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Write an alternate ending to the story-Of Mice and Men
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After finding the dead lifeless body of Curley's wife lying on a stack of hay inside the barn, George rushed outside in a desperate attempt to find Lennie. He knew that the only likely possible person to have killed Curley's wife was Lennie. Upon failing to find him he suddenly remembered what he had previously told Lennie to do if he ever found himself in trouble, he had told him to hide in the brush until he came to find him. As he stood there leaning against the barn door, staring at the ground as if in a...
were eventually caught by the county Sheriff and sentenced to prison whilst others say they fled to another county. Still some folk say they gathered enough money to buy the plot of land from the old couple and are happily living on it as we speak. Whatever happened to them, everyone agrees that they were an example of a strong, unbreakable friendship that many of the pioneers of the American Dream lacked. It was because this lack of friendship and family love that would mean many of the these peoples' hopes and dreams would be all in vain.

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Shakespeare's play "MacBeth" is... Shakespeare's play "MacBeth" is based on various different sources. There was a king of Scotland called MacBeth in about 1040, who was exposed to violence and torment from an early age when his father was murdered by his cousins. He then married Gruach, who was the granddaughter of a High King of Scotland. However there is no evidence that she had a malign influence on MacBeth, which is contrary to the portrayal of their relationship in Shakespeare's play. Another source for the play arose from Holinshed's chronicles. Previously Shakespeare had used these chronicles to develop various other stories. These chronicles may have affected the tone of Shakespeare's play "MacBeth" as Holinshed was uncritical of the historians he relied upon and he opposed all kingships other than that of the Tudors. Clearly Shakespeare altered and adapted the sources he relied upon to write the text as he had to make if dramatic to entice audiences to come and see his plays at the theatre. In order to be a successful playwright this meant making his plays as gruesome and shocking as possible, hence the emphasis on murder, madness and conflict. The text is therefore stylistic of much literature, aimed to entertain and please the audience. It is believed that the play was performed in front of King James in 1606. There are therefore many parallels between the life and rule of King James and the story that unfolds in the play "MacBeth". Fundamentally the murder of Duncan had to result in the untimely death of his murderer. This is because it suggests that attempts to seize power in such an oppressive manner result in misery and more distress. This is shown in the play because MacBeth's efforts to become an established monarch of Scotland are quashed and remain futile. This was important to please the king especially since King James loathed regicide. This was not surprising given the failed attempt at his assassination in the "Gunpowder Plot" of 1605, which is also referred to in the play. A catholic priest, Henry Garnet was put on trial for his involvement in the plot and he admitted he had only told half of the truth. Ironically the play too is filled with equivocations, most prominently seen in the speeches of the witches. For example in act 1 scene 3 one of the witches says to MacBeth "All hail MacBeth, that shalt be king hereafter". It is not said how or when MacBeth will be king it only says that he will be. Duncan's murder is fundamental to the play for a number of reasons. It is the first act of treachery in the play and subsequently leads to the murder of the other characters Banquo, MacDuff's family and Young Siward. This is due to the fact that once Duncan has been killed and MacBeth named king, MacBeth's ambition forces him to employ violent and ruthless tactics in order to remain in such a high position of power. It was the case with MacBeth that "absolute power corrupts and power corrupts absolutely". This ruthless ambition is a key theme in the play and it can be seen as the fundamental flaw in the characters of both MacBeth and his wife. This importance of this idea can be seen in the quote "I have no spur, To prick the sides of my intent but only, Vaulting ambition". Here MacBeth becomes aware that he is driven by ambition alone. The murder of Duncan is important in bringing originality to the play, to gain the approval of the crowd. To conduct such a murder in Shakespeare's time especially, was scandalous. The murder is evil because primarily Duncan was a guest in MacBeth's house so MacBeth should have protected and cared for him, offering him security as he was his host. Despite this, MacBeth plots and plans to bring about his demise as he is overwhelmed by greed. It is not sufficient that Duncan has made MacBeth Thane of Glamis and Thane of Cawdor entrusting him with a large amount of power. In return Duncan wanted MacBeth's respect, obedience and loyalty. At the beginning of the play MacBeth is regarded as a loyal and faithful man, fighting on Duncan's behalf. It is ironic that he is heralded as being so worthy when later in the book he can be deemed as nothing but a traitor. The opinion that he is trustworthy can be inferred from act 1 scene 2 when the captain speaks of him saying, "For brave MacBeth "“ well he deserves that name "“ Disdaining Fortune"¦..Till he faced the slave". He also personally kills the rebel Macdonald in the opening battle which shows a commitment to his king against the enemies of the crown. Secondly MacBeth's murderous act was direful because Duncan was king, supposedly appointed by God and MacBeth was one of his noblemen. Obedience was vital in the hierarchical feudal system which governed the country in the time that the play was set and the flagrant disobedience of MacBeth would have made the play all the more shocking to the unsuspecting audience. The prophecies of the witches are important in bringing about the murder of Duncan. Without the meeting between MacBeth, Banquo and the witches, MacBeth would not have conjured up such a scandalous plan to kill his king. He was a faithful fighter, loyal to the crown and because of this he was rewarded by being made Thane of Glamis and Cawdor. Without the intervention of the devil, personified by the presence of the witches I believe that MacBeth would not have been so desperate to kill Duncan. Before the meeting with the witches MacBeth does not appear to be discontent with what he has. He has not yet been made Thane of Cawdor despite the fact that Duncan has already expressed his wish to confer the title on MacBeth to Ross, Malcolm and Lennox. Maybe the fact that once MacBeth does become Thane of Cawdor fulfilling the prophecy of the witches, he knows that he also will become king should he pursue the notion. The fact that his killing of Macdonald results in him obtaining the title of Thane of Cawdor, it may subconsciously make him aware of the fact that to receive Duncan's title he must act similarly. Should he have not told his wife about the prophecies he was foretold by the witches he may also not have plotted to kill the king. It is apparent that his wife was a pivotal influence in his decision. A crucial scene in the play is act 2 scene 1. This is because it is the scene which occurs directly before the murder of Duncan. Firstly Banquo speaks of how grateful Duncan is to have received the invitation to MacBeth's house and what hospitality he has been shown as a guest. Banquo says that Duncan "hath been in unusual pleasure, And sent forth great largess to your offices" which shows the extent to which Duncan appreciates the apparent kindness of MacBeth. It is disturbing how beguiling MacBeth can be with such dishonourable intentions. This deceit becomes apparent when MacBeth tells a blatant lie to Banquo. MacBeth says he has not thought of the three weird sisters and their prophecies. Contrary to this false testament, he has thought of little else. The scene leads on to a soliloquy by MacBeth. It is quite clear that MacBeth is obsessed by the fact that he is going to murder Duncan. It has completely engulfed his life and he thinks of nothing else. He starts to hallucinate about "a dagger of the mind" and he is finding it hard to tell the difference between reality and fantasy. We know this because MacBeth says "Is this a dagger which I see before me". These are the signs that first give the reader or audience the indication that MacBeth has been taken over by his greed and desire for power. Duncan's murder takes place in act 2 scene 2. This scene is important, not only because it is where the murder occurs but also we learn more about the involvement of Lady MacBeth. It is she who has drugged Duncan's bodyguards and she is the one who questions MacBeth's manhood and accuses him of cowardice when MacBeth informs her that in act 1 scene 7 he has decided to in fact not kill the king. In act 2 scene 2 she forces MacBeth to return the daggers to the scene of the crime and it seems as if she is the true instigator of events. Ironically although MacBeth slowly becomes mad, consumed by his own guilt, it is Lady MacBeth who dies first and we observe her slide into madness. She continually tries to wash blood from her hands and is clearly disturbed by the treacherous act she has forced her husband to commit. "What, will these hands ne'er be clean?" she cries desperately in act 5 scene 1. This is an element of her suffering as she is losing her sanity. She also suffers from lack of sleep. Blood appears to be a major theme in the play as the repercussions echo throughout. Another important theme is that of darkness. It is portrayed by the use of vivid words as the text as whole is full of imagery. "Dark night strangles the travelling lamp" and "Come thick night" are two quotes which portray this imagery. The language used in these quotes show hidden meanings similar to the way the dark night conceals murderous intentions. The use of the word "strangle" expresses this idea coherently. It is dark when Duncan is killed and his death results in lack of sleep for MacBeth and his wife. These themes are consistently present throughout the play and give it a certain level of complexity so that it is not merely a tale of murder. In conclusion the murder of Duncan is fundamental to the play. The committing of regicide is MacBeth's first step on the ladder to his demise. In retrospect of the play, it sets in motion the death of one great man, Duncan, and the slow downfall of another, namely MacBeth. Arguably MacBeth was a good man, corrupted by ambition, power and principally the influence of his wife. She is evil and corrupts their relationship with her ruthlessness. Unknowingly she urges MacBeth to destroy all that is good, the fate of the country, the life of a good man and unintentionally their marriage. When he appears to be frightened and worried by the apparition of Banquo he finds he cannot even find solace in his wife which shows how much the support within their marriage has deteriorated. The murder of Duncan leads to a culmination of events which brings about the downfall of MacBeth and epitomises the evil in the play. The evil is emphasised in the scenes where the murder occurs, act 2 scenes 1 and 2, by the use of darkness and blood. This is a prime example of Shakespeare's diverse use of imagery. He frequently uses imagery and pathetic fallacy to convey themes and ideas. The use of soliloquies is important because they serve two purposes. They show a certain element of madness because the character is addressing themselves rather than the other characters, commonly seen as a sign of delusion in society. Secondly they allow the audience to know the exact thoughts of the character. This was used by Shakespeare to show that despite his actions MacBeth was not solely a butcher, he was also human and could express feelings of compassion and guilt. Without these crucial soliloquies where MacBeth voices his inner feelings, we may not have seen this side to him and the play would lose its depth and complexity.   

Shakespeare's play "MacBeth" is based on various different sources. There was a king of Scotland called MacBeth in about 1040, who was exposed to violence and torment from an early age when his father was murdered by his cousins. He then married Gruach, who was the granddaughter of...

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In 1945 J. B. Priestley wrote...In 1945 J. B. Priestley wrote the play "An Inspector Calls". It is a very tense play; the audience are always on the edge of their seats. It is didactic as it conveys a social and moral meaning to the play. The play has naturalistic conversation all the way through, to make it seem real, like you could be there. But it also has surreal elements; for example; the inspectors name is Inspector Goole. This sounds like a ghoul or a ghost. And at the end of the play, he disappears and his existence remains a mystery. In the play Priestley is making political and philosophical statements. He is offering us, the audience a message; the message that we should think about society; to not split the public into two groups the rich and the poor, to come together as a community. All the characters are responsible for Eva Smiths death, and through her death it shows that everyone is responsible for everyone else and that we should not think that if it doesn't involve us personally, than it is not our problem, because it is. Priestley wrote the play in 1945, but the play itself is set in 1912. I think he did this because they play is set two years before the outbreak of the First World War. Looking back on it, Priestly must have thought that 1912 seemed to be a secure time. Britain had a Navy, no wars were going on and Britain was wealthy. For people like the Birlings, life must have seemed great. But to people like Eva Smith, times were hard. There were no laws to help them get higher wages, and no help when they were out of work. To girls like Eva Smith it was a taste of hell. This creates a sense of unease and an ironic contrast as at the end of the play, it is the Birlings that are in hell, maybe not money wise, but in their conscience. Priestley is trying to make a social comment on the war, as families like the Birlings, war doesn't seem possible. They are so wrapped up in their own worlds; they don't seem to be able to acknowledge reality. The play is set deliberately in one scene, the dining room of a large comfortable, suburban house belonging to the Birlings. This is to create a sense of their claustrophobic world. This creates an interesting contrast because Birling thinks that war isn't possible but the audience knows that just a few years later the First World War broke out. I think the play is set in a large, wealthy house to show a contrast. It is to illustrate the contrast between the upper and lower classes, and how they differ. Here is a well-off family enjoying themselves, getting all life's luxuries. But also here is a girl who just wanted higher wages, and someone to love her. Instead this wealthy family look down on her. For example when the inspector tells the family that Eva Smith has committed suicide, Mrs Birling says; "I don't suppose for a moment that we can understand why the girl committed suicide. Girls of that class"¦" 'Girls of that class'. This is showing her snobbish, selfish side. This is the contrast I think Priestley is trying to make between the wealthy and the not so wealthy in 1912. They do not associate with each other socially, only when the lower class is working for the upper class. However not all the family are so small-minded. Once they have noticed that they have done something wrong, they do feel guilty. Shelia still feels angry with the others because they are not acting as if they are guilty, where in her eyes they are. I think she feels so angry because she is more guilt than anyone else. Shelia abused her privileged position and attempted to destroy someone's life based on petty jealousy. She didn't sack Eva Smith but she acted totally unreasonably and behaved very snobbishly. Shelia now realises that she is partly responsible for Eva's death, but in her view the others haven't admitted this to themselves and that is why she feels guilty and why she is angry with the rest of her family. While the others are relieved to find out there is no girl, Shelia reminds them that they still did terrible things to someone and that they were very lucky that nothing did happen to this girl; "But you're forgetting one thing I can't forget. Everything we said happened really happened. If it didn't end tragically then that's lucky for us. But it might have done." Gerald thinks about it logically and tries to come up with a reasonable explanation to what has just happened. He comes up with the idea that maybe there wasn't really a girl at all. He is trying to remove the blame from them. He is showing the symbolism of hope in the play, saying that there is still hope for them because there is no girl, so the things thy did weren't as bad as they were made out to be, as they didn't drive a girl to suicide. They are not responsible for a girl's death. But he is as much to blame as the others are. He may try to kid himself by thinking that he gave her food when she hadn't eaten for days, kept her over the summer months and allowed her to stay in rooms and gave her money even when the affair had ended. But the truth of the matter is that he used her for a couple of months; he didn't try to help her find employment to get on with her life. In order to take the blame away from himself, he says that there obviously was no girl so they didn't do anything wrong. But what he is not recognising is that they all sill did terrible things to another person. So, if there was a girl who was thinking about committing suicide, they would have all played a part in the girl's motives for killing herself. Mr Birling has a main part in this play. He represents the middle-class business owner of society. He lives a luxurious life while his employees have to survive on a pittance. His privileges come with responsibility but he does not seem to take notice of this. Employees such as Eva Smith should have rights. He took away a girl's job without considering the consequences of a dismissal without a reference. How was Eva Smith supposed to find a new well-paid job without a reference form her last job? But Mr Birling didn't give one thought to what she did as long as she was off his hands. I think that Mr Birling clashes with the Inspector because he fails to see he has done anything wrong. The Inspector thinks he has, and is trying to show Birling this. But Birling refuses to believe it. "I don't see we need to tell the Inspector anything more. In fact there's nothing I can tell. I told the girl to clear out, and she went. That's the last I heard of her." He was explaining how he washed his hands of this girl and he sees no reason why this has anything has anything to do with why Eva Smith killed herself. Birling still doesn't realise that this was the start of it. He played a part in the long string of events that led to her suicide. Later on in the play, I think he almost recognises that the whole family has done something wrong. But as soon as he starts to think this, Birling gets the news that the Inspector is not real, so he feels excited, relieved that the blame is taken away from him. However he is not entirely satisfied so he gets Gerald to ring the Infirmary and he then finds out that there is no dead girl. He is then very triumphant and relieved as is the rest of the family, and he is trying to put it all behind him and thinks everyone else should do the same. He is just telling Eric and Shelia to do this when the phone rings. "That was the police. A girl has just died on her way to the infirmary "“ after swallowing some disinfectant. And a police Inspector is on his way here to ask some questions." And as the play ends on this note, the audience is left very tense and on the edge of their seats. This is because the Birlings think the nightmare has ended, when really the inspector was just preparing them for what lies ahead. The audience is also left confused as to whom the inspector was. The play has a very tense double ending. The play could have ended when the inspector left but that would leave the characters to wriggle out of the truth and once more continue their lives in a selfish and hypocritical manner. So J. B. Priestley makes his point more forcibly. I would say that J. B. Priestly makes a very clear statement. Priestley chooses to make his criticism of his society through a well-off middle class Edwardian family. This shows their wealth and outlook on life. For them it is a life where you dress up for dinner, have maids, where ladies leave the men alone to the port and the serious conversation; whereas the women have the general chit-chat about the weather etc. This is obviously not what it was like for Eva Smith/ Daisy Renton. She is a careful worker with a much stronger sense of morals than the Birlings; yet she is condemned to unemployment, and poverty. None of the middle class society helps her and she is eventually driven to suicide. Certainly the play contains a deeply social message; emphasised by an atmosphere of mystery and symbolism. Gradually the emphasis shifts away from the realistic details and the play begins to deal with different issues. The language becomes less realistic and the moral message is more insistent. The inspector gradually becomes the mysterious voice of conscience. He tells the Birling family that men should learn of their responsibility towards of each other. The play shows that the responsibility that a middle class family take is a sham; and that people should take more responsibility. The message for the audience is that they should not only question the Birlings' generation, but also their own. The political message is a very general one. In this play, individual people are criticised. This is to demonstrate that the play declares that we have a responsibility towards one another. People must become more supportive of each other. They must also develop a different concept of social duty. The final message of the play is a plea for change, first a change in human nature, then a change in society.   

In 1945 J. B. Priestley wrote the play "An Inspector Calls". It is a very tense play; the audience are always on the edge of their seats. It is didactic as it conveys a social and moral meaning to the play. The play has naturalistic conversation all the way through,...

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The exposition and complications are... The exposition and complications are introduced right from the start when the theme of the play, marriage, becomes apparent. Theseus and Hippolyta are anxious to wed and are in a Dionysian mood and full of love and bliss. We see the complication shortly after this when Egeus enters the room, greets Theseus and suddenly launches into a twenty line rant due to his vexation right after Theseus states that he does not want anybody making him potentially upset i.e. he does not want to be in the midst of any "pale companions". We are led to believe that the play will end in tragedy when Theseus attempts to rectify the difficulty between Hermia and her father Egeus. Egeus wants Hermia to marry a man who she doesn't want to and she wants to marry a man, which Egeus doesn't want. Theseus tells Hermia, "Either to die the death or to abjure forever the society of men". This means that Hermia has three options: Listen to her father and marry the man he chooses for her Continue to object and be put to death Be sent to a nunnery for the rest of her life This complication is developed when we find that Hermia and Lysander the man Hermia is in love with leave the apollonian realm of Athens and flee into the Dionysian realm of the woods whereby no rules are bound to anybody. Dramatic tension is created in the play as we see it once when Theseus gives Hermia her options i.e. a question of how this problem will develop. The repetition of the statement "four days" in the opening paragraph gives the play a structure and a time span that they will become newlyweds in four days. This also indicated the exposition as well and we also see that the play is a comedy because all comedies end in marriage. We see that love is presented as a main them in the play because it is clear that through Act One Scene One, everybody who is a genuine character has somebody to love. There are many different types of relationships; firstly the father daughter relationship between Egeus and Hermia and then the rivals Lysander and Demetrius who are etching for the right to Hermia. True love is shown from Hermia and Lysander and we also see Helena's unrequited love from Demetrius. We see that love is bound up with economics in the sense that Theseus "won" Hippolyta in battle. This re-enforces the medieval chain of being and shows that women in that time were shown to be objects; in this case Hippolyta is seen as a "prize" to Theseus. In this play we see that men and women are treated differently. We see that they are both good and bad in different lights but in general we see men are "unfaithful" but also far more powerful than women. Women are seen to be loyal and true but are seen to be potential prizes and general property. Shakespeare uses figurative language throughout the play. He uses metaphors, similes and semantic fields associated with economics and pastoral imagery to create strong impacts on his play. The metaphor of the moon, a symbol of chastisy, "this old moon wanes!" shows affection during the night. The constant use of this metaphor and the quote "four days" serve a constant reminder of the play being a comedy. A simile is used "line to a step-dame or a dowager". This associates love and money and bounds them together "“ the stepson is waiting for the stepmother to die so that he can get all the money. Shakespeare uses stichomythia in two different ways. Once it is used between Hermia and Lysander. They used balanced phrases and agree with each other which show they think alike and that they're in love. Stichomythia is used again between Helena and Hermia however on this occasion they have contrasting and somewhat opposite views which mean that they finish of each others sentences in disagreement. Although in both cases it is indicated that they both show that love is complicated, "The course of love never did run smooth". From a Nietzchean perspective, characters and locations within the play can be stereotyped as either Apollonian or Dionysian. Athens is viewed as Apollonian and is strict and strongly bound by laws. However, the woods are viewed as Dionysian which means that no rules are applied to anybody and people are happy and do as they wish. The complications of the play are really rectified here as we see that as people have no rules bound to them they can live their lives freely. In terms of people, we can say that the younger generation of characters in the play are far more Dionysian i.e. Hermia than the older generation who are more Apollonian i.e. Egeus. There are some moments when the duke Theseus is both Apollonian and Dionysian and in general he ends up in a Dionysian mood e.g. he is very Apollonian when he is giving Hermia her options and then speaks to her in a very friendly manner. It is said that the perfect society would be when Apollo and Dionysius "dance together" in which they do at the end of the play. In Athens when the law is too strict for Hermia to marry Lysander, the laws are suddenly bent and the permission is granted. From here we can see that the different societies merge together into wholesome agreement and there are no longer any conflicts regarding Apollo or Dionysius perspectives.   

The exposition and complications are introduced right from the start when the theme of the play, marriage, becomes apparent. Theseus and Hippolyta are anxious to wed and are in a Dionysian mood and full of love and bliss. We see the complication shortly after this when Egeus enters the...

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'The Landlady' is a short story...'The Landlady' is a short story by Roald Dahl. It is about a naive young businessman who goes to stay in a bed and breakfast. The man knows little about the landlady's desire to poison and stuff him. 'The Red Room' is also a short story about an ordinary man who goes to a spooky castle to resolve his curiosity and find out about a ghost. He later discovers that there is no ghost within the Red Room, but only fear, which turns out to be much worse than he ever expected. 'The Red Room' is written in a typically Gothic style, due to it being written in 1896. H.G. Wells typifies the story with a setting of an old, isolated castle with very Gothic-like features, "along the passage"¦come to a door and through that is a spiral staircase". Within the castle there are numerous old mysterious characters that appear to quite senile and odd. The story ends with a situation of terror and violence, which is also a typical Gothic tradition in stories from this period, "a heavy blow at last upon my forehead, a horrible sensation of falling that lasted an age". 'The Landlady' in contrast, was written in 1960.One suggestion of this date, is Billy Weaver's train journey in the first paragraph. Another is the clothes that Billy wears, typical for that period of time, "He was wearing a new navy-blue overcoat, a new brown trilby hat, and a new brown suit". In 'The Red Room', the narrative viewpoint is from the first person in this case, the man who goes to visit the castle is telling the story. This has a great effect on the reader, as it makes him/her feel much closer to the action and gives a feeling of loneliness, which is crucial to the story. 'The Landlady' has an omniscient narrator. This makes the reader feel much more as though they are having a story told to them and not actually there at the scene. This also has advantages, in the way that it allows the narrator to pick out Billy's naive actions and comment on them. However, if it were a first person narrative this would not be possible. The bed and breakfast in 'The Landlady' is a very cosy little house, with nice furniture and a warm atmosphere, "On the carpet in front of the fire, a pretty little dachshund was curled up asleep"¦the room was filled with pleasant furniture"¦a big sofa and several plump armchairs". The author uses a small dog in this particular "curled up asleep" state, to show the cosiness and peacefulness of the bed and breakfast. 'The Red Room is set in Lorraine Castle, a very old, spooky and mysterious castle. The castle is full of cold, dark, candle-lit passageways, "the candle was well alight, and then I shut them in and walked down the chilly, echoing passage". The fact that it is an "echoing passage", adds suspense to the story, as fear is often associated with hearing voices and echoes pick up small sounds and amplify them greatly. The castle is candle-lit; this is another typical Gothic feature of the castle. Candles are often an unreliable source of light, therefore representing potential darkness. The red room itself also has a dark feel, "large shadowy room, with its shadowy window bays". Shadows are also typically Gothic. This quote adds suspense to the story, because it makes the reader wonder what is inside the room as the darkness gives a sense of mystery. The landlady's first appearance gives the reader an impression of a very nice, but slightly odd person, "It's all ready for you, my dear". The landlady answers this to Billy's inquiry about a room to stay in. The landlady's politeness is effective in putting her across as a very nice person, but in contrary, the fact that she is expecting him makes her seem very odd and unusual. Billy's naivety causes him to mistake the landlady's oddness for kindness, it is easy to see how she could be perceived as a nice normal lady, but some things that she says are very out of the ordinary, "I stuff all my little pets myself when they pass away". Billy's failure to realise the landlady's oddness creates suspense, as the reader can see clearly that something is not right, but Billy just sees the landlady as a very nice person. The writer has maintained the three old people's anonymity throughout the story, in order to create a sense of mystery about the characters, "the man with the withered arm" and "the old lady". The old people's actions are very slow and deliberate, "she swayed her head slowly from side to side". This makes the old people seem wise and knowledgeable about the situation, as they never have a second opinion and seem sure about what they are saying; the "man with the withered arm" repeats, "It's your own choosing four times on the opening page. "The Red Room" was written in 1896. An example of its old fashioned language is the use of word inversions, "Eight-and-twenty". "The Landlady" was written in 1960, and when the same number is used in this story it is said "twenty-eight", which is evidence of its much more modern style. Another example is the long Latinate sentences used in the story, "He supported himself by a single crutch, his eyes were covered by a shade, and his lower lip, half averted, hung pale and pink from his decaying yellow teeth". A lot of commas are used to break the sentence up. The long sentences allow the writer to add a lot of detail and description to the point he is putting across. The story's old-fashioned style is obviously due to the date when it was written. I think the writer expanded on the long Latinate sentences and some of the old-fashioned words to add Gothic effect to the story. In contrast, "The Landlady" is written in a much more modern style, again due to its date; the sentences are generally a lot shorter, "He had never been to Bath before". Although the story is fairly modern, it is not completely up to date. Evidence of it being written in the 1960s is Billy's clothes, "a new brown trilby hat". Trilby hats were typical for that period. Roald Dahl uses the "trilby hat" near the beginning of the story to give the reader an idea of the period the story is set in. Similes are used in "The Landlady" to create a slightly edgy and wary atmosphere, "His skin was just like a baby's". When the landlady compares one of her previous visitor's skin to this, it causes the reader to wonder why she would have been touching her visitor's skin. The writer also used similes to illustrate the landlady's actions and personality, "this dame was like a jack-in-the-box". Dahl compares the landlady to a "jack-in-the-box", as jack-in-the-boxes are sometimes scarily instantaneous, as was the landlady when she answered the door, "It made him jump". Roald Dahl uses metaphors in the story, "it isn't very often I have the pleasure of taking a visitor into my little nest". He builds up apprehension and suspense in the reader's mind by using this metaphor. For example, when the landlady describes her house as a "little nest" it makes the reader wonder what part Billy is going to play in the landlady's "nest"; will he be the prey or the Landlady's cared for baby? In "The Red Room", H.G Wells personifies the shadows to emphasise the feeling that the man is not alone in the Red Room, "my candle flared and made the shadows cower and quiver". The fact that the shadows "cower" and "quiver" shows just how strongly the feeling of fear surrounds the room, as even inanimate things are scared and trembling to the narrator. The writer also uses metaphors to put a feeling of life in objects, "My candle was a little tongue of flame". This helps to create an ethereal atmosphere. He goes on to say, "it left an ocean of mystery and suggestion beyond its island of light". This suggests that the candle is the only thing that can be seen in the room and the surrounding darkness is left unfamiliar and deep like an "ocean". The strange characters in both stories cause the reader to ask questions in their mind about what influence they will have on the outcome of the story. The description of the characters builds up nervousness and suspense in the reader's mind. Throughout "The Red Room", the atmosphere of the castle gradually builds up suspense. The author uses a combination of shadows, candles and spooky corridors in the castle to create a suspenseful atmosphere. In the Bed and Breakfast in "The Landlady", there are numerous clues that build up suspense. The stuffed animals, the fantastically cheap Bed and Breakfast and the guest-book which had mysteriously only been signed by Mr Mulholland and Mr Temple. The structures of the stories are obviously main suspense factors. In the "The Landlady" the author brings the story to a climax by using Billy's inability to recall where he heard the names Mulholland and Temple before. The reader knows that these two men have been murdered, kidnapped or something similar, as the landlady is trying to disrupt Billy's thoughts by asking him questions, "Milk?" and "sugar?". The reader is urging Billy to remember so he doesn't drink the poisoned tea and realises the landlady is trying to murder him. The structure of "The Red Room" is similar, in the way that it is brought to a climax when the man is in the Red Room. The candles start to go out one by one, which gradually builds up suspense, and then suddenly the climax is reached when the man screams. In my opinion, "The Landlady" is the most suspenseful out of the two stories. "The Red Room" is quite predictable in its outcome, because at the beginning of the story there are so many clues that it is going to be a supernatural story, "It will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me" and "spiritual terrors". Also, the myths surrounding the Red Room at the beginning of the story are a sign of the slightly paranormal ending. On the other hand, "The Landlady" does not give many clues as to the outcome of the story and all is kept undisclosed until very late on. This has a very suspenseful effect, as the reader is left guessing upon the conclusion.  

'The Landlady' is a short story by Roald Dahl. It is about a naive young businessman who goes to stay in a bed and breakfast. The man knows little about the landlady's desire to poison and stuff him. 'The Red Room' is also a short story about an ordinary man...

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