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There are five characters who can be linked to the death of Eva Smith. All of the members of the Birling family and Sheila Birling's fiancé Gerald Croft. All of these five characters will be looked at separately before an opinion is drawn. Mr. Birling is connected to Eva Smith in the fact that he employed her as a worker in his factory. After Eva led a strike over pay, Mr. Birling fired her and Eva found herself on the streets. Mr. Birling's son Eric found the fact that her father Arthur had fired a woman over such a small dispute over pay as 2 and a half pence. This can be shown when he says, 'Why shouldn't they try for higher wages? And I don't see why she should have been sacked just because she'd a bit more spirit than the others.' Mr. Birling stands by himself, believing that he had done the correct thing when he says, 'I can't accept any responsibility.' Sheila Birling, Arthur Birling's daughter, was the second member of the family to be connected to Eva Smith. Eva Smith was working in a shop called Milwards when Sheila paid a visit there to but a dress. Sheila became displeased with Eva's attitude when she caught a glimpse of her smirking at her in the mirror when she was trying a dress on. Sheila complained, and as a regular customer, she got the girl sacked. Sheila took the fact that she had done this to heart and felt exceptionally bitter that she could have done such a thing that may have ended a girl's life. This can be shown when she said 'Don't you understand? And if I could help her now, I would-'. Sheila is very shocked when it is revealed to her that Eva Smith took her own life, and Sheila instantly believes that it is all her fault that Eva is now dead, especially because Sheila got Eva fired because she was jealous of her good looks. Eric Birling, Arthur Birling's daughter, was also connected to the death of Eva Smith in and was directly in contact with her, which comes as a great shock to his family when it is revealed on page 49. Eric played a major part in Eva Smith's life for a few months when they were having an affair. During this period, Eva became pregnant with Eric's baby. When Eric is told about the death of Eva, it is obvious that he believes that he played no part in her death and that it was all his own mothers fault. This can be shown when he says 'you killed her. She came to you to protect me "“ and you turned her away "“ yes, and you killed her "“ and the child she'd had too "“ my child "“ your own grandchild "“ you killed them both "“ damn you, damn you -'. This passage shows that Eric might have actually felt something for Eva, in contradiction to what he told the inspector when he said 'I wasn't in love with her or anything'. Eric obviously tried very hard to make life as comfortable as possible for Eva Smith as well, so he may not be one of the major contributors to Eva's death, Eric believes that his mother Mrs. Birling is the one who killed Eva. Mrs. Birling, the wife of Arthur Birling, is seen by Eric to be the one to have killed Eva Smith. This is because she turned Eva away from the organisation that she chaired because she felt that the story that Eva Smith was telling was false and that Mrs. Birling also didn't like the fact that Eva had used the name Mrs. Birling when she came in front of the committee. The real Mrs. Birling didn't like this, so she used her power to reject Eva's case. Mrs. Birling, however, doesn't think that she has herself to blame for the death of Eva Smith. This can be shown when she says 'I think she had only herself to blame.' Mrs. Birling also felt that she would have done anything wrong even if Eva Smith hadn't used Mrs. Birling as her name. This can be shown where Mrs. Birling says 'I did nothing that I'm ashamed of that won't bear investigation"¦I consider I did my duty.' These few examples could argue that Mrs. Birling is quite arrogant and believes that she is always right and that anything she does will never need justifying. The last character to investigate is the fiancé of Sheila, Gerald Croft. Gerald is another character who had had very close ties to Eva Smith, or as her name was at this point ion history, Daisy Renton. At the start of his relationship with Sheila, Gerald had an affair with Daisy. It doesn't appear that ht ending of this relationship with Daisy, however, had much to do with the death of Daisy or Eva. This can be shown when Gerald says 'She told me she'd been happier than she'd ever been before'. This shows that the affair that Daisy had with Gerald didn't really do much for the breaking down of Eva into her taking her own life. This shows that Gerald didn't really have much to do with the death of Eva Smith, but more with the keeping of Eva Smith happy. All of the five characters were all connected with Eva Smith or Daisy Renton, but only three of them, Sheila, Arthur and Mrs. Birling, made Eva or Daisy unhappy as a consequence of their actions. Arthur fired Eva and put her out onto the streets, but she was happy again when she found another job at Milwards. This means that Arthur shouldn't carry a lot of the blame for the death of Eva. Sheila complained about Eva and succeeded in getting her fired from her new job. This put Eva out onto the streets. This must have brought her close to unhappiness, but Gerald than had an affair with her, which picked her off the floor and made her happy again. Eric then slept with Eva and got her pregnant, but he supported her with money to make sure that she would be all right. Mrs. Birling then turned Eva Smith away from the help that she desperately required for the caring of the baby that she was going to have. This seemed like the last straw for Eva, and when she was rejected, she felt it was one too many and took her own life. This means that the majority of the blame must lie with Mrs. Birling, although a small part would lie with Arthur for setting the ball rolling, and with Sheila for helping her along the way.
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There are five characters who can be linked to the death of Eva Smith. All of the members of the Birling family and Sheila Birling's fiancé Gerald Croft. All of these five characters will be looked at separately before an opinion is drawn. Mr. Birling is connected to Eva Smith in the fact that he employed her as a worker in his factory. After Eva led a strike over pay, Mr. Birling fired her and Eva found herself on the streets. Mr. Birling's son Eric found the fact that her father Arthur had fired a woman over such a...
her with money to make sure that she would be all right. Mrs. Birling then turned Eva Smith away from the help that she desperately required for the caring of the baby that she was going to have. This seemed like the last straw for Eva, and when she was rejected, she felt it was one too many and took her own life. This means that the majority of the blame must lie with Mrs. Birling, although a small part would lie with Arthur for setting the ball rolling, and with Sheila for helping her along the way.

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The play Romeo and Juliet... The play Romeo and Juliet is a romantic drama set in Verona, Italy in the 15th century. Romeo and Juliet are the children of two very wealthy families, the Capulets and the Montagues. However there is known hatred between these two families, that have been feuding for many years and are infamous for their vicious fights. At the time the play was set, women did not have a particularly significant role in society and it was custom for the young daughters of wealthy families to be married off, and even have children by the age of thirteen or fourteen. In Act 1 Scene two, there is an important conversation between Capulet and the young County Paris. Paris puts forward the idea of marrying Juliet to her father, however Capulet does not seem to want Juliet to leave his household yet and would rather wait until she was completely ready and happy with the idea of marriage. ''And too soon marred are those so early made, earth has swallowed all my hopes but she.'' This shows that there is clearly a strong relationship between Capulet and his daughter. At the start of the play we see a modest, respectful young Juliet. The actress playing Juliet could portray this by actually emphasizing on how Juliet seems eager to please her mother by actions such as, always looking presentable when standing before Lady Capulet and the way Juliet holds herself. The actress could also think about what tone of voice Juliet would use when talking to her mother, the nurse or Capulet. Such as a quiet and soft tone when speaking to her mother or father, and a more relaxed and louder tone of voice when speaking to the nurse. The contrast of these two tones of voice should also emphasize the relationship between the nurse and Juliet. In Act one scene three there is also a conversation between Lady Capulet and the nurse which really shows the close relationship formed much earlier between Juliet and her Nurse. Lady Capulet does not know when Juliet's birthdate is and the nurse has to inform her of the actual date. "She is not fourteen. How long is it now" to which the nurse replies "come Lammas eve at night shall she be fourteen"¦I remember it well." Lady Capulet feels embarrassed seems to shy off, whilst the burse and Juliet happily continue talking. A director could focus here, on the physical closeness of Juliet and her nurse i.e. Juliet could be sitting on the nurse's lap whilst Lady Capulet stands shyly in the corner of the room, emphasizing on their close bond and the distance between mother and daughter. During the first few scenes of the play Juliet is relatively quiet, especially when her mother is talking and only replies to her when she asks her a question, so it is not until much later on in the play that we can get a more rounded view of Juliet. Lady Capulet brings up the topic of marriage quite quickly in the play, but the now meek and timid Juliet simply replies to her mother's suggestion, "Oh, it is an honour I dream not of." Here the actress could really make it seem that Juliet is being sincere in what she is saying and those are her actual feelings towards the matter. Moreover, by doing this it would also show later on in the play the impact that Romeo has on Juliet and her sudden development and maturity, as she decides to marry Romeo almost straight away. The actress could do this by acting completely surprised and almost shocked by her mother's suggestion which would furthermore accentuate the shy and reserved Juliet at the opening of the play. Another form of which the actress could expose this meek Juliet could be by, concentrating on the way of which Juliet holds herself and the positioning between her and other characters of the play, to make the relationships clearer. For example, When Juliet is talking to her mother, the actress could stand slightly bowed and not constantly looking directly into Lady Capulet's eyes, showing respect and fear. She could also position Juliet with a slight distance between her and Lady Capulet, exposing the physical and emotional detachment in their relationship. However when Juliet is around the nurse, the actress could act much more relaxed and comfortable around her, and even show physical closeness between them to emphasize on their strong and close bond. This would also be useful for later on in the play as it would show the contrast between how the relationship of the nurse and Juliet change after Romeo becomes a part of Juliet's life. It is in Act two scene 2 that we first start to see signs of Juliet maturing and developing. In the previous scene of the play, we have just seen Juliet and Romeo meet for the first time, and how Juliet kisses someone for the first time, and the instant bond between her and Romeo that is formed. Now in scene two of act two, after Juliet has discovered that Romeo is a Montague her sworn enemy, she disregards this fact and chooses to love him over all the risks and consequences she could face. This shows development and new found maturity because the once shy young girl who was frightened at the thought of marriage, is now willing to risk everything to be with someone she hardly knows. The actress could show this development by emphasizing on how strongly Juliet feels towards Romeo and how quickly she is making key decisions such as even proposing the idea of marriage to Romeo. "Thy purpose marriage, send me word tomorrow." Juliet also shows maturity when Romeo swears his love by the moon, she replies "swear not by the moon, th'inconstant moon, that monthly changes "¦lest that thy love prove likewise variable." When Juliet says this to Romeo, the actress could make Juliet sound certain that marriage is exactly what she desires and that she knows exactly what she wants, which would further increase the emphasis on character development and maturity. Further on in Act two, Juliet even seems more sure of herself and what she wants than Romeo does. She is in control of the relationship and   

The play Romeo and Juliet is a romantic drama set in Verona, Italy in the 15th century. Romeo and Juliet are the children of two very wealthy families, the Capulets and the Montagues. However there is known hatred between these two families, that have been feuding for many years...

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Shakespeare uses various techniques to... Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene, as we want to find out about and see Rosaline! We are expecting fun as it is a party and want to know what happens with Juliet and Paris; will she marry marry him when she is of an older and more mature age? Before this scene we found information about various main characters. The audience found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline at the very beginning and he was love sick and distraught with not seeing her. Romeo had had a dream the night before about a bad thing happening at the Capulet's party. Being Romeo he believed his own thoughts and was nervous about going. We also found out that Juliet, only 13 years of age, was the only daughter of the Capulet's. She has her own 'nurse' to look after her as she is not very mature and relies on other people. Juliet is very distant from the rest of her family and does not get on with them the most majority of the time; she is a lonely child. Capulet wanted Juliet to marry Paris, a rich older man but only when Juliet was older. Capulet is a strong character, he tries to keep the peace between his family and the Montagues, but if the Montagues start a fight first then he will want to carry it on, as he doesn't want to be seen as the loser. Finally Tybalt, he is the nephew to Lady Capulet and despises the Montague's and tries his hardest to start fights with them and will never hear a bad word spoken about him. Immediately before this scene, the atmosphere is very gloomy as Romeo had a dream about a bad thing happening at Capulet's party, this also gets us interested, as we want to find out if he is right and what will happen. At the opening of scene 5 Capulet's servants prepare for his party. The atmosphere is very busy, rushed and fast moving. All of the servants are rushing around preparing for the party. They all talk to each other in short sentences; "You are look'd for, and call'd for, ask'd for"¦" This key line shows the short, snappy words the servants used. 'For' is repeatedly used as they are rushed and just use it as a joining word to get their sentence across before rushing off to prepare more things for the party once more. The apostrophes are repeated in all three words as it shows they are rushed even in their speech; they have to shorten words to say what they wanted quicker; they can't finish sentences and even words! They do not have the time to stand and chat especially under the watchful eye of Capulet; they have too much to do for everything to be ready for when the party begins. Capulet then welcomes guests into the party and tries to get them to dance. The atmosphere is very humorous, as people are all in fancy dress; it is very vibrant, lively and very cheerful as people are having fun. "Welcome Gentlemen, Ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns"¦" Capulet repeats the word 'Welcome', this tells us that he is very pleased that everyone has come and he may have had too much to drink and forgets that he has already said it! Capulet is eager to get the party off to a flying start and he teases all the ladies by telling they are welcome to attend his party if they have nice feet! Capulet adds a jolly atmosphere to the party. Once the party had got going, Romeo arrived and glimpses Juliet for the first time; the atmosphere was very romantic and slow. "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦" Romeo compares Juliet to jewels, ""¦As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear-"¦"which shows he thinks very highly of her, he uses "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦"in describing her as special. He immediately falls in love with her and we see a different side to Romeo, his mood and feelings go from one extreme to the other, as he was totally in love with Rosaline but with one sight of Juliet he is head over heals in love with her, which is very typical of Romeo. The effect on the audience is that we are privileged to share such an intimate moment between Romeo and Juliet. After Romeo and Juliet met, Tybalt overhears Romeo talking about Juliet and was angry that a Montague had come to the Capulet's own party. An argument started between him and Capulet, Tybalt wanted to fight Romeo outside and told one of the servants to go and get his sword but Capulet stopped him and didn't want any fight at his party and told him to leave it. The atmosphere was very tense and violent; Tybalt was very aggressive towards Capulet and anyone who helped try and stop him from fighting. ""¦Fetch me my rapier, boy"¦" This suggests he has no respect for his servants and people around him; he speaks as he is higher up than everyone else and uses the word 'boy' to show his power over them. Tybalt is impulsively violent; he acts first and thinks later, as he tries his hardest to start fights between him and the Montagues. It tells us he really wanted to fight Romeo. Capulet scolds Tybalt and he leaves the party sowing revenge. Tybalt was very angry that Romeo turned up, " He shall be endured"¦" Capulet is asserting his authority, as he wouldn't let him do anything about it. Capulet is being very naïve, as he thinks he has solved the problem. The atmosphere went from being very tense and un-settled to the audience finally having a breath of relief as the tense atmosphere is over. After Tybalt had left, Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time and end up kissing. The atmosphere is very romantic, as if it is slow motion because the camera focuses and continually flicks between Romeo and Juliet. "If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine,"¦" Romeo is very eager to impress, he is pleased that he had got to be with Juliet after wanting to all night. Juliet responds in the same way, she is very flattered and equally eager to impress. Whilst Romeo and Juliet were kissing Juliet's nurse interrupted them, the atmosphere is very rushed and happens very rapidly. Unfortunately, Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet and is disappointed, as he knows he will never be able to be with her with people knowing because of their family differences, ""¦My life is my foe's debt." Romeo does not understand how Juliet could be a Capulet, he was very upset at first, and he was in the hands of his enemy. The audience get anxious because of Romeo finding out she is his foe and the atmosphere gets very apprehensive. The audience feel depressed that Romeo and Juliet cannot be together with their family despising each other even though they know there could be love between them. Finally after Romeo finds out Juliet is a Capulet; vice versa for Juliet; she finds out Romeo is a Montague. The atmosphere is very playful and menacing, as Romeo and Juliet are still hopeful for being with one another from the bad news, as they know they want to be together and do not care about the consequences of being together. They were both very shocked and heartbroken about being enemies but they are not as naïve as their family and can see through differences and see love comparisons. Juliet refers to graves, which is a sign of bad things about to happen; we could interoperate as death! "My grave is like to be my wedding bed." Juliet may be thinking ahead, if she married Romeo her family would disown her and she may as well be dead to them. She also may be thinking if she married Paris, she would be very unhappy. She doesn't want to marry him but she wants to make Capulet and her family happy. She knows she would have a bad life and would think of it as her deathbed! In Act 1 scene 5, he brings across the characteristics and their personalities and uses a lot of tension. Tybalt for example, when the atmosphere got tense because of Romeo being at the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality. Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before. He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense. He reveals different aspects of the main characters.   

Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and...

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The Lonely Characters in "Of...The Lonely Characters in "Of Mice and Men" Of Mice and Men is set during the 1930s about the time of the American depression. It focuses upon two men who are raising money to buy and live on a small farm of their dreams. They work on the ranches to earn the money to do this. These men are George Milton and Lennie Small. George looks after Lennie as he is very forgetful and slow. Lennie usually ends up getting the both of them 'canned' this means thrown off the ranch as he tends to do stupid things that get them both in trouble. The ranches are lonely places as the men who work on them often have little or no family. The men upon the ranches play simple games when they're not in the fields working in order to pass the time. George is described in the book as he and Lennie are walking, it describes well by saying "The first man was small and quick, dark of face, with restless eyes and sharp, strong features Every part of him was defined; small, strong hands, slender arms, a thin and bony nose." The book then continues to describe Lennie it reads "Behind him walked his opposite, a huge man, shapeless of face, with large, pale eyes, with wide, sloping shoulders; and he walked heavily, dragging his feet a little, the way a bear drags his paws." George sometimes gets annoyed with Lennie, although he loves him and cares deeply for him. An example of this love and care is "Lennie, for Gods sake don't drink so much." Lennie continued to snort into the pool. The small man leaned over and shook him by the shoulder. "Lennie. You gonna be sick like you was last night." George misses having someone to love him. You can tell this as he says "Guys like us, that work on the ranches, are the loneliest guys in the world. They got no family. They don't belong no place." I believe that this shows a slight glimpse of George's real feelings, though I think that he is too afraid to disclose his true feelings for the sake of Lennie. Crooks is also a ranch worker. He takes care of the horses and gets them ready in the morning for working in the fields. Crooks is a black man with a crooked back, he got his crooked back after being kicked in the back by a horse. I think that his name is meant to signify his crooked back. He lives away from the other ranch workers in a small room in the barn. Reading books alone in his room is how he passes time when not working. He isn't allowed in the bunkhouse where the other men sleep as he is a black man. So it is easy to see he is very lonely as most of the men won't even speak to him. The only time he can come into the bunkhouse is on Christmas day when to boss gives them a case of whisky. "A guy goes nuts if he ain't got nobody. Don't make a difference who the guy is, long's he's with you"¦ I tell ya a guy gets too lonely, an' he gets sick." I believe that this defiantly proves that Crooks is one of the lonely characters in the book. Curley is another lonely character on the ranch his father is the boss. This is the only reason that the other men tolerate him and I believe that he knows this. Although he is fortunate to have a wife unlike the other men, he is still lonely as they have an extremely poor relationship. Curley is unpopular with the men on the ranch, he is a moody person, small and he has a thing against big people. Curley has a wife, she tells Lennie that he gets in a mood when she speaks to other men, and that he treats her bad all the time. She also tells Lennie "I get Lonely. You can talk to people, but I can't talk to anybody but Curley. Else he gets mad. How'd you like not to talk to anybody?" Curley's wife feels very lonely, she can't talk to any of the other men on the ranch except for Curley, or he gets mad with her. There are no other women to socialise with on the ranch. She speaks of running away and that nobody would ever see her again if she did. This shows that she is an extremely lonely character on the ranch. Another way that you can tell she is a lonely character is that she is never referred to by name, this shows nobody has taken time to even discover her name. Therefore it must be assumed that the men see her as an object rather than a person. Curley and she don't have a good relationship at all you know this, as they never have a conversation during the story. Also she married him to escape her mother and believes that he is strong as a person and that he has power over the workers on the ranch when it is his father who owns the ranch. There is another lonely character on the ranch, Candy, he is and old man who lost one of his hands in a machine accident, so now he sweeps up in the yard. Candy sweeps while the other men are out in the fields. Candy has an old dog but the book doesn't give you the dogs name Candy just calls her 'girl'. The dog is Candy's only companion whilst the other men are out in the fields. During the story the dog is shot due her old age, after she is shot he tells George "I ought to of shot that dog myself, I shouldn't ought to of let no stranger shoot my dog." Another worker on the ranch shot the dog. Candy is one of the older workers on the ranch and realises that he is too old to live out his dreams now. Also he has no idea what he is going to do when he is 'canned'. He has no hopes for the future and no real friends therefore he is one of the loneliest characters on the ranch. George faces a similar predicament, George knows that he must be the one too kill Lennie, because if anyone else does it they will do it inhumanly. This is why he shoots Lennie while talking to him as to distract him, where as Curley would "shoot for his guts." Although all of the characters are lonely I feel that these characters are the loneliest. Georges saying sums up all of the ranch workers loneliness by saying " Guys like us, that work on the ranches, are the loneliest guys in the world."   

The Lonely Characters in "Of Mice and Men" Of Mice and Men is set during the 1930s about the time of the American depression. It focuses upon two men who are raising money to buy and live on a small farm of their dreams. They work on the...

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