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In my opinion, Macbeth is a tragic hero. I see a tragic hero as a character who is admired and loved and followed throughout the play, and is bought down by a flaw in their character followed by fate. Macbeth is a brave hero, highly ranked by his own family and society, as well as the country. I see the reason for this, however, as the following: He is a brute. He is a violent, blood-loving butcher, and these are the activities, which got him to the status at which he is, a general in the king's army, and Thane of Glamis. The witches would be seen as a supernatural presence in the play to the Shakespearian audience, whereas the modern audience would see logical explanations to all that happens. Macbeth has a violent character, and these witches could just be mad women who provoke his "dark side". However, the witches are presented in the play as women with supernatural powers who make the day turn to night which can be explained simply by a solar eclipse and who make him hallucinate; "is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle towards my hand...I have thee not, yet I see thee still"¦" The dagger leads Macbeth to the bedside of the king, where Macbeth kills king Duncan. This could have been controlled and planned by the witches, or could be Macbeth's mentality combined with his violent nature. However, if it is all controlled by the witches, this would show that Macbeth is not exactly responsible therefore the audience symapthise with him. King James I was very fascinated by witches and witchcraft, as was most the population at the time of shakespear. When Shakespeare wrote this for king James he made sure it would appeal to him. King James believed in witchcraft and supernatural powers. He believed that a group of witches attempted regicide against him. Including his ancestor, Banquo, in the story also assisted in allowing the king to see his own reflection in the play, especially in the scene of the 8 kings, where king James is the 8th king. "Thou shalt get kings, thought thou be none" this was said to Banquo in act 1 scene 3, coincidentally; Banquo is king James's ancestor. Even after the Shakespearian period, the public were fascinated by witchcraft. So fascinated, that they added another scene in the play, featuring Hecate, goddess of witchcraft. Act 3 scenes 5 The Shakespearian audience and the Elizabethan audience would have thought the witches to be the most powerful element in the play. The first scene and act of the play is of the witches. Theatrical effects, like thunder and lightning, are staged to add effects and intrigue the audience. Dark, gloomy and "evil" effects are used to represent the witches and their control over Macbeth. The first scene contains a mention of meeting Macbeth; this provides a clear link to him. The witches also discuss in which weather conditions they wish to meet; this could be waiting for the next particular conditions to meet in or choosing what weather situation to CREATE for their meeting with Macbeth. The witches plan to play with Macbeth's minds and lead him to the dark path on which they tread. This would interest the Elizabethan audience greatly, as they did not have our modern science and reasoning. The believed that witches did indeed exist, and had supernatural powers to control and amuse themselves with average human minds. An Elizabethan audience at Hampton Court in 1606 would have found this powerful and intriguing, and Shakespeare's portrayal of the witches on stage may have even left them feeling weary or shaken.] The atmosphere the witches seemed to create was magical; it was dark and dull yet powerful, and in some cases, amusing. They always seemed to appear when the weather conditions are poor or within a storm, and in darkness. ""¦Her choppy fingers"¦skinny lips"¦your beards"¦" This is Banquo"s description of the witches in Act 1 Scene 3, Macbeth and Banquo"s first encounter with the witches. "Her choppy fingers", meaning chapped, red and rough, would be common as they worked with their hands, in sowing, cooking etc. along with skinny lips. These were popular features for lower and working class women. However, they have beards, which were recognised as the uttermost ugliness in women, and showed that they are either cursed, or had a presence of masculinity in them. The speech is convincing yet fascinatingly powerful, for example, the use of riddles and antitheses "when the hurly-burly's done, when the battles lost and won" What else makes their speech interesting is that they use rhyme constantly, almost as if everything said is part of a bewitching continuous chant. The witches' powers are recognised and compared in Act 1 Scene 3. The following quotes will show what they are capable of: "¢"Killing swine" -Death of animals back then were always considered witch-related. "¢"In a sieve I'll tither sail" "“witches were thought able to sail in a sieve "¢"like a rat without a tail" "“witches were also thought to have the power to morph into any animal; however they would have no tail! "¢"I'll do, I'll do and I'll do" "“the witches threaten to cause the sailor harm and mischief using the above mentioned powers "¢"I'll give thee wind" "“able to cause the wind to blow "¢"I myself have all the others" "“this witch has powers over all winds to mischief. "¢ "All the quarters that they know I' the shipman's card" "“she can stop ships from docking safely so that he does not arrive ashore. "¢"Dwindle, peak and pine"¦bark cannot be lost yet it shall be tempest tost" "“the witch will make him thin, weak and frail and play a storm around his ship. When describing what they had done to the sailor's wife in Act 1 Scene 3, it is obvious that they had no respect or sympathy towards ordinary human beings: "Give me". Rather than asking the sailors wife to give her a chestnut, the witch ordered her to. "Rump-fed ronyon" "“this is an amusing quote but again shows the lack of respect the witches have for ordinary people. However, when they meet Macbeth and Banquo they use respectful terms; this may be mockery or an attempt to gain their trust so as to play on their minds. "All hail"¦" this phrase is used repeatedly, I believe it is to flatter Macbeth and to make him believe what they predict. The audience would be surprised and would have more reasons to believe in the witches as the predictions are revealed. The first prediction is "hail Macbeth, Thane of Cowdor". This would be a surprise as no one knows of the death of the Thane of Cowdor but the King and his court, and Macbeth believes that he still lives. There is no other explanation for the witches to know, other than that they have powers to get whatever knowledge they want. However, this prediction in my opinion should not be counted as so, as, even though Macbeth does not know, he has already in the previous scene been appointed Thane of Cowdor "Go pronounce his present death, and with his former title, greet Macbeth" The second prediction is "Hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter"¦" There is already a king, king Duncan of Dunsinane. This causes confusion, but also, this is where the plot thickens, so to speak. Both Macbeth and the audience see this and wonder if it has a deeper meaning. The way the witches continue to speak with rhyme and rhythm and in riddles; the rhyme and rhythm make the speech interesting whilst the riddles provide the element of mystery. The audience are bound to jump to conclusions from the predictions, as Macbeth does. The predictions will draw the audience more into the play. Macbeth at first is surprised with the quick disappearance of the witches, and wishes that they would have stayed and told him more, this myself and probably the audience would believe was the witches plan, to leave Macbeth with this 'craving' for more information. In Act 1 Scene 4, Macbeth states "let not the light see my black and deep desires", Macbeth is hoping that the prediction is true and has faith, as the witches predicted that he would become Thane of Cowdor, and upon his arrival, Macbeth was given the title. He actually wishes to become king and hopes for his prediction to come true as the previous one did. This quote was said to king Duncan himself, and so he did not wish to reveal his desires to take king Duncan's place. When the King spends a night at Macbeths castle, Macbeth and his wife see the opportunity to murder him. Upon hearing of the witches, Lady Macbeth was eager to fulfil her own and her husband's 'destiny' that she believed lay in these prediction; she encouraged the murder of king Duncan. They planned the murder, and she encouraged him though this is only my view. The witches seemed to have played a stronger part in the murder of Duncan. Macbeth visualized a dagger before him leading him to Duncan's bedside, he was unable to touch the dagger until then; "Is this a dagger which I see before me"¦I have thee not yet I see thee still"¦" Macbeth murders the king and continues his life casually; this shocks the audience, as they no longer know whether to consider him a villain or a hero. In act 4 scene 1 Macbeth returns to the witches greedily, in my opinion, to find answers and more predictions. He wishes to know his future. When Macbeth first hears that he cannot be defeated by anyone "Woman born" he accepts his fate thinking no person can kill him, but he feels that he must know if Banquo blood will reign? "Shall Banquo's issue ever reign this kingdom?" This is where the 8 kings are shown and in the eighth king"s hands, a glass, which were to show king James reflection. King James was very fond of this particular play because he could see himself, his ancestor and his beliefs playing upon the stage before him. At the end of act2 scene 1, Macbeth realizes that whatever predictions the witches had made had and would continue to come true, and it was his own impatience that bought him the problems that he s now suffering. Before Macbeth is killed, he says "these juggling themes no more believed that patter with us in a double sense that keep the word of promise to ear, and break it to our hope, this is where he had realized the witches had given him a double meaning. Macduff had been born through a caesarean section, which meant he was "untimely ripped" from his mother's womb, not born naturally. I think Shakespeare intended us, as his audience, to feel a mixture of sympathy & offence, against Macbeth. He is shown throughout the play as a cold-blooded killer under the influence of witchcraft. At the end of the play the Elizabethan audience would have felt sympathy for Macbeth because he realizes he has been misled by the witches "these juggling themes no more believed that patter with us in a double sense"act 5 scene 8 The witches show indications throughout the play of there affect on Macbeth. For example his trace-like state, "look how our partners rapt" act1 scene 3. Also Macbeth's changed appearance " why do u make such faces" act1 scene 4, this maybe through the witches influence or his own guilty conscience. Macbeth also has an inability to pray, " Amen/ stuck in my throat"¦" This could e the witches and their evil ways distancing Macbeth from god, or Macbeth's own conscience punishing him for his own evil thoughts and doings. Hallucinations and visions "what is this I see, a dagger before me?" there are numerous reasons for hallucinations, but because the Elizabethan audience would not have thought of any of these, only that the witches were responsible. There are other examples also, that the Elizabethan audience would consider the witches responsible for, like Macbeth's lack of fear, disturbed behaviour, indifference to life and also invitation to evil spirits. When focusing mainly on the supernatural details of the play, the witches seemed to me as the most powerful element of the play, otherwise, Macbeth seemed like a power-hungry mad murderer, but again, this is only my opinion. The Elizabethan audience would almost definitely consider the witches to be the most powerful element into the play.
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In my opinion, Macbeth is a tragic hero. I see a tragic hero as a character who is admired and loved and followed throughout the play, and is bought down by a flaw in their character followed by fate. Macbeth is a brave hero, highly ranked by his own family and society, as well as the country. I see the reason for this, however, as the following: He is a brute. He is a violent, blood-loving butcher, and these are the activities, which got him to the status at which he is, a general...
any of these, only that the witches were responsible.

There are other examples also, that the Elizabethan audience would consider the witches responsible for, like Macbeth's lack of fear, disturbed behaviour, indifference to life and also invitation to evil spirits.

When focusing mainly on the supernatural details of the play, the witches seemed to me as the most powerful element of the play, otherwise, Macbeth seemed like a power-hungry mad murderer, but again, this is only my opinion. The Elizabethan audience would almost definitely consider the witches to be the most powerful element into the play.

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Fiona Wolstenholme "How far would...Fiona Wolstenholme "How far would you agree with the opinion that 'Blind Date' as a formulaic programme format depends for its success upon the encouragement of gender, social and cultural stereotypes?" Write a critical and analytical review of one episode of the programme. You may consider: · Use of character 'types' · Language · Arrangement of the programme · Technical aspects 'Blind Date' is a popular, intellectually undemanding, Saturday night show that attracts over eight million viewers every week. But why? Is it Cilla's 'contagious' laugh? Or is it the interesting, exotic places the couples visit? Or maybe it is the fact that you realise there are people more desperate than you are and they are declaring it on TV. Whatever it is, it works. But how much of it is real? The contestants seem to be definite 'characters' rather than real people. They fit into the moulds of various stereotypes that have been set. The first stereotype we see is 'the ordinary bloke'. This is Tony from Reading, he is a working class Royal Mail manager, He goes to the pub for a quick pint with his friends and he is known as 'the common Joe'. He stresses that he is a lad because he wants to emphasise his heterosexuality and this is because a homosexual male is still not fully accepted in society and is the subject of ridicule among his male peers. The next stereotype we encounter is 'Jack the Lad'; a working class male who likes a laugh, his beer and chasing 'birds'. He is Mike the metal worker from Devon. He has quite a strong Devon accent, which can sometimes make him sound a bit stupid. His answers are obviously scripted because he uses alliteration, " "¦I like my birds and my booze"¦" He is speaking in his natural voice, which is laidback but shows him to be loud and cocky. He is an extrovert and loves the reaction he gets from the infamous 'pork pie story'. He links back to this in all his answers and the canned laughter is overplayed. During the show, the use of sexual innuendo is common and here is no exception, ""¦and I'm meaty on the inside"¦" The last male contestant is Pete from London who is a surgeon cue audience: Oooooh! He is middle class but is trying to cover this so he can be 'just one of the lads'. He is wearing an eye-catching shirt, which is casually left untucked out of his fake leather trousers; he also displays some designer stubble. He puts on an Estuary English accent to sound more proletarian. This results in his saying such words as 'nipper' and 'you'll be larfing', but he cannot hide his background when he says words like 'portfolio' and 'elegant'. The lucky lady who has the chance to choose one of these three lads is Vicky from Coventry. She is quite confident and uses lots of sexual innuendo. This is obviously scripted as she is describing her car and she says it is like Cilla, ""¦and when she goes, she goes"¦" She also greets the boys with "Hello Boys" the trademark phrase of 'Wonderbra'. This is titillation for the male audience. Another example of this is, " I would be the Eiffel Tower. You can scale the heights with me for a bit of ooh la la and the views from the top are amazing." The couple from the previous week's show return smiling and walking together so the question of whether Cilla 'should buy a new hat' is still on the viewers' minds. The two lovebirds on this particular show were Natalie and Chris. Chris is the 'good catholic Irish boy' who looks very similar to the presenter Craig Doyle. He is the type of boy your mum would love you to bring home. He looks innocent as if he needs a girl to mother him. He has the all-important happy go lucky Irish charm. His accent is mostly perceived as funny, friendly and approachable. Nevertheless, as soon as he gets the chance, he starts to badmouth Natalie and reveals he had a very interesting time with a singing waitress. Natalie is obviously not his type. She is the 'wild one' with cropped platinum blonde hair and piercings. She is quite masculine and has an assertive manner as her job is a policewoman and is like Charity Dingle from 'Emmerdale'. She hurls abuse at him; they argue for a bit and then finally come to the not very surprising conclusion that they will not be seeing each other again. We are then taken into a break but not before we are given a glimpse of the three 'lovely ladies' we will meet in the second half and are reminded of the two hopefuls that won last week. This is all to tempt us back after the break. When you do return you are greeted with some jazzy music that you cannot help but wiggle your hips to, some flashy magenta and lilac scenery and a short Liverpudlian woman with fiery red hair calling herself 'Aunty Cilla'. You are now introduced to three girls and you can immediately see which social categories they fit into. Number 1 is Alicia from Liverpool who is a good time girl and a bit 'tarty'. She shows this by saying ""¦I'm not really fussy about what type of man I want"¦" is short, pretty and blonde and she is wearing a short red dress revealing her legs. She is very similar to Emily Shadwick from 'Brookside'. The second 'lovely lady' is Sarah from Hampshire who is a self-confessed snob and she is the 'villain' of the show. She has high standards for men to meet and says, ""¦They have to have a salary of at least thirty grand a year"¦" She acts like a middle class 'yuppie', being 'a financial advisor', but in reality will probably only have a lower middle class background. She comes across as being 'nouveau riche' and she likes the idea of this. She speaks in 'refined' English because she must keep up the pretence of her being superior. Her natural language and accent is accidentally displayed when she is trying to sound domineering, "so come on Alex and pick number 2." The last possible winner we see is Catherine from Solihull who is an A-class bimbo. She has long blonde hair, a sun-bed tan and she loves Britney Spears. It is accepted that she seems to be obsessed by another woman and in our society many men find this a 'turn on'. This is another example of sexual titillation as Cilla comments, ""¦are you sure you should be on this show?" because ironically the show features 'normal' people. She is a typical dumb blonde and is immature. She lives near Birmingham and so speaks with a 'Brummie' accent. This can sometimes give the impression of stupidity or gormlessness. Number 3 lives up to this as she is not the sharpest knife in the kitchen. She would never be able to think of her answers in such a short amount of time and she would have trouble thinking of a coherent answer all by herself. After she has done her cringe-worthy impression of Britney Spears we meet the lucky man who has to pick one of these three hopefuls. The 'fortunate' man who has to pick a lady is Alex. He is a Grade 1 'yuppie' who is in college studying business and has smooth Italian looks like Beppe from 'Eastenders'. He provides the female members of the audience with sexual titillation as he tells his story of posing for a nude calendar with his dignity covered by a piece of fruit, a satsuma, in case you were wondering. After he picks the 'Brummie Britney', we meet the couple from last week. The pair from last week was Naomi and Richard. Richard is an Australian and is very laidback but says what he means. He talks a lot and this enables Cilla to make a joke at the end, ""¦can I get a word in?" when he does not stop talking. He uses colloquial Aussie language such as 'bonza' and 'G'day' but he is not a 'typical' Australian in his looks as he is tall, scrawny and pale skinned. Naomi is self-conscious, spoilt and of mixed race. She expected Richard to have a tanned surfer's body, blonde hair and blue eyes. When he calls her a whale she is almost in tears as you can see that weight is an issue for her. He later explains that is not what he meant. She does not seem to accept this and is very angry. This couple go beyond the usual stereotypes, he is not a 'typical' Australian and she is not a 'typical' demure girl of mixed race. This may confuse the audience but they accept it with out question because it does not occur to them to query the stereotypes that have been set. We were given an article written by an undercover reporter posing as a contestant on 'Blind Date' who was able to confirm that our suspicions of pre-planned answers are correct. She also revealed that the make-up artists and researchers give the contestants advice and clues on whom to pick. They do this by underlining the intended winner's number on the script. The contestants all have their lines to learn and if these are said wrongly, it is cut out. In the article, we read a woman explained the one of the male contestants kept on fluffing his lines so they had to keep reshooting that piece until it was correct. That does not sound like 'reality TV' to me. Cilla always has to be shown as the funnier, clever one. If anyone disregards this, it will be edited and cut out. She is not a specific stereotype; she is 'a scouser who made it big'. The answers or character information that is given are always easy targets for Cilla and 'our' Graham, the commenter, to make jokes about. The holidays they win seem to be very expensive and the camera work accentuates this by filming the entrances of grand hotels and the beautiful landmarks. This makes the show look classy instead of brassy. The holiday video is careful not to give too much away and always leaves the audience wondering if this is the 'one in a million' couple that fall in love. They also use background music to create a certain atmosphere and make the show seem modern and trendy, but to me this fails. The show is popular for various reasons. Some people watch it and realise their prejudices are correct; some watch it to have these prejudices confirmed. People are naturally inquisitive and like to know what other people do with their lives. 'Blind Date' gives a painfully accurate view of youth culture today. People watch it and believe it is real when it is more similar to 'Coronation Street' as opposed to 'Big Brother'. In the world people are always going to be judged and then pigeon holed. 'Blind Date' obviously encourages this but it just shows the mentality of the eight million British viewers who watch it every week. The people on the show are pretentious and fake but they are encouraged to be like this. Surely, this is wrong because when the programme is seen by its target audience they will believe that they too have to fit into a certain stereotype. 'Blind Date' crushes your individuality and the only thing it is good for is to raise your self-esteem by reassuring yourself that you will never be that desperate.   

Fiona Wolstenholme "How far would you agree with the opinion that 'Blind Date' as a formulaic programme format depends for its success upon the encouragement of gender, social and cultural stereotypes?" Write a critical and analytical review of one episode of the programme. You may consider: ·...

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Shakespeare uses various techniques to... Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and where we learn the most about main characters. Being an important scene, Shakespeare has made it very tense and entertaining. The scene includes a lot of main key characters and we learn of the differences between the two families. The audience are already looking forward to this scene, as we want to find out about and see Rosaline! We are expecting fun as it is a party and want to know what happens with Juliet and Paris; will she marry marry him when she is of an older and more mature age? Before this scene we found information about various main characters. The audience found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline at the very beginning and he was love sick and distraught with not seeing her. Romeo had had a dream the night before about a bad thing happening at the Capulet's party. Being Romeo he believed his own thoughts and was nervous about going. We also found out that Juliet, only 13 years of age, was the only daughter of the Capulet's. She has her own 'nurse' to look after her as she is not very mature and relies on other people. Juliet is very distant from the rest of her family and does not get on with them the most majority of the time; she is a lonely child. Capulet wanted Juliet to marry Paris, a rich older man but only when Juliet was older. Capulet is a strong character, he tries to keep the peace between his family and the Montagues, but if the Montagues start a fight first then he will want to carry it on, as he doesn't want to be seen as the loser. Finally Tybalt, he is the nephew to Lady Capulet and despises the Montague's and tries his hardest to start fights with them and will never hear a bad word spoken about him. Immediately before this scene, the atmosphere is very gloomy as Romeo had a dream about a bad thing happening at Capulet's party, this also gets us interested, as we want to find out if he is right and what will happen. At the opening of scene 5 Capulet's servants prepare for his party. The atmosphere is very busy, rushed and fast moving. All of the servants are rushing around preparing for the party. They all talk to each other in short sentences; "You are look'd for, and call'd for, ask'd for"¦" This key line shows the short, snappy words the servants used. 'For' is repeatedly used as they are rushed and just use it as a joining word to get their sentence across before rushing off to prepare more things for the party once more. The apostrophes are repeated in all three words as it shows they are rushed even in their speech; they have to shorten words to say what they wanted quicker; they can't finish sentences and even words! They do not have the time to stand and chat especially under the watchful eye of Capulet; they have too much to do for everything to be ready for when the party begins. Capulet then welcomes guests into the party and tries to get them to dance. The atmosphere is very humorous, as people are all in fancy dress; it is very vibrant, lively and very cheerful as people are having fun. "Welcome Gentlemen, Ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns"¦" Capulet repeats the word 'Welcome', this tells us that he is very pleased that everyone has come and he may have had too much to drink and forgets that he has already said it! Capulet is eager to get the party off to a flying start and he teases all the ladies by telling they are welcome to attend his party if they have nice feet! Capulet adds a jolly atmosphere to the party. Once the party had got going, Romeo arrived and glimpses Juliet for the first time; the atmosphere was very romantic and slow. "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦" Romeo compares Juliet to jewels, ""¦As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear-"¦"which shows he thinks very highly of her, he uses "What Lady's that which doth enrich the hand"¦"in describing her as special. He immediately falls in love with her and we see a different side to Romeo, his mood and feelings go from one extreme to the other, as he was totally in love with Rosaline but with one sight of Juliet he is head over heals in love with her, which is very typical of Romeo. The effect on the audience is that we are privileged to share such an intimate moment between Romeo and Juliet. After Romeo and Juliet met, Tybalt overhears Romeo talking about Juliet and was angry that a Montague had come to the Capulet's own party. An argument started between him and Capulet, Tybalt wanted to fight Romeo outside and told one of the servants to go and get his sword but Capulet stopped him and didn't want any fight at his party and told him to leave it. The atmosphere was very tense and violent; Tybalt was very aggressive towards Capulet and anyone who helped try and stop him from fighting. ""¦Fetch me my rapier, boy"¦" This suggests he has no respect for his servants and people around him; he speaks as he is higher up than everyone else and uses the word 'boy' to show his power over them. Tybalt is impulsively violent; he acts first and thinks later, as he tries his hardest to start fights between him and the Montagues. It tells us he really wanted to fight Romeo. Capulet scolds Tybalt and he leaves the party sowing revenge. Tybalt was very angry that Romeo turned up, " He shall be endured"¦" Capulet is asserting his authority, as he wouldn't let him do anything about it. Capulet is being very naïve, as he thinks he has solved the problem. The atmosphere went from being very tense and un-settled to the audience finally having a breath of relief as the tense atmosphere is over. After Tybalt had left, Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time and end up kissing. The atmosphere is very romantic, as if it is slow motion because the camera focuses and continually flicks between Romeo and Juliet. "If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine,"¦" Romeo is very eager to impress, he is pleased that he had got to be with Juliet after wanting to all night. Juliet responds in the same way, she is very flattered and equally eager to impress. Whilst Romeo and Juliet were kissing Juliet's nurse interrupted them, the atmosphere is very rushed and happens very rapidly. Unfortunately, Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet and is disappointed, as he knows he will never be able to be with her with people knowing because of their family differences, ""¦My life is my foe's debt." Romeo does not understand how Juliet could be a Capulet, he was very upset at first, and he was in the hands of his enemy. The audience get anxious because of Romeo finding out she is his foe and the atmosphere gets very apprehensive. The audience feel depressed that Romeo and Juliet cannot be together with their family despising each other even though they know there could be love between them. Finally after Romeo finds out Juliet is a Capulet; vice versa for Juliet; she finds out Romeo is a Montague. The atmosphere is very playful and menacing, as Romeo and Juliet are still hopeful for being with one another from the bad news, as they know they want to be together and do not care about the consequences of being together. They were both very shocked and heartbroken about being enemies but they are not as naïve as their family and can see through differences and see love comparisons. Juliet refers to graves, which is a sign of bad things about to happen; we could interoperate as death! "My grave is like to be my wedding bed." Juliet may be thinking ahead, if she married Romeo her family would disown her and she may as well be dead to them. She also may be thinking if she married Paris, she would be very unhappy. She doesn't want to marry him but she wants to make Capulet and her family happy. She knows she would have a bad life and would think of it as her deathbed! In Act 1 scene 5, he brings across the characteristics and their personalities and uses a lot of tension. Tybalt for example, when the atmosphere got tense because of Romeo being at the party, Tybalt lost his cool and started getting angry, which gives the audience his real personality. Shakespeare creates different moods and reveals different characters because of Act 1 scene 5 is such an important scene. We know about some of the characters personalities but he shows us more, getting the audience looking forward to the scene from the tense build-up from the scene before. He uses the two families to bring across the differences and personalities; this is how he creates different moods; mostly being tense. He reveals different aspects of the main characters.   

Shakespeare uses various techniques to create different moods and atmospheres and to reveal the characters. He uses comparisons in characters, the use of language and the use of tension. It is one of the most important scenes as it is where Romeo and Juliet first meet and...

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"Disabled" and "Exposure" are poems written..."Disabled" and "Exposure" are poems written by Wilfred Owen during the First World War. Although they are both written about the same subject they show different aspects of war. "Disabled" centres on the thoughts and feeling of a man who has survived the war and how his life changed after becoming disabled. "Exposure" shows the consequences of war and describes life in the trenches and the weather that the soldiers were exposed to. Although both pieces are different they both show the mental and physical suffering of the soldiers on the front line and the terror of war. "Exposure" is based on a group of men and how they managed to survive the conditions of winter on the front lines. The structure of the poem is in eight verses that describe the slow process of death. The larger verses at the end build up very gloomy and depressing pictures of the conditions and circumstances they faced. There is no colour in the poem and phrases that are used give a very dull, dark, grey morbid image of life at the front. The last line of each verse throughout the poem is shorter than the others and is either a question or a statement. For example, "Is it that we are dying" and "We turn back to our dying". The first verse is about the night times and is about the soldiers on guard duty, and how they felt in the cold weather. We know that it is icy cold from the line, "Our brains ache in the merciless iced east winds". This is also an example of personification as it implies the winds are human and cruel. It also says that the soldiers are worried by the silence around them and although exhausted cannot sleep because they are so anxious. Their feelings are shown clearly in this line, "Wearied we keep awake because the night is silent"¦." They also felt "curious and nervous" showing that they were brave, and stayed there because they had no choice. In the second verse the soldiers are starting to think, "What are we doing here?" This gives us the impression that they feel the whole thing is pointless and wonder what it is they are fighting for as they are watching and waiting for the enemy. "But nothing happens" shows that they want some action even if it means being killed in combat as they do not want to die a slow death caused by the bitter weather conditions. It highlights their boredom and constant waiting for something to happen. In verse three, the line "Dawn massing in the east her melancholy army" describes the dawn as an army gathering in the east where the sun rises. This is also a good example of personification as dawn is made out to be in human form gathering its men together. "Attacks once more in ranks on shivering ranks of grey". This line creates a picture of the sun getting stronger and shining on the soldiers who are cold and terrified. This verse focuses a lot on some of the weather conditions, and morning time. It uses very descriptive words to create a good image. The fourth verse is again describing the grim weather "Air that shudders". The snow starts to fall; it pours heavily then stops, and starts again, making it very difficult for them to stay in the same place and keep warm. "Sudden successive flights of bullets streak the silence". This is effective alliteration which allows the reader to imagine the sound of the shooting bullets. The soldiers start to move as they hear the sounds of the bullets, but find it hard because of the snow. "Black with snow" suggests a miserable, evil and sorrowful atmosphere. It creates the impression that the snow is alive and attacking the soldiers. Once more "nothing happens". The line at the beginning of verse five describes the cold snow falling quickly, touching their faces as if to remind them of the relentlessness of the weather, "Pale flakes with lingering stealth come feeling for our faces". "Forgotten hopes" could imply that they have given up an any thoughts they had of returning home safely to their families. The next verse is when the soldiers start to think about home. "Glimpsing the sunken fires glozed with crusted dark-red jewels", here they could be thinking about a warm fire and the coal- the colour of it as it burns out. Their minds drift back to visualise their homes and how much they dream to be there: "Shutters and doors closed: on us the doors are closed". It is the feeling of realisation that they cannot return there. The seventh verse is about God. That his love is shown through the shining sun, love of children and harvest. The line," For love of God seems dying" suggests that Owen feels as though Gods love for the soldiers is dying because God preaches peace and love and they have gone into war and had to endure such terrible weather. Everything seems to be against them. It seems that God has sent this terrible weather because the soldiers have gone to war, and this shows how he disapproves. In the final verse, "To-night his frost" means 'Gods frost' because God controls the weather. The frost had a huge effect on the soldiers. "Shrivelling many hands" tell us the freezing conditions they faced with nothing to keep their bodies warm. It then goes onto when the soldiers bury the dead. "The burying party" were the group of soldiers whose job it was to bury the dead. They had to dig graves then bury their fellow soldiers. "All their eyes are ice" creates another image of the cold staring expression of death. Overall the weather is the main issue in this poem as it is the major problem to the soldiers at the time. They feel it is a greater enemy than the gunfire of the opposing soldiers. The men find themselves thinking about death as a result of the weather and they think about their homes, their families and whether they will ever see them again and question their religious beliefs as to why God would put them into such a terrible situation. The poem "Disabled" is a poem based on the thoughts and feelings of a disabled soldier who has survived the war yet lost both of his legs and one arm up to the elbow. It is about his life how it has changed dramatically since being injured. Back in his youth before he had considered going into the war, he was always out playing football or going to the pub with friends and was popular with the girls. But after the accident nobody even gave him a second look or respected the fact that he had fought for his country. When he comes home from war he has to live in a hospice and he thinks that people don't really care about him anymore. The ex-soldier feels as though he has got nothing left to live for and is waiting for his time to come to an end. The mood of this poem is very sad and depressing and is set out in seven verses, focussing on the soldiers' memories from the past, the present and the future. The first verse of the poem introduced the main character and begins with the image of him sitting alone in his wheel chair "waiting for dark" implies that he is lonely and feels his life is pointless and just wants the day to end. "Legless, sewn short at elbow", tells us of his condition and the reason why he is in a wheel chair. "Voices of boys rang saddening like a hymn", as he was sitting all alone he heard the boys laughing and having a good time and this takes him back to when he was able to go out. It depressed him because he would never again be able to experience that feeling. In the second verse the poem describes how things used to be, before the tragic accident. "And the girls glanced lovelier as the air grew dim, in the old times before he threw away his knees." He remembers when girls used to look at him when he was full bodied and know he is in a wheel chair girls don't go near him, and they touch him as though he has got some "queer disease." He reminisces about when he was able to go out and meet girls. "Now he will never feel again, how slim girl's waists are, or how warm their subtle hands." From this we can see that he is feeling low and depressed thinking of past loves and that he may never experience the love of a woman again. In verse three it then goes on to tell us about his experiences at the battle fields and when he was seriously wounded. In this stanza he thinks about how young his face was, and how much it his withered and aged. He realises that he shall never be able to walk again. "his back will never brace". He has aged because of all the stress and pain he has been through. "For it was younger than his youth last year. Now he is old." "Poured it down shell-holes till the veins ran dry, and half his lifetime lapsed in the hot race and leap of purple spurted from his thigh." These are the images of blood and pain that he remembers happening to him. In the next part of the poem, Owen focuses on the soldier's memories before the war. He goes on to describe when he used to play football "One time he liked a blood smear down his leg" tells us how he had football injuries when he was young, and the frustration that he feels because he can no longer experience that feeling. He also reminisces about the day he joined the army after a football game following a few drinks at the pub with friends. Meg was his girlfriend at the time, so he joined to please and impress all the girls, now the girls he joined for are no longer interested in him because he is now disabled. "He asked to join. He didn't have to beg," he volunteered to go into the army to try and impress women and friends, although he also felt a sense of duty. "Smiling they wrote his lie: aged nineteen years". He lied to them saying he was nineteen when he was really younger. When it was time for him to go he didn't think of the fear he was about to face "no fears of fear came yet." In this verse it also gives an impression that he was excited about being in the army "“ because he knew that the soldiers got paid and he liked the idea of having his own personal weapons and taking care of them. "Smart salutes and care of arms." It gives him a sense of belonging "Espirit De Corps" is the French phrase for a group. "And soon he was drafted out with drums and cheers," suggests that he liked all of the praise and the cheers. He thought it was great and was quite overwhelmed by it all. The next verse describes when he got home from the war after his injury. He uses the comparison of football and war, "Some cheered him home, but not as crowds cheer goal". The language used creates a very gloomy home coming not the cheering of heroes who had fought for their country. He also begins to realise how much his life is about to change. The final verse is about him thinking about the future. "Spend a few sick years in institutes," indicates that he knows that for the rest of his life he will be in homes and cast aside from the rest of the world. The use of word 'sick' implies that the years will not be worth living. "And do what things the rules consider wise," suggests that he no longer has any freedom and has to do what other people tell him to do. The line," Tonight he noticed how the woman's eyes passed from him to strong men that where whole," implies that girls are repulsed by him and that because of his injury's that he is no longer whole. He is lonely and just wants the days to go quickly so his pain and misery can finally come to an end. I think that the poem "Disabled" is a perfect example of the effects of war because it tells you of the consequences and the pain that some people went through. The ones that came back from war all in one piece were very fortunate; many came back with injuries or didn't come back at all. Owen manages to make his audience feel sorry for the victims of war. Studying these two poems by Wilfred Owen has given me a clearer insight into the horrors soldiers faced in the war and the effect this had on them and their families. Owen uses powerful language in both poems to help us picture the images seen by soldiers on the front line and also to Help us to understand the physical and mental effects this had on those who survived.   

"Disabled" and "Exposure" are poems written by Wilfred Owen during the First World War. Although they are both written about the same subject they show different aspects of war. "Disabled" centres on the thoughts and feeling of a man who has survived the war and how his life changed after...

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