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Write an alternate ending to the story-Of Mice and Men
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After finding the dead lifeless body of Curley's wife lying on a stack of hay inside the barn, George rushed outside in a desperate attempt to find Lennie. He knew that the only likely possible person to have killed Curley's wife was Lennie. Upon failing to find him he suddenly remembered what he had previously told Lennie to do if he ever found himself in trouble, he had told him to hide in the brush until he came to find him. As he stood there leaning against the barn door, staring at the ground as if in a...
were eventually caught by the county Sheriff and sentenced to prison whilst others say they fled to another county. Still some folk say they gathered enough money to buy the plot of land from the old couple and are happily living on it as we speak. Whatever happened to them, everyone agrees that they were an example of a strong, unbreakable friendship that many of the pioneers of the American Dream lacked. It was because this lack of friendship and family love that would mean many of the these peoples' hopes and dreams would be all in vain.

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All the characters in J.B. Priestley's...All the characters in J.B. Priestley's play apart from the Inspector and Edna played a part in Eva Smith/Daisy Renton's life and contributed to her death. Some characters played larger parts in the life of Eva Smith than others. For example, Gerald played a larger part in the life of Eva Smith than Mr Birling because he knew her personally for a much longer period of time. Even so, I believe that the parts the characters played in Eva Smith's life were just as important as each other. This is because all of their actions formed a chain of events. Like a chain reaction each part one character played put into motion the part another character would play. So without one single contribution from a character the whole chain would breakdown. For example, if Mr Birling hadn't have sacked Eva Smith, then she wouldn't have looked for a job in the clothes shop. This then would mean of course that Sheila would never have seen Eva Smith and got her the sack. In this piece of coursework I will look at the parts Gerald and Sheila played in the life and death of Eva Smith. The part Sheila played as I have already described was an equally important role than any other of the characters in J.B. Priestley's play. But the parts Gerald and her played in the life of Eva Smith were different. Gerald had a long, intimate and personal relationship with her. Sheila on the other hand had an informal, short and unpleasant relationship with Eva Smith. This is one of the reasons I have picked these two characters to compare because they had totally different experiences with Eva Smith. After the Inspector has finished questioning Mr Birling, he moves onto Sheila. It becomes clear that Sheila became acquainted with Eva Smith when she was shopping for clothes. Eva Smith was working in the shop. "She was taken on in a shop "“ and a good shop too "“ Milwards..." The Inspector. P.20, Act One. After seeing a picture of Eva Smith, Sheila goes on to describe how she got Eva Smith sacked from her job at Milwards. To understand fully the effect Sheila's actions had on the life of Eva Smith, we have to look at what position Eva Smith's life was in at the time. Working in the clothes shop Milwards, would have been a great position for Eva Smith to be in. The work would have been less taxing on the body and in general a lot more pleasant than working in a factory. I believe that the wage Eva Smith would have received would have been greater than that of the factory. This is because the job required the worker to be clean and healthy. Something I believe would not have been possible on a factory's wage. Sheila's own reaction shows how much of a good job it would have been. "Yes, she was lucky to get taken on at Milwards"¦" P.20, Act One. From this I think it's safe to say that Sheila's actions would have had a massive impact on the life of Eva Smith. The job Sheila got her the sack from was her last steady job. She had no parents and therefore no support in her life. She was on her own. "Both her parents were dead "¦" The Inspector. P.19, Act One. Throughout the play we see many different sides of Sheila's personality. At the start of the play she acts normal for a girl who has recently got engaged. She is playful, excited but also selfish as she is enjoying the attention the news of the engagement brings her. She uses words like "mummy". This shows us how childish and protected she is even though she is around twenty. We see another normal side of her when she finds out about the death of Eva Smith. She seems upset and interested in the girl's death even though she has no idea of her involvement. Later on in the play we see a complete reversal of the personality she had showed before. She acts like an adult taking responsibility for her part in the death of Eva Smith. However the part she played in Eva Smith's life shows us how she can easily become jealous and take out her general anger on someone innocent. This shows us how self-centred and vain she is. On the other hand Gerald played a different part in the life of Eva Smith. Although by the time Gerald met her she was using a different name, "Daisy Renton". At the beginning of Act Two it becomes clear that Gerald did know a Daisy Renton. The way he describes her is interesting, he does it in such a way that it could lead you to believe he was still in love with her. "She was very pretty "“ soft brown hair and big dark eyes"¦" "She looked young and fresh and charming"¦" Both quotes are on P.35 in Act Two. On the other hand I believe that he is trying to justify his later actions by describing how appealing she was. In the hope that Sheila will forgive him and the other characters will understand better. Gerald goes on to explain how he talked to Eva Smith and got to know a little about her. He goes on to describe how Eva Smith "hadn't a penny" and was going to be thrown out of her accommodation. So Gerald put her up in one of his friend's flats who was out of town. He also gave her some money to "keep her going there". By doing this Gerald showed Eva Smith some compassion and was the only character to do so. Gerald's part up to now was a positive one in Eva Smith's life. Speaking about Eva Smith Gerald says, "She told me she'd been happier than she'd ever been before"¦" P.39, Act Two. They started to see each other more often. But then Gerald decided to end the relationship. You could argue that Gerald used Eva Smith and got rid of her at his own pleasure. That he knew their affair couldn't last because of the social issues of the time. Gerald was the heir to a large business his Dad owned. This was a rival business to that of Mr Birling's and his marriage to Sheila would merger the two. Therefore his actions were just as bad as those of Sheila because he went along with it anyway. One theme of the play is that people shouldn't build things up so much so, that when something goes wrong it makes the person feel worse. Sheila is one of the characters who warn against doing this. Speaking to Mrs Birling she says, "You mustn't try to build a wall between us and that girl. If you do, then the Inspector will just break it down. And it'll be all the worse when he does"¦" P.30, Act Two. Other examples of this can be found when Mr Birling is talking about the "Titanic" he describes it as, "unsinkable, absolutely unsinkable". I believe that Gerald did just this by getting close to Eva Smith and therefore giving her something else to loose. This of course pushed Eva Smith closer to suicide. On the other hand you could argue that Eva Smith was well aware of the fact that she couldn't have a serious relationship with Gerald. That she enjoyed what she had for as long as she could. Speaking about Eva Smith Gerald says, "She told me she'd been happier than she'd ever been before "“ but that she knew it couldn't last. P.39, Act Two. If what Gerald says is true then this may lead us to believe that Gerald played a big part in Eva Smith's life, but this was a positive one as she knew it couldn't last. Therefore you could say that the other characters were more to blame for Eva Smith's suicide. The Inspector says, " Nor that young man, Croft, though he at least had some affection for her and made her happy for a time"¦" Gerald's personality is different to that of Sheila's. He acts more mature at the start of the play offering his support on Mr Birling's decision to sack Eva Smith. His involvement with Eva Smith shows his gently and giving side as he helps her out when she is in trouble. However it also shows how his intentions can stray to become more selfish. But I think that everybody is capable of this at one time or another. I believe that his regret is genuine for the part he played but unlike Sheila he is prepared to move on straight away after he shows that the Inspector was a fake. The play puts forward many social and moral implications. I can not find any implications that J.B Priestley was a Christian. However the play does seem to highlight some Christian teachings. For example, the belief that we all should be prepared to take responsibility for or own actions. Only then can we repent and learn from them. Mr Birling is not prepared to do this. On page fourteen, Act One he says, "Still I can't accept any responsibility"¦" Later in Act Three, Gerald persuades them that they all had different involvements with other people. Mr Birling, Mrs Birling and he are willing to forget and move on from the night's events. This shows that they only felt sorry for the girl because they thought they would get into trouble. When they found out that they would not they were willing to go on living their life's without change. Therefore without improvement e.g. Mr Birling would continue to exploit his workers etc. I believe J.B. Priestley used this to show how we should have learnt form the First World War but didn't. He fought in the First World War and saw its atrocities. The play shows how quickly people can forget pain. The belief that we are all responsible for each other and should help each other out is also put forward in the play. This again is very close to Christian beliefs. He shows how some people or most people in the play are unable to do this because of their selfishness and ignorance to others. I believe that J.B Priestley shows the attitude of the upper class of the time through Mr Birling. He adopts the attitude of "I'm alright Jack". His attitude is shown at the beginning of the play on page ten. He is giving advice to Eric and Gerald on how they should go about their lives. ""¦that a man has to look after his own business and look after himself and his own"¦" This shows that he is not willing to take responsibility for others. Mr Birling is not prepared to help out his workers when they ask for more money. He is a rich man. He has a maid, "Edna". The scene is set with "champagne glasses", a "decanter of port" and "cigarettes". The characters are wearing smart evening dress. These are all things you would associate rich people of the time with. Mr Birling was allowed to make so much money as a result of cheap labour. He took advantage of the fact that unemployment was high at the time and exploited his workers' need for a job. It is a fact that many factory owners did exactly the same thing and I believe the play shows how wrong this really was. This gives the audience a very strong social message. We are shown how all of the characters abused their social standings and power to get what they wanted. The play has the effect of making its audience look inside themselves to see if they are in anyway like Mr Birling or the other characters. The Inspector plays a very important part in the play. You could say that he is the key to the whole thing as the play couldn't go on without him. Therefore he is the most important character in the play. I believe J.B Priestley makes the Inspector the focal point of the whole play. His achieves this by giving him certain actions and in the things he says. For example, on page twelve, act one the Inspector dominates what is being said, "cutting through massively I've been round to the room she had, and she'd left a letter and a sort of diary"¦ He interrupts Mr Birling who up to now appeared to be the dominating figure in the room. By doing this he has stamped his authority on Mr Birling and showed that he can't be intimidated by his social power. This is also an example of the way the Inspector goes about his questioning. He is very good at extracting information from the rest of the characters. He manipulates the conversation in-order to find out only the information he wishes to find out. Here Mr Birling would have gone on to say something that doesn't interest the Inspector and so he stops him before he has chance to do so. The Inspector also allows other characters to put pressure on the one undergoing questioning. For example he allows Sheila to apply pressure onto Gerald while he is being questioned. When the Inspector asks Gerald if he was "In love with her". Sheila applies more pressure onto Gerald answer by saying, "Just what I was going to ask!" P.37, Act Two. The Inspector isn't there to convict any of the characters. He is there simply to make them realise what they have done. Perhaps in the hope that they will change their ways. This is something I have discussed as one of the themes of the play. That people realise their mistakes and changed for the better. The First and Second World Wars are examples of not doing this. Failing to prevent a Second World War cost many people their lives. By Lee Haywood.   

All the characters in J.B. Priestley's play apart from the Inspector and Edna played a part in Eva Smith/Daisy Renton's life and contributed to her death. Some characters played larger parts in the life of Eva Smith than others. For example, Gerald played a larger part in the life of...

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"Disabled" and "Exposure" are poems written..."Disabled" and "Exposure" are poems written by Wilfred Owen during the First World War. Although they are both written about the same subject they show different aspects of war. "Disabled" centres on the thoughts and feeling of a man who has survived the war and how his life changed after becoming disabled. "Exposure" shows the consequences of war and describes life in the trenches and the weather that the soldiers were exposed to. Although both pieces are different they both show the mental and physical suffering of the soldiers on the front line and the terror of war. "Exposure" is based on a group of men and how they managed to survive the conditions of winter on the front lines. The structure of the poem is in eight verses that describe the slow process of death. The larger verses at the end build up very gloomy and depressing pictures of the conditions and circumstances they faced. There is no colour in the poem and phrases that are used give a very dull, dark, grey morbid image of life at the front. The last line of each verse throughout the poem is shorter than the others and is either a question or a statement. For example, "Is it that we are dying" and "We turn back to our dying". The first verse is about the night times and is about the soldiers on guard duty, and how they felt in the cold weather. We know that it is icy cold from the line, "Our brains ache in the merciless iced east winds". This is also an example of personification as it implies the winds are human and cruel. It also says that the soldiers are worried by the silence around them and although exhausted cannot sleep because they are so anxious. Their feelings are shown clearly in this line, "Wearied we keep awake because the night is silent"¦." They also felt "curious and nervous" showing that they were brave, and stayed there because they had no choice. In the second verse the soldiers are starting to think, "What are we doing here?" This gives us the impression that they feel the whole thing is pointless and wonder what it is they are fighting for as they are watching and waiting for the enemy. "But nothing happens" shows that they want some action even if it means being killed in combat as they do not want to die a slow death caused by the bitter weather conditions. It highlights their boredom and constant waiting for something to happen. In verse three, the line "Dawn massing in the east her melancholy army" describes the dawn as an army gathering in the east where the sun rises. This is also a good example of personification as dawn is made out to be in human form gathering its men together. "Attacks once more in ranks on shivering ranks of grey". This line creates a picture of the sun getting stronger and shining on the soldiers who are cold and terrified. This verse focuses a lot on some of the weather conditions, and morning time. It uses very descriptive words to create a good image. The fourth verse is again describing the grim weather "Air that shudders". The snow starts to fall; it pours heavily then stops, and starts again, making it very difficult for them to stay in the same place and keep warm. "Sudden successive flights of bullets streak the silence". This is effective alliteration which allows the reader to imagine the sound of the shooting bullets. The soldiers start to move as they hear the sounds of the bullets, but find it hard because of the snow. "Black with snow" suggests a miserable, evil and sorrowful atmosphere. It creates the impression that the snow is alive and attacking the soldiers. Once more "nothing happens". The line at the beginning of verse five describes the cold snow falling quickly, touching their faces as if to remind them of the relentlessness of the weather, "Pale flakes with lingering stealth come feeling for our faces". "Forgotten hopes" could imply that they have given up an any thoughts they had of returning home safely to their families. The next verse is when the soldiers start to think about home. "Glimpsing the sunken fires glozed with crusted dark-red jewels", here they could be thinking about a warm fire and the coal- the colour of it as it burns out. Their minds drift back to visualise their homes and how much they dream to be there: "Shutters and doors closed: on us the doors are closed". It is the feeling of realisation that they cannot return there. The seventh verse is about God. That his love is shown through the shining sun, love of children and harvest. The line," For love of God seems dying" suggests that Owen feels as though Gods love for the soldiers is dying because God preaches peace and love and they have gone into war and had to endure such terrible weather. Everything seems to be against them. It seems that God has sent this terrible weather because the soldiers have gone to war, and this shows how he disapproves. In the final verse, "To-night his frost" means 'Gods frost' because God controls the weather. The frost had a huge effect on the soldiers. "Shrivelling many hands" tell us the freezing conditions they faced with nothing to keep their bodies warm. It then goes onto when the soldiers bury the dead. "The burying party" were the group of soldiers whose job it was to bury the dead. They had to dig graves then bury their fellow soldiers. "All their eyes are ice" creates another image of the cold staring expression of death. Overall the weather is the main issue in this poem as it is the major problem to the soldiers at the time. They feel it is a greater enemy than the gunfire of the opposing soldiers. The men find themselves thinking about death as a result of the weather and they think about their homes, their families and whether they will ever see them again and question their religious beliefs as to why God would put them into such a terrible situation. The poem "Disabled" is a poem based on the thoughts and feelings of a disabled soldier who has survived the war yet lost both of his legs and one arm up to the elbow. It is about his life how it has changed dramatically since being injured. Back in his youth before he had considered going into the war, he was always out playing football or going to the pub with friends and was popular with the girls. But after the accident nobody even gave him a second look or respected the fact that he had fought for his country. When he comes home from war he has to live in a hospice and he thinks that people don't really care about him anymore. The ex-soldier feels as though he has got nothing left to live for and is waiting for his time to come to an end. The mood of this poem is very sad and depressing and is set out in seven verses, focussing on the soldiers' memories from the past, the present and the future. The first verse of the poem introduced the main character and begins with the image of him sitting alone in his wheel chair "waiting for dark" implies that he is lonely and feels his life is pointless and just wants the day to end. "Legless, sewn short at elbow", tells us of his condition and the reason why he is in a wheel chair. "Voices of boys rang saddening like a hymn", as he was sitting all alone he heard the boys laughing and having a good time and this takes him back to when he was able to go out. It depressed him because he would never again be able to experience that feeling. In the second verse the poem describes how things used to be, before the tragic accident. "And the girls glanced lovelier as the air grew dim, in the old times before he threw away his knees." He remembers when girls used to look at him when he was full bodied and know he is in a wheel chair girls don't go near him, and they touch him as though he has got some "queer disease." He reminisces about when he was able to go out and meet girls. "Now he will never feel again, how slim girl's waists are, or how warm their subtle hands." From this we can see that he is feeling low and depressed thinking of past loves and that he may never experience the love of a woman again. In verse three it then goes on to tell us about his experiences at the battle fields and when he was seriously wounded. In this stanza he thinks about how young his face was, and how much it his withered and aged. He realises that he shall never be able to walk again. "his back will never brace". He has aged because of all the stress and pain he has been through. "For it was younger than his youth last year. Now he is old." "Poured it down shell-holes till the veins ran dry, and half his lifetime lapsed in the hot race and leap of purple spurted from his thigh." These are the images of blood and pain that he remembers happening to him. In the next part of the poem, Owen focuses on the soldier's memories before the war. He goes on to describe when he used to play football "One time he liked a blood smear down his leg" tells us how he had football injuries when he was young, and the frustration that he feels because he can no longer experience that feeling. He also reminisces about the day he joined the army after a football game following a few drinks at the pub with friends. Meg was his girlfriend at the time, so he joined to please and impress all the girls, now the girls he joined for are no longer interested in him because he is now disabled. "He asked to join. He didn't have to beg," he volunteered to go into the army to try and impress women and friends, although he also felt a sense of duty. "Smiling they wrote his lie: aged nineteen years". He lied to them saying he was nineteen when he was really younger. When it was time for him to go he didn't think of the fear he was about to face "no fears of fear came yet." In this verse it also gives an impression that he was excited about being in the army "“ because he knew that the soldiers got paid and he liked the idea of having his own personal weapons and taking care of them. "Smart salutes and care of arms." It gives him a sense of belonging "Espirit De Corps" is the French phrase for a group. "And soon he was drafted out with drums and cheers," suggests that he liked all of the praise and the cheers. He thought it was great and was quite overwhelmed by it all. The next verse describes when he got home from the war after his injury. He uses the comparison of football and war, "Some cheered him home, but not as crowds cheer goal". The language used creates a very gloomy home coming not the cheering of heroes who had fought for their country. He also begins to realise how much his life is about to change. The final verse is about him thinking about the future. "Spend a few sick years in institutes," indicates that he knows that for the rest of his life he will be in homes and cast aside from the rest of the world. The use of word 'sick' implies that the years will not be worth living. "And do what things the rules consider wise," suggests that he no longer has any freedom and has to do what other people tell him to do. The line," Tonight he noticed how the woman's eyes passed from him to strong men that where whole," implies that girls are repulsed by him and that because of his injury's that he is no longer whole. He is lonely and just wants the days to go quickly so his pain and misery can finally come to an end. I think that the poem "Disabled" is a perfect example of the effects of war because it tells you of the consequences and the pain that some people went through. The ones that came back from war all in one piece were very fortunate; many came back with injuries or didn't come back at all. Owen manages to make his audience feel sorry for the victims of war. Studying these two poems by Wilfred Owen has given me a clearer insight into the horrors soldiers faced in the war and the effect this had on them and their families. Owen uses powerful language in both poems to help us picture the images seen by soldiers on the front line and also to Help us to understand the physical and mental effects this had on those who survived.   

"Disabled" and "Exposure" are poems written by Wilfred Owen during the First World War. Although they are both written about the same subject they show different aspects of war. "Disabled" centres on the thoughts and feeling of a man who has survived the war and how his life changed after...

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