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Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene, as we want to find out about and see Rosaline! We are expecting fun as it is a party and want to know what happens with Juliet and Paris; will she marry marry him when she is of an older and more mature age? Before this scene we found information about various main characters. The audience found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline at the very beginning and he was love sick and distraught with not seeing her. Romeo had had a dream the night before about a bad thing happening at the Capulet's party. Being Romeo he believed his own thoughts and was nervous about going. We also found out that Juliet, only 13 years of age, was the only daughter of the Capulet's. She has her own 'nurse' to look after her as she is not very mature and relies on other people. Juliet is very distant from the rest of her family and does not get on with them the most majority of the time; she is a lonely child. Capulet wanted Juliet to marry Paris, a rich older man but only when Juliet was older. Capulet is a strong character, he tries to keep the peace between his family and the Montagues, but if the Montagues start a fight first then he will want to carry it on, as he doesn't want to be seen as the loser. Finally Tybalt, he is the nephew to Lady Capulet and despises the Montague's and tries his hardest to start fights with them and will never hear a bad word spoken about him. Immediately before this scene, the atmosphere is very gloomy as Romeo had a dream about a bad thing happening at Capulet's party, this also gets us interested, as we want to find out if he is right and what will happen. At the opening of scene 5 Capulet's servants prepare for his party. The atmosphere is very busy, rushed and fast moving. All of the servants are rushing around preparing for the party. They all talk to each other in short sentences; "You are look'd for, and call'd for, ask'd for"¦" This key line shows the short, snappy words the servants used. 'For' is repeatedly used as they are rushed and just use it as a joining word to get their sentence across before rushing off to prepare more things for the party once more. The apostrophes are repeated in all three words as it shows they are rushed even in their speech; they have to shorten words to say what they wanted quicker; they can't finish sentences and even words! They do not have the time to stand and chat especially under the watchful eye of Capulet; they have too much to do for everything to be ready for when the party begins. Capulet then welcomes guests into the party and tries to get them to dance. The atmosphere is very humorous, as people are all in fancy dress; it is very vibrant, lively and very cheerful as people are having fun. "Welcome Gentlemen, Ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns"¦" Capulet repeats the word 'Welcome', this tells us that he is very pleased that everyone has come and he may have had too much to drink and forgets that he has already said it! Capulet is eager to get the party off to a flying start and he teases all the ladies by telling they are welcome to attend his party if they have nice feet! Capulet adds a jolly atmosphere to the party. Once the party had got going, Romeo arrived and glimpses Juliet for the first time; the atmosphere was very romantic and slow. "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦" Romeo compares Juliet to jewels, ""¦As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear-"¦"which shows he thinks very highly of her, he uses "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦"in describing her as special. He immediately falls in love with her and we see a different side to Romeo, his mood and feelings go from one extreme to the other, as he was totally in love with Rosaline but with one sight of Juliet he is head over heals in love with her, which is very typical of Romeo. The effect on the audience is that we are privileged to share such an intimate moment between Romeo and Juliet. After Romeo and Juliet met, Tybalt overhears Romeo talking about Juliet and was angry that a Montague had come to the Capulet's own party. An argument started between him and Capulet, Tybalt wanted to fight Romeo outside and told one of the servants to go and get his sword but Capulet stopped him and didn't want any fight at his party and told him to leave it. The atmosphere was very tense and violent; Tybalt was very aggressive towards Capulet and anyone who helped try and stop him from fighting. ""¦Fetch me my rapier, boy"¦" This suggests he has no respect for his servants and people around him; he speaks as he is higher up than everyone else and uses the word 'boy' to show his power over them. Tybalt is impulsively violent; he acts first and thinks later, as he tries his hardest to start fights between him and the Montagues. It tells us he really wanted to fight Romeo. Capulet scolds Tybalt and he leaves the party sowing revenge. Tybalt was very angry that Romeo turned up, " He shall be endured"¦" Capulet is asserting his authority, as he wouldn't let him do anything about it. Capulet is being very naïve, as he thinks he has solved the problem. The atmosphere went from being very tense and un-settled to the audience finally having a breath of relief as the tense atmosphere is over. After Tybalt had left, Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time and end up kissing. The atmosphere is very romantic, as if it is slow motion because the camera focuses and continually flicks between Romeo and Juliet. "If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine,"¦" Romeo is very eager to impress, he is pleased that he had got to be with Juliet after wanting to all night. Juliet responds in the same way, she is very flattered and equally eager to impress. Whilst Romeo and Juliet were kissing Juliet's nurse interrupted them, the atmosphere is very rushed and happens very rapidly. Unfortunately, Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet and is disappointed, as he knows he will never be able to be with her with people knowing because of their family differences, ""¦My life is my foe's debt." Romeo does not understand how Juliet could be a Capulet, he was very upset at first, and he was in the hands of his enemy. The audience get anxious because of Romeo finding out she is his foe and the atmosphere gets very apprehensive. The audience feel depressed that Romeo and Juliet cannot be together with their family despising each other even though they know there could be love between them. Finally after Romeo finds out Juliet is a Capulet; vice versa for Juliet; she finds out Romeo is a Montague. The atmosphere is very playful and menacing, as Romeo and Juliet are still hopeful for being with one another from the bad news, as they know they want to be together and do not care about the consequences of being together. They were both very shocked and heartbroken about being enemies but they are not as naïve as their family and can see through differences and see love comparisons. Juliet refers to graves, which is a sign of bad things about to happen; we could interoperate as death! "My grave is like to be my wedding bed." Juliet may be thinking ahead, if she married Romeo her family would disown her and she may as well be dead to them. She also may be thinking if she married Paris, she would be very unhappy. She doesn't want to marry him but she wants to make Capulet and her family happy. She knows she would have a bad life and would think of it as her deathbed! In Act 1 scene 5, he brings across the characteristics and their personalities and uses a lot of tension. Tybalt for example, when the atmosphere got tense because of Romeo being at the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality. Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before. He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense. He reveals different aspects of the main characters.
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Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene,...
the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality.

Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before.

He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense.

He reveals different aspects of the main characters.

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In William Shakespeare's 'Romeo... In William Shakespeare's 'Romeo and Juliet', act 1 scene 5 is a key point in the play. It is where the two young lovers meet and where the plays main storyline begins to form. The scene is included in all adaptations of the play, which illustrates its importance. However, in each of the two film translations of the play directed by Baz Luhrmann and Franco Zefferelli the scene has been modified to suit the context and setting of the movie. The first, made in 1996 and directed by Baz Luhrmann is set in Americas Verona beach in modern society. The film is aimed at the teenage / young adult market and this is reflected by the modern day setting which includes aspects of society such as drug, gun and gang cultures in order to entertain the target audience with subjects they can relate to. The second adaptation of the play is directed by Franco Zefferelli and was made in 1968. It is intended as a true refection of Shakespeare's work and is set around the era and location which Shakespeare intended- the 1590's, Verona, Italy. The society of this time is far different from that of modern day. For example, almost all men carried swords, so fighting in the street was common, Fathers chose suitable husbands for their daughters, people married and had children earlier from 13-14 years of age and young girls were not allowed out of their house without a guardian/ chaperone. The target audiences are adults and students, as it allows the chance to see the context and society in which Shakespeare wrote his plays and sonnets. One of the first and main differences between Shakespeare's original work and the two film adaptations are the changes in the text. The first observable contrariety comes at the very beginning of the scene, where the servants are preparing for Lord Capulet's party. For a Shakespearean play, this would have been a very important element of the scene, allowing the stagehands to alter the scenery for the party scenes, and also to provide the comic actors in the troupe with a chance to display their talents. It was also a good way to show the contrast between the wealthy characters and those of a lower social standing. However, both directors chose to omit the scene from their film. This is probably because it isn't necessary to conduct scene changes in a motion picture and was seen as a good way to shorten the movie and cut production costs. As a prelude to the party scene, during Romeo's speech at the end of scene four, Baz Luhrmann shows Romeo taking a mind- expanding pill. Obviously, this is now an all too common act for modern partygoers, but wasn't seen as much in Shakespeare's era. Of course drugs were available, but they weren't used in the relaxed, recreational manner of today and so it could only be concluded that Mr. Luhrmann included this to make the film easier for a young audience to relate to. Nonetheless, we now know that Romeo is 'high' on drugs and not fully conscious of his surroundings, which is illustrated with 'point of view' camera shots depicting blurred images, bright lights and slurred sounds. This may now make us cast aspersions on Romeo's affection for Juliet, as we know that he his not in his right mind. It could be argued that this is a bad piece of directing, as it is the love between Romeo and Juliet that the play's main story revolves around. Therefore, we must have no doubt that the love they feel for each other is real Baz Luhrmann also brings other aspects of modern life to Lord Capulet's party which were not included by Shakespeare, the first being a huge firework display as Romeo and his friends arrive at the party, giving us but a small taster of Lord Capulet's wealth, and the preparation which the party has needed. Other 'moderisations' of the scene are the 'bouncers' on the door wielding ultra-modern automatic rifles and a metal detector in case of any weapons being sneaked in. These safety checks are perhaps what would be expected if the party was being thrown by royalty, symbolising the importance of the Capulets and their guests in their society. In contrast to this, Franco Zefferelli's attempt to represent the original text is shown by his lack of any new inclusions. However, he does cut down Lord Capulets speech to- "welcome gentlemen! I have seen the day that I have worn a visor and could tell a whispering tale in a fair lady's ear such as would please. 'Tis gone, 'tis gone. You are welcome gentlemen!" and completely removing lord Capulets conversation with his kinsman. Such extractions of text are present in Baz Luhrmann's interpretation too, as Capulets welcoming speech is cut down to a simple "“ "welcome gentlemen!" and once again, his conversation is totally omitted from the scene. These alterations are made as perhaps the directors see the speeches as unimportant to the overall story and as a result, are just a waste of time and money. Also, it is possible to 'see' more in a movie than a play and so it would be easier for the director to just show Capulet welcoming his guests rather than including a full welcoming speech from the host. Also, both directors have chopped and changed Tybalt's argument with Lord Capulet after he sees Romeo and wishes to fight with him. In Franco Zefferelli's version for example, large parts are omitted and Lady Capulet is given a very small part to say- "you are a princox". Baz Luhrmann chose to confine the argument to within a few lines and also decided to move Tybalts- "Patience perforce with willful choler meeting Makes my flesh trembler in their different greeting. I will withdraw, but this intrusion shall Now seeming sweet convert to bitterest gall" to the close of the scene, which creates tension between scenes, as we are left pondering this vengeful threat and what actions may result from it. Throughout the course of the scene, the only dialogue of any real importance is the sonnet spoken between Romeo and Juliet, which is reflected in the fact that both directors made no change to the original text for this part of the scene. However, the sequence of events during and after the sonnet differs slightly between the two versions. For example, in the Baz Luhrmann version, Romeo kisses Juliet's hand after the line - "To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss" and then he kisses her on the lips after the line "“ "then move not, while my prayers effect I take." These actions are true to those of the original play, which is odd, as up to now, it has been Franco Zefferelli who has stuck to the script. Surprisingly, it is he who chooses to alter these actions, deciding that Romeo should kiss Juliet after the line "“ "Thus from my lips, by thine my sin is purg'd." This is not a good choice, as the sonnet finished a line ago, and the flirtatious banter reaches it's crescendo in the final line of the sonnet, leaving the perfect time for the kissing. However, Franco Zefferelli failed to notice the significance of this, and as a result he loses drama from his kissing scene. After the initial kiss, Baz Luhrmann chooses to include shots following the young couple as they attempt to elude Juliet's nurse and yet more kissing ensues. This extra part is included to entertain rather continue the story and also perhaps to depict the level of love and lust felt between the two. Once again, the audience is given a subject that they can relate to, making it easier for them to understand how Romeo and Juliet feel about each other. For the rest f the scene, Franco Zefferelli reverts to his former method of accurately reconstructing Shakespeare's work and little of the original text is changed. Conversely, Baz Luhrmann chooses to omit the nurse's brief talk with Romeo, Capulet's short dialogue and all the rest of the text. Instead, the nurse tells Juliet who Romeo is and Romeo discovers Juliet's identity when her mother calls for her. As with prior text omissions, Baz Luhrmann most probably saw these pieces as an easy way to shorten the film and keep cost to a minimum. When choosing actors for each of their films, both directors had several factors to consider, such as target audience, setting, budget, current favorites etc"¦. Firstly, Baz Luhrmann knew that he had a large budget which, meant he could enlist the talent some 'big name' actors to star in his film. He also knew that to appeal to the teenage market, his Romeo and Juliet must be attractive and well known. In addition to this, both the actor and actress needed to appear older than the character, but not too old. This needed to be in place so that the director could include the sex scene of the play without causing a scandal, as the age of consent in England and the U.S.A is 16, whereas the characters are only 14/15 years old. Knowing all this, I think that Mr. Luhrmann chose his two leading characters well, Romeo has boyish good looks, and the actor Leonardo DiCaprio was very popular at the time of production, especially with teenage girls. In correlation to this, Juliet is a very pretty actress who looks younger than she actually is, fitting the bill perfectly and the prospect of viewing her in a sex scene would attract a wide female audience, but particularly with the teenage bracket. As for other characters, Baz Luhrmann has also done well in his selections "“ Tybalt is a typical gangster type tall, dark hair, wild eyes etc.. Nurse is an Italian-American woman who looks like a 'motherly' figure, Capulet is a stereotypical corporate businessman and Mercutio is a lively, energetic Afro-American. All of these characters suit their role well and each provide a certain aspect of popular entertainment humour, fear, evil etc which are necessary for a film to be well received. In contrast to this, Franco Zefferelli did not have the budget to employ world famous actors, making his choices a lot more difficult. However, as the film isn't aimed at the younger generation, the need for popular actors is lessened greatly and the need for actors who know the text well is increased. Once again, the director's choice was good, with each actor adapting to his or her role well. The character of the Nurse in particular was a casting triumph, the actress portrays the character flawlessly, providing all of the comic dialogue as if she had written it herself. Through these characters, Zefferelli has tried to produce an accurate reflection of Shakespeare's work, relying on the talents of the actors and actresses rather than their reputation to make the film popular and educational. To accompany the dialogue, create atmosphere and represent feelings, both directors have included music with their scene. To tie in with his films modern style, Baz Luhrmann chose two pieces of music to play during the party. The first is the song "young hearts" being sung/mimed by Mercutio. The director chose this song and the way it is performed for two reasons. Firstly, comic entertainment. The sight of a tall, well built black man wearing make-up, a short skirt and tight top performing a disco classic is enough to make anyone laugh. The song is performed as Romeo staggers into the party, still under the influence of Mercutio's drug. The wild performance of Mercutio and the fast beat of the song may also be meant as a reflection of the atmosphere and mood of the party. The second reason Baz Luhrmann chose this song to feature in his film are the lyrics "“ "young hearts, run free, never be hung up, hung up like my man and me!" These lyrics are directly related to the character of Romeo, whom we have learnt to be hasty and foolish in matters of the heart, as shown in his 'devotion' to Rosaline who he thinks he loves, but instantly forges upon seeing Julie. The words of the song are warning young people not to fall in love, but to be free and careless, something that Romeo should possibly take heed of. As contrast to this, when Romeo first sees Juliet, the music changes and a solo artist is introduced, performing a slow, romantic ballad. This sharp contrast is included to show the dramatic change in Romeo's mood after the drug has worn off and he has seen Juliet. Also, it helps to mark a change in the pace of the as the night draws on and the heat of summer makes the guests lethargic. The romantic lyrics of the song are again related to Romeo as he quickly falls in love with Juliet. In this version, the sonnet spoken between the two is more steady and deliberate, where as in Franco Zefferelli's version it is conducted more as conversation than a poem. As a result, the romantic tension that is developed in the original play does not build to any great height. However, as the film is set in the 1590's any unsupervised contact between young persons of the opposite sex would be considered improper, and so Juliet talks to Romeo whilst pretending to watch a dance so as not to be thought promiscuous. It is herd to conclude whether or not the sonnet is performed in this way to fit it's historical context or simply because this is how the director interpreted the text but what is gained through historical correctness is lost via lack of entertainment value. The music in Franco Zefferelli's film is performed by a group of musicians, such was the only way in Shakespeare's era. When Romeo and Juliet first meet, they are dancing a seemingly popular dance known as the Maritzka, which appears to be an actual dance of the Elizabethan age. If it is, then it is to the director's credit that he has continued to keep even small details in the correct historical context. However, further research would be needed to prove this theory. As with Baz Luhrmann's film, the first tune is quick and merry, again illustrating the general mood of the jovial party. After the dance is over, a solo singer is brought in, and a slow song is sung over gentle notes of a classical guitar. It is over this song that Romeo and Juliet speak the sonnet. The words of the song speak of young love being like a rose, blossoming and then dying. Just as with the song in Baz Luhrmannn's production, the words of the song bear a special significance to the plot, and both are played again at certain points of the film. These similarities in the use of music show that even though times and social contexts change, people's emotions and feelings can be reflected and brought out through music, whatever the style or method of performance. As the scene is set in a fancy dress party, costume is an imperative factor in creating the correct atmosphere. Both productions include fancy dress, but it is easy to see the contrast in choice of costume between the two contexts. For example, in the 1590's Zefferelli's version the guests just wore simple facemasks in conjunction with their best attire. The design of the mask does not bear any significance with character wearing it, but instead of this, Zefferelli has chosen to highlight the clothing of the times. By doing this, Zefferelli has made his scene very useful to his student audience, who may be interested in different aspects of Elizabethan life, including clothing. Baz Luhrmann however, has used the party sequence to show us more about the characters personalities through their costumes. For example, Romeo is dressed as a knight, suggesting courage, bravery and loyalty. Juliet is presented in a snow-white angels costume, symbolising purity, goodness and brilliance. However, we know that she has disobeyed her parents in the past and perhaps this is a false image? Conversely, Tybalt is attired in sequined devil outfit, complete with horns. Through this costume, we can see that Tybalt is an evil, fiery character, and he doesn' t mind people knowing this fact. Murcutio's flamboyant, extravert personality is conveyed by him being dressed as a women, complete with make-up, high heels, mini skirt and a tight top. Baz Luhrmann uses these images to strengthen any ideas the viewer had about each characters personality, and it is possibly to draw strong stereotypes from the information we have been shown through costume. In both versions of Romeo and Juliet that have been studied, the language used is directly derived from Shakespeare's original text. Even in Baz Luhrmann's modern adaptation, where the classical style dialogue may appear out of place, the imagery created through the language of Shakespeare could not have been replaced and still has significance in the modern society of Baz Luhrmann's movie. For example, Romeo's speech on his initial sight of Juliet remains unchanged in both versions. The directors chose to do this because some of the imagery used "“ "She that teaches the torches to burn bright! It seems that she hangs upon the cheek of night" does not require alteration, and is as relevant in modern life as it was then. This type of powerful imagery was extremely important In Shakespeare's theatre, as Juliet's part would have been played by a man, and the audience would need to be told how beautiful she is and the impact she has had on Romeo. This would especially important for those members of the audience who had a poor view of the stage, and relied on the dialogue to follow the story, Overall, the best presentation of act one, scene five is that of Baz Luhrmann. He provides all aspects of entertainment drama, romance, drama, etc.. whilst still portraying all of Shakespeare's intended images. He achieves this through good casting, contrasting old language and modern society and through excellent use of imagery. By Daniel Leyland, 10c.   

In William Shakespeare's 'Romeo and Juliet', act 1 scene 5 is a key point in the play. It is where the two young lovers meet and where the plays main storyline begins to form. The scene is included in all adaptations of the play, which illustrates its importance....

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War has been a popular subject...War has been a popular subject in poetry for many years. The genre covers bravery and glory as well as death and suffering. The poems we are about to look at each of these views between them, though they have a very different perspective of war. Both 'Dulce et Decorum Est´ and 'The Charge of the Light Brigade´ are about battle and the death of soldiers, but portray the experience of war in different ways. Tennyson´s poem celebrates the glory of war, despite the fact that, because of an error of judgement 'Someone had blundered´, six hundred soldiers were sent to their death. Owen´s poem, on the other hand, might almost have been written as a challenge to Tennyson´s rousing and jingoistic sentiments. He presents the horror of senseless death in the trenches. We are told that Tennyson wrote 'Light Brigade´ in a few minutes after reading the description in The Times of the Battle of Balaclava in 1854. He was a civilian poet, as opposed to a soldier poet like Owen. His poem 'Light Brigade´ increased the morale of the British soldiers fighting in the Crimean War and of the people at home, but Tennyson had not been an eyewitness to the battle he describes. Wilfred Owen wrote 'Dulce et Decorum Est´ towards the end of the First World War. He was killed in action a week before the war ended in 1918. He wanted to end the glorification of war. Owen was against the propaganda and lies that were being told at the time. He had first-hand experience of war and wanted to tell people back at home the truth. Owen was an officer and often had to send men to their deaths and his poem gives a personal account of what the war was like. Many patriotic poems had been written at the time and Owen knew that they lied. Tennyson´s poem is a celebration of the bravery of the six hundred British troops who went into battle against all odds, even though they knew that they would be killed. The poem starts in the middle of the action. 'Light Brigade´ is written in dactylic feet one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables and this gives a sense of the excitement of the galloping horses in the cavalry: 'Half a league, half a league, half a league onward´ Tennyson creates a vivid impression of the bravery of the soldiers with many 'verbs of action': 'Flash"d all their sabres bare, Flash"d as they turn"d in air, Sabring the gunners there´ The heroic command in the first stanza, which is repeated for effect in the second, sweeps the reader along without time to question the futility of the gesture: 'Forward, the Light Brigade! Charge for the guns!' He uses noble sounding euphemisms like 'the valley of Death´, to describe the fate that awaits these men. He then goes on to use personification: 'The jaws of Death´ and 'the mouth of Hell' Do not convey the gory reality of the slaughter. Tennyson creates a feeling of exhilaration, of the nobility of warfare with his use of poetic devices, such as repetition: 'Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them, Cannon in front of them.' And alliteration: 'Stormed at with shot and shell, while horse and hero fell' Tennyson celebrates the ideal of unquestioning obedience of the soldiers in the face of death: 'Theirs not to make reply, Theirs not to reason why, Theirs but to do and die´ In the final stanza Tennyson creates a sense of the immortality of the soldiers´ bravery with a rhetorical question and commands: 'When can their glory fade? O the wild charge they made! Honour the charge they made, Honour the Light Brigade, Noble six hundred! ´ The repetition of 'the six hundred´ at the end of each stanza reminds the reader of the enormous loss of life, but at the end of the poem they have become the 'Noble six hundred´ and are celebrated as heroes. Wilfred Owen in his poem is asking us to question all the certainties that Tennyson is celebrating. The theme of 'Dulce et decorum Est´ is that war and dying for one's country are not at all glorious. This message is echoed throughout the poem from the first stanza to the last line. In the opening stanza you get a very different image of the soldiers from what you might expect from the title. One thinks of soldiers as smart, proud, marching, and fighting, but Owen´s picture is based on his personal experience of the battlefield. Owen´s soldiers are 'Bent double, like old beggars under sacks' He then goes on to say 'Knock kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge.' Owen presents the reader with details of what people looked like and how they felt. 'Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots But limped on, blood-shod. ´ The men are not really marching, or if they are it is a death march. These men are so tired that they are like old women and beggars floundering through the mud. They are the opposite of Tennyson´s 'Noble six hundred´. Owen´s picture is not glorious at all and the very first line would shock people at home who imagined the men gallantly charging forward to attack. Owen captures the mood of the scene very well. The first stanza is very slow and inactive and words such as 'trudge' capture the atmosphere. He says 'we' when he's talking about the men's actions so we are reminded that he was there. The second stanza is very active and frantic in comparison. This shows the agonizing tedium the men had to put up with and that they could be killed instantly after a rush of adrenaline. 'GAS! Gas! Quick, boys! An ecstasy of fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time´ The contrast of 'ecstasy´ and 'fumbling´ is an effective way of showing this. At first, the reader is relieved that the gas masks are on, but then we realize that someone hasn't got his on yet. A man is helplessly stumbling and Owen can't save him. This is not a glorious death. By using vivid imagery Owen gives the reader the feelings of horror and disgust that he wants them to feel at the sight of the sight of the soldier poisoned by gas: 'In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.' This not only shows how the soldier is suffering, but that he is in terrible pain. The reader can imagine the soldier's life flickering away. In Owen´s poem death is vividly presented as the opposite of glorious: '"¦The white eyes writhing in his face,' 'His hanging face, like a devil"s sick of sin' It is as if he is filling the poem with as many ugly images as he can: '"¦blood,' 'Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues'. During the man's death it is as if you are reliving his torture. Owen gives us a detailed picture of the war: he talks in the first person, 'I saw him drowning´, and describes one dying man, in contrast to Tennyson´s rather impersonal 'six hundred´. He wants us to imagine that we are actually there on the battlefield so we get an idea of what it was like. This poem is the closest we will get to experiencing such atrocities and if we had, Owen tells us in the final lines, then we would not try to glorify the war any more. 'Dulce et Decorum est'- 'It is sweet and honourable to die for one's country'. After reading the two poems I have decided this statement is untrue.   

War has been a popular subject in poetry for many years. The genre covers bravery and glory as well as death and suffering. The poems we are about to look at each of these views between them, though they have a very different perspective of war. Both 'Dulce et...

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