this has a big shift in prospective as there is a narrator that is telling the story in first person. Which is different to all of the other pieces of prose that we looked at, in Trainspotting there was a narrator but it was not in first person and the extracts of Pride and Prejudice that we looked at were all in third person. This story is all in first person of the narrator and in third person of Tony. The story is very contradictory, Tony is a serious person but he is very interested in women and they do not take him very seriously we can know this when the narrator says 'he loved them in shoals'. When Tony is finally 'fixed down' he if 'fixed' with Milly, who sound very gullible and naïve, she has been taken in by Tony's promise of marriage. Just as in Pride and Prejudice, all of the women mentioned all look good, it seems that all of the women have been primarily judged by their looks, 'handsome girl' is used to describe Tony's ex girlfriend Unity. When the story journey starts unity is the first girl that we meet and we see that she is quite a nice looking girl and the narrator mentions that Tony used to go out with her and was close to marrying her. When she goes into the carriage she instantly starts questioning Tony about his choice. We can see that Tony is quite affected by Unity's looks, 'he let his eyes light on her' this shows that he may be reconsidering his marriage proposal to Milly. When he sees Milly walking down the road he suddenly asks Unity to get into the back of the carriage and in return he tells her that he may reconsider his proposal to Milly. We then see that one of Tony's first girlfriends is walking down the road and she asks for a lift. The only way that he was able to get Milly in the back of the carriage in the empty sack was to use their marriage and his proposal as a bargaining tool Now, Milly would you do me a favour "“ my coming wife as I may say? The reason that they accept this is that they will have a husband and for this they will do anything. When he tells Hannah that he may marry her and break things off with Milly. Milly hears this and starts to make noises as if it were to warn Tony that she is there and he should not say anything like that. in the next part Tony starts to wonder why he ever thought of asking Milly or Unity to marry him as Hannah is so attractive. Even now the appearance counts for most of the decision in which woman Tony wants to marry. Tony is very conventional as he knows exactly what the woman wants to hear and he uses this fully to his advantage. This story captures properly the excitement of youth romance and how it is based on looks and not on personality. When we get the first description of Milly it says that she is described as 'light' and 'small' which are not the best descriptions for an attractive woman. Tony is able to juggle with the three women in his wagon quite well as he lasts quite a long time without them even noticing each other with this the reader is always left guessing what will happen next in the minute of the story. We can see that the courtship that has taken place is quite unconventional as the girl that Tony finally marries has accepted him after all of the other girls have declined him and she has no 'spirit' and says yes to him. That was the last piece that we looked at and I can see that convention plays a very big part in courtship as it can be used well to your advantage Tony and it can be used very badly Mr Collins.   

We have looked at many different types of courtship and we have seen the different parts that convention plays in each one. We started off with Trianspotting and looked at the part that convention played when the lead character, Renton is trying to charm Diane. We see that Renton...

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