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There are five characters who can be linked to the death of Eva Smith. All of the members of the Birling family and Sheila Birling's fiancé Gerald Croft. All of these five characters will be looked at separately before an opinion is drawn. Mr. Birling is connected to Eva Smith in the fact that he employed her as a worker in his factory. After Eva led a strike over pay, Mr. Birling fired her and Eva found herself on the streets. Mr. Birling's son Eric found the fact that her father Arthur had fired a woman over such a small dispute over pay as 2 and a half pence. This can be shown when he says, 'Why shouldn't they try for higher wages? And I don't see why she should have been sacked just because she'd a bit more spirit than the others.' Mr. Birling stands by himself, believing that he had done the correct thing when he says, 'I can't accept any responsibility.' Sheila Birling, Arthur Birling's daughter, was the second member of the family to be connected to Eva Smith. Eva Smith was working in a shop called Milwards when Sheila paid a visit there to but a dress. Sheila became displeased with Eva's attitude when she caught a glimpse of her smirking at her in the mirror when she was trying a dress on. Sheila complained, and as a regular customer, she got the girl sacked. Sheila took the fact that she had done this to heart and felt exceptionally bitter that she could have done such a thing that may have ended a girl's life. This can be shown when she said 'Don't you understand? And if I could help her now, I would-'. Sheila is very shocked when it is revealed to her that Eva Smith took her own life, and Sheila instantly believes that it is all her fault that Eva is now dead, especially because Sheila got Eva fired because she was jealous of her good looks. Eric Birling, Arthur Birling's daughter, was also connected to the death of Eva Smith in and was directly in contact with her, which comes as a great shock to his family when it is revealed on page 49. Eric played a major part in Eva Smith's life for a few months when they were having an affair. During this period, Eva became pregnant with Eric's baby. When Eric is told about the death of Eva, it is obvious that he believes that he played no part in her death and that it was all his own mothers fault. This can be shown when he says 'you killed her. She came to you to protect me "“ and you turned her away "“ yes, and you killed her "“ and the child she'd had too "“ my child "“ your own grandchild "“ you killed them both "“ damn you, damn you -'. This passage shows that Eric might have actually felt something for Eva, in contradiction to what he told the inspector when he said 'I wasn't in love with her or anything'. Eric obviously tried very hard to make life as comfortable as possible for Eva Smith as well, so he may not be one of the major contributors to Eva's death, Eric believes that his mother Mrs. Birling is the one who killed Eva. Mrs. Birling, the wife of Arthur Birling, is seen by Eric to be the one to have killed Eva Smith. This is because she turned Eva away from the organisation that she chaired because she felt that the story that Eva Smith was telling was false and that Mrs. Birling also didn't like the fact that Eva had used the name Mrs. Birling when she came in front of the committee. The real Mrs. Birling didn't like this, so she used her power to reject Eva's case. Mrs. Birling, however, doesn't think that she has herself to blame for the death of Eva Smith. This can be shown when she says 'I think she had only herself to blame.' Mrs. Birling also felt that she would have done anything wrong even if Eva Smith hadn't used Mrs. Birling as her name. This can be shown where Mrs. Birling says 'I did nothing that I'm ashamed of that won't bear investigation"¦I consider I did my duty.' These few examples could argue that Mrs. Birling is quite arrogant and believes that she is always right and that anything she does will never need justifying. The last character to investigate is the fiancé of Sheila, Gerald Croft. Gerald is another character who had had very close ties to Eva Smith, or as her name was at this point ion history, Daisy Renton. At the start of his relationship with Sheila, Gerald had an affair with Daisy. It doesn't appear that ht ending of this relationship with Daisy, however, had much to do with the death of Daisy or Eva. This can be shown when Gerald says 'She told me she'd been happier than she'd ever been before'. This shows that the affair that Daisy had with Gerald didn't really do much for the breaking down of Eva into her taking her own life. This shows that Gerald didn't really have much to do with the death of Eva Smith, but more with the keeping of Eva Smith happy. All of the five characters were all connected with Eva Smith or Daisy Renton, but only three of them, Sheila, Arthur and Mrs. Birling, made Eva or Daisy unhappy as a consequence of their actions. Arthur fired Eva and put her out onto the streets, but she was happy again when she found another job at Milwards. This means that Arthur shouldn't carry a lot of the blame for the death of Eva. Sheila complained about Eva and succeeded in getting her fired from her new job. This put Eva out onto the streets. This must have brought her close to unhappiness, but Gerald than had an affair with her, which picked her off the floor and made her happy again. Eric then slept with Eva and got her pregnant, but he supported her with money to make sure that she would be all right. Mrs. Birling then turned Eva Smith away from the help that she desperately required for the caring of the baby that she was going to have. This seemed like the last straw for Eva, and when she was rejected, she felt it was one too many and took her own life. This means that the majority of the blame must lie with Mrs. Birling, although a small part would lie with Arthur for setting the ball rolling, and with Sheila for helping her along the way.
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There are five characters who can be linked to the death of Eva Smith. All of the members of the Birling family and Sheila Birling's fiancé Gerald Croft. All of these five characters will be looked at separately before an opinion is drawn. Mr. Birling is connected to Eva Smith in the fact that he employed her as a worker in his factory. After Eva led a strike over pay, Mr. Birling fired her and Eva found herself on the streets. Mr. Birling's son Eric found the fact that her father Arthur had fired a woman over such a...
her with money to make sure that she would be all right. Mrs. Birling then turned Eva Smith away from the help that she desperately required for the caring of the baby that she was going to have. This seemed like the last straw for Eva, and when she was rejected, she felt it was one too many and took her own life. This means that the majority of the blame must lie with Mrs. Birling, although a small part would lie with Arthur for setting the ball rolling, and with Sheila for helping her along the way.

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Shakespeare uses various techniques to... Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene, as we want to find out about and see Rosaline! We are expecting fun as it is a party and want to know what happens with Juliet and Paris; will she marry marry him when she is of an older and more mature age? Before this scene we found information about various main characters. The audience found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline at the very beginning and he was love sick and distraught with not seeing her. Romeo had had a dream the night before about a bad thing happening at the Capulet's party. Being Romeo he believed his own thoughts and was nervous about going. We also found out that Juliet, only 13 years of age, was the only daughter of the Capulet's. She has her own 'nurse' to look after her as she is not very mature and relies on other people. Juliet is very distant from the rest of her family and does not get on with them the most majority of the time; she is a lonely child. Capulet wanted Juliet to marry Paris, a rich older man but only when Juliet was older. Capulet is a strong character, he tries to keep the peace between his family and the Montagues, but if the Montagues start a fight first then he will want to carry it on, as he doesn't want to be seen as the loser. Finally Tybalt, he is the nephew to Lady Capulet and despises the Montague's and tries his hardest to start fights with them and will never hear a bad word spoken about him. Immediately before this scene, the atmosphere is very gloomy as Romeo had a dream about a bad thing happening at Capulet's party, this also gets us interested, as we want to find out if he is right and what will happen. At the opening of scene 5 Capulet's servants prepare for his party. The atmosphere is very busy, rushed and fast moving. All of the servants are rushing around preparing for the party. They all talk to each other in short sentences; "You are look'd for, and call'd for, ask'd for"¦" This key line shows the short, snappy words the servants used. 'For' is repeatedly used as they are rushed and just use it as a joining word to get their sentence across before rushing off to prepare more things for the party once more. The apostrophes are repeated in all three words as it shows they are rushed even in their speech; they have to shorten words to say what they wanted quicker; they can't finish sentences and even words! They do not have the time to stand and chat especially under the watchful eye of Capulet; they have too much to do for everything to be ready for when the party begins. Capulet then welcomes guests into the party and tries to get them to dance. The atmosphere is very humorous, as people are all in fancy dress; it is very vibrant, lively and very cheerful as people are having fun. "Welcome Gentlemen, Ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns"¦" Capulet repeats the word 'Welcome', this tells us that he is very pleased that everyone has come and he may have had too much to drink and forgets that he has already said it! Capulet is eager to get the party off to a flying start and he teases all the ladies by telling they are welcome to attend his party if they have nice feet! Capulet adds a jolly atmosphere to the party. Once the party had got going, Romeo arrived and glimpses Juliet for the first time; the atmosphere was very romantic and slow. "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦" Romeo compares Juliet to jewels, ""¦As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear-"¦"which shows he thinks very highly of her, he uses "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦"in describing her as special. He immediately falls in love with her and we see a different side to Romeo, his mood and feelings go from one extreme to the other, as he was totally in love with Rosaline but with one sight of Juliet he is head over heals in love with her, which is very typical of Romeo. The effect on the audience is that we are privileged to share such an intimate moment between Romeo and Juliet. After Romeo and Juliet met, Tybalt overhears Romeo talking about Juliet and was angry that a Montague had come to the Capulet's own party. An argument started between him and Capulet, Tybalt wanted to fight Romeo outside and told one of the servants to go and get his sword but Capulet stopped him and didn't want any fight at his party and told him to leave it. The atmosphere was very tense and violent; Tybalt was very aggressive towards Capulet and anyone who helped try and stop him from fighting. ""¦Fetch me my rapier, boy"¦" This suggests he has no respect for his servants and people around him; he speaks as he is higher up than everyone else and uses the word 'boy' to show his power over them. Tybalt is impulsively violent; he acts first and thinks later, as he tries his hardest to start fights between him and the Montagues. It tells us he really wanted to fight Romeo. Capulet scolds Tybalt and he leaves the party sowing revenge. Tybalt was very angry that Romeo turned up, " He shall be endured"¦" Capulet is asserting his authority, as he wouldn't let him do anything about it. Capulet is being very naïve, as he thinks he has solved the problem. The atmosphere went from being very tense and un-settled to the audience finally having a breath of relief as the tense atmosphere is over. After Tybalt had left, Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time and end up kissing. The atmosphere is very romantic, as if it is slow motion because the camera focuses and continually flicks between Romeo and Juliet. "If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine,"¦" Romeo is very eager to impress, he is pleased that he had got to be with Juliet after wanting to all night. Juliet responds in the same way, she is very flattered and equally eager to impress. Whilst Romeo and Juliet were kissing Juliet's nurse interrupted them, the atmosphere is very rushed and happens very rapidly. Unfortunately, Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet and is disappointed, as he knows he will never be able to be with her with people knowing because of their family differences, ""¦My life is my foe's debt." Romeo does not understand how Juliet could be a Capulet, he was very upset at first, and he was in the hands of his enemy. The audience get anxious because of Romeo finding out she is his foe and the atmosphere gets very apprehensive. The audience feel depressed that Romeo and Juliet cannot be together with their family despising each other even though they know there could be love between them. Finally after Romeo finds out Juliet is a Capulet; vice versa for Juliet; she finds out Romeo is a Montague. The atmosphere is very playful and menacing, as Romeo and Juliet are still hopeful for being with one another from the bad news, as they know they want to be together and do not care about the consequences of being together. They were both very shocked and heartbroken about being enemies but they are not as naïve as their family and can see through differences and see love comparisons. Juliet refers to graves, which is a sign of bad things about to happen; we could interoperate as death! "My grave is like to be my wedding bed." Juliet may be thinking ahead, if she married Romeo her family would disown her and she may as well be dead to them. She also may be thinking if she married Paris, she would be very unhappy. She doesn't want to marry him but she wants to make Capulet and her family happy. She knows she would have a bad life and would think of it as her deathbed! In Act 1 scene 5, he brings across the characteristics and their personalities and uses a lot of tension. Tybalt for example, when the atmosphere got tense because of Romeo being at the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality. Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before. He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense. He reveals different aspects of the main characters.   

Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and...

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Curley's wife is the only... Curley's wife is the only woman on the ranch. She is married to Curley who is the Boss' son. She is always dressed up. She is first described as ' a girl with full rouged lips, red nails and her hair rolled.' She looks out of place in a society like this. Everyone else is hard working, so they are all wearing tattered clothes. We first encounter Curley's wife, the afternoon George and Lennie arrived at the Ranch. She came into the bunkhouse where George and Lennie were. and started to ask where Curley was. She then stood at the door 'tossing her hair' and she put her hands behind her back and kept leaning forwards. This is not the first time we hear about her though is when George and Lennie are talking to Candy when they first arrive at the ranch. This is where we learn that she is married to Curley. Candy thinks that she is a 'Tart.' The other characters describe Curley's wife as a 'tart', 'rattrap' and 'Jailbait'. Slim doesn't say anything about her; he is the only one who doesn't. He is superior to the others; he is respected and will never say anything about anyone unless it is to their face. All the men on the ranch think this of her because it's the only way she knows how to communicate with men. I know this because in Steinbeck's letter he states 'She's a nice girl not a floozy' It also says that 'if a man were to love her she would be a kind and loving wife.' Steinbeck describes her physically by saying that she has 'fully rouged lips and red nails.' Because she puts her hands behind her hips and leans forwards the men think that she wants something other than just a person who she can confide in. She needs this because she is incredibly lonely. There were a lot of lonely people at this time in America, as it was the great depression. After the Wall Street crash many people lost their jobs, so they travelled around on their own looking for work. Families were split apart and many people were very lonely. The loneliest people were always the ones that were different in some way or another. The significance of Curley's wife being in Crooks' room with Candy and Lennie is because they are all outcasts. Crooks is an outcast because he is black, he has his own room, which is separate from everyone else's. Candy is an outcast because he is old and only has one arm. Lennie is an outcast because he is intellectually challenged. Curley's wife is an outcast because she is the only woman on the ranch. She can also use this as her power, she says to Crooks 'I could get you hung just like that.' This shows that she has a bossy side to her. She was talking about if she was to cry rape everyone would believe her and they would probably kill Crooks. She reacts to Crooks the way she does because she wants to use the little power she has. She is also frustrated that she has been left at home whilst everyone else had gone into town. During this Crooks sits completely still, there is no movement, not even an expression on his face, he just stares straight ahead of him. When she was in the barn talking to Lennie she had a different tone. It is more kind and flirting way of talking. We discover that she also has a dream "“ she wants to be 'in the movies' she tells Lennie that a man said she was going to be in the movies, he was going to send her a letter; she never got it. This proves that she is very naïve. Being naïve is the main reason why she married Curley. We also learn in the barn that she is very lonely; she also dislikes Curley; she says 'I don't like Curley, he is not a nice person.' The perception of her character changed because you can now understand that she talks to everyone because she is lonely not because she is flirting. Steinbeck's description of her dead body makes you feel sorry for her because He emphasises that she has no name and that she is now lying there, 'trouble free.' Because she is just silent all the men wish they hadn't been so nasty to her during her short and miserable life. Steinbeck condones Curley's wife in the novel, he mainly does this in his letter. It says that 'she is a nice girl, not a floozy' this means that she does not flirt with everyone, she only does it because it is the only way she knows how to communicate with men. She would always be faithful to Curley and this is the one thing that everybody, including Curley got wrong about her. Steinbeck alters our opinion about her from bad to good in his letter. This proves that Steinbeck condones Curley's wife in the novel 'Of Mice and Men.'   

Curley's wife is the only woman on the ranch. She is married to Curley who is the Boss' son. She is always dressed up. She is first described as ' a girl with full rouged lips, red nails and her hair rolled.' She looks out of place in a...

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In the novel George and... In the novel George and Lennie appear different to the other ranch hands because they stay together, what ever they decide to. The main reason for this is because Lennie has a mental age of a young child and not able to look after himself properly so George looks after him. Despite Lennie being confused easily he is sure of his friendship "ain't nobody goin' to no hurt to George." This shows the Lennie is very protective of George and will not let anything bad happen to him. They all so share a dream, a dream of owning their own piece of land and to live of the fat of the land and not have to depend on anyone. The ranch that George and Lennie go to is called Soledad. Soledad is the Spanish word for loneliness. The ranch itself is very isolated. We get this feeling because we never leave the ranch as readers; we only get told about the men going into town. When Curley's hand gets hurt in the fight he has with Lennie, we do not see him go to the doctors, but just hear about it "Carlson's gonna take you to a doctor." So because of this it gives us the feeling that the doctors and the main town is far away from the ranch. The workers on the ranch are solitary and always on the move. We know this because when George and Lennie first come to the ranch, Candy, an old swamper shows them to the bunkhouse and tells George that the man that had this bed before him left "he"¦just quit, the way a guy will." George and Lennie are found unusual by slim one of the ranch hands because they travel around together instead of on their own like everyone else. Everyone is passing through the ranch, all except Candy and Crooks. This is because Candy is old and only has one hand and crooks, stays on the ranch because he is coloured. Both of them know if they were to leave the ranch they would not have anywhere to go and they probably would not get a job on a different ranch. Both candy and crooks will stay on this ranch until they become too much trouble for the owner and are forced to leave. When the men get paid at the end of the month, they all go into town except Lennie crooks and candy they have a few ahcolh drinks and then pay women for their company. This shows that the men have no one perment in their lives wife, children ect and to make themselves fell better about being on their own the pay women. When we first meet Curley's wife, she looks like a prostitute as she has "rouged lips and wide-spaced eyes, heavily made up. Her fingernails were red"¦ She wore a cotton housedress and red mules, on the insteps of which were little bouquets of red ostrich feathers". Even some of the ranch hands think this "well I think Curley's married "¦a tart." This shows that Curley's wife has flirted with some of them. All this shows that she is trying to stand out from everyone and everything including the ranch itself, as she is the only woman that we see it gives us the feeling that she has no one to talk to as all the men work and is very lonely indeed. Whenever she gets the chance to talk to o the men, she flirts with the as much as she can, just to make sure they notice her. The men will try to avoid her as much as they can this is only because she is married to the bosses son Curley and most of the men are not so much scared of Curley himself but are scared in case they get 'caned' lose their job. This isolates her even more, but she is aware of how the men are treating her. She is always going into the bunck house 'looking for Curley'. This shows that she is bored and wants something to do, someone to talk to. "Think I don't like to talk to somebody every once in a while? Think I like to stick in that house alla time?" This shows us that all she wants to do is talk to somebody and get out of the house, as she is not a trophy for Curley to show off but an actual human being. We learn that Curley's wife also has a dream. Her dream is that she could have been a film star actress. This dream isolates her again, because in realality she is lonely and her dream is unattainable. John Steinbeck based his novel in the 1930's depression. When migrant works flooded the Californian states in search of work. It has been said that the main charters in the novel are a "symphony of loneliness."   

In the novel George and Lennie appear different to the other ranch hands because they stay together, what ever they decide to. The main reason for this is because Lennie has a mental age of a young child and not able to look after himself properly so George looks...

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The two poems, which I'm going...The two poems, which I'm going to compare and contrast are written by Caribbean poets in the late 20th Century and are mainly focused on changing from one culture to the other. "A Country Club Romance" by Derek Walcott is about a white culture colliding into a black culture. However, "Two Old Black Men"¦" focuses on a black culture clashing into a white culture. Both of the poems are very ambiguous that use their language, form and structure to make their points clear. For example, as Grace Nichols starts off her poem the readers are confused and baffled. But as the poem gradually develops the point made becomes clear and obvious. Both poems are about love in some form, but they portray it very differently. While Derek Walcott tells of a woman who killed herself for love, Grace Nichols talks about two men in a park who are constantly telling each other that 'changing cultures' can have terrible consequences. For example, in "Two Old Black Men"¦"in the last sentence it reads, "And the sun was traded long ago" This quote tells us that in the Caribbean, the sun is always shining on you, but in England this does not happen. Many people associate the English weather with rain so this is how the two countries are viewed differently. The quote is basically telling us that the Caribbean weather was traded for the English weather, which included more job opportunities and better lifestyle. These two poems equally contain push and pull factors considering their past and lifestyle. For example, in "Two Old Black Men"¦"in the third stanza it reads, "O it's easy to rainbow the past" The men may have felt that they did not want to emigrate but had no choice, bearing in mind their quality of life and that is why they feel divided. This kind of situation would no doubt create some feelings of pain and hurt. It also sounds like they had brought everything to England apart from their culture and the precious sun. They have been divided and they feel that they can never fully fit into the English way of life and society. The way Grace Nichols fills the past with colours shows what it means to her as a Caribbean woman living in a different society and also in a different culture. However, in "A Country Club Romance" Derek Walcott used a pull factor when the white woman is brought to the Caribbean for its wonderful weather and sunshine. These two poems also differentiate in many ways. For example in "A Country Club Romance" Walcott has used tennis as the main theme. This creates a desired effect on us and is known as an extended metaphor. It makes us as readers relate the poem to the theme used which results in clear understanding. "They married and lay down like Slazengers" The use of simile used here, which describes similarities between rackets and humans, makes this poem more active and imaginative. Walcott's use of imagery for this specific quote makes the poem far more related to tennis. The tennis net is like barrier separating the couple and their culture, one could not cross it as the rules of the game will be broken and game will end, this imagery is similar to their relationship and Walcott uses this theme to show the couples' relationship. The imagery Grace Nichols has used in the following quote has an incredible effect on our sense of sight. It makes us vision the past and think of it as evil, or immortal. "ghost memories of desire" This quote also creates a pleasant meaning, which is like an old part of their life coming back to remind them about their culture and lifestyle its also just like a ghost haunting them about their past. The two men are reminiscing the past and filling it with colours as though they are trying to bring the image to life. However, Derek Walcott suddenly horrifies his readers halfway through the poem, "And slapped her" this creates a brilliant effect on us making us as readers see a different side to him. He had slapped her because of her actions as she started to become alcoholic. This is a very emotive and shocking image. But however we can interpret this image quite differently and relate it to tennis the theme he had used throughout the poem. "since your so damn frisky, answer this backhand" I believe that Derek Walcott and Grace Nichols express their thoughts and feelings about living in discomfort, but having roots in another culture. I think both writers were successful in the way they expressed the other cultures, from the use of description and detail and the use of ways to describe their feelings throughout the poems. The poems are well written in a way that everyone could understand what the poems meanings are. For example, the way Walcott has written his poem, which ends up disturbing, adds to the overall effect it has on us. Walcott brings forward to our attention that two lovers having different cultures would occasionally end up separated. The poem is narrated by an obsessive lover, who considers his love as an image to the society. She cannot be with him because she is different she comes from a different culture. Obviously she is an upper class citizen and he is not, therefore they cannot be together in the public eye. Furthermore, these two poets show that racism works both ways. For example, the way Walcott emphasizes the white woman's desperate needs for love, adds to our attention that the culture she is put in will be different from her own. The white woman is 'ostracized' from the rest of the society. However, Nichols strategic structure and language gives us the impression as readers that different cultures will be met. For example, the two Caribbean men are clashed into white society and are ignored because of it from the rest of the community. Overall, both poems show how love is not an everlasting thing and that there are always moments when it hits problems. In its extreme, love can sometimes lead to death, as shown in "A Country Club Romance". However both poems, in my view, have similarities within the text, as they are both are very ambiguous. In my view this shows how uncertain love can be, as it is normally never what is expected of it. Racism still functions in today's world and many people are harassed, threatened and even beaten because of it. We need to work together as a society and tackle this sickening problem before it spreads out quickly like a virus. I believe these two poems have not addressed how we should tackle racism and the worst we could do is to isolate other cultures from our own.   

The two poems, which I'm going to compare and contrast are written by Caribbean poets in the late 20th Century and are mainly focused on changing from one culture to the other. "A Country Club Romance" by Derek Walcott is about a white culture colliding into a black culture. However,...

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