Related Keywords

No Related Keywords

Register NowHow It Works Need Essay Need Essay
There are five characters who can be linked to the death of Eva Smith. All of the members of the Birling family and Sheila Birling's fiancé Gerald Croft. All of these five characters will be looked at separately before an opinion is drawn. Mr. Birling is connected to Eva Smith in the fact that he employed her as a worker in his factory. After Eva led a strike over pay, Mr. Birling fired her and Eva found herself on the streets. Mr. Birling's son Eric found the fact that her father Arthur had fired a woman over such a small dispute over pay as 2 and a half pence. This can be shown when he says, 'Why shouldn't they try for higher wages? And I don't see why she should have been sacked just because she'd a bit more spirit than the others.' Mr. Birling stands by himself, believing that he had done the correct thing when he says, 'I can't accept any responsibility.' Sheila Birling, Arthur Birling's daughter, was the second member of the family to be connected to Eva Smith. Eva Smith was working in a shop called Milwards when Sheila paid a visit there to but a dress. Sheila became displeased with Eva's attitude when she caught a glimpse of her smirking at her in the mirror when she was trying a dress on. Sheila complained, and as a regular customer, she got the girl sacked. Sheila took the fact that she had done this to heart and felt exceptionally bitter that she could have done such a thing that may have ended a girl's life. This can be shown when she said 'Don't you understand? And if I could help her now, I would-'. Sheila is very shocked when it is revealed to her that Eva Smith took her own life, and Sheila instantly believes that it is all her fault that Eva is now dead, especially because Sheila got Eva fired because she was jealous of her good looks. Eric Birling, Arthur Birling's daughter, was also connected to the death of Eva Smith in and was directly in contact with her, which comes as a great shock to his family when it is revealed on page 49. Eric played a major part in Eva Smith's life for a few months when they were having an affair. During this period, Eva became pregnant with Eric's baby. When Eric is told about the death of Eva, it is obvious that he believes that he played no part in her death and that it was all his own mothers fault. This can be shown when he says 'you killed her. She came to you to protect me "“ and you turned her away "“ yes, and you killed her "“ and the child she'd had too "“ my child "“ your own grandchild "“ you killed them both "“ damn you, damn you -'. This passage shows that Eric might have actually felt something for Eva, in contradiction to what he told the inspector when he said 'I wasn't in love with her or anything'. Eric obviously tried very hard to make life as comfortable as possible for Eva Smith as well, so he may not be one of the major contributors to Eva's death, Eric believes that his mother Mrs. Birling is the one who killed Eva. Mrs. Birling, the wife of Arthur Birling, is seen by Eric to be the one to have killed Eva Smith. This is because she turned Eva away from the organisation that she chaired because she felt that the story that Eva Smith was telling was false and that Mrs. Birling also didn't like the fact that Eva had used the name Mrs. Birling when she came in front of the committee. The real Mrs. Birling didn't like this, so she used her power to reject Eva's case. Mrs. Birling, however, doesn't think that she has herself to blame for the death of Eva Smith. This can be shown when she says 'I think she had only herself to blame.' Mrs. Birling also felt that she would have done anything wrong even if Eva Smith hadn't used Mrs. Birling as her name. This can be shown where Mrs. Birling says 'I did nothing that I'm ashamed of that won't bear investigation"¦I consider I did my duty.' These few examples could argue that Mrs. Birling is quite arrogant and believes that she is always right and that anything she does will never need justifying. The last character to investigate is the fiancé of Sheila, Gerald Croft. Gerald is another character who had had very close ties to Eva Smith, or as her name was at this point ion history, Daisy Renton. At the start of his relationship with Sheila, Gerald had an affair with Daisy. It doesn't appear that ht ending of this relationship with Daisy, however, had much to do with the death of Daisy or Eva. This can be shown when Gerald says 'She told me she'd been happier than she'd ever been before'. This shows that the affair that Daisy had with Gerald didn't really do much for the breaking down of Eva into her taking her own life. This shows that Gerald didn't really have much to do with the death of Eva Smith, but more with the keeping of Eva Smith happy. All of the five characters were all connected with Eva Smith or Daisy Renton, but only three of them, Sheila, Arthur and Mrs. Birling, made Eva or Daisy unhappy as a consequence of their actions. Arthur fired Eva and put her out onto the streets, but she was happy again when she found another job at Milwards. This means that Arthur shouldn't carry a lot of the blame for the death of Eva. Sheila complained about Eva and succeeded in getting her fired from her new job. This put Eva out onto the streets. This must have brought her close to unhappiness, but Gerald than had an affair with her, which picked her off the floor and made her happy again. Eric then slept with Eva and got her pregnant, but he supported her with money to make sure that she would be all right. Mrs. Birling then turned Eva Smith away from the help that she desperately required for the caring of the baby that she was going to have. This seemed like the last straw for Eva, and when she was rejected, she felt it was one too many and took her own life. This means that the majority of the blame must lie with Mrs. Birling, although a small part would lie with Arthur for setting the ball rolling, and with Sheila for helping her along the way.
0 User(s) Rated!
Words: 1139 Views: 424 Comments: 0
There are five characters who can be linked to the death of Eva Smith. All of the members of the Birling family and Sheila Birling's fiancé Gerald Croft. All of these five characters will be looked at separately before an opinion is drawn. Mr. Birling is connected to Eva Smith in the fact that he employed her as a worker in his factory. After Eva led a strike over pay, Mr. Birling fired her and Eva found herself on the streets. Mr. Birling's son Eric found the fact that her father Arthur had fired a woman over such a...
her with money to make sure that she would be all right. Mrs. Birling then turned Eva Smith away from the help that she desperately required for the caring of the baby that she was going to have. This seemed like the last straw for Eva, and when she was rejected, she felt it was one too many and took her own life. This means that the majority of the blame must lie with Mrs. Birling, although a small part would lie with Arthur for setting the ball rolling, and with Sheila for helping her along the way.

Become A Member Become a member to continue reading this essay orLoginLogin
View Comments Add Comment

The play is set in the...The play is set in the Birling's house; as it is a safe place where life is secure and sheltered. The inspector takes the illusion of their life away and shows the Birlings what they previously prefer to overlook, the horrors and troubles of the real world. The play is set in 1912 but was written in 1945 after the Second World War. In the play there is lots of dramatic irony, which to an extent it relies on. Mr Birling flippantly brushes of ideas people have about a war in sight, dismissing them as "silly little war scares". He also comments on the worker's strikes and feels confident that they've "passed the worst of it." We as the audience know that since 1912 there have been two Worlds Wars, the likes of which the world had never experienced and in the 1920's there were huge worker's strikes, which sent the country into chaos. The Georgian period in which they lived was a time of wealth and prosperity for the middle and upper classes and relative relaxation and security. Mr Birling proudly boasts about the progress that has been made, "auto-mobiles making headway" and a ship, "the Titanic" which is about to set sail and will make "New York in five days "“ and every luxury "“ and unsinkable, absolutely unsinkable." Again as the audience we know Mr Birling has misplaced his confidences and the terrible end that "unsinkable" ship came to when she met her nemesis and lies still and silent at the bottom of the frigid North Atlantic. In 1912 there was no welfare state in Britain, and poor people like Eva Smith often depended on charity organizations. Wealthy people such as Mrs Birling usually controlled these organizations. Mrs Birling would have worked for the charity out of her desire to be seen as charitable rather than out of a sense of responsibility and concern for those less fortunate than her self. Also during this period the upper class, represented by the Birlings and Gerald ruled the country, owning all the main business, with no thoughts accept for them selves, which lead to consequences for the working class, the "Smiths", represented by Eva Smith. The inspector comes into the play, to try and find out who is the most responsible for the death of Eva Smith death and to try and make them understand their responsibility to others. All the characters in the play had some connection with Eva Smith, which contributed towards her unpleasant death. Mr Birling was the first to contribute towards Eva's downfall. At one time he employed her in one of his "machine shops for over a year". He admits that she was a good worker, and she was even going to receive a promotion, but after the holidays in August, she and a group of girls came back to work and "decided to ask for more money" so they were averaging at about "twenty-five shillings a week" instead of "twenty-two shillings and six". Soon the strike came to an end as they had been on holiday and had little money left. Mr Birling let the strikers' comeback to work for him, apart from the "five ringleaders who started the trouble", including Eva Smith, they had to go. After being sacked by Mr Birling, Eva Smith after a time of unemployment managed to get a job at a good quality shop, called "Millwards". There she encountered the wrath of Sheila Birling. Shelia had gone to Millwards one day to try something on, her mother and the shop assistant had been against it, but she insisted. When Shelia tried it on she knew they had been right and it didn't suit her, and out of the corner of her eye she saw Eva Smith, the girl who had brought the dress up for her to try on, smiling, as if thinking "Doesn't she look awful." Shelia was upset and embarrassed and spoke rudely to her. She then went "to the manager of Millwards" and told him if Eva Smith wasn't sacked she'd never "go near the place again and would persuade" her mother to close the account. Eva Smith, through no fault of her own is now unemployed again. As many girls did, she decided to change her name to Daisy Renton, and make a fresh start. As there was no other work, and was in desperate need money. She turned to prostitution, as many women of the working class had to. One day Gerald met her at the Palace music hall, where he had gone to get a drink, and is "a favorite haunt of women of the town." He saw Eva, or Daisy being bothered by Alderman Meggarty, a prominent member of society. He recognizes that she is young and pretty not like the other women. Gerald decided to help the girl and managed to distract Meggarty enough, by saying the manager needed to see him, to get the girl away. He got to know her and then set her up at a friend of his' house and kept her as his mistress. It was a mutual benefit, as she needed money and food, which he provided. Gerald liked the idea that he was the most important person in her life, but after a while go bored and had to go of on a business trip and told her she had to go as his friend was coming back. Eva Smith knew that what she had with Gerald would not last and she was just a convenience to him. "She went away" by herself "for about two months. To some seaside place", so she could be alone to try and make her affair with Gerald "last longer" and savour the memories of their time together. As she could again get no work and in urgently need of money she again turned to prostitution and worked in the palace bar. This is where she met Eric Birling and his puerile behaviour and lack of responsibility. She was pretty, not like the other "fat old tarts", so he decided to buy her a few drink, although he was already inebriated. Later that night he insisted on going back to her lodgings and we are lead to believe that when he was there he forced himself upon her, using his physical strength and power over her. They met again a few times and Eva told Eric that she was pregnant with his child. Eva insisted, that she did not want to marry him as she saw him for what he was, a spoilt child and treated him like he was "a kid." Eric then offered her financial support, which she also refused as she had found out that the money he used was stolen and "refused to take anymore". Eva Smith was now desperate and turned to the only possible hope she had, "the Brumley Women's Charity Organization", where she encountered Mrs Birling and her preconception. Mrs Birling was a "prominent member" of the charity with lots of "influence". Eva, lied at first, when she was informing the committee of her case, pretend she was married, and called Mrs Birling. After a while Mrs Birling managed to get the truth from her, but was still not convinced as she had already lied and was prejudice towards her as she had used the name Birling, so she used her influence in the committee to cause Eva's case to be rejected. Eva now had no hope, "the Brumley Women's Charity Organization" had been her last resort and she had been rejected. She must have though the whole world was against her and wanted to end her life. Before the inspector's arrival Mr Birling has been giving young Gerald and Eric some advise about how to act and gives his limited view of responsibility. He says "a man has to make his own way in life "“ has to look after himself "“ and his family too, of course when he has one "“ and so long as he does he won't come to much harm." This sums up exactly what Mr Birling's attitudes on responsibility is, only to care for yourself, and those close to you, no mater what the consequences are for those around you. He is a capitalist and does not see how socialism would benefit everyone, he criticizes the way some "cranks talk and write", as though "everyone has to look after everybody else, as if we were all mixed up together like bees in a hive "“ community and all that nonsense." When the inspector first arrives and they have established that Eva was dismissed from Mr Birlings work about "18-mounths ago" and the inspector tells Mr Birling that he started the turn of events that led to her horrific death, Mr Birling is appalled and amazed that anyone would suggest such a prospect, and he wouldn't accept any responsibility for her death as he thinks "if we were all responsible for everything that happened to everyone we'd had everything that happened to everybody, we'd had anything to do with, it would be very awkward" and there is every excuse for what he did, and "it turned out unfortunately". He feels that it is his "duty to keep labour cost down" and doesn't consider the workers as real people with feelings with a right to try and get the highest possible price for their services, as Birling tries to get the highest possible prices for the merchandise he sells. Perhaps Mr Birling feels this way as he is a self made man and has had to work his way up from scratch and feels if he can do it others can as well and they don't deserve any compensations as none was given to him. Shelia immediately felt pathos for Eva when she had heard what had happened to her, and when she realizes she had something to do with her downfall is distraught. Before Shelia finds out what is happening she is worried by the inspectors tone, as he is talking as though they are responsible. When she realizes how she helped cause Eva's demise which eventually lead to her death she immediately takes responsibility for her actions and thinks what she did "was a mean thing to do" and perhaps "spoilt everything for her." At the time when she had caused Eva to be dismissed from Millwards "it didn't seen to be anything very terrible" but she still "felt rotten about it at the time and now" she now she knows what has happened to Eva she "feels even worse", with a thick layer of guilt on lying on her conscience. She knows her previous actions were foolish and spiteful, and knows she is partly to blame for Eva's death and is "desperately sorry." Gerald takes the same attitude towards responsibility as Mr Birling and thinks that Mr Birling was perfectly justified in discharging Eva, for creating chaos and willing other workers to stand up for their rights to receive more pay for their work, as a trouble maker is no good, however hard they usually work. He reassures Mr Birling, that he was in the right assuring him that "Crofts Limited" would "have done the same thing" and that Mr Birling had nothing to do with her unfortunate death and it was "what happened to her since she left Mr Birlings work that is important." Gerald also used her as a mistress and then disregarded her when he got bored, he never loved her, but he enjoyed the way that he was the "most important thing in her life" and had no regard for her feelings when their affair had to come to an end. Mrs Birling takes the same attitude towards responsibility as her husband and Gerald. Although Mrs Birling had dismissed Eva's case from the committee she still thinks that Eva "only had herself to blame" and "in spite of what had happened to the girl since" she considers she did her duty. When she discovered that Eva knew whom the father of her child was Mrs Birling advised her, that "it was her business to make him responsible." She feels she was "perfectly justified in advising" the "committee not to allow her claim for assistance" and "can accept no blame" for anything that happened to Eva afterwards. Mrs Birling is also good at passing the blame onto someone else. In this case she passes it onto the father of the child as she does not suspect, or even consider that it could be anyone she knew or a member of her family. Eric feels he same way about his prior actions as Shelia, now he knows that his actions helped to cause a fatality. He also uses Eva, as the end for a drunken evening. He doesn't not even consider the thought of loving her but "she was pretty and a good sport," so Eric used Eva with no thought for her feelings or the consequences of his actions. He is upset about what has happened and is ashamed of his actions, but also blames his mother as Eva went to her to protect him and was turned away, he feels that his mother "killed her" and "his child" her "own grandchild" she "killed them both". The inspector's role in the play is to try and get the characters to see the errors of their way of they life and to accept responsibly for their actions and the consequences they cause. Mr Birling ironically tells the inspector that he wasn't "asked to come here to talk to" him "about responsibilities." As this is exactly what the inspector's role in the play is to remind them that "public" people "have responsibilities, as well as privileges." In the play, there are many different techniques used to add to the dramatic effect. In the play, there is only one theme; this keeps the audiences attention and stops them getting side tracked with other plots. The inspector builds up the tension well by only allowing one character see the photograph at a time, and lays traps, which they all fall into. In particular the inspector sets a trap for Mrs Birling, when he asks her if she is not to blame for Eva's death then who is and she enthusiastically lays the blame on the young man who is the father of Eva's unborn child and tells the inspector to "find this young man and then make him confess in public his responsibility." She is happy to dismiss any responsibility she may have and pass it onto someone, she thinks is far away from her family and her. Almost immediately we find out the father is Eric and she has implicated her son as being entirely responsible for the death of Eva Smith. The inspector scrutinizes one line of enquiry at a time, so again the audience does not lose track of the play and its storyline. The inspector also controls the behaviour and actions of the other characters, deciding if they can leave or not. He undermines Mr Birling's authority, when Eric ask if he can have a drink before he begins to tell his story of the events which he was involved in with Eva, Mr Birling says no, but is quickly contradicted by the inspector who says that "he needs a drink now just to see him through." The inspector seems to be omniscient, but actually makes all the characters confess to their crimes. Perhaps the inspector is a supernatural agent for the conscience and the name Goole makes him appear spooky and other worldly. Maybe the inspector has foreseen a suicide about to happen and if the Birlings have a change of heart it could be prevented, but the chance is missed and the suicide occurs. In the text their are many clues which hint that the inspector is not really from the police and in the end the Birlings and Gerald manage to pick up on this, but some of them try dismiss it as a joke. The name Goole sounds like a ghoul, which is an evil demon, that eats the flesh of the dead, or it can be used metaphorically meaning a person obsessed by, or profits by, another's death. When the inspector has left, he is said by Birling to have exploited Eva's death, to frighten the "victims" of the alleged practical joke. But there are also hints that he is good, perhaps a messenger from God, as he says, "we are members of one body" like we say in the Eucharist service, reminding us that everyone is the same in Gods eyes. It does not mater whether the inspector is supposed to be good or evil, or what he really is, as the importance of his role is in what he says. The inspector altered Shelia and Eric's views and makes them aware of the responsibility they have for others. Mr and Mrs Birling and Gerald refuse to take any responsibility for their actions and when the inspector has left expect life to carry on as before, believing that the inspector was a hoax, they represent the past and how the world is in desperate need for change. The end of the play suggests hope of the future as Shelia and Eric who represent the younger generation have learned to accept responsibility and that all actions have consequences. At the end of the play the inspector gives his wide view on responsibly, which contrasts with Mr Birling's narrow view on responsibility that he gave at the beginning of the play. Before the inspector departs he leaves the Birlings and Gerald with a thought "One Eva Smith has gone "“ but there are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths still left with us, with their lives, their hopes and fears, their suffering and chance of happiness, all intertwined with our lives, and what we think and say and do. We don't live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other. And I tell you that the time will soon come when, if men will not learn that lesson in fire and blood and anguish." The inspector, in his speech is telling us that things must change and "the Smiths" representing the lower and working class should not be used and abused by "the Birlings" repressenting people of power. He is also referring to the Second World War, as the audience knows, this lesson was learnt through "fire blood and anguish" and can not be allowed to be forgotten. The main theme of the play is responsibility. You must be responsible for other people as well as your own actions, and think of the consequences your actions may cause for others. In the play, there isn't anyone who is fully to blame for the death of Eva Smith. All the characters were involved in some way, which lead to her death and therefore are all equally responsible. The political message in the play is everyone must realise that there are always consequences for one's actions and everyone has a shared moral responsibility. The play was written in 1945 after the war, to present Priestly's views that the world was in desperate need of a change. When the inspector was at the house it symbolizes the Second World War, when everyone started to learn a pulled together for one cause. During that period all people were thrown into the war or working back home to aid the war effort regardless or class and social status. After the war there was a danger that people would recede back into the old ways, where there were prominent social divides and Priestly is trying to remind people how things were and how well they worked. People saw the need for change when the voted for Labour and Clement Attlee in 1945 who stood for a new way of life and change, against Winston Churchill who offered society restarting where it left off. People saw how the war had changed everything, and things would never be the same again as something as horrific as the Second World War could never be forgotten and voted for Labour which resulted in their famous landslide victory of May 1945. An Inspector Calls is an idealist play and is always relevant, as the theme of responsibility is still as germane today as it was a hundred years ago.   

The play is set in the Birling's house; as it is a safe place where life is secure and sheltered. The inspector takes the illusion of their life away and shows the Birlings what they previously prefer to overlook, the horrors and troubles of the real world. The play...

Words: 3457 View(s): 452 Comment(s): 0
I am going to explore... I am going to explore conflict and violence between two families Montague & Capulet, whose children are Romeo and Juliet but they are unable to be together because of conflict. This is the main event that triggers most of the conflict and violence, there are three key scenes two of them however end in death the two families ancient grudge adds to all the violence, I am going to explore the three key scenes and examine how conflict and violence is at the heart of this play. Shakespeare cleverly introduces the violence in the prologue there are lot of hints that this play will be centred around violence, The prologue at the start of the play shows the audience to anticipate a great deal of violence in the play This violence exists between the two key families, 'alike in dignity' Both the Montague and Capulet share an 'ancient grudge' for years. This word 'grudge' shows the hatred has been long felt. Also, "From ancient grudge break to new mutiny" shows that the families hatred brings more violence The prologue gives the audience hints of violence and conflict "Doth with their death bury their parents' strife" this quote shows that only the death of Romeo and Juliet will stop the violence. Also with simple words like "civil blood" this quote clearly states there will be blood split in this play, Shakespeare cleverly gives the idea of conflict to the audience by using the phrase "Ancient Grudge" means there is an old disagreement within Verona this clearly states in this play there will be some sort of conflict in the play. The prologue in this time would have raised the audience's anticipation making them want to now more about the play; Shakespeare uses these brutal words to grab the audience's attention because he knows what they will like. The prologue also shows that only the deaths of Romeo and Juliet will the families achieve peace. One of the main characters associated with this violence is the ' fiery Tybalt' Tybalt the most violent Tybalt absolutely despises the Montague's because the ancient grudge has rubbed off on most of the family members, Act three scene one is a key scene the audience can see the anger and hatred inside of Tybalt. In act three scene one Tybalt throws insults at Romeo adding the tension to the play, the way he speaks to the other characters adds so much tension "Boy, this shall not excuse the inures that thou hast done me, therefore turn and draw". Here Tybalt shows the dislike he has to Romeo he address him as a boy this in that time would have been an insult Tybalt is just full of anger and hate towards the Montagues and adds the most tension to the play, Also the way the Tybalt acts on stage the audience an clearly see this character is violent, On stage the audience sees this character filled with the need for revenge following the Capulets ball. We can also see tybalt is full of hate in act one scene one 'what, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word, as I hate hell, all Montague's and thee. This shows Tybalt at his worst he says he hates the Montague's as he hates hell in this part of the play he is full of anger towards the Montague's. Tybalt would have his sword drawn showing the audience that he is looking for conflict or his character is just a violent character Tybalt doing this on stage is really intimidating and shows that he is the 'boss' When Tybalt acts like this on the stage the audience can see his anger towards the Montague's and the way he acts speaks clearly shows he is a violent character. The consequences of his hatred will lead to the death of Mercutio. Unlike Tybalt the character Benvolio is the peacemaker, this character behave in a much more mature way then Tybalt, when there is violence about he always tries to put a stop to it, benvolios role of the peacemaker is bold in acts one and three. In Act One scene one there is a conflict between servants, Benvolio tries to stop it 'part fools put up your swords, you know not what you do' here Benvolio is a definite peacemaker he is saying stop fighting, stop making trouble, Benvolio is a character who does not like violence. Also 'I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword, this shows Benvolio only wants to keep peace between the people he can see if he doesn't there might be conflict. Also in Act three scene one, Benvolio and Mercutio are in the streets of Verona. Benvolio knows the capulets are roaming the streets and wants mercutio to withdraw 'I pray thee god Mercutio, let's retire. The day is hot, the capels are abroad, and if we meet, we shall not escape a brawl, for now these hot days, is the mad blood stirring' this shows Benvoilo telling mercutio the capulets are in the streets and looking for a fight, he is telling mercutio to forget the conflict and go indoors he is again trying to keep the peace between the families. Benvolios character is much different to Tybalts he is a much calmer character, he behaves maturely to each hurdle he comes across. The audience would of portrayed benvolio as a peacemaker some differently, they would have thought of him this because he doesn't like violence he always wants people to stop in there tracks. In the play it is not just the families that are affected by the 'ancient grudge' the servants are as well, even the servants take sides, in act one scene the one Capulet servants Gregory and Sampson are looking for trouble especially from the Montague's they insult the Montague's 'A dog of the house of Montague moves me' here Sampson is saying that all the Montague's are dogs, he insults them also he says 'A dog of that house shall move me to stand. I will take the wall of any man or maid of Montague's' this shows the servant talking violently towards the Montague family. Further into act one scene one two Montague servants arrive and begin to taunt the capulet servants we see that the ancient grudge has wiped through each family and hatred is at the heart of this play 'I will bite my thumb at them' this is an insult it shows he is looking for trouble, the bite of the thumb is a sign of anger and violence. The servants from each family are all affected by this corrupt hatred, so this 'ancient grudge' becomes even deeper as we see the servants aren't apart of the families but still affected by the 'grudge'. Also in the play there is a lack of responsibility shown by the elder members of each family which adds to the violence in act one scene one the argument between the servants turns into a brawl capulet and montague arrive and want to join in ' what noise is? Give me my long sword, Ho!' this shows capulet father of Juliet wanting to fight with montague father of Romeo, the audience would expect the elder characters to act more responsible even try to stop the violence between the younger characters but all the characters have been practically dragged in by the ancient grudge and everyone is looking for trouble, Montague also looks for trouble with Capulet 'Thou villain Capulet! Hold me not let me go' this shows Montague insulting Capulet by calling him 'Villain', we can also see he wants a fight, the irresponsibility is mostly shown by the fathers L.Montague & L. Capulet can see they should not be fighting 'A crutch, A crutch! Why call you for a sword' this shows that they are too old to be fighting instead of calling for a sword they should call for a crutch because of there age. The lack of responsibility contributes to the death and conflict in the play. Shakespeare in this play doesn't only use the characters to create anger he uses the weather especially in acts one and three, in act one where the servants argue The language is violent and shocking as he declares he will cut off a maids head 'The heads of the maids' this insult is very violent toward the Montague maids. In the streets of Verona in the heat of the summers day, the hot weather would of made the characters more angry and agitated and more likely to want to fight. Shakespeare also uses this technique in act three where benvolio and mercutio are in the streets, and the capulets are approaching there are n the heat of the day and looking for a fight 'I pray thee god mercutio, let's retire. The day is hot, the capels are abroad, and if we meet, we shall not escape a brawl, for now these hot days, is the mad blood stirring' this shows benvolio saying the hot days makes blood stir his image implies the heat makes the other characters more angry and looking for a fight because the rage is inside them, and also he is saying in this hot weather there could well be trouble, and no one can reason 'coldly'. All this hatred leads to the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt in act three scene one, Mercutio is the more innocent of the two because he does not belong to either of the families Montague or Capulet. Tybalt in act one scene three insults Romeo in an attempt to provoke him for a fight, but Romeo does not accept the challenge. 'Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee doth much excuse the appertaining rage. To such a greeting. Villain am I none. Therefore farewell, I See thou knowest me not' Mercutio is incensed at this apparent coward ness and challenges Tybalt. 'Good king of cats, nothing but one of your nine lives, that I mean to make bold withal, and as you shall use me hereafter, dry-beat the rest of the eight. Will you pluck your sword out of his pilcher by the ears? Make hast, lest be about your ears ere it be out.' This shows Mercutio challenging Tybalt, then they fight and Tybalt stabs Mercutio. This death is futile it has no meaning since Mercutio wasn't apart of the ancient grudge but he still got killed, the tension rises as the audience watch his death. Mercutios death is slow his final words are 'A plague on both your houses"¦' this shows Mercutio cursing both the Houses Capulet and Montague because of his death, this will contribute to the most shocking deaths at the end of the play Mercutios death is ironic because he died because Romeo did not accept Tybalts challenge. Tybalts death is also shocking Romeo is full of anger he is looking to revenge himself because of his grief and shame, he uncontrollably attacks Tybalt and kills him, 'He go in Triumph, and mercutio slain? Here Romeo is saying that Mercutio went in triumph. 'Away to heaven respective lenity and fire-eyed fury be my conduct now. Now Tybalt take the 'villain back again that late thou gavest me, for Mercutio`s soul is but a little way above our heads' here Romeo is saying that Tybalt must take the villain role again, and his soul is little above their heads. 'Staying for thine to keep him company. Either thou or I, or both, must go with him. This shows Romeo is very angry at what Tybalt did and Romeo says he must join him, So Romeo kills him. These two deaths are both shocking and futile Tybalt and Mercutio are both caught up in the 'Ancient Grudge' and there lives pay the price. When Romeo killed Tybalt he says 'O I am fortunes fool' this shows Romeo saying how cruel fate can be, if it has to happen it will, this will affect the rest of the play because of the deaths fate brings. In act five scene three Shakespeare presents the final deaths Of Romeo and Juliet in a dark tomb this adds a very tense, sad atmosphere on the stage, in act five scene three Romeo is with the servant Balthasar, Romeo gives him a letter to give to Montague, Romeo opens Juliet's tomb but to his surprise Paris comes and tries to stop him 'This is that banished haughty Montague, That Murdered my love's cousin, with which grief It is supposed the fair creature died, "¦"¦"¦"¦"¦ Condemned villain, I do apprehend thee. Obey and go with me, for thou must die' this shows Paris telling Romeo that he has killed his loves Cousin and now he must die Romeo then says 'Wilt thou provoke me? Then have at thee boy.' This shows Romeo telling Paris that he is desperate and should not tempt his anger, but Paris carries on, they fight and Paris is killed. Paris like Mercutio is an innocent character caught up in the feud the 'Ancient Grudge' has brought Characters that weren't a part of either family into death. When Romeo approaches Juliet in Act five scene three he is struck by her beauty. 'Death that hath sucked the honey of thy breath hath had no power yet upon thy beauty"¦ Is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks' this shows that Romeo says to Juliet even though she is still beautiful the beauty of Juliet reminds the Audience of her youth love for love for Romeo, but this love is overcome by grief and the belief he cannot live without her. The way that Romeo approaches his death is much planned but very sad In act five scene three 'Come bitter conduct, Come unsavoury guide"¦Here's to my love! O true apothecary! Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss I die' Here Romeo compares his willpower to the pilot and his body to the boat which is being steered onto the rocks of death this is the biggest act of love in the play. Ironically when Romeo dies Juliet starts to wake 'O comfortable friar, where is my lord? I do remember well where I should be, and there I am. Where I my Romeo?' here when Juliet wakes up she still thinks the plan has worked but the friar tells what has happened to Romeo, he tries to move her but she refuses, Juliet sees that Romeo has poisoned himself. 'Go get thee hence, for I will not away. What's here? A cup closed in my true love's hand? Poison I see hath been his timeless end. O churl, drunk all' here she is saying Romeo did this in selfish anger. 'and left no friendly drop to help me after? I will kiss thy lips; Haply some poison yet doth hang on them, to make me die with a restorative. Thy lips are warm' here Juliet sees Romeo has poisoned himself before his time 'Timeless end' the phrase 'left no friendly drop' this shows she is alone in the world it is also ironic here Juliet is saying that Romeo did not leave a drop so she could die to from the same poison. Juliet kisses Romeo 'restorative' this image is like a fairy tale how one kiss can restore him to life. Juliet approaches her death by calling Romeo's dagger 'O happy Dagger!' this is ironic Juliet calls Romeo's dagger 'O happy dagger' because she is going to use it to bring them together. In the depth of emotion Juliet stabs herself, so yet another innocent character has died because of the 'Ancient Grudge' This key scene shows that conflict and violence has triumphed over love. After examining the different characters and scenes in the play I can see that conflict and Violence is at the heart of this play because of the 'Ancient Grudge' innocent lives are taken and it results to the two main characters to die, The deaths in the play are futile they simply have no meaning the 'grudge' has turned the people of Verona into murderers I can see the most conflict and violence are in the three key scenes Shakespeare moves the play from hate to love and back again, This raises the audiences interest as they watch, The final deaths are the most tragic because the audience can see that all Romeo and Juliet wanted to do was be together but because of all the conflict and violence in the heart of the play it has forced them to take their own lives to be together.   

I am going to explore conflict and violence between two families Montague & Capulet, whose children are Romeo and Juliet but they are unable to be together because of conflict. This is the main event that triggers most of the conflict and violence, there are three key scenes two...

Words: 2780 View(s): 174 Comment(s): 0