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Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene, as we want to find out about and see Rosaline! We are expecting fun as it is a party and want to know what happens with Juliet and Paris; will she marry marry him when she is of an older and more mature age? Before this scene we found information about various main characters. The audience found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline at the very beginning and he was love sick and distraught with not seeing her. Romeo had had a dream the night before about a bad thing happening at the Capulet's party. Being Romeo he believed his own thoughts and was nervous about going. We also found out that Juliet, only 13 years of age, was the only daughter of the Capulet's. She has her own 'nurse' to look after her as she is not very mature and relies on other people. Juliet is very distant from the rest of her family and does not get on with them the most majority of the time; she is a lonely child. Capulet wanted Juliet to marry Paris, a rich older man but only when Juliet was older. Capulet is a strong character, he tries to keep the peace between his family and the Montagues, but if the Montagues start a fight first then he will want to carry it on, as he doesn't want to be seen as the loser. Finally Tybalt, he is the nephew to Lady Capulet and despises the Montague's and tries his hardest to start fights with them and will never hear a bad word spoken about him. Immediately before this scene, the atmosphere is very gloomy as Romeo had a dream about a bad thing happening at Capulet's party, this also gets us interested, as we want to find out if he is right and what will happen. At the opening of scene 5 Capulet's servants prepare for his party. The atmosphere is very busy, rushed and fast moving. All of the servants are rushing around preparing for the party. They all talk to each other in short sentences; "You are look'd for, and call'd for, ask'd for"¦" This key line shows the short, snappy words the servants used. 'For' is repeatedly used as they are rushed and just use it as a joining word to get their sentence across before rushing off to prepare more things for the party once more. The apostrophes are repeated in all three words as it shows they are rushed even in their speech; they have to shorten words to say what they wanted quicker; they can't finish sentences and even words! They do not have the time to stand and chat especially under the watchful eye of Capulet; they have too much to do for everything to be ready for when the party begins. Capulet then welcomes guests into the party and tries to get them to dance. The atmosphere is very humorous, as people are all in fancy dress; it is very vibrant, lively and very cheerful as people are having fun. "Welcome Gentlemen, Ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns"¦" Capulet repeats the word 'Welcome', this tells us that he is very pleased that everyone has come and he may have had too much to drink and forgets that he has already said it! Capulet is eager to get the party off to a flying start and he teases all the ladies by telling they are welcome to attend his party if they have nice feet! Capulet adds a jolly atmosphere to the party. Once the party had got going, Romeo arrived and glimpses Juliet for the first time; the atmosphere was very romantic and slow. "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦" Romeo compares Juliet to jewels, ""¦As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear-"¦"which shows he thinks very highly of her, he uses "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦"in describing her as special. He immediately falls in love with her and we see a different side to Romeo, his mood and feelings go from one extreme to the other, as he was totally in love with Rosaline but with one sight of Juliet he is head over heals in love with her, which is very typical of Romeo. The effect on the audience is that we are privileged to share such an intimate moment between Romeo and Juliet. After Romeo and Juliet met, Tybalt overhears Romeo talking about Juliet and was angry that a Montague had come to the Capulet's own party. An argument started between him and Capulet, Tybalt wanted to fight Romeo outside and told one of the servants to go and get his sword but Capulet stopped him and didn't want any fight at his party and told him to leave it. The atmosphere was very tense and violent; Tybalt was very aggressive towards Capulet and anyone who helped try and stop him from fighting. ""¦Fetch me my rapier, boy"¦" This suggests he has no respect for his servants and people around him; he speaks as he is higher up than everyone else and uses the word 'boy' to show his power over them. Tybalt is impulsively violent; he acts first and thinks later, as he tries his hardest to start fights between him and the Montagues. It tells us he really wanted to fight Romeo. Capulet scolds Tybalt and he leaves the party sowing revenge. Tybalt was very angry that Romeo turned up, " He shall be endured"¦" Capulet is asserting his authority, as he wouldn't let him do anything about it. Capulet is being very naïve, as he thinks he has solved the problem. The atmosphere went from being very tense and un-settled to the audience finally having a breath of relief as the tense atmosphere is over. After Tybalt had left, Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time and end up kissing. The atmosphere is very romantic, as if it is slow motion because the camera focuses and continually flicks between Romeo and Juliet. "If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine,"¦" Romeo is very eager to impress, he is pleased that he had got to be with Juliet after wanting to all night. Juliet responds in the same way, she is very flattered and equally eager to impress. Whilst Romeo and Juliet were kissing Juliet's nurse interrupted them, the atmosphere is very rushed and happens very rapidly. Unfortunately, Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet and is disappointed, as he knows he will never be able to be with her with people knowing because of their family differences, ""¦My life is my foe's debt." Romeo does not understand how Juliet could be a Capulet, he was very upset at first, and he was in the hands of his enemy. The audience get anxious because of Romeo finding out she is his foe and the atmosphere gets very apprehensive. The audience feel depressed that Romeo and Juliet cannot be together with their family despising each other even though they know there could be love between them. Finally after Romeo finds out Juliet is a Capulet; vice versa for Juliet; she finds out Romeo is a Montague. The atmosphere is very playful and menacing, as Romeo and Juliet are still hopeful for being with one another from the bad news, as they know they want to be together and do not care about the consequences of being together. They were both very shocked and heartbroken about being enemies but they are not as naïve as their family and can see through differences and see love comparisons. Juliet refers to graves, which is a sign of bad things about to happen; we could interoperate as death! "My grave is like to be my wedding bed." Juliet may be thinking ahead, if she married Romeo her family would disown her and she may as well be dead to them. She also may be thinking if she married Paris, she would be very unhappy. She doesn't want to marry him but she wants to make Capulet and her family happy. She knows she would have a bad life and would think of it as her deathbed! In Act 1 scene 5, he brings across the characteristics and their personalities and uses a lot of tension. Tybalt for example, when the atmosphere got tense because of Romeo being at the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality. Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before. He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense. He reveals different aspects of the main characters.
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Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene,...
the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality.

Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before.

He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense.

He reveals different aspects of the main characters.

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Horror is a tradition of writing,...Horror is a tradition of writing, which has its roots firmly set in gothic novels of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Such gothic novels were what we now perceive as traditional horror, set in castles or convents with characters such as ghosts and elements of the supernatural. Although the horror novels have changed over the years, there are still five main elements, which traditional horror novels cover. The setting is a very important element in horror novels. This is because the setting can provide and extra sense of fear by relating scary events to scary places. Gothic novels are often set in such places as castles or monasteries. "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" is set in the city if London, but although it is not a setting of horror in itself, it makes the novel scary as the audience reading the novel can relate to the events happening in the area around them. The city is also described to make the events seem even more realistic. This is shown in page 21 when it says that there was a, "low growl of London from all around"¦" Other novels such as "Dracula" use more traditional settings to create the air of fear. "Dracula" uses the setting of the ruins of a house in conjunction with a storm to create the air of fear in the novel. The setting is illustrated when the character, who is anonymous, is about to enter, "the deep Doric doorway of the marble tomb." Although "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" does not use the traditional horror settings, is still manages to create an air of fear by using a familiar and 'real' setting. Another of the main 'ingredients' in traditional horror writing is an element of 'otherness'. This is a character such as a monster or evil spirit or anything else unnatural. "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" uses Mr. Hyde as the element of otherness in the novel. This is because Mr. Hyde is portrayed as a monster that commits evil deeds. This is shown on page 30 when Mr. Hyde, "with ape-like fury, he was trampling his victim under foot"¦" "Frankenstein" is another novel, which uses the element of otherness a lot in the novel. In "Frankenstein", the element of otherness is Frankenstein's monster, and although it is not alive at this point in the novel, the description alone of the "yellow skin"¦hair of a lustrous black" and the part that emphasises that this is not human is that his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun white sockets in which they were set"¦" "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" does use the traditional use of otherness to create the fear in the novel. Credibility is another important factor in traditional horror stories. This is how realistic the novel is and how believable it is that the events depicted could actually happen. "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" appears very credible. This is due to a combination of factors. The setting of the city of London makes it seem credible because many people could relate to the areas in which the events were happening. The events that took place also make the novel seem believable. Most of the evil happenings in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" are murders, and only a couple of years after the publishing of the novel, Jack the Ripper was lose in London. This drove even more people to believe that not only was "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" credible, but that it was a true story and not a novel. An element of fear is also another important issue to consider when writing a horror novel. "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" tries to scare the readers of 'hidden personalities'. This is done as the evil character in the novel, Mr. Hyde, comes from inside Dr. Jekyll. The fear is also put across in death, as murder does take place in the novel. Fear is also used in the novel "Frankenstein". The fear is again one of warning the public, and in this case it is warning about the dramatic developments in the role of science. "The Mysteries of Udolpho" also employs fear to scare the reader of the novel. This is done by using descriptions of the events. One example of such description to illustrate the fear being used is, "She gazed at him for a moment in speechless affright"¦" "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" doesn't use traditional fear, although it does contain fear in a warning of the readers. The final key ingredient in a horror novel is suspense. This is where the author holds back some of the information and does not release all of the information to leave the reader in suspense, wondering about what is going to happen. "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" uses this element to good effect throughout the entire novel. One example of this suspense is on page 46, where it says that whilst two men were having a conversation in the living room, "the window was instantly thrust down"¦" Although it becomes apparent that the men have seen something, it is not revealed what they have seen, leaving the reader in suspense and wondering what they have seen. Suspense is also used in other novels, such as "The Tell-Tale Heart." The suspense is created because it takes along time for the man, who is anonymous, to commit the murder one he has decided that he is going to do it. The description of the events in between these two events also helps to build up the suspense. One example of this is when it says that "I first put in a dark lantern, all closed, closed"¦" "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" uses the element of suspense a lot during the novel and it is used in the traditional way as well. Although "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" does use the five elements of horror writing, it does not always use them in the traditional way. This means that the conclusion to the question 'How far do you agree that "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" is a typical horror story?' is that "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde", although a good horror novel, is not written in the style of a traditional horror story.   

Horror is a tradition of writing, which has its roots firmly set in gothic novels of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Such gothic novels were what we now perceive as traditional horror, set in castles or convents with characters such as ghosts and elements of the supernatural. Although the horror...

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Romeo and Juliet is a romantic...Romeo and Juliet is a romantic tragedy first performed on the Elizabethan stage in around 1595. It was first performed by the Lord Chamberlain's company whilst they were the occupants of the Shoreditch Theatre. As this play is a romantic tragedy there are many different ways which the themes of love and death are portrayed. My essay is going to deal and discuss in greater detail these themes and try to discover who is responsible for the deaths. In the play many different types of love are revealed. One type is Romantic love, this form of love is shown throughout the play. Romeo and Juliet fall in love at first sight and he starts to refer to himself as a 'pilgrim' and to Juliet as "Dear-Saint". This shows that the feelings he has for Juliet are true and not just sexual. You can see more examples of this in Act 2 Scene 2 where Romeo says "Juliet is the sun, and the brightness of her cheek would shame those stars". Juliet too expresses love in a heart-felt romantic way, poetic lines crammed with romantic imagery. The fact that Romeo and Juliet's is a secret forbidden love makes their relationship all the more romantic Juliet "“ "This bud of love by summer's ripening breath, my prove a beauteous flower when next we meet." Act 2 Scene 2 There are many examples throughout the play which shows how pure and innocent their love is. Towards the end of the play Romeo is told that Juliet is dead and he almost instantly decides that he can no longer live without her. This shows how strong their love really was as no one would kill themselves over the death of someone that they have not got the strongest possible feelings for. The play has many allusions to sexual and more uncouth references to lustfulness. This brings me on to another form of love, Sexual love. Right from the very beginning of the play sex is referred to in crude and aggressive terms by the Capulet servants Sampson and Gregory. They are the first characters the audience see and they refer to love as just a physical thing. Their language is earthy and vulgar treating women as 'weaker vessels' and speaking of how the maids of the Montague household will be raped. Sampson "“ "Tis true, and therefore women being the weaker vessels are ever thrust to the wall: therefore I will push Montague's men from the wall and thrust his maids to the wall." Act 1 Scene 1 From the outset we see a superficial view of love and sex where women are mere objects of sexual gratification. This is always in stark contrast to the innocent and true love of the 'star crossed lovers'. Another type of love central to the play is the special love between friends of the same sex. Benvolio, Romeo's god friend is someone he can confide in. They share deep inner secrets of their emotions. In Act 1 Scene 1 Romeo talks openly about his desires where love is concerned, speaking of Rosaline and the unrequited idealized love. Instead of mocking him Benvolio is supportive and empathises Romeo "“ "This love feel I, that feel no love in this Dost thou laugh?" Benvolio "“ "No coz, I rather weep." Romeo "“ "Good heart at what?" Benvolio "“ "At thy good heart's oppression." Act 1 Scene 1 If this was not such a close friendship Romeo would never be so revealing about his feelings and what is more, less intimate friends would laugh at the confession. Benvolio's suggestion that Romeo attends the Capulet ball shows how he wants to cheer Romeo up and prove to himself that Rosaline isn't right Romeo. Benvolio "“ "With all the admired beauties of Verona, Go thither, and with unattainted eye, Compare her face with some that I shall show, And I shall make thee think thy swan a crow. Act 1 Scene 2 Some of the dialogue between Mercutio and Romeo captures this strong sense of friendship. They talk of love in an open candid way. Romeo "“ "Is love a tender thing? It is too rough, Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like a thorn, Mercutio "“ "If love be rough with you, be rough with love. Prick love for pricking, and you beat love down." Act 1 Scene 4 Another kind of love the play deals with is Parental love, which is shown most forcefully in the case of Capulet, father of Juliet. His attitude to his daughter's well being is that 'father knows best'. Whatever father says must be right and good for his children, whether they like it or not. Whenever he is questioned he flies into a rage because as far as he is concerned, as the head of the household, Juliet and her cousin Tybalt must abide by his every rule without question. Juliet is to marry Paris. Full stop. No arguments! In Act 3 Scene 5 he makes his wishes clear Capulet father "“ "Bet fettle your fine joints gainst Thursday next, To go with Paris to Saint Peter's Church: Or I will drag thee on a hurdle thither. Out you green-sickness carrion,out you baggage, You tallow-face." Act 3 Scene 5 And just before he exits his closing words to his daughter are: Capulet father "“ "I'll give you to my friend, And you be not, hang, beg, starve, die, in the streets, For my soul I'll ne'er acknowledge thee, Nor what is mine shall never do thee good: Trust to 't, bethink you, I'll not be forsworn. Exit Act 3 Scene 5 She has no option whether she likes it or not, Father rules all! His insistence might seem strange to us because all his other children have died. Juliet is his only child left: Capulet father "“ "Earth has swallowed up all my hopes but, She's the hopeful lady of my earth" Act 1 Scene 2 You would have thought that he would want her to be happy. In fact, he does think he is doing what is best for her, despite her misery. One aspect of the tragedy is the fact that he puts such unbearable pressure on Juliet to marry Paris, to the extent of casting her out of his house. Even Lady Capulet seems to back her husband's narrow mindedness. We are confused by her motives. Does she love her husband? Does she love her daughter? All we know for sure is the fact that she simply wants to keep the peace. This too has tragic consequences. As we can see Shakespeare the dramatist is exploring love in all its forms. Another type of love that hangs over the entire story is the love/hate that exists between families. It is like tribal warfare. It takes this awful event to make the Montague's and Capulet's realise the fatal cost of their hatred. Capulet "“ "O brother Montague, give me thy hand, This is my daughter's jointure, fir no more Can I demand. Montague "“ "But I can give thee more, For I will raise her statue in pure gold, That whiles Verona by that name is known, There shall no figure at such rate be set, As that of true and faithful Juliet. Capulet "“ "As rich shall Romeo's by his Lady's life, Poor sacrifices of our enmity. Act 5 Scene 3 The writer here is challenging the stupidity of family warfare which is apparent from the very beginning of the play. Why do the Capulet's hate the Montague's? Why do the Montague's hate the Capulet's? Even today in different parts of the world there are unexplained conflicts between tribal groups. Factions fighting factions. Religious groups at war with other religious groups. The Mafia is another example where families are feuding with families for no apparent reason. One of the most touching aspects of the play are the affections shown by the guardian of Juliet her nurse. She shows a care and understanding much deeper than Juliet's own parents. Their bond is special and it is heart-rending when the nurse realises Juliet's death. Earlier on in the play she arranges for their secret meeting after the death of Tybalt: Nurse "“ "Hie to your chamber, I'll find Romeo To comfort you, I wot well where he is: Hark ye, your Romeo will be there at night I'll to him, he is hid at Laurence' cell. Juliet "“ "O find him, give this ring to my true knight, And bid him come, to take his last farewell." Act 3 Scene 2 When she hears of Juliet's death she is absolutely distressed and her words tumble out as she blurts out that it is 'a most lamentable day' Nurse "“ "O woe, O woeful, woeful, woeful day, Most lamentable day, most woeful day That ever, ever, I did yet behold. O day, O day, O day, O hateful day, Never was seen so black a day as this, O woeful day, O woeful day. Act 4 Scene 5 You can see how she loses all her self-control and reason. Once she was full of humour and bawdy comments: she is now reduced to a blubbering wreck unable to control her emotions. Another theme that the play covers is death. It contrasts sharply with issues of love and friendship. However Shakespeare links them together because in most instances death comes as a result of some form of love. There are five deaths in Romeo and Juliet of varying tragic causes. If we look at each of them in turn, we can make up our minds whether they are a direct result of love or whether something else provokes them. Of course at the centre of the play are the deaths of the two lovers, Romeo and Juliet despite the fact that they were not involved in the squabbling and fighting of the families. The first death of Mercutio, who was killed by Tybalt, sets off a chain reaction of untimely deaths. Tybalt is the aggressive violent trouble maker who is always taunting Romeo, he speaks of hate Tybalt "“ "What drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word, As I hate hell, All Montague's and thee" There were so many characters in the play that have a tragic end through fate or misfortune but some characters were as you might say 'cruising for a bruising'. Tybalt doesn't miss an opportunity to insult and mock Romeo and his family. Tybalt "“ "Romeo the love I bear thee, can afford No better term than this thou art a villain" Act 3 Scene 1 Tybalt's belligerence results in him challenging Romeo to a duel and even though Mercutio intervenes, Tybalt doesn't care. He has no fear of either of them and will take them both on. Ultimately Mercutio is fatally wounded by Tybalt. Amongst his dying words he says: Mercutio "“ "I am hurt. A plague o' both houses, I am sped" Act 3 Scene 1 These words blame both Romeo and Tybalt for his death. This makes Romeo very angry and gives him the rage to take vengeance on Tybalt. In Romeo's eyes, Mercutio had no reason to die and now Tybalt must pay for his actions. This results in a fight between the two in which Romeo is triumphant and kills Tybalt. I think that Romeo was not to blame for the death of Mercutio, he was not encouraging the fight between himself and Tybalt, in fact he was trying to prevent it. It was Mercutio's decision to intervene, not Romeo's. I think Tybalt was the one to blame, as by first killing Mercutio, he could then proceed to kill Romeo. Committing murder so readily is never justifiable. As for Tybalt's death you could say Romeo is responsible but you would be forgetting his reason for killing him. Unlike Mercutio's death this one has a motive. Tybalt had just killed his best friend right in front of his eyes without reason and Romeo is now so angry with Tybalt he is prepared to do the ultimate and kill him with his own hands. So, I think Tybalt was responsible for his own death. After all he was asking for it, and as the saying goes 'an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'. Paris's death is more straight forward than the other two we've talked about. There is one reason and one reason only and that is he wouldn't let Romeo see into the tomb of Juliet. This makes the distressed Romeo even more frustrated and causes him to lash out at Paris resulting in Paris's death. This can only be blamed on Romeo but I don't think he was worried about the consequences of committing murder as he intends to commit suicide anyway. Romeo's death is perhaps the most famous death in the play. Romeo kills himself as he thinks Juliet is dead and to him he cannot live without Juliet as she is the love of his life. Earlier in the play Romeo had bought some poison after hearing of Juliet's alleged death. After killing Paris he lays down beside Juliet and consumes the entire contents of the poison. Just then Juliet awakes from her deep-sleep just in time to see Romeo die. She tries to take some of the poison but there is none left so instead she kills herself using Romeo's knife. I can't really put all the blame on the characters for their own deaths. In fact most of the blame could be put on the two families. If it weren't for their feud, Romeo and Juliet would not have had to conceal their relationship and therefore they would not have needed to take any risks which was eventually the cause of their deaths. Conclusion It takes the death of the two lovers to unite these two feuding families. When they finally make up, it's over the bodies of their beloved children. It's a tragedy of obstinacy, short-sightedness and sheer petty mindedness. Love and friendship is thrown aside as a consequence of less noble motives. This though is only acknowledged right at the end of the play. It could be argued that the nurse's love is the most enduring love of the play because whatever happened, the nurse constantly supported Juliet. Of all Shakespeare"s tragedies, Romeo and Juliet is the most romantic. However this does not mean it is any less powerful than Macbeth or Othello. In some ways it could be seen as doubly tragic as there are two terrible unnecessary deaths. The story would have been well known to Elizabethan audiences but how he adapted it would have stirred the audiences greatly. We do know that suicide was a sin to the Elizabethan's, so the shock factor of Romeo's death would wet their appetite for the outcome.   

Romeo and Juliet is a romantic tragedy first performed on the Elizabethan stage in around 1595. It was first performed by the Lord Chamberlain's company whilst they were the occupants of the Shoreditch Theatre. As this play is a romantic tragedy there are many different ways which the themes of...

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