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Why And How Did Britain Survive The War From 1940-1943?
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As you can see from this map war was raging in Europe in 1940 and Britain ?was in big trouble. Germany appeared unstoppable as the defeat of Poland had ?taken just under a month in September 1939 by using their new Blitzkrieg ?tactics in which tanks would converge in one big group and punch a massive ?hole through enemy lines. For the next months a phoney war occurred in which ?Britain prepared for a German invasion. Although Britain was officially at ?war with Germany, Britain had decided not to assist the Polish with their ?war effort but if war broke...
of military ?hardware the Americans produced. German invasion of Russia took the pressure ?off us and military planning and scientific skill meant that the German ?threat in the Atlantic was put to rest. The grit and determination of the ?British people meant that we survived the Blitz. Although as a result of the ?Second World War this country was in massive debt and had work to do to ?build itself up again, the factors from 1940-43 caused Britain"s eventual ?victory over it"s enemies and enabled future generations to live their lives ?freely and peacefully. Just think what could have happened????
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THE REASON FOR THE ATTACK... THE REASON FOR THE ATTACK ON DIER YASSIN IS BASED ON NUMEROUS FACTORS THE MOST PROMINANTE OF THESE IS THE FACT THAT THERE ARE TWO DIFFERENT PEOPLES WHO WANT TO LIVE IN PALESTINE AND CLAIM IT IS THEIRS: - THE ARABS: THESE ARE THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE LIVED IN PALESTINE FOR THE LAST FEW HUNDRED YEARS "“ SO IT IS NOW THEIR COUNTRY. THE JEWS: IN THE OLD TESTIMENT THE LAND OF PALESTINE IS PROMISED TO THE JEWISH RELIGION NOT ONLY THIS BUT THEY HAD LIVED IN PALESTINE BEFORE THE OTTOMAN TURKISH EMPIRE. IN THE 20TH CENTURY THERE WERE ALREADY SOME JEWS LIVING IN PALESTINE BUT THE NUMBERS INCREASED RAPIDLY AFTER HITLER CAME TO POWER IN GERMANY AS MANY JEWS FLED TO PALESTINE AND AMERICA NOT ONLY THIS BUT THEY WERE COMING IN FROM RUSSA DUE TO THE POGROMS THE MASSACRE OF JEWS. THERE WERE ALSO JEWS PART OF THE ZIONISM MOVEMENT "“ A GROUP OF JEWS WHO WERE WILLING TO GO TO THE EXTREMES TO GET A HOMELAND "“ MOVING INTO PALESTINE AS WELL. IN 1922 BRITON WAS 'MANDATED' TO RUN PALESTINE BY THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS WHILE BRITAN RULED THAY FACED ONE MAJOR PROBLEM CONFLICT! CONFLICT BETWEEN THE JEWS AND ARABS BRITON TRIED TO SOLVE THIS CONFLICT BY RESTRICTING JEWISH IMMIGRATION THIS DID NOT WORK! IN 1936 THERE WAS AN ARAB TREVOLT IN WHICH OVER 400 ARAB CIVILLIANS WERE KILLED AND OVER 1000 REBELS BUT ONLY 200 JEWS DIED AND EVEN 69 BRITISH SECURITY OFFICERS WERE KILLED. AFTER WORLD WAR 2 BRITAN WAS FACING EVEN MORE BRUTAL CONFLICT THERE WAS NOW TERRORISM FROM A JEWISH GROUP CALLED "THE IRGUN" THEY BOMBED THE KING DAVID HOTEL IN JERUSULEM IN 1946, THIS LEAD TO A LOSS OF BRITISH LIFE, DUE TO THIS BRITAN PASSED PALESTINE TO THE NEWLY FORMED UNITED NATIONS U.N WHICH CAME UP WITH THE PARTITION PLAN, THIS WAS THE IDEA TO SPLIT PALESTINE UP INTO AN ARAB AND JEWISH STATE. HOWEVER THIS SPLIT WAS NOT FAIR, AS THE JEWS GOT MORE AND BETTER LAND. THE VILLAGE OF DIER YASSIN WOULD PROVIDE AN EXCELLENT STRATEGIC POSITION IF THE JEWS COULD OBTAIN IT, IT WAS IN THE CORRIDOR BETWEEN THE JEWISH AREA OF JERUSULEM AND THE JEWISH PORT OF TEL AVIV IF THE JEWS HAD THIS CORRIDOR THEY COULD COMMUNICATE WITH TEL AVIV AND TRANSPORT SUPPLIES FROM TEL AVIV TO JERUSULEM IT WOULD ALSO PREVENT ISOLATION OF THE JEWS Q1. B WHY DO SOURCES A AND B DIFFER ON WHO IS TO BLAME FOR THE ARAB FLIGHT FROM THE VILLAGE AND OTHER PARTS OF PALESTINE AT THE TIME. I HAVE STUDIED SOURCE [A] AND DITERMINED THAT IT SUPPORTS THE PALESTINE VIEW OF WHAT HAPPENED AT DIER YASSIN IT TRIES TO GET YOU TO FEEL SYMPATHETIC FOR THE PALESTINE BY CALLING DIER YASSIN A "PACEFUL"¦VILLAGE" THIS GIVES THE IMPRESSION THAT THE PEOPLE KILLED WERE JUST INNOCENT CIVVILLIANS AND THAT THEY WERE MURDERED "IN COLD BLOOD" AND THEIR BODIES WERE MUTALATED. IT THEN SAYS THIS WAS ALL PART OF "THE PLAN" TO GET RID OF THE PALESTINIANS BY FRIGHTENING THEM INTO LEAVING PALESTINE AND THAT ONCE THEY LEFT THEY WERE "PREVENTED FROM RETURNING TO THEIR HOMES BY ISRAEL" THIS SOURCE WAS WRITTEN BY THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANISATION PLO A TERRORIST GROUP WHO DEMAND PALESTINE BACK I BELIEVE IT IS BIASED AS IT WAS WRITTEN BY A GROUP WHO WILLING TO GO TO TURN TO TERRORISM TO GET PALESTINE BACK SO THEY WOULD EXAGGERATE TO TRY AND GET THE JEWS THROWN OUT OF PALESTINE AND GET ARABS TO FIGHT AGAINST THE JEWS. THIS SOURCE WAS WRITTEN ALMOST 40 YEARS AFTER THE EVENTS OF DIER YASSIN SO THE AUTHOR WOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO LOOK THE FACTS AND EXAGERATE THEM TO HIS FAVOR I HAVE ALSO STUDIED SOURCE [B] AND DECIDIDED IT WAS WRITTEN BY A JEW FOR THE FOLLOWING REASONS IT BLAMES THE REFUGEE PROBLEM ON THE ARAB LEADERS SAYING THEY TOLD ARAB CIVILLIANS "TO GET OUT SO THE ARAB ARMIES COULD GET IN" SHE ALSO SAYS THE PEOPLE WHO CARRIED OUT THE ATTACK ON DIER YASSIN WERE "JEWISH DISSIDENTS" WHO DID NOT REPRESENT THE JEWISH GOVERNMENT, SHE WOULD SAYS THIS AS SHE IS SPEAKING TO THE U.N AND WOULD WANT THEIR SUPPORT ALSO SHE SAYS THE REFUGEE PROBLEM WAS ALREADY IN EXISTANCE BEFORE THE EVENTS OF DIER YASSIN DUE TO ARAB FIGHTING AND TO PLACE THE BLAME FOR THE ARAB EXODUS ON DIER YASSIN WOULD BE "HISTORICALLY INCORRECT" THIS WAS WRITTEN IN 1969 ALMOST 20 YEARS AFTER DIER YASSIN. MY CONCLUSION IS THAT BOTH SOURCES DIFFER BECAUSE THE JEWS AND ARABS ARE EACH LAYING THE BLAME FOR THE REFUGEE PROBLEM ON THE OTHER PARTY AND ALSO THEY ARE BOTH WRITTEN TOWARDS DIFFERENT AUDIENCES AND AT DIFFERENT TIME PERIODS AND THE FACT THAT THEY WERE WRITTEN AT DIFFERENT AUTHORS WHO WERE ALIVE AT DIFFERENT TIMES WOULD GIVE THEM A DIFFERENT VIEW OF WHAT HAPPENED DUE TO THE INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THEM AT THE TIME Q2. READ ALL THE SOURCES, DO THEY HELP YOU COME TO A FIRM CONCLUSION ABOUT WHO IS TO BLAME FOR THE REFUGEE PROBLEM? SOURCE [A] IS AN EXTRACT FROM A PAMPHLET WRITTEN BY "THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANISATION" IT SAYS THAT THE JEWS ATTACKED THE "PACEFUL" VILLAGE OF DIER YASSIN IN "COLD BLOOD" KILLED 154 CITIZENS AND "MUTILATED THE BODIES". THEY GO ON TO SAY THAT THIS ATTACK WAS PLANNED TO FRIGHTEN THE REST OF THE ARABS INTO LEAVING PALESTINE "TO AVOID THE SAME FATE" AND THAT THOUSANDS OF ARABS WHO LEFT PALESTINE WERE PREVENTED FROM RETURNING. THIS WAS WRITTEN BY A PALESTINIAN TERRORIST GROUP AND SO IS PROBABLE BIASED TOWARD THE ARAB POINT OF VIEW AND MAY HAVE EXAGGERATED THE FACTS OF WHAT HAPPENED AT DIER YASSIN. THIS SOURCE WAS PROBABLY WRITTEN TO TRY AND GET ARABS TO JOIN THE TERRORISTS AND FIGHT BACK AGAINST THE JEWS. SOURCE [B] IS FROM A SPEECH MADE TO THE U.N BY GOLDA MEIR THE ISRAELI FOREIGN MINISTER. IT STATES THAT THE ARABS "INVADED" ISREAL AND THAT ALREADY HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF ARABS HAD ALREADY BECOME REFUGEES "AS A RESULT OF THE FIGHTING" AND THAT AS MORE ARAB ARMIES JOINED THE FIGHTING THERE WAS A "FULL SCALE WAR" AND BECAUSE OF THIS THE NUMBER OF REFUGEES "SWELLED" THIS IMPLIES THAT THE REASON FOR THE ARAB REFUGEE PROBLEM WAS THE ARABS FAULT AS THEY STARTED THE FIGHTING. GOLDA MEIR ALSO SAYS THAT ARABS LEFT "AT THE CALL OF THEIR LEADERS" SO THE ARMIES COULD GET IN. SHE ALSO SAYS THAT WHAT HAPPENED AT DIER YASSIN WAS CARRIED OUT BY "JEWISH DISSIDENTS" AND THAT IT IS "HISTORICALLY INCORRECT" TO BLAME THE ARAB EXODUS ON THOSE EVENTS. GOLDA MEIR WAS AN ISREALI MINISTER SO SHE WOULD PROBABLY BE BIASED TOWARD THE JEWISH PIOINT OF VIEW. IT WAS WRITTEN TO THE U.N TO TRY AND GET SUPPORT SO SHE WOULD PROBABLE EXAGGERATE HOW AGGRESSIVE THE ARABS REALLY WERE SHE IS ALSO DENING THAT DIER YASSIN IS REALLY AN ISSUE. IN SOURCE [C] ERSKINE CHILDERS, AN IRISH JOURNALIST IS TESTING THE ACCUSATION THAT THE ARAB LEADERS TOLD THE ARABS TO LEAVE PALESTINE HE LISTENS TO TAPES OF ARAB BROADCASTS FROM THE TIME. HOWEVER HE DOESN'T FIND A SINGLE ORDER TO LEAVE BUT THERE WERE REPEATED APPEALS "TO STAY PUT" THIS WAS WRITTEN BY AN IRISH JOURNALIST SO HE WAS PROBABLY IMPARTIAL IN HIS INVESTIGATION ALSO HE USES CLEAR EVIDENCE TO DISPROVE THE ACCUSATION MADE BY THE JEWS. THIS WAS WRITTEN AS AN INVESTIGATION OF THE EVNTS LEADING TO THE ARAB EXODUS BUT IT ALSO DISPROVES SOURCE [B] AS THE ARABS WERE TOLD NOT LEAVE BUT STAY PUT SO FAR THE EVIDENCE WE HAVE FROM THE SOURCES IS CONDRIDICTING BUT FAVOURS THE ARAB VIEW AS THIS SOURCE PROVES THE JEWS TO BE UNRELIABLE SO AT THIS POINT THE ARAB VIEW SEEMS TO BE TRUE BUT WE NEED MORE EVIDENCE BEFORE WE COME TO A CONCLUSION SOURCE [D] IS WRITTEN BY TWO PALESTIAN REFUGEES SAYING THEY "REFUSE HOUSES AND COMPENSATION" BUT ONLY WANTED TO GO BACK TO PALESTINE. THIS IS A VERY HELPFUL SOURCE AS IT SHOWS ONE OF THE BIG CAUSES FOR THE REFUGEE PROBLEM, THE FACT THAT ALTHOUGH THEY WERE OFFERED HOUSES THE ARABS TURNED THEM DOWN AND BECAME REFUGEES AND SO ESCALATED THE PROBLEM. THIS SOURCE WAS WRITTEN TO SHOW HOW MUCH THE ARABS WANT PALESTINE BACK BUT BY SAYING THIS THE ARABS ARE ADMITING TO BEING PARTLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE REFUGEE PROBLEM. SOURCE [E] IS A SECTION FROM A SPEECH MADE TO THE U.N IT DESCRIBES HOW THE REFUGEE PROBLEM HAS BEEN "ARTIFICIALLY MAINTAINED" BY THE ARAB GOVERNMENT AS THEY HAVE THE MONEY AND RESOURCES TO HOUSE "A MILLION REFUGEES" BUT THEY HAVE "STOPPED REFUGEES FROM SHARING THIS". THIS WAS WRITTEN BY THE ISREALI AMBASSADOR ABBA EVAN AND SO IS BIASED TOWARD THE JEWISH POINT OF VIEW HOWEVER IT DOES SUPPORT SOURCE D. THIS WAS WRITTEN TO THE U.N TO TRY AND PASS THE BLAME FOR THE REFUGEE PROBLEM TO THE ARABS AND GET SUPPORT FROM THE U.N. SOURCE [F] SHOWS TWO FRIENDS AN ARAB AND AN JEW THEY ARE BOTH HOLDING A SIGN, THE ARAB SIGN SAYS THAT SHE WAS BORN IN PALESTINE BUT SHE CAN'T RETURN THERE AND THE JEWISH SIGN SAYS SHE WAS BORN IN AMERICA BUT SHE CAN "RETURN" TO PALESTINE, "RETURN" IS IN INVERTED COMMAS AS IT REFERS TO THE RETURN LAW WHICH SAYS THAT ANY JEW HAS THE RIGHT TO BECOME AN ISREALI CITIZEN BUT NO ARAB CAN GO INTO PALESTINE. THERE IS ANOTHER PHOTO WHICH SHOWS THEM AGAIN 20 YEARS LATER STILL PROTESTING THIS SHOWS THE REFUGEES ARE STILL A PROBLEM. THIS SOURCE SHOWS US THAT THE JEWS ARE PARTLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE REFUGEE PROBLEM BY INTRODUCING THE "RETURN" LAW. THIS IS QUITE HELPFUL IN HELPING ME COME TO A FIRM CONCLUSION ABOUT THE REFUGEE PROBLEM BUT IT DOESN'T SHOW US ALL THE FACTORS EFFECTING THE REFUGEES. WE CANNOT TRUST SOURCE [A] AS IT FROM A PALESTINIAN TERRORIST GROUP FOR PROPAGANDA PURPOSES. SOURCE [B] IS ALSO BIASED BUT TOWARD THE JEWISH POINT OF VIEW. SOURCE [C] IS THE FIRST SOURCE WE CAN TRUST AS IT USES ACTUAL EVIDENCE TO DISPROVE [B]. SOURCE [D] PUTS THE BLAME ON THE ARABS FOR TURNING DOWN HOUSES OFFERED BY THE U.N. SOURCE [E] IS AGAIN PROBABLY BIASED TOWARD THE JEWISH VIEW. SOURCE [F] PUTS BLAME ON THE JEWS FOR THE "RETURN" LAW IN CONCLUSION I CANNOT COME TO A FIRM CONCLUSION ABOUT WHO IS TO BLAME FOR THE ARAB REFUGEE PROBLEM AS MOST OF THE SOURCES ARE FROM PEOPLE WHO WOULD BE BIASED TOWARD ONE OF THE PARTIES. TO COME TO A FIRM CONCLUSION I WOULD NEED TO SEE MORE IMPARTIAL EVIDENCE AND SOURCES FROM PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF THE PROBLEM E.G. THE U.N, U.S.A, ALSO THERE IS NO MENTION OF THE CONTINUING VIOLENCE IN PALESTINE   

THE REASON FOR THE ATTACK ON DIER YASSIN IS BASED ON NUMEROUS FACTORS THE MOST PROMINANTE OF THESE IS THE FACT THAT THERE ARE TWO DIFFERENT PEOPLES WHO WANT TO LIVE IN PALESTINE AND CLAIM IT IS THEIRS: - THE ARABS: THESE ARE THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE LIVED...

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Hippocrates 460? "“ 370? B.C.... Hippocrates 460? "“ 370? B.C. is acknowledged as the father of modern medicine. He was born on the island of Kos, and taught medicine there before dying in Larissa. He is known as the founder of holistic medicine, because he was the first to attribute illness to be one of the four elements "“ fire, water, earth, and air "“ rather than an affliction given by the gods. However, locals believed Hippocrates was a descendant of Asklepios, god of medicine. Hippocrates himself was a good example of his philosophy: he died aged 104. He is associated with the Hippocratic Oath and also the Hippocratic Corpus. Hippocrates stressed the importance of fresh air, a good diet and plenty of exercise to help the body heal itself. All of Hippocrates' students had to follow a strict ethical code that governed their behaviour as doctors known as the Hippocratic Oath. Students swore that they would maintain patient confidentiality and never deliberately poison a patient. Even today, doctors entering the profession can still choose to swear the Hippocratic oath. This oath was an attempt to place doctors on a higher footing than other healers and set them apart as specialists. Also medical ethics are still based on the Hippocratic Oath, which shows that Hippocrates is still important today. The Hippocratic Corpus is a collection of medical books that doctors used for centuries. Hippocrates may not have written all of these books and historians simply cannot tell who wrote them. However, this collection is important because it is the first detailed list of symptoms and treatments. Doctors continued to use the theories of Hippocrates as the basis of their own work for hundreds of years, which is an important reason why Hippocrates is still considered to be one of the most important people in the history of medicine. Hippocrates saw the healthy body as being in balance; he thought that illness was an imbalance of the elements airs, waters, places. Today we know this is not true but it was an important step forward from blaming disease on supernatural causes, which allowed the Greeks to understand disease further. He showed how important it was to study the symptoms to make a diagnosis. Consider and predict how an illness would proceed prognosis. He also maintained it was necessary to observe and carefully record the symptoms so that it was then possible to treat with confidence the disease. This had two advantages: doctors were more likely to choose the right cure if they took care to find the causes of the problem. Notes could also be used to help with the diagnosis and treatment of future patients Even though Hippocrates lived thousands of years ago he still plays an important part in the medical profession. He created the Hippocratic oath is still used today, it makes clear that doctors aren't magicians. Doctors also have to keep high standards of treatment and behaviour and to work for the benefit of patients rather than to make themselves rich. This is another important part of why Hippocrates is still considered to be one of the most important people in the history of medicine. Hippocrate's ideas were a strange mixture of commonsense and factual inaccuracies. His suggestions about diet and exercise are as valid today as they were 2,400 years ago and also his use of observation. However, his belief in the four humours black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, blood wasn't entirely wrong. Strangely enough, this theory dominated medical treatments until the 17th century, but the importance of exercise and diet was forgotten after the Romans! Hippocrates' most important contributions were in the development of the medical profession and in a code of conduct for doctors, which shows that he is an important person in the history of medicine.   

Hippocrates 460? – 370? B.C. is acknowledged as the father of modern medicine. He was born on the island of Kos, and taught medicine there before dying in Larissa. He is known as the founder of holistic medicine, because he was the first to attribute illness to be one...

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